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Editorial-Opinion Page Tile Public Interest Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 Â· FRIDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1974 Mr. 'Open Door Ford Vetoes Access Bill In Search Of The Farm Vote Rep. John Paul Hammerschmidt is stepping up his campaign this late October in the certain knowledge that his opponent, young Bill Clinton of Fayetteville, has been busy all summer and fall sifting fact from fallacy in the congressman's voting record. The congressman was in Fayetteville a few days ago talking to members of the Farm Service Co-operative. He says the farmer is newly appreciated in Washington for his potential production of staple foodstuffs (something the Republicans, presumably, are just now seeing as a fundamental asset to the American economy, i.e., soybeans AND General Motors), and he says poultry prospects are generally favorable (not counting the zooming cost of grain, of course, nor the implications of federal price and production control of agriculture that President Ford's call-back of recent grain sales to Russia contains). Â· ' . ' Â· . ' Â· Mr. Hammerschmidt says he is a farm supporter, but his record doesn't fully bear this out. According to his opponent, young Mr. Clinton, the incumbent has: --Voted against a bill to establish national strategic grain reserves; --Vof,ed against cost of production price increasei for farmers; /-Voted against overriding presidential veto of legislation releasing impounded funds Art Buchwald for the Rural Water and Sewer grant program; --Voted to trim the Rural Environmental Assistance Program by $85 million; --Voted against the FHA Emergency Farm Loan Program; and --Voted against reform controls over corporate farm operations. Perhaps even more significant to the congressman's ongoing record in matters agricultural is the odd circumstance that, as the only Republican, in a six-member Arkansas delegation to Congress under a Republican administration, his Third District has received less than one-sixth of U.S. Agriculture Department funds allocated to Arkansas. One outside county (in Congressman Wilbur Mills' district), in fact, received almost twice as much in grants last year as all 21 counties in Rep. Hammerschmidt's district. And, curious also, is the fact that the Incumbent's home county has managed to do much better than the others of his district. The probable truth is that farm family operations in Northwest Arkansas have been better represented at least as far back as Rep. Clyde Ellis, than they are today. We wouldn't say this is all Mr. Hammerschmidt's doing, but then we wouldn't say his emphasis has been on farm problems right along, either. October's For The Poor Folks By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Less than three months after President Ford promised he would run an open White House, lie vetoed a Freedom of Information bill, which would have given the public more access lo government documents. The veto was accompanied by a move inside the While House to tighten security clearances. A memo, intended for the eyes Rumsfeld, called for establishing procedures "to ensure that only cleared personnel deal with national security materials." The memo proposed "a system," which would "continually verity" the tight security. It was necessary, stressed the memo, "to be certain that no one who has access to national security matters is not properly cleared." Both the veto and the security crackdown are intended lo protect diplomatic and military secrets, a While House spokesman explained. Of course, we, don't wish to jeopardize the nation's security. But in the past, our leaders have used security regulations to censor the news and protect themselves. They have swept their blunders and embarrassments, their inefficiency and corruption under the secrecy stamp. There are surprisingly few documents that must he kept secret in the interest of national security. The number doesn't even begin to approach the 20 million documents and papers that the government hides from the people. President Ford, who started his presidency with such openness, has been listening lately The Washington Merry-Go-Round ! By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- "October," my friend Â· Sedgewicke told me as 'we sat-.on : a street curb, "is .aboslutely the best month for poor neople." "How's that?" I asked him. t "It's just fcefore election time, and all the politicians need us. Everyone promises that if he is elected he's g o,l n g to do something for the poor. Of course, they don't, but it gives you a real warm feeling to hear everyone talking about you. Do you know that I've shaken hands with three congressional candidates, ^ h a d my picture taken with an' Incumbent mayor, been interviewed on television with a guy running for governor, and they told me If I sit hera today I might wind up in a TV commercial for a senator up for re-electipn?" "Doesn't it get you angry that they use you just for election purposes?" ' ' I should say not." Sedgewicke replied. "I don't have anything to do and, I'll be honest with you, I like the excitement of a political oampaigri. A lot of poor people resent politicians coming into the neighborhood just before election time with their campaign managers and busloads of press. But I don't feel that way. I figure we're a very important part of the democratic process. If it weren't for us,- politicians would have a tough time getting on TV. Have you ever seen a candidate talking to a rich person on television?" "I MUST SAY, Sedgewicke, you have a good attitude. If I were poor, I would be very bitter about the politicians in this country." "What is there to be bitter about?" Sedgewicke said. "If it weren't for poor people, the rest of the country wouldn't know how well off they were. No matter how bad things get, the politicians can always point to us and say that a majority of the people in this country really have never had it so good. Would you like a piec eof my stale roll?" "No thank you, Sedgewicke." "The only thing that disturbs From Oar Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO A bus load and many o a r loads of Washington county residents will greet Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson in Fort Smith tomorrow. War Eagle Arts and Crafts so VEARS AGO A petition signed by members of Son's Chapel Community urging maintenance of t h e road from Fayeltcville to Goshen will be presented to the State Highway Department. The Rev. W.P. Walden will preach his farewell sermon Sunday at the Christian Church. 100 YEARS AGO The whiskey question will stir out. the voters in our municipal election. Vote for men who are opposed to establishing dram simps in the city. Mr. Columbus Jackson has Fair drew a record 40,000 persons over the three-day fall event. The IBM United Fund Campaign reached $60,038.38. some $6,606.32 short of its goal. The Rev. John S. Ashdell will succeed him here. Enrollment al I h e University of Arkansas of more than 1,500 students with 150 faculty members makes it evident that the present auditorium of 651 scats is woefully inadequate. discovered stone coal on his farm one mile from town. The vein is about 11 inches thick and is said to he of superior quality. They'll Do It Every Time HAVÂ£VCOP6CIPÂ£P\ V 60U7IE TO RUN EV6RV GOLPIE. IS HOPING FOK SOW680P/HI6H CLASS IN TH FAMILY WHATVOO'PUKeit) PO IN \M, RAHCIP? WOUUPVOU MK6TO A POCTOR OR A WWYER? NEVER KUM UP AlHSTAWML PI5K-JOCKEV me." he said, "Is that there are a lot more poor people now, and we're not as much a novelty f s we were in previous elections. They also have us broken down in categories. Before if you were poor -- you were just poor. Now you're competing with people who are 'economically disadvantaged,' 'culturally deprived,' senior c i t i z e n s ' and 'oppressed minorities.' Just yesterday a guy running for police c h i e f came in the neighborhood, and I was about lo shake hands with him for a TV station when his press representative pushed me aside and said they wanted the candidate to be filmed shaking hands with a black. Now I have nothing against blacks, but I don't think they should get priority when it comes to having their pictures taken with a guy running for chief of police, Thai's what you call poverty discrimination." As we \vcre talking, we heard a loudspeaker on a car. "Here comes the senator," Sedgewicke said as he got up and brushed himself off. "Well, I've got to go to work." "How do you know he'll stop here?" I asked. "It's in front of a supermarket. All the candidates are doing supermarkets this year." Sure enough, the car stopped right in Cronl of us, and the candidate got out. "AREN'T YOU going to shake hands with him?" I whispered.' "Not until Ihe TV guys are set up.'' Sedgewicke replied. "Most poor people don't have enough sense to wait until the press get nut of their bus. Okay, they're ready now. SENATOR, WHAT ARK YOU GOING TO D O ABOUT US POOR P E O P L E ? ' 1 Sedgewicke shouted. The senator pul his a r m around Sedgewicke and looked inlo the cameras, "I'm glad you asked me that. As you know, I have always been concerned about the cruel poverty in this great counlry of ours and..." I staried to walk away and Sedgewicke, grinning, yelled after me, "Don't f o r g e t lo watch the 6 o'clock news." -- (C) 1971, Los Angeles Times Bible Verse "The thief comelh not, but for to sleal. and lo kill, and lo destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly." John 10:10 The Lord is for high living, the very highest. Leave the choice to Him, He has great plsns for your life. Nothing but the best will do. "I have loved thee with an everlasting love." "And when she had so said she went her way, and called Mary her sister secretly, saying The Maslcr is come, and calleth for thec. As soon as she heard that, she arose quickly, and came unto him." John 11:28, 2!) He is calling . . . always, to repentance, regeneration, reality, rememberance, to service. Sometimes He calls through sorrow or reverses, yet He calls. As in the case of this one, our strength, the answer, is also in arising quickly and coming to Him. to Henry Kissinger. The Secretary of State gets highly excitable over news leaks, which ho fears could hamper his personal diplomacy. His howls about leaks helped to stimulate the wiretaps and other excesses of the Nixon Ari' ministration. Now he is again in an uproar over leaks. He is particularly upset over our stories, quoting from secret documents on the Cyprus crisis and African policy. Oil October 7, lie slashed cable distribution lolhe various bu- le distribution to the various bureaus. The E uropean Affairs Bureau, for example, was c u t from 30 to six copies of incoming cables. This was accompanied by a strict warning not to circumvent the limitation by Xeroxing secret cables. Top aides have also been making the rounds to discuss the leaks and to impress on the underling how much Kissinger detesls them. "It's the old Nixon paranoia," one Stale Department official told us. "The Secretary believes we're all out lo get him. He runs foreign affairs like a niid- 19lh cenlury German diplomat." Foolnole: It should be added, of course, that Kissinger's clip- lomalic style conlinues to produce amazing results. PENTAGON BLUES: The most dreaded word in the bureaucratic language, "Rif," is now being whispered in the backrooms of the Pentagon. Rif means reduction-in-force. Pentagon planners believe it will take a drastic Ril to keep the defense budget within ac- ccplable limits. The slark fact is lhat the inflationary squeeze has sent weapons cosls skyrocketing. Inflalion has already robbed this year's defense budget of a staggering $6 billion in purchasing power. In modern warfare, the Pentagon chiefs believe, machines are more important thnn men. A B-l bomber, for example, will cost $76 million instead of the $46 milllion that was originally forecast. To maintain our arsenal, therefore, they m u s t make drastic savings elsewhere. A gigantic Rif. they fear, is inevitable. They are quietly preparing contingency plans that could reduce captains, majors and lieutenant colonels lo non commissioned officers, "It will be (expletive deleted) bloody," one general told us. WATCH ON WASTE: The armed f o r c e s a r e short of doctors to t a k e care of legitimate military hospitals, surgeons perform hundreds of face-lifts each year to beautify military wives, and the taxpayers pick u pthe doctors hills. Air Force surgeons alone performed I'll face-lifts last year. The number of beauty operations was even higher m the other armed services. A Pentagon spokesman explained that the face-lifts are permitted only when "space and time allow. Each plastic surgeon is required "to maintain a degree of 'He Keeps Looking Smaller" Cj. j. /~\1 All~'~~ Congress Needs To State Of A/fairs Resc9ue Tne Tapes competency in this area, a spokesman said. ...BRASS RING: A bras* ring, good for a Tree ride on the Washington Merry-go-Round, goes lo Missouri's Attorney General John Danforlh. In belialt of the slate he recently filed suit against Hals- lon-Purina for alleged price-fixing. Danforlh's grandfather founded Ralston-Purina, his father was chairman of the board and two brothers now serve on the board. Danforth'Â» own assets consist primarily of Rals- lon-Purina stock, which hÂ» placed in blind trust when hÂ« entered public service. Although it could hurt his own financial interest, Danforth said he would follow (he recommendations of the chief prosecutor on the case. --United Feature Syndicate Standard Time Returns WASHINGTON (ERR) -Responding lo public complaints about its 1873 decision to institute year-round daylight saving time, Congress last month approved legislation to restore standard time during four autumn and winter mon- Ihs. President Ford subsequently signed the bill into law, with the result that the nation will set its clocks back by one hour on Sunday, Oct. 27. Under the now legislation standard time will remain in effect until Feb. 23. 1975. when an eight- month period of DST will begin. Year - round DST was approved by Congress in December 1973 as an e n e r g y conservation m e a s u r e . Tha law look efrecl Jan. 6, 1974, and was lo run u n t i l the last Sunday in April 1975, when the provisions of the Uniform Time Act of 1966 would again fjecome effective. -Under the 1966 law. most states observed DST for six months of the year, from April to October. Arguments for repeal of winter DST centered on concern for the safety of children traveling lo school on dark winter mornings. The Florida Education Commission reported that eight children were killed and 14 others injured while en route to s c h o o l in the first weeks of winter DST. Casualties also were reported in Illinois, California, Connecticut, Louisiana and Pennsylvania. Many schools around the country delayed the start of classes by either a half or a full hour so that children could, leave home in daylight. But this sometimes created an inconvenience for working parents. Daylight saving time was first instituted in 1918 and 1919 as a World War I measure to conserve fuel and increase national efficiency. Although there was no national daylight time between 1920 and 1942. individual slates and cities passed laws and ordinances putting it into effect. At the outbreak of World War II, nationwide daylight time was urged as a defense measure. At the suggestion of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, it was called "war time." Soon after the end of the war, in September 1945, it was discarded. Between 1945 and 1966, individual states and cities again switched to DST for part of the year. After passage of the Uniform Time Act, DST became almost universally accepted. Only Arizona, Hawaii and part of Indiana chose to remain on standard time the year round. Those who can't remember which way to turn the clock on Oct. 27 need only recall the catch phrase. "Spring forward, fall back." (S.B.S.) "If ye shall ask anything in my name, I will do it." John 14:14 Put His name up against your greatest need. "With God nothing is impossible." By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON--The N i x o n pardon may be a dead letter, but the White House tapes are still dynamite and still the key to unraveling the remaining mysteries of Watergate and its endles ramifications . Nevertheless, only one member of the House judiciary subcommittee that so feebly interrogated President Ford last week seemed aware of this. It was Rep. Elizabeth Holtzman (D-N.Y.) who alone questioned Mr. Ford about the tapes and his agreement with Mr. Nixon on their custody and ownership. She pointed out to Mr. Ford liial "suspicions have been raised that the reason for the pardon and the simultaneous tapes agreement was to insure that the tape recording between yourself and Richard Nixon never came out in public." She then asked: "To alyleviale this suspicion once and for all, would you be willing to turn ocer to this subcommittee alt tape recordings o f conversations between yourself and Richard Nixon?" "Over the weekend, Mr. Ford said that he would be glad to make the tapes available if Ihe special prosecutor had no objection. At the subcommittcte hearing, however, he did not answer Mrs. Holtzman's question directly." Instead, he repeated that in his opinion the tapes belong to Nixon, that meanwhile they would be kept in the While House "under an agreement which protects them . totally, fully for the special prosecutor's office or for any criminal proceeding." Yet, within minutes after this testimony, Nixon's lawyers were in court seeking an order to force the government to live up to Ihe terms of Nixon's agreement with Mr. Ford, which gives the former Presi- dent both ownership and control of the tapes and other presidential documents from his Administration. The object was to bar any access lo the tapes except' with Nixon's approval. It is also significant that Ihe Nixon attorneys went to court just as Congress, which had 'Seen considering several bills to repeal the agreement and make the tapes government property, recessed until after the eleclions next month. If the court move had been made sooner, the Congress, already outraged over the Nixon-Ford agreement, might well have r u s h e d through legislation before leaving town. The Senate, in fact, voted overwhelmingly (56-7) only two weeks ago to retain custody of the tape recordings and olher presidential d o c u m e n t s . Moreover, the bill flatly prohibits destruction of the material without the consent of Congress. Unfortunately, the House did not have time to act before the recess, but it should be the first order of business in November. House sentiment for passage is strong, as it is, too, for a companion hill . which goes beyond mere custody and makes the papers of all President, beginning w i t h Nixon, government property. That would automatically reverse the Nixon-Ford deal. Sen. Mike Mansfield CD- Mont.), the majority leader, says it is only custom lhat permits Presidents to take away their public papers upon leaving office, and he's against it. So is that constitutional ' authority, Sen. Sam Ervin (0- N.C.), who says, "When a public officer while drawing public salary makes official records paid for by taxpayers on paper paid for hy the taxpayers, those records belong lo the government." Mansfield went further, saying, "Those tapes should be retained in the control of the federal government, and I would suggest that, except for those portions of the tapes dealing with national security, they all be published. REP. HOLTZMAN apparently had the same thing in mind when she asked Mr. Ford if he would make available the tapes of his many meelings and telephone talks with Nixon in recent years. Mrs. Holtzman referred to "dark suspicions lhat have been created in the public mind," one of them being that the Nixon-Ford tapes give the former influence over the latler. This suspicion is not exclusive with the representative and her constituents. The front-page headline on the latest issue of New York magazine asks: 'IS THE PARDON EXPLAINED BY THE FORD -- NIXON TAPES?" The lead article itself said: "We believe the doubts will conlinue; conlinue until those In a position to pursue the truth--notably the Congress and special prosecutor--get around to the most obvious source of information on reasons for the pardon--the hours of tapes between Nixon and Ford, and between Nixon and powerful polilicians in bolh parties. It may be nothing less, and nothing else, will explain the mystery." As Rep. liollzman said lo Mr. Ford, the simplest way to "alleviate" suspicion would be to let the House subcommittee or the public, or moth, see the tapes in question. "Now that the President says he is willing to let the subcommittee review he tapes in question ,lhe ball is back in Rep. Holzman's court." esvbyedah --(C) 1D74, Los Angeles Times Billy Graham This Is My Answer You keep using the old disci, pies and apostles as examples for us today. I think, however, it was easier for them to havo faith than for us. In our complicated society we have more temptations and greater'stress. Isn't it tougher now to be a believer? S.E. I must disagree with you. I believe as Bacon suggested -we are really Ihe ancients, and they who lived before us belonged to the childhood of the race. The, disciples perhaps had less of a reason to believe than we do. What faith they had was a giant step, because paganism or the old order gave them so little springboard for the revolutionary faith of the Gospel. You see, ideas which have stood the test of time -- as Bible truth has -- win a certain kind of guarantee of their authenticity. We have today the benefit of. the experience and criticism of the centuries -with regard to the claims of Christ and the life changing power of the Gospel. The principle lhat Peter referred to in his great Pentecost sermon (Acts 2:IB) was the accumulative evidence of the years. He said, "This fs what was spoken hy the prophet Joel." I suggest you consider yourself fortunate, not deprived, in that you have the enormous weight of evidence you have for the truth of the Gospel In our day.