Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on October 21, 1974 · Page 5
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October 21, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 5

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Monday, October 21, 1974
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ECO-LOGUE By PEGGY PRIZZELL TIMES Staff Writer "But what can one person do?" A familiar cry that often does not evoke an answer now, has an answer in Northwest Arkansas. "Plenty!" Ask a member of the Citizens Expressway Coalition, a group of "one- persons" organized in early 1973 to fight state Highway Department plans for an interstate-type road from 'Fayetteville to Fort Smith. The favored route for this four-lane, controlled access road would have gobbled up acres of prime agricultural land, according to CEC members. Those opposed objected to the fact that the most-discussed Hwy. 265 route would, they felt, cut through the Ozark National Forest, choke businesses along the present Hwy. 71, invite urban sprawl at access points along the road, possibly disrupt underground water systems and split farm acreages. The group wrote letters, met with congressmen and Highway Department officials, attended public meetings, and obtained the services of a lawyer. Now the Highway Department has dropped · plans for the road south of Fayetteville pending completion of studies into the social, economic and environmental impact and the traffic needs and construction costs. THE ANNOUNCEMENT was made in the midst of a routine Highway Department release. Apparently the more recent studies contradicted what highway officials had said earlier: that the need for another highway between Fayetteville and Fort Smith was a major · one. According to one Highway Department employe who did not wish to be identified, when the final results were in the traffic flow from Fayetteville to Fort Smith was not as major as expected. The need for highway expansion from Fayetteville north to the state line was so acute, the employe said, . that the Highway Department could not afford to jeopardize the whole project, the southern half of which was receiving .the most flack from area citizens. While the Highway Department has not said the Citizens Expressway Coalition changed the department's mind, it appears that the negative vocal response from a large and organized group caused a closer examination of the plans. AND WHILE a year ago Highway Department officials were speaking of the urgency for a road all the way to Fort Smith, much of the urgency is now gone. What will happen to the highway plans for north of Fayetteville is still uncertain. According to the Highway Department's press release, engineering plans and environmental studies on this section are being completed. The department plans to add additional lanes to the existing U.S. 71 at the Fayetteville and Bella Vista and on to the Missouri border. At .the same time, the Highway Department says planning is continuing for a freeway facility to handle the traffic north of Fayetteville. A draft environmental impact statement will be circulated on this project, supposedly this fall, according to the department press release. The preliminary design indicates a four-lane divided highway with limited access points. Three alternates are being considered for the road: along existing Hwy. 71 (the alternate which citizen groups would probably support), three miles west of the present Hwy. 71 or about six miles west of the existing Hwy. 71. SO, WHILE the Citizens Expressway Coalition is in a state of what their attorney called "suspended animation," the "one-persons" group should not pack up all its gear and leave yet. Nevertheless, for whatever reasons (and lack of funds to build the road is probably .included here) the Highway Department dropped plans for a route south of Fayetteville and the CEC can ' probably give itself some well-deserved credit. Other local "one-persons" groups also are beginning to see the effects of their labors. Energy Council of Northwest Arkansas members banded together to research the proposed coal-fired generating plant at Little Flint and found the environmental impact statement and design plans hy the Southwestern Electric .Company not to their satisfaction. They challenged the plans at the Public Service Commission hearings and in so doing caught the eye of the public. Illinois River Property .Owners Association is another group of "one-persopns" who are making themselves and their ideas about wastewater treatment systems heard. Results of groups such as these seem to indicate that individuals -- especially when they team up, research the problem and organize themselves -: can effectively deal with bureaucracies, industries and government in working out solutions to environmental problems. Students To Design Area Waste Plan Students in an industrial ngineering course at the 'Unl- ersily of Arkansas plan'.to esign a solid .waste dispposal, ecycling and generating plant Arkansas this or Northwest emester. The project, to he undertaken y 16 industrial engineer eniors and instructor Frnak 3urk, will include the layout or a solid waste disposal ystem, projected cost esti- nates, manpower, require- ncnts, an organisation chart, cheduling and · c o n t r o l , l a n t security, personnel olieies, material handling, ngineering economic analysis, nd legal requirements. ' . The cities of Fayelteville, 'Pringdale, Rogers, Bentonville nd Siloam Springs will be ncluded in the study. Upon ornpletion of the project, Burk aid he hopes the cities will e able to use the recom- nendcd plan, in entirety or in Dart, or one of the alternatives. He said the project is a 'chicle of instruction that Candidates Give Views Northwejf Arkansas TIMES, Man., Oct. 21, 1974 · FAVCTTiVILlI, AUKAMIA* Environment, Growth Or Both? EDITOR'S NOTE: This Is the Lancaster also feols that EPA Limits Chemical Burning Thomas L. Kimball, executive Wildlife Federation, today hailed as a "victory for environmentalists everywhere" the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's decision to issue a limited "research" permit to the Shell Chemical Company for .incinerating dangerous chemicals on the high seas. The EPA ruling, announced by Deputy Administrator John R Quarias, limits Shell to a test burning of one shipload, or 5,000 tons, of organic chloride wastes produced at its Deer Park Tex., plant. The waste will be incinerated aboard a Dutch ship, the MV Vulcanus, while cruising in the Gulf of Mexico and the EPA will mom- Ecologue Refuge Saved pre- American bald eagles, paring now for their annua migration south, will find new security in their favorite winter home. An 835-acre refuge is being established as a permanent sanctuary for these birds in one of the few remaining wintering grounds for eagles in the lower 48 states. The land, along the banks o the Missouri River in South Dakota, is being purchased by the Save-A-Living Thing cam paign sponsored by the Nation a Wildlife Federation and the 7-11 Food Stores. Threatened for years by pollution, loss of roosting am nesting areas, and oy outrigh killing, bald eagle population have been declining. For years naturalists have expressed con corn that these birds, symbol of our national heritage, wer headed toward extinction. Funds collected in excess o ths amount required to pur chase the refuge will be use for .additional public servic projects, according to 7-11 of ficials, or the test to determine whe ler it produces "unreasonable nvironmental effects." Kimball, c o m m e n t i n g on IPA's decision, expressed hopi mt the lest will produce a; nvironmentally accept abl. Hernative to ocean dumping o oxic chemical wastes. H ointed out that in the Shell /ulcanus case, the EPA origin lly denied that it had an uthority to interfere wit hell's plan to incinerate 20,00 ons of waste at sea. "Only after the interventio f concerned environmentalists represented by the Nationa Federation, jurisdiction did and EPt then ay down some hard rules fo a test burning," Kimball eaic 'Since the oceans that m i g h lave been polluted are endless his is a victory for environ mentalists everywhere." Kimball added that the con servation movement had score "triple victory" again unrestricted ocean dumpin vith the Shell decision and tw other rulings within the pa: hree weeks. On October EPA denied an ocean dumpin permit for 120,000 tons of tox chemical wastes by DuPont 3elle, W. Va., plant -- waste hat were to be barged dow to the Gulf of Mexico an dumped. On October 9, EPA iegion II office in New Yor City overruled a hearing exam ner and denied three-ye "special" ocean dumping pe mils to four chemical com panies dump into the ocea year restricted "interim" pc mils to Allied Chemical, NL I dustries. Reheis Chemical, an the DuPont Grasselli Plant Linden, N.J. The four con panies dump into theocei about 900 million gallons waste a year. "We arc encouraged t EPA no longer treats the oce; dumping as a company's birl right," Kimball said of t three recent EPA rulings. "V will continue to oppose t ocean dumping of harm waste materials and will n rest easy as long as one oun of toxic waste is dumped ocean waters." 'hopefully can be used by the ;ities instead of thrown away after a grade has been put on CITY INTERESTED In talking with Fayettevilie's city manager, Don Grimes. Burk said Grimes expressed merest in the project and said he city in its quest to find a solution to solid waste disposal problems would use the students as consultants. Burk plans to contact the mayors of the remaining four cities in the study. The League of Women Voters which has researched solid waste disposal in Northwest A r k a n s a s , t h e Fayetteville pollution control committee and the Northwest Arkansas Regional Planning Commission have offered their c o m p i l e d data and assistance to Burk's class. Burk -Bid the students will so refer to a report now being epared by James Moore, of UA's civil engineering partment. Such information the proper amount of trash mpaclion in trucks from point pick-up to point of delivery 11 be extracted from Moore's udy, Burk said. He indicated that the final sign will have one cenlral ition to which all the area's ash will be transported. Three methods of disposal, cycling and regeneration will reasearched, Burk said, orking plants in eight U.S. Lies that utilize the three ethods will be used as models. STEAM POWER The. first melhod to be studied ills for the actual burning of ash -material to produce as steam. The steam can en be used as power or con- erted to electricity. The local o v e r n m e n t s could either andle the power supply opera- or sell the power to a enerating plant. The second method is com- osting. The trash would be jinbined with the present iwage treatment products and en composted into rich soil. Production of oil from- the r a s h is the third type of sposal the class will investi- ate. While Burk said not much known about this method, he aid the class is writing to San iego, Calif., a city that uses lis method of disposal. Burk said the produced slurry 75 per cent as efficient as umber six oil. an oil burned o produce power. The students hope to coordi- ate all existing material and Indies pertinent to Northwest rkansas before arriving at a 'commended suggestion for le area. But although cost will be a major factor in selecting a ecommended plan, Burk said he most economical plan might ot be the one the cities could inancially afford. The most cost-economical ilan might require an ex- remely large initial output of money that the cities could.not aise, whereas a plan that costs more over a 20-year period might require a smaller initial lutput. Students have been divided nto small groups that each upervise seperate aspects of he study. first of * two part series in which the candidates for the Fayelteville City Board ot Director's were asked Ihuir o p i n i o n s on environmental planning. Members of the 1975 Fayetteville Board of Directors will have to deal with several knotty questions that will affect the area's environment during the next two to four years. One. major consideration that should be resolved before specific programs are endorsed or turned down by the city board is how environmental concerns such as land use planning and recycling ;can be balanced with the continued, growth of Northwest Arkansas., The' TIMES interviewed the 20 eligible candidates for the board to ask for their opinions. E R N E S T LANCASTER, Position One candidate: "I fee! that Fayetzeville went so many years without any type of en vironmental controls it is un balanced. The Industrial Park may help, but there'are ecologi cal problems that are going tu take ' readjustment and reorganization." many buildings and grounds around Fayetteville need lo be cleaned up. He thought the city should prevent polluting indus- rios from moving to town. "It s coining home every day that there are industries Fayetteville cannot afford under any conditions." FKANK SHARP, Position One candidate: Sharp expressed his desire to find out more about the city pollution control committee's plans to collect and sell newspapers. Affirming the need for land use planning, Sharp said, "The area in ward one is largely undeveloped, and I would like to watch its growth carefully." CHRISTINE BAILEY, Posi tion Two candidate: "I am in favor of la/id use planing." She believes the city should find a way to handle solid waste disposal other than the present landfill method. JIM L1NDSEY, Position Two candidate: "In truth I feel very deeply about the balance ol ecology and development, anc the balance is the basis for my candidacy." Lindsey said he has compared other places he las been with Faycttevillo and ound Fayelteville far superior. 'I think it is in my best interest and everybody's interest in own to preserve it (Fayetteville) as it is'and to maintain a balance. If the balance swings any way it should swing in "avor of maintaining what we lave." JOHN TODD, Position Two candidate: Noting that the areas' greatly population increasing has and been that Fayetteville is a good ccrmmun- ty that needs to continue to be, Todd said this does not mean that the city should stay "Clean air, clean water, the general appearance of the city and traffic congestion are factors which must be considered on all decisions of growth and change. We must make growth orderly and consistent with the public interest." Todd favored land use planning rather than piecemeal decisions. Todd also supports recycling and noted that the city's pollution control committee is currently considering ·believe they can develop a feasible alternative to the burying and waste of this important resource," he said. PAT WATKINS, Position Two candidate; A past member of he Ozark Society, he feels 'that balancing our growth with environmental concerns is extremely important." "If we don't then we lose the quality of life which charac- :crizes this area. Recycling, proper land usu and good en- requires a good economy." Walkins said people have to choose a path between no growth and unlimited growth. "We need to continue to acquire industry but on a very selective basis. We want industries of a ^on-polluting nature: we want lo provide employment. You have to' ln:vc a good economic situation, and this is the basis For a good environment." T. C. CARLSON, · T h r e e Three candidate: "Land use planning inside the city is necessary. I don't believe in planning outside the city unless it is asked for by the duly elec ted representatives of the county." He feels plans need to be made for sooid waste disposal. PAUL NOLAND, Position Three candidate: "The pollution control committee has been rying for some time to come up with answers on the problem of recycling and, I think, we are on the verge of a solution. Solid waste is a lough problem, especially in light of new regii- ations, that will require solution soon. .1 "Land use planning in the city and growth area is very mportant. The city should work n conjunction with planners rom the county and other cities ;o help improve the ecology in the area." AL HUGHES, Position Four candidate: "I am definitely in r avor of land use planning, and I feel there has to fje some ' master plan to refer to. This is in no way. a hard and fast plan because areas and needs change, and people don't always follow the pattern lhat t h e planners wished." , · As for recycling, Hughes believes the people should save and conserve in any possible way. He endorses recycling' if it can be done so lhat it can pay its own way, 1 Different Story A story on last week's Eco- Logue page noted that a local concrete company appeared tc lave littered the banks of Scull Hreek where the stream ran through its property. Owner Danny Tune explainer to the TIMES this week that .he blocks are put on the banks n various spots to prevent fur- her erosion of the banks. In heavy rains Scull Creek rises several feet, covering the banks with water. Tune also said the sheet of concrete referred to in the story as the place where excess con crete from trucks had accumulated was in fact poured intentionally to cover city sewer lines that run along the creek bed. Tune said concrete trucks had never been washed out into the creek. He noted that the algae referred to in the story Is en gendered by the raw sewage that empties into the stream during heavy rains. A wastewater lift station adjacent to the creek has an overflow pipe that empties into the creek when the station cannot accommodate all the sewage being channeled through it, Tune said. i AWG tells you-- how the energy shortage affects YOU. Last year we spent a record $3,430,000 on exploration for new gas supplies. This year, we're spending over $4,250,000...and we'll continue in our efforts to see that you have plenty of Natural At Arkansas Western, we're spending aboul $500 an hour--even/ hour, every day, throughout the year--to locate new supplies of natural gas and to drill new wells. And for the most part, our exploration efforts have been successful. So far this year we have drilled 23 new wells in Arkansas, of which 14 are producers. And in Oklahoma, we drilled 7 wells, 4 of which are producers. There's gas to be found, which will insure an adequate supply for our customers for many years to come. The problem is cost -- all the "easy" gas has already been tapped, arid now we're having to search further, and drill deeper, and that adds up to more money. Increased costs of natural gas exploration and increased costs of purchased gas may result in increased rates to customers. We have pledged that additional revenues would be · spent for'exploralion and drilling --and we've more than backed up this pledge. So, that's what it's all about. Producing enough natural gas to meet the needs of our customers is costing Arkansas Western more and more every day. In turn, we're having to charge you more for the gas you use. But remember--Natural Gas is.still the Biggest Bargain in your family budget -- use it, and you'll be helping to conseive our nation's energy, and saving money, too. At Arkansas Western, we recognize the existence of a growing national energy shortage Solving it is within the grasp of American technology, but it will take both time and money For the present, you can help -- by conserving natural energy. AND THE BEST WAY TO CONSERVE ENERGY IN YOUR HOME IS TO USE NATURAL GAS FOR ALL THE JOBS IT DOES BEST. 'Arkansas Western Gas Co. CE4-2W6

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