Page 4 article text (OCR)
Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest It Tht First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 Â· MONDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1974 Montoya Dissatisfied With. EPA Work ' ' Carp And Brown Bass v- Dr. Dee Mitchell of the UA's depart- 1'iftent of civil engineering, does a little con- I'sjilting work for the Regional Planning office ion the side. He has had a hand, in fact, in .t the design of a Regional Plan for dumping 'Washington-and Benton County sewage in the Illinois River, a thesis whose wisdom if Â·not efficacy is opposed by residents along *tjie.-river downstream from the point in ?.^(iestion (which, due to traditional secrecy ,,in such matters, has yet to be pinpointed). Dr. Mitchell reviewed the gamut of options and alternatives in a federally financed study some months ago, and came up with the Illinois River proposition as being the most reasonable, from functional and cost standpoints. At the present time Fayetteville discharges its effluent into the White River (Beaver Lake) and Springdale unloads on the Illinois side of a watershed which angles along a north-south axis through Fayetteville and Springdale. The problem presently faced by the area is a looming federal imposition of more stringent minimum criteria on quality of effluent discharge the latter part of this decade. Faced with the dilemma of having to do something, and recognizing that no good choices are available, Dr. Mitchell concludes that unpolluted streams in the area are "a curse" when one looks around for a spot to discharge sewage. This is the scientific equivalent of saying that clean, neat yards in one's neighborhood are "a curse" for college students looking for some place to toss their malt cups and 'burger wrappers. We do see the professor's problem, though. In order to justify an engineering plan on the Illinois, one must likewise justify the stream's degradation. The alternative, apparently, is extremely expensive additional treatment of area sewage, and clean water isn't worth THAT -- not that local governments could get a favorable vote on such a proposition, anyhow. So we find Dr. Mitchell telling the Ozark Society a few nights ago that the brown bass (a sports fish of great spirit, but considerable sensitivity to environment) "is a very resistant species -- they can live almost as low as carp." This, he explains, justifies downgrading the stream. We sympathize with Dr. Mitchell's problem in justifying the Illinois River sewage treatment center. But, we have grave doubts as to how the brown bass feel about the proposal. We'll bet the good doctor the price of a float trip, that after the sewage plant is in and operating a year that he won't catch a single brownie from point of discharge to Gypsy Camp. And we'll further bet that we can teach him how to snag a carp or two in those same waters. Sewage, engineering and carp are one thing -- brown bass is quite another. From The Readers Viewpoint Black Oak Rd. To the Editor: E.A. (Mick) Counts' letter of the 16th states that he is sure everyone in Washington County is interested in our roads. I'm sure they are too. if they live in the country and have to drive over them to get to town. Mick seems happy with his road, so I would like for him to travel over Black Oak Road, east of FayelteviHe, to the Black Oak Church. He'll be lucky if he doesn't take to the ditch if he meets P'ayetteville's school bus. or gets knocked off by one of the tree trimmers' trucks, feed trucks or chicken hauling trucks that use this road. We have had head-on collisions, mufflers knocked off and springs broken. The trees are growing out so far they'll knock your radio antenna off even if you drive in the middle of the road/ The West Fork River Bridge has limbs near it that grow out in the roadway - and only get trimmed if you are willing to loose some paint. I bad three people from town working, for me this-, week,..and they wanted to know If there 'was another way back to town, even i f ' i t was farther, because the road is so full of potholes and rocks. Our two road graders are scheduled to grade every six weeks, but we are lucky if we see them every two months or longer. Some of their time is spent working on construction on private projects, and this is . the. tlargest district in t h e ' county. The city of Fayetteville Board of Directors should come out To West Fork Bridge, where Black Oak Road crosses, and charge a dumping free. It appears as if the second city dump has been created there. Every time it floods that area gets a change of trash. All this refuse is eventually washed into the city water supply. I have asked Judge Lester From Oar Files; Hbw Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO Gov. Orval E. Faubus, s t u m p i n g i n t h e lumber producing country of south Arkansas tried his h a n d at driving a mule drawn log wagon and it nearly got away from him. The Razoroacks were rated fourth in the Associated Press so VEARS AGO Girl Scouts of FayettevLlle today let a contract for erection of a Scout's Cabin to be built on East Mountain at a cost of $600. Patricia Ryan contralto, who has concluded a southern tour in which she starred in Carmen, will spend five days with her mo YEARS AGO Those having wool to he carded may bring it in and have their work done at the milj. F.F. Smith, who has recently purchased t h e old Fayetteville Carding Machine will pay the highest market college football poll after defeating number one ranked Texas 14-13 last week. The Arkansas National Guard reports that blacks are being accepted in some units. Only about 12 blacks have been taken into formerly all white guard units. parents Mr. and Mrs. W. W. C h a p m a n . She will sing tomorrow night at the United Daughters of the Confederacy reception at the Lawson home. The Rotary Club will sponsor a Hallowe'en party for the general public on the Square. price for wool delivered at the machine. Glass and Williford have re- furoished the City Hotel which is now open to the public on the Southwest Corner of the Public Square. They'll Do It Every Time to help in changing these conditions but promises have not improved, conditions. People tell. me Bruce Crider was a road builder while he was in office. I would like to have him widen this road so that school children ' w h o ride the bus and others who travel the road are not in danger. We are listed on the county map as an F.A.S. road, so why can't some of the federal money we have on deposit in the bank be used to improve these conditions? O.C. Miller .:.. Fayetteyille (Rt. 5) Clean It Up To the Editor: I am eight-year-old Audrea Pointer. I was walking the other day at City (Wilson) Park. And I saw the worst sight. There was a bunch of paper and cans laying all over the ground. God has given us such a beautiful world to live in, so why do people keep trying to make such a mess all the time. Won't you please ask everyone not. to - t h r o w trash just anywhere. Because I love my world. Audrea Pointer Fayetleville Book Review To the Editor: Just as I finished The Imperial Presidency by Arthur Schlesinger Jr., there arrived Saturday Review-World of 9-774. which features. 'Can Psychiatry Save the Republic", also by Prof. Schlesinger Jr. Needless to say, under the circumstances, this was read even ahead of Norman Cousins' good editorial, "Lessons for a President and a Nation." (Also recommended). Along with a great many other history buff admirers of the Schlesingers, both Senior and Junior, I had lost some degree of confidence in Junior when, as House Historian for John F. Kennedy, he seemed to w r i t e with less scholarly thoroughness and objectivity than he had shown, for example, in his great prize-win- niitg work on Andrew Jackson. Now it can scarcely be said that The Imperial Presidency is UP to the Jackson standard -- Schlesinger's new book might never have appeared but for the Schlesinger antipathy for Richard Nixon, which at least approximated in degree his admiration and respect for Kennedy. But in spite of this (or, because of it?), Schlesinger Junior had produced a study of his subject in. scholarly depth and historical insight. 120 of the 505 pages are devoted to notes, references, and an excellent index; and the final chapter, "The Future of the Presidency," is a challenging, insightful, summary and forecast, which every concerned citizen ought to read. In the S-R World article, Schlesinger obviously uses the fresh research from his new book upon which to base a de- vcstating exposure of what he regards as psychiatric quarkery that would presume to interpose Freudian expertise between the "good of the Republic and future Nixons, by use of the couch and psychphistory based upon psychic insight. The article may well be a bit unfair lo psychiatry as a profession, written as it is with the bias of the professional Schlesinger as historian. It vyould be good to see a professional response, with documentation, if such is possible. Reuben Thomas FayettevillÂ« ; By JACK ANDERSON . WASHINGTON--The . Environmental Prelection Agency has engaged in ii "bean count" ' instead of meaningful research to rid the nation of pollution. This is the conclusion of the S e n a t e anti - pollution subcommittee, which has just completed an exhaustive report on EPA's research activities. The subcommittee found that EPA "generates thousands'' of documents" but produces few sloutions. Its research has been g r o s s l y inadequate. f o r example, on how to end the discharge of disease - causing sulfur and lead, and how to end the destruction of offshore ocean areas with city sludge, (he report charges. Present programs "will lead lo knwoing more and more about..pollution, but doing less and less about it," declares the document, which was prepared at the request of Sen. Joseph Montoya, D-N.M. Here, according to the report, arc a few areas that EPA has neglected: --"The potentially serious health effects of pathogenic aerosols in the human food chain are not under serious study." Yet "dead" aerosol cans are constatnly ploughed into land fills. --"Large cities (New York, Philadelphia, Los Angeles and The Washington Merry-Go-Round olh'ers) have serious problems with ocean d u m p i n g of municipal sludge." Yet only a "minor effort is presently funded" to solve the problem. --"There is still no research plan r e g a r d i n g indoor pollutants, although it has been an issue for several years. Most of the population...spends most or'thcir lives inside." : --''City.air.controls are often ridiculous. New York City, controls pollution inside t|ie city, but "prevailing winds from the west carry pollutants into New York City." The city's own controls mainly keep (he air fresh over the Atlantic ocean. Industry also gets a rap f r o m , the Montoya report. While it claims to bo spending up to $725 million to control "mobile source emissions." the true fi- . g u r p m a y ' be as low as $60 million. This, says the report, is "a triumph of fancy bookkeeping." FOOTNOTE: EPA's research head, Albert Trakowski, said the Senate report was a "bum rap."'To be sure, he said, there are "many problems" but the report is off base on both the "facts and understanding of the problems. We've done a good job under the circumstances." Zsa Gabor, the movie actress and Hollywood gadabout, filed a complaint the other . day against the Air Force. She accused the Air Force of shattering her favorite plate galss window. It happened at the end of the SR-71's London- to-Los Angeles flight, which broke the world speed record. As the plane streaked I n t o Los Angeles, it developed a routine "compressor stall," which Capt. Harold Adams and Maj. William Machorck corrected by adjusting the throttle. Because of the mountainous terrain and temperature inversions, the throttling caused a sonic boom. The Air Force, expecting hundreds of damage claims for broken windows, set up a claims office. A grand total of 1.1 complaints were received, eight for broken windows and five for plaster damage. One was submitted oy the windowless Zsa Zsa, who f i n a l l y settled f o r a n autographed picture of the SR- 71 crew. ZSA ZSA'S WINDOW: Z s a D U B I O U S DEAL: W e reported on. March 22 that the General Services Administration had acquired a $20 million, out-of-the-way building apparently for the convenience of then - P r e s i d e n t "Well, We Wanted To Get Them Behind Us" A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought ...LANGUAGE ABUSE. Arthur Schlesinger Jr., "Politics and the American Language," The American Scholar, autumn 197'!, pp. 553;562. "No one observed the impact of a mobile and egalitarian society on language more acutely than Tocqueville. Democracy, he argued, inculcated a positive preference for ambiguity and a dangerous addiction to the inflated style." "Other developments hastened the spreading dissociation of words from meaning, of language from reality. The rise of mass communications, the growth of large organizations and the novel technologies, the invention of advertising and public relations, the profes- sionalizaton of education -- all contributed to linguistic pollution..In our own time, thepurity ef language is under unrelenting attack from every side -from professors as well as from politicians, from newspapermen as well as from advertising men, from men of the cloth as well as from men of the sword, and not least from those indulgent compilers of modern dictionaries who propound the suicidal thesis that all usa'gcs are equal and all correct." "The time has come for writers and teachers to..expose the attack on meaning and discrimination in language as an attack on reason in discourse. It is this rejection of reason Itself that underlies the indulgence of i m p r e c i s i o n, the apotheosis of usage and the in- faluation with rhetoric." .CAREER INDECISION. Aurcn L'ris, "Willy Loman Died for U s , 1 ' Passages (Northwest Orient Airline's magazine), October 1974, pp. 12-13. "A basic queslion: With so much more going for them today, why do so many people fail to find the degree of fulfillment they would like? Why do they continue to stay in a less tfmn pleasing job when others are available'.'.. Research has turned up a curious fact. Unsatisfactory working-living situations are often explained by a sitrgle phenomenon." "This simple but seldom- mentioned reason for an unsatisfactory life-style explains so many vocational puzzles: career indecision..an inability to decide what one wants to do with one's career, even one's, e n t i r e life..Career indecision..is not likely to be a one- shot a f f a i r , but rather an ever- present barrier that interferes with thought and action on the job, and sours the entire living experience." "A happy development may push the undecideds today toward happier days despite themselves..The old work ethic has had its face lifted. Before, the work ethic signified man's dutiful sense that selling his services to an employer represented a fair and desirrable exchange. But today, there is a new awareness that on the job..pcople have the chance to do their thing, to revitalize their entire appreciation of living by choosing a vocation that satisfies their sense of what's important." IMPRESSIONIST DOLDRUMS. "Crosscurrents in the Art Market," Forbes, Oct. 1, 1974. p. 58. "There are frayed nerves as the season begins in the great London and New York art markets. Dealers, auctioneers, buyers and sellers are watching and waiting to see what effect the poor sales of Impressionist paintings in London last summer will have on prices. Impressionist works -- those blurry paintings by the 19th century French artist Monet, Renoir, Sisley, et al -- are special." "They have sparked the art boom since World War II. But this July in London..the Impressionists peaked. One expert estimates that roughly 37 percent of the 207 works failed to sell..Many people are rethinking their attitude towards works of art as an investment. If Impressionist paintings can drop in value, then no one can any longer have any illusion about art being a 'sure thing.' "Unless you particularly like living with what you buy, art docs" not pay regular dividends. In fact, it costs to own art..As often as not, the big money has been made not by speculators, but by true collectors who seek psychic dividends, then capital gains..No matter how comforting it may be in a tricky, unstable world to own beautiful and valuable art, only a fool would think that art is a perfect hedge against the uncertainties of the economic world." PSYCHIC ECSTASY. Bruce C. Ogilvie, "The Sweet Psychic Jolt of Danger," Psychology Today, October 1974, pp. 88-94. "Protected by little more than their own skins, many athletes confront death and injury regularly. Skydiving from 12,000 feet or race driving at 180 miles an hour, these competitors eagerly seek situations that most people hope to avoid. Many of the athletes engaged in high- risk sports arc stimulus addicts, people with a unique need for special excitement found at the outer limits of physical and emotional endurance." "Previous studies to risk takers assume that 'emotionally healthy' individuals prefer security . and safety. Those athletes who know the risks and choose to face them, therefore must suffer from one or more mental pathologies..As a group, however, risk-taking athletes have a definitely positive personality organization." "They are simply 'stimulus addictive, 1 that is, they have a periodic need for extending themselves to the absolute physical, emotional and intellectual limits in order to escape from the lensionless state associated with everyday living. Like most humans, risk takers need stimulation and excitement. For them there is a special form of psychic ecstasy found by living on the brink of darfger." Richard Nixon, who needed a handy place near San Clc- mente to s t o r e his presidential documents. ' ' T h e President's S a n Clemchte estate," we wrote, " is only about 10 miles away and already about 20,000 square feet (of the building) have been designated as a 'temporary presidential documents storage area.!' The building was obtained from Rockwell International in which -Rep. Jack Brooks, D- invesligate. Our inquiries, meanwhile, mightily upset the While House and GSA. We took note of their protests in our March 22 c o l u m n . "GSA officials vigorously deny," we w r o t e , "that the $20 million'building was purchased more for the convenience of President Nixon than the government employes it is supposed to house." But this didn't satisfy GSA's press chief Richard Vawter, who sent me a letter castigating my associate Bob Owens for reporting "Ill-founded charges" and accused him of "jaundiced journalism." Now, the Washington Post, after gaining access to tha GSA's files in San Francisco, has confirmed our story. It looks as it the GSA made this dubious, $20 million deal to chiefly benefit Richard Nixon. For after three years, GSA still hasn't found tenants to occupy more than two per cent of the space at the mammoth facility. --United Feature Syndicate Detente, By Any Other Name.... WASHINGTON ( E R R ) -Detente with the Soviet Union, cornerstone of the Nixon administration's foreign policy, shortly will be subjected to new and possibly severe tests. Secretary of Sate Henry A. Kissinger is scheduled to visit the Soviet Union Oct. 23-27 to discuss "matters of mutual interest" with Kremlin leaders. The primary purpose of the trip is to assess prospects for a new treaty limiting offensive nuclear weapons. No progress was made in this area during former President Nixon's visit to Moscow last June. Indeed, as Professor Alvin Z. Rubinstein of the University of Pennsylvania wrote in Current History, "Neither government even raised the possibility of calling a moratorium on all long-range missile testing..."But U.S. and Soviet negotiators are currently trying to reach a new interim arms limitation agreement in the SALT II talks that 'began in Geneva on Sept. 18. Kissinger no doubt will be asked about the prospects for improved U.S.-Soviet trade in the aftermath of President Ford's successful move to force cancellation of a sale of $500 million worth of American grain to the Soviet Union. In acting as' he .did, Ford "signaled the Kremlin that he is willing and able to act quickly on matters of inter- rational importance," U.S. News World Report noted. "This fact was considered especially important if, as some i n Washington suspected, Moscow was using the proposed grain deal as a means of testing Mr. Ford." WHILE DETENTE is widely supported in principle, it has aroused certsin misgivings. As Sen. Edward M. Kennedy CD- Mass.) observed in Foreign P o l i c y magazine. "Many Americans still have difficulty accepting that the cornerstone of our security is the mutual vulnerability of Soviet and American societies, and that each superpower is now partly responsible for the security of the other." Some students of international affairs are convinced that detente is a sham. "As theoretical writings appearing in tha Soviet Union make it quite clear," stated an analysis printed in Survey: A Journal of East West Studies, "the ultimate result of a carefully pursued policy of detente should be a decisive shift of the world balance of power in favor of the Soviet Union and its bloc. This shift, it is expected, will permit the Soviet Union to a c h i e v e further expansion without recourse to general war, largely by the use of methods of internal subversion and external intimidation. America's allies in Europe are somewhat apprehensive, too. In an editorial in Swiss Review of World Affair, Fred L u c h s i n g e r wrote: " I s American policy trying to tell its West European partners something like: Just let us get our bitlateral detente, with strategic agreements and econ- nomic aid, to the point where it becomes 'irreversible,' and then everything else will fall into place? Where is such confidence to come from?" GIVEN THE Increasingly assertive role of Congress in determining foreign policy, it appears likely that detente will be scrutinized more closely in the future than jt was during much of the Nixon administration. Sen. Walter F. Mondale ( D - M i n n . ) , for example, believes the Soviet Union should be made to increase its economic aid to developing nations in cxhange for any trade concessions by the United States. The course of detente, then, promises to be uneven. But in the narrowest sense, it already had proved a success. Detente means nothing more than relaxation of political tensions between countries, and that has indeed occurred.