Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on October 19, 1974 · Page 4
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October 19, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Saturday, October 19, 1974
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j|orti)toegt Ctmes Editorial-Opinion Pag* Tht Public Inf«r«t Is The First Concern Oj Thti Netwpoper 4 · SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1974 Need For A New Ethic President Ford said it again the other evening in a talk to the Future Farmers of America convention at Kansas City. The United States needs to reshape its values and priorities in regard to the use of energy, food and life-style. Most important, probably, if we read presidential implications rightly, is the need for a re-defined national energy ethics The price of a gallon of gasoline makes the point reasonably clear for those with limited budgets. It may be less clear, but in no way less serious, for the affluent -- b'ecause an inescapable adjunct to the high price of oil is a serious dislocation of international monetary resources. There are in this consequent grave dilemmas for major industrialized nations, East and West, needless to say. Up to now President Ford's taste for the battle that inflation and a reduced . habit entails, is some limited jawboning. His choice of the Future Farmers of America as the group to impress with the need for the new ethic may have been symbolic in that he is tired of arguing with older folks (like George Meany). Or, it may simply have been the best forum at the "time, for national teevee. In any event, the President is correct in his instinctive recognition of the gravity of the problem, even if he has yet to bite the executive bullet of really doing something about it. The President holds (and hopes) that Americans, made cognizant of the seriousness of the circumstance, will draw on their spiritual and intellectual resources to adjust to the emergency. There is little quarrel that drastic conservation is needed. It may be less well recognized that drastic conservation in this sense is not just a temporary measure (through the winter, or pending completion of the Alaska Pipeline), but one which must be adopted into the permanent fabric of American programming and conduct. The U.S. must begin to recognize that slower highway speeds, smaller cars and engines, less waste in packaging, greater attention to conservation and efficiency in industry as -well as the home, and to some extent, a greater self-discipline in buying habits is the ethic for the future. This, clearly, is going to require a change in attitude. The conservation "nuts" are already preaching a similar message, but alarmism is not the stuff a national consensus will be quickly made of. In terms of national awareness the U.S. has not yet really admitted to itself that it is no longer economically tenable for six per cent of the world's population to use up (in good measure waste, actually) 30 per cent of the world's resources. This isn't to say that Americans must scale down their expectations for "the good life," but rather America must somehow redefine what "the good life" consists of. Do we HAVE to have a 400 horsepower auto to go to the grocery store? Do we have to have an electric can-opener in order to make a sack of tuna salad sandwiches? Are we really suffering a decline in our standard of living if we drink beer from a returnable bottle? These aren't academic questions anymore. They are real. 'Cause Strikes Out The U.S. House of Representatives isn't ready to do away with its antiquated committee system, or the autocratic pockets of power that such a system promulgates. A near session-long battle to bring about reform ended a few days ago with rejection of the comprehensive reform bill (the Boiling bill) and adoption of a watered-down, relatively ineffective measure (the Hansen bill). Common Cause, the citizen's lobby, made a major lobbying effort on behalf of [he Boiling bill and is pointedly disappointed in the results. The name of the game is power, suggests Common Cause, and influential leaders and chairmen of the House don't want to give up any of it. For what it is worth, Third District Congressman John Paul Hammerschmidt voted in support of the antiquated power system, one which has as its most visible characteristics, a penchant for secret meetings, arbitrary and autocratic decision-making, and a towering instinct for self-preservation. From Our Files; How Time Flies] 10 YEARS AGO R. H. Sikes of Springdale won the $70,000 Sahara Invitational Golf Tourney Sunday at Las Vegas, Nev. The annual fall hunt of Washington County Fox Hunters 50 YEARS AGO Captain Blood, by Rafael Sabatini, the greatest love story ever told, is showing at the Victory Theater. Prices were 15 cents and 35 cents for matinees and 25 and 50 cents for evening shows. The University of Arkansas radio station KFMQ is being 100 YEARS AGO The last issue of the NEWS announces the suspension of that paper. This has" been a busy week with the jack-leg politicians. Association will be held October 23 at Viney Grove. Mickey Jackson of Henryetta, Okla. has been named fire chief at Springdale. heard. Letters have come in from many areas including Canada, the East Coast, New Mexico, Colorado and many towns in Arkansas. Arkansas Seed and Nursery Co. on West Dickson is paying liberal prices for burlap and old sacks. Next week we fear some ot them will feel like Mark Twain's frog -- 'reared and they pitched and they didn't make a jump'. Bible Verse "Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give unto your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again." Luke 6:38 What a wonderful plan ol prosperity involving human exchange that our Father has designed for us. AH we need to do in order to receive is give. Why don't we try it? It's the Lord's way and it has to work! "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth." Genesis 1:1 Take another look at this verse, and put your problems in the hands of our great Creator. He can make and He can mend. God loves you. Turn it all over to Him. "I am the Lord, I change not." Epicurus Was A Vegetarian. WASHINGTON (ERR) -- "It you can't spare a penny from your food budget," President Ford said in his economic address to Congress, "...surely you can cut the food you waste by 5 per cent." A simple way of achieving that goal is to eliminate meat from one's diet. Those who decide to become vegetarians join a eclcct company that includes Bob Dylan, Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, Dennis Weaver and Bill Walton. They, in turn, followed in the footsteps of George ·Ber- nard Shaw, Albert Schweitzer, Gandhi, Shelley, and Thoreau. T h e vegetarian movement comprises at least four major sub-categories of non-meat eaters. The most common type of vegetarian in the United States today is the lacto-vegetarian, svho eats no meat, fowl or fish, but who does eat animal products (milk, cheese, eggs). Another group, known as ve- gans, eats no meat or meat products. Vitarians abstain from meat, meat products, · plant seeds, grains, legumes and nuts; fruitarians eat only fruit. "Any Better Ideas For An Inflation Fighting Machine?" .VEGEf ARIANS OFFER three major reasons for abstinence from meat: ethical, ascetic and nutritional. From the first mil- lenium B.C., people in Asia and the Mediterranean began refraining from eating meat as a matter of ethics. Pythagoras of Samos (c. 530 B.C.) is the first recorded Greek vegetarian. Plato, Plutarch and Epi- curus, among others, recommended a vegetarian diet on moral grounds. In India, Buddhists and Jains adopted a meatless diet for ascetic reasons. And the King James version of the Bible contains these words: "And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb hearing seed, which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat." WITH THE ADVENT of Western European humanism in the 17th and 18th centuries, interest in vegetarianism revived -- an interest that has carried through to the present day. The vegetarian movement is strongest in present in India, Great Britain and the United States. Secular and religious groups have been established there and elsewhere to persuade people to adopt fleshless diets. Contrary to what was once believed, the protein found in meat is readily available in non-meat food sources. Veegta- rians maintain that the healthiest way to obtain protein is to eat "low on the food chain" -- that is, to bypass the eating of animals and instead ingest beans, grains and dairy products. The non-meat cater,moreover, avoids the hazard of consuming the chemicals and pesticides that much of the nation's beef, pork and poultry contain. The current world food shortage has provided yet another argument in favor of vegetarianism. Kaising cattle for meat yields less food per acre than raising, say, p r o t e i n - rich legumes. Thus, it is argued, only a privileged minority of mankind can ever afford to consume as much meat as do, for instance, Americans or New Zealanders. With the recent steep increases in the price of meat, interest in vegetarianism has reached new heights in the United States. The food sections of newspapers devote more space than formerly to recipes for meatless meals, and publishers have found a growing market for vegetarian cookbooks. The ancient ethical, ascetic and nutritional justifications for vegetarianism are as valid as ever. It remains to be seen whether people forced to become vegetarians because of inflation will become true converts to the cause. US. Big Campaign Spender By YOUICK BLUMENFELD And BRUCE FREED (Editorial Research Reports) WASHINGTON -- The 'wide-' spread abuses of federal election laws during the 1972 presidential campaign have forced Americans to re-examine and to reform their system of campaign finance. It has long been recognized that at the state, congressional and presidential levels, political candidates have become increasingly indebted to private organizations and individuals who gave them money to finance their campaigns. But it took the Watergate scandal and the collapse of Richard M. Nixon's presidency to dramatize the need for change in the rules of the game of "dollar politics." Public outrage over Watergate placed strong pressure on Congress to devise means to control excessive campaign spending. Congress this month finally completed action on a landmark campaign finance reform bill aimed at curbing the influence of big money contributors and clearing up the kind of abuses revealed in the 1972 election. The measure provides for full public financing of presidential general elections and partial federal subsidies for presidential primaries. It imposes strict limits on campaign contributions and expenditures for House, Senate and presidential candidates. And it sets up a potentially powerful independent elections commission to administer the new law. It provides no public financing for congressional races, however. ATTEMPTING TO make the new campaign financing system as f a i r and as fool - proof as possible, U.S. legislators took a look at how other democratic states, particularly in Western Europe, have tackled the pro- 'blem. Compared to the United States, British elections are run on a shoestring. The Economist magazine pointed out that Britain now spends less money in real terras, discounting inflation, than it- did in 1900 per c a n d i d a t e f o r Parliament. Expenditures are so modest because they are restricted by law and .because all elections campaigns are compressed into a three-week period. The Representation of the People Act of 1974 limited spending by each candidate to $2,500, plus, about 2.5 cents for each voter in the constituency. The total limit on some 630 candidates from both the Labor and the Conservative parlies was about $2.5 million. However, there is no legal limit on the amount spent by political parties in Britain as opposed to expenditures by individual candidates. British law does not require the reporting of party contributions or expenditures. Consequently, unrestricted spending by the national parties in effect offsets the low local costs. Finland, Norway and Sweden now practice federal subsidizing of political parties. In Finland, the government decided in 1966 to finance political parties through annual appropriations which totaled $1.3 million last year. In Sweden, political parties have received state subsidies proportional to their mandate since 1065. And in Norway, parties which entered candidates in at least half of the districts in the previous election are given subsidies in direct proportion to the vote they received. West Germany is one of the few countries which has had prolonged experience with public financing, having initiated subsidies shortly after World War II. Parties receiving at least 5 per cent of the national vote in parliamentary elections become eligible. In addition, tha West German parties have voluntarily attempted to reduc* their progressively mounting campaign costs in the past few elections. When Italy adopted a law in April 1974 to provide government subsidies for its eight major political parties on a proportional basis, three principal motives were given: To limit corruption, to reduce the advantage of those with superior financial resources, and to control the soaring cost of politics. DURING THE recent: debata in Congress, supporters of public financing of campaigns referred to European countries for e x a,m p 1« s of how public money purified p o l i t i c s . But there are several important differences between European and American politics. For one thing, unlike most small European coun-; tries, the American electorate is large and heterogeneous with a long tradition of interest group contributions to campaigns. Also, large sums of money have been needed to run campaigns and unseat incumbents in the United States because of the sheer size of the nation, the states and the congressional districts. And campaign costs are higher because of the extensive use of radio and television for political advertising. But the 1976 presidential campaign will provide the first test. of public financing, with funds raised from the voluntary $1. check-off on federal income tax returns. The hope is that by spreading the responsibility through federal subsidies, and by opening up the accounts through maximum and strongly, enforced disclosure requirements, public f a i t h in the basic honesty of the democratic poll-, tical system may be restored, : Arkansas Editors Comment On States Air Quality Standards, Fees, Etc. SOUTHWEST TIMES RECORD APPROVAL OF proposed Amendment 55 to the Arkansas Constitution in t h e November general election should go a long way in improving the machinery of the state government. It would, in effect, remove the constitutional limits on salary for t h e executive and legislative branches of state government, and establish a seven-member commission to recommend salaries every two years. The old salary limitations are in the 1874 Constitution. The governor, with a salary of $10,000 a year, is the lowest paid state chief in the nation. State legislators are also among the lowest paid in the country. Also affected in the Executive Department would be the salaries of the state treasurer, auditor, attorney general and secretary of state, all of which are locked in a $5,000 a year. The amendment is through in spelling out who may serve on the salary commission, for how long, and specific duties of members. No one contends today that a governor should have to try and get along on $10,000 a, year. Governor Bumpers has said publicly that he has borrowed heavily from relatives since he has been in office. Former Governor Hockeller, of course, had no such problems. Neither can anyone argue that an attorney general, secretary of state or other such officers can subsist today on $5,000 a year. The constitutional limitation on these salaries has created l o o p h o l e s whereby various expenses and other compensation have had to be given consideration. It might also have discouraged persons of modest means and those with no independent source of income from seeking the offices, whereby the people have been the losers. We would heartily urge' that proposed Amendment be approved in the Nov. 5 election as a big step toward improvement of the state government. PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL Boyce Alford would be a source of mild amusement if only he weren't a member of the Arkansas legislature. Up there, his diversions can prove a serious danger. T h e latest example is Legislators Alford's attempt to undermine the state's Pollution C o n t r o l and Ecology Department, m a i n l y because it's done its best to control pollution and enhance ecology. The department's objections to some of Arkansas Power and Light's plans for a coal-fired generating plant near Redfield now have made it the object of Boyce Alford's legislative attentions. Dr. Alford is talking about taking away some of its powers and enthrusling more responsibility for the air we breathe and the water we need to--The Arkansas Legislature. That's the worst idea since the Amendment 57, which would leave interest rates at the mercy of state legislators. The Pollution Control and Ecology Department probably wouldn't be in any trouble at all if it had gone along quietly with however many smoke-breathing stacks APL wanted to raise up in the neighborhood. To the great credit of Jarrell Southall and his staff in the department's Air Division, the figures APL submitted on air p o l l u t i o n were checked thoroughly and found to be in error. Mr. SOUTHALL s a i d he would "feel comfortable" about the project only if it were reduced to two stacks, and even then the plant might have to shut down occasionally to meet state standards. Boyce Alford's predictable reaction to the news that A r k a n s a s standards were higher than those of the federal government was simple: Lower the state standards. One would think Arkansas could take pride in having the higher standards than Washington, but Dr. Alford would lower them. "HOW IN THE world," asks L e g i s l a t o r Alford "can Arkansas compete with other states" if our laws against pollution are higher? If attracting dirty industry is that much of a consideration, why stop the slide in standards at the federal level? Why not do away with standards entirely and invite all the coal burners down to investj We could organize a grand race to see whether industry could brown over Arkansas before the Corps of Engineers channelized it. It would probably end in a dead heat.. HERE ARKANSAS has been saved from the rampant pollution that has made the industrialized Northeast not even a nice place to visit, and Dr. Alford would lower slate standards against pollution. As Representative Alford puts it: "I hale to see an industry like APL that has done so much for this slate and for its people and provided so many jobs" have to meet current state standards. Dr. Alford, being from Pine Bluff, might think to ask what APL h a s done for us lately. It has proposed this giant coal-fired plant for White Bluff while shifting white-collar jobs from Pine Bluff to Little Rock. Perhaps the best way for APL to show its concern for providing jobs in this community wuold be to stop msving its headquarters personnel out of Pine Bluff. ARKANSAS air and water are precious assets; they should be doled out to industry very carefully. This state's great attractions should not be sold cheap. There is room in this stale's economy not only for industry but for the cleanest, most desirable industry. Let's not sell Arkansas short. T h e r e are some good provisions and some pluses among the suggestions for revision of drivers' license rules in Arkansas but there are also some changes not needed. We view as disirable the idea of placing a color photo of the driver on each license, the establishing of a compulsory drivers' education program and tests for different types of m o t o r vehicles such as motorcycles, cars and trucks. We think that it would be advisable to transfer the driver licensing procedures from the State Police to the Licensing Bureau so that the Police could he freed for the job of enforcement. Another good suggestion is the provision for a medical review board to decide cases where a driver's mental or physical ability is questioned. However, we think that an increase in the safety check is too much for Ihe already-over- b u r d e n e d average citizen. Safety checks arc needed but other costs are already so high. Likewise, having to pay $12 for four years' license would be a burden lo some people--and issuance of Ihe licenes al $6 for Iwo years, we believe, would be much fairer. DUMAS CLARION ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT Pulaski Chancellor Darrcll Hickman deserves a pat on the back for rapping the knuckles of the slate Public Building Authority by ordering 11 to take no further action on the proposed $74 million capitol mall complex until the issue is firmly settled in court. On September 23 Hickman issued an injunction halting above ground work on the project, pending the outcome of a lawuit filed by stale Rep. Thomas Sparks of Fordyce. In spite of the order, however, the PBA met on October 4 and approved plans to seek bids on some materials needed for the complex, and to hire an appraiser. Thus, it was necessary for Hickman to put extra leelh in his order, and that's what he did yesterday when he ordered that no more bids be taken or other work done on the controversial project until all of the legal air is cleared. And that might not be for some time. Although Hickman has said that he would like the issue settled by the end of the month, a new legal thorn was exposed on the bush Thursday when a possible conflict of interest was raised over just who has f i n a l control over underground utility work on the S t a t e Capitol grounds. Secretary of Slale Kelly Bryant, the traditional custodian of all captiol work, says this is in his area of concern. The PBA has challenged Bryant and declares thai the legislative act setting up the PBA gives it the authorily. So the legal clouds gathering over the lavish complex continue to thicken. Until all of these clouds ' are blown away with clear and precise decisions from the courts, there is sound reason why the project should be stopped. That's what Judga Hickman has now done, and in unmistakable terms. We t r u s t . the PBA gets the message and now understands what STOP really means. BENTON COURIER We have rapped the Saline County Republican Committee for one resolution they adopted last week, and now we would like to say we agree with t h e , other one. The proposal urged adoption" of closer auditing procedures of expenditures and receipts of all counties, including a check t» make sure that everything :ls done according to the legally required procedures and to make sure that the taxpayers are getting their money's worth for the lax dollars spenl. Theorelically we already have , such audits being done by the s t a t e , but we feel, like the committee apparently did. that the present system isn't through' enough. · Another change is perhaps needed in the laws govering purchases by municipal and · county governments. The law on purchasing is now widely interpreted to mean that, for instance, you can't buy · a new bulldozer without taking bids, but you can buy a used .one. County Judge H.W. "Sour" Green did just lhat a few weeks ago, shucking out about $26,000 for a used dozer. He checked · around and Green said it was the only used one available on (Continued On Pafe 12)

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