Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on October 17, 1974 · Page 4
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October 17, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Thursday, October 17, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page Tht Public Interest It The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 · THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1974 Goocfe// In. Line As Attorney General The 25th Amendment Sen. Howard Baker, R-Tenn., who isn't .'what we think of as a high-average batter, 'nor even a clutch hitter with power, never- 'theless does manage to connect for a solid ·'hit, it seems to us, with his comment in Tulsa the other day to the effect that the 25th Amendment to the Constitution (for choosing a vice president) "ought to be repealed." Says Sen. Baker: "We've got to find a better way..." : Historically, the nation has ended up making trouble for itself almost every time it has decided to tinker with the original Constitution, a document which is classic in the balance of its compromises and the brevity of its language. Amendments unfortunately tend to emphasize one fad or another, few of which have lasting constituencies, and most of which are invariably overwritten. The 25th Amendment seemed proper in its adoption, in the context of Spiro Agnew and Richard Nixon, because in THAT context, almost any avenue of change looked good. In performance, however, the nation now has an un-elected President who is subject to the liabilities of allegiance that such a circumstance creates; and a vice president- designate, subject to appointment and confirmation rather than election, and likewise lacking public endorsement. Nelson Rockefeller is not much more or less, probably, than he professes to be. Which is to say, he is a gentleman with a great deal of money who has never gotten to first base in national politics with either party or popular vote. He has been aspiring to the presidency for a dozen years, with John I. Smith even less substantive evidence of achievement than Gov. George Wallace of Alabama. Indeed, electorally, Wallace has the better credentials based on his primary campaign of two years ago. Be this as it may, Rockefeller IS the appointee of the President, a circumstance that is now giving the Republican Party chills and the Congress second thoughts. Neither Ford nor Rockefeller have Party consensus endorsement of the sort one gets through a national convention, and neither has national mandate. The presumption is that Mr. Rockefeller may have more woolling to undergo in the Senate prior to confirmation. It is likely, too, that even with confirmation his term, more than Ford's, will lack public allegiance and confidence. The thing about Ford and Rockefeller, and the 25th Amendment which created their dilemma, is that the American voter has had no hand in placing them in office. The upshot is an absence of a sense of responsibility by a majority of Americans for following, trusting or supporting White House leadership. The practical effect of the 25th Amendment, in today's Watergate climate, is top fine an examination of Rockefeller's qualifications. In not facing the test of voter appeal, he must measure up to an entirely different set of values, and these simply aren't attuned to the overall scheme of elective government. On the basis of current evidence, the conclusion is hard to avoid that either we ought to go back to the old constitutional plan of succession, or switch to some form of special election. Area Farming Since the Soil Conservation Service has been very instrumental in the establishment of soil saving pastures and meadows upon our worn put soils, it was most appropriate that an authority on cattle, which consume this grass, should be the featured speaker at the Northwest Arkansas conference in Boone County last Friday. This speaker was Bob Childs of the Winrock Farms. · FIRST, HE stated that we had perhaps done too good a job of selling the people who ouy beef on the value of corn- fed beef. It we understood the recommendations which he made for the recovery of the farmers who produce beef on grass, three thing csan be done. 1. High quality calves which receive a lot of milk could go directly to the slaughter houses and be made into top quality cuts of meat without any subsequent feeding of corn. This would be primarily a grass and milk fed animal. Apparently such calves have heretofore been carried on roughage until they weigh about 800 to 900 pounds (and have by then lost their high quality) and then are fed corn until they weigh about 1100 to 1150 pounds and have regained their quality. Due to the high cost of grain, which he estimated might last several years, that system is now "out." 2. A second method would be to run the calves on grass until they weigh from 800 to 800 and then let the feeders take a little of the yellow fat out of them with a small amount of corn. Billy Graham's Answer My husband is a geneticist, and we've been involved in an argument for some time. I'm a Christian and he's an atheist, but the discussion concerns a potential effect of genetic study, it aims at altering genes to improve the human race. Is it wrong to do this? R. P. The exploration of our universe both inwardly with the atom and outwardly with space is certainly permitted, if not encouraged by God. The com- plexiites of His creation are something that will occupy our finest minds till the end of time. But now when it comes to matters of the human race, there the Bible has the final and authoriative word. It does not picture humanity on a course of continued improvement, but rather becoming in- creasingly degenerate. That's the whole reason for the cross of Christ. 2 Timothy 3:13 puts it this way. "Evil men and false teachers will become worse and worse, deceiving many, they themselves having been deceived by Satan." Secular history easily explodes any theory that the human race shows evi- i m p r o v e conditions a n d ment--any movement toward a superrace. Now as for scientific and medical investigation that can i m p r o v e condition s and alleviate pain and disabilities, this is most commendable. I'm afraid, however, that what you husband is proposing is some strictly genetic manipulation which leaves man still untouched in the area of his greatest need--the world of the spirit. They'll Do It Every Time TW 00 THIS AFTER FAcr-ACT EVERY TIME. PO£S A fOSft IT'SOKAy-6'J HIS Wft MO 006 OJGHTA g£ In other words, the feeders would use only a short feeding period. 3. A third step with our grazing farmers would be to sell all of their poorer cows, of course at a sacrifice price, and keep their high quality heifers in the hopes of reaping a good profit several years hence. The only way, he felt, that the cattle number could '';e reduced down from their present high number was to kill female stock. This recommendattion was exactly opposite the method we have been using for the last several years of buying all the female stock that we could get to take back to the farms. This authority did not like the idea of forbidding the imports of beef. In other words, remain on the world market. He stated that in spite of the great number of cattle in Argentina, that Nation, in order to get money for world exchange purposes, was forcing her people to eat less meat (meat only one week out pf two or three) and are exporting the balance. We should get right into the world market and stay there. We tried the game of cutting off exports of soybeans to Japan, and the Japanese bought Brazilian land and produced their own beans, and. thus, our incoming and outgoing embargoes only lost us our markets. Of course, he admitted that the next two years might be a pretty rocky road. CERTAINLY, HE could have '":een wrong. On his ideas on high cholesterol and low cholesterol, high corn fed and grass fed beef respectively. He statecl that in a town of 300 people, half ale one type of beef and half the other type for two years, with no noticeable difference in the heart behavior. We would question the validity of such an experiment. Ex- perrmejits, lo be ot value, must be highly controlled, with only one possible variable. In such an experiment as that above, a great number of each group might violate the rule, knowingly or not. Variables, could crop into the experiment in a hundred different foods. If an experiment is to be made, it must be more scientific than the one above described, must be carried on for a longer time under the close inspection of trained scientists. On the whole, his lecture was excellent. He staled that over the world vast areas o f ' good land for food production e x i s t e d , h u t t h e people surrounding it, did not have the knowledge to use it. Thus our problems in time will be solved by the proper application of the science lhat is at our hands. Bible Verse "Nevertheless for thy great mercies' sake thou didst not utterly consume them, 1 nor forsake them; for thou art a gracious and merciful God." Nehemiah 9:31 Rest assured it is God's love not our luck that has spared us from getting what we de- lerve as nations and individuals. Let us all bow in thanks for His tender care and mercy. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Charles Goodell, the former Republican senator who was ridden out of office by the Nixon administration because of his anti-war views, has now been tentatively chosen as the next attorney general by President Ford. In his 1970 Senate race in N e w York, Goodell was denunced by Vice Prtsident Agnew as the "Christine Jorgensen" of the Republican party. An able conservative in t h e House, Goodell had mellowed into a liberal-moderate in the Senate. Largely as a result of the Agnew attacks and withdrawal of President Nixon's firm support, Goodell was trounced by Sen. James Buckley, a Conservative party candidate. But House minority leader Gerry Ford's endorsements never waned and the two men remained friends. When Ford became President and decided to extend amnesty to deserters and draft evaders. he picked Goodell to handle the ticklish chore. To date, Goodell has kept the program fair, low- keyed and free from all but routine friction. The job will be all but completed in a few months. In the last few days, the President and his advisers have tentatively settled on Goodell as the man lo replace Atty. Gen. William Saxbe if a graceful way can be found to get Saxbe to step down. Saxbe dearly loves the Job, however, and has told us he came away from a meeting with Ford a few. weeks.ago with the understanding that he could The Washington Merry-Go-Round keep it. At the White House, Saxbe is admired for his tough stands on crime which have also won him popularity svith the average American. But Saxbe is outspoken and often is caught with his foot in his mouth. In addition, his deputy, Laurence Sil- bernxan, is handling most ot S a x b e ' s day-to-day duties already. Ford, therefore, has decided that Saxbe eventually must go. FOOD PRICE WATCH: The government report that food prices have gone up only 14 per cent will be challenged by Rep. Wayne Owens, D-Utah, who has conducted his own research in the supermarkets. The price index is compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics which claims that Ameri- ians are spending 14 per cent more for food than they did last year. "It hurts more than 14 per cent," Owens told us. Therefore, he sent his investigator into a large discount grocery store in Salt Lake City. The investigator compared shelf prices on Sept. 16. 1974, with those on June 8, 1973. Choosing basic foods, he showed it is costing Owens' Salt Lake City constituents far more than 14 per cent for their three meals. Here are his findings: Breakfast: Instant Tang, up 33 per cent; Wonder English Muffins, up 38 per cent; Parkay. margarine and Welch's grape jelly to go on the muffins, up 106 per cent and 41 per cent respectively; Pillsbury Hungry Jack pancakes, up 32 per cent; Log Cabin syrup for the pancakes, up 36 per cent; M.J.B. instant coffee, up 55 per cent or for Nestle's Quick, up 34 per cent; sugar for the coffee up 156 per cent; Nabisco shredded wheat up 27 per cent; milk in cartons, up 9 per cent. Sack lunch: Bread up 49 per cent; Skippy peanut butter, up 25 per cent; Clover Club potato chips, up 68 per cent; Oreo cookies, up 39 per cent; Glad sandwich bags, up 16 pe rcent; the napkin cost 27 per cent more and the Zee brown lunch bag 31 per cent more. Mexican Economy Dinner: Woods Cross tomatoes, up 52 per cent; Golden Grain pinto beans, up 198 per cent; Minute rice, up 48 per cent; Little Pancho tortillas, up 17 per cent; Jello dessert, up 50 per cent; popcorn while watching TV, a 66 per cent increae. Owens believes the government statiticians have been going into the wrong supermarkets. Footnote: Another explanation, he suggested that the BIS statistics are based on old 1961 eating habits. He believes people eat less meat today than they did in 1961. But meat prices which are 9.6 per cent lower than last year's 'prices have brought down the official index. JOB RUCKUS: The chief lawyer for the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has accused his chairman, John unauthorized Interference" in a delicate discrimination casa against the Purex Corp. Instead of fighting for em- ployes' rights through normal legal channels, charged coiii- mission general counsel William Carey, Powell tried to help Purex get a settlement ·behind the scenes. In an unusual confidential letter, Carey said Powell had gone behind his back to get commission staff lawyers to sit down with a Purex representative. Carey also charged that Powell had advised Purex that problems in the case were only due to a 'regrettable misunder- 1 standing" by Carey's staff. When Carey, a veteran trial attorney, learned of Powell's meddling, he fired off the letter. In it he said Powell had "compromised the integrity of the Office of General Counsel" by · making it appear a company could get "special treatment" by going to Powell. The end result, said th» scorching letter, was that Powell had hurt the case against Purex and taken a first step in destroying "public confidence" in the commissions fight against racial, sexual and other discrimination. Powell, in a talk with us, said the episode was caused by lack of staff cooperation and failure of Carey to sit down and talk; with him before the affair "es- . 'calated." Powell defended his staunch record on employment rights. --United Feature Syndicate 'Hey-It Reads Like One Of Them Presidential Pardons" *· State Of Affairs New Chance With China By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- If the dangerous, controversial "Formosa Resolution," which gave American Presidents a blank check to wage war in defense of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalist government had been repealed a few years ago, it would have dominated the headlines and divided the country. Yet several days ago, as Congress rushed through a lot of legislation before recessing, it repealed almost absentmindedly the historic resolution through an amendment to a routine State Department authorization bill. So much of the fire has gone out of the issue that the vote was not even reported. Indeed, some members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee were not aware of the vote. Nonetheless, it is a note- worlhy event, for it is one of several steps that the United States must take if the rap- prqchment w i t h mainland China is ever to amount to anything. The remaining steps are formal recognition of Peking and termination of the U.S. defense treaty with Taiwan, ' formerly called Formosa. As long as Richard Nixon was President there was little chance of the government doing either, for he could not afford to alienate the ultraconservative, anti-Communist block of pro-Chiang senators he was counting on to save him from impeachment. HAD THERE been no Watergate problem, there is little doubt that Nixon would have gradually disentangled himself from the general who fled to Taiwan after being defeated by the Communists in the Chines* Civil War. It was part of the u n s p o k e n understanding reached at the famous summit meeting in Peking in 1972 between Nixon and the Chinese leaders. So far as js known, President Ford, unlike his predecessor, has no close ties to Chiang or the once-powerful China lobby that protected the generalissimo's U.S. interests for so long; hence there is now no serious obstacle to getting on and Peking is its capital, if Mr. Ford is so disposed. It is hardly a secret that the Chinese leaders are getting impatient, for they feel they had reason to believe that, by this time,' the United States would · have moved on to full diplomatic recognition, along with restoration of normal trading relations. All that it requires is for the United States to follow the example of Japan which, in the wake of the U.S.-Peking rap- proachement in 1972, has opened an embassy in Peking, while demoting its embassy in Taiwan to a consulate. Japan's trade with Taiwan is larger than ever, but the switch in embassies makes it clear that there i s o n l y o n e China, China, and Peking is ils capital. The People's Republic is clearly not going to settle for less on the part of the United States. With Nixon out of the picture, Mr. Ford is also in a good position to remove that other bone in the throat of better Sino-American relations -- the 1954 defense treaty with Taiwan that was enacted when Nixon was Vice President, Mr. Ford, however, has no vested interest in this obsolete pact, which is moribund if not officially dead. TWENTY YEARS ago ths United States was in such a rage against mainland China, following the Korean war, that, unfortunately, Article 10 of the treaty provided that it "shall remain in force indefinitely." The same article, however, also provides that either party can terminate it on one year's notice. It's impossible to square the treaty with the 1972 Nixon-Chou En-lai communique in which the former President conceded "that t h e r e i s b u t o n e China," and that "Taiwan is a part of China." If so, how can the United States legally have a defense treaty with an island which our government acknowledges is merely a province of China? Nixon resorted to such double talk in order to placate his right-wing supporters, but Mr. Ford has no old commitments to hamstring him. A continued stalemate, or worse, with the largest nation on earth (and a rising nuclear power, at that) is an intolerable price to pay for appeasing an old warlord on Taiwan whose day is done. Perhaps the first and easiest step for Mr. Ford and Congress would be to give Peking the same trading status that we offer most other nations. As it is now, our tariffs are so discriminating against China that it can't compete in the U.S. market. American trade with China this year will actually surpass that of U.S.-Soviet trade, but it is practically all one way, running to the United States by more than 12 to one. Obviously, this can't last much longer. If we soon don't restore normal trading relations, trade with China will wither rather than grow. (C) 1974, LOT Angelei Tkn» What Others Say AMENDMENT 54 Along with other perennials Arkansans can count on, like the football mania, the fly-over of wild geese and the changing of the seasons, we have the yearly hoopla over. state printing contracts. Last week the annual rite was started anew when the Legislative Council heard ·another in a seemingly endless line of debates over how best to provide the state with the printing needs and at the lowest dollar. At issue this time is the 1973 law setting up the Printing Sne- cification Review Committete. Purpose of the act was lo "reform" the manner in which the state traditionally bought its printing. The bid procedures were change dand other specifications altered to make the process more efficient and economical for the state. Now some are saying Act 452 is not working. Secretary of State Kelly Bryant, for one, says the new law has actually cost the state more than it has saved and that it was a mistake. The Legislative Council has directed its staff to make an independent study of the act in an attempt to come up with the facts. In the meantime state, printing is in the news on at least two other fronts. A lawsuit has been file dagainst the state Corrections Department, to prevent it from doing printing for other state agencies. As a part of its rehabilitation program, the Corrections Department operates a limited printing training program and, in the process, does work for some other state agencies. Some printing firms, however, have contested the right to do this, saying the constitution forbids it. As a result Stale Auditor Jimmie "Red" Jones has withheld payment of some $60,000 from the state agencies to the prison for work already performed. The crux of all of the state's printing woes is traceable to the 1874 Constitution, which stipulates that all printing and office supplies -must be contracted to the lowest bidder. Printing is the only item so spelled out in the state charter, which was the motivating force behind Amendment 54, which will appear on the Nov. 5 general election ballot. Amendment 54 would remove the printing stipulation from the constitution and make printing, like all other items the state buys, subject to legislative control and normal state purchasing procedures. Amendment 54 would also make it clearly legal for one state agency to do printing for another. Private printing concerns, quite naturally, oppose Amendment 54, for the threat it poses to their business. In the meantime the studies multiply (the legislative Joint Auditing Committee is also making one) and the printing problems grow. Due to inflation, printers face almost daily price rises in paper, inks and graphic supplies, and many of them are hesitant to hid on state work unless new escalator clauses ca nbe placed in the contracts. This would help the printers but further cloud tha investigation and comparison of prices of this year over previous years. So the printing hassle continues with little prospect of an early, or sane, solution other than the passage of Amendment 54, and the chances for it do not appear very bright. While the amendment would not he a complete panacea for all of the printing ills, it would be an excellent place to start. It would clear the decks and afford the General Assembly the chance to take a fresh and unfettered run at the problem and hopefully come up with lensible solutions. --Arkansas Democrat

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