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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Merest Is The First Concern Oi This Newspaper 4 Â· 'TUESDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1974 Oil Crisis Endangers The Environment What's Good Enough For LA. Â· Gov. Dale Bumpers says he does not agree with legislators who want to reduce the state's air quality standards to the federal standards. ; "If that happens," he says, "you're going to have considerably fouler air than we have in Arkansas now." Â· The governor's remarks come in response to suggestions last week by Sen. Virgil Fletcher of Benton and Rep. Boyce Al- fdrd of Pine Bluff that the air pollution standards of the state Pollution Control and Ecology Department should be brought down in line with national maximums and minimums. Â· Alford and Fletcher, apparently, are motivated by disappointment in the PCED's position before the state Public Service Commission on Arkansas Power and Light Company's request for permission to build a four-unit coal-fired generating plant in their area (near Pine Bluff on the Arkansas River). The PCED recommended construction of only two units, because it did not feel a four- unit installation could meet the state's standards for sulphur dioxide emissions. The PSC has since so ruled. Alford and Fletcher are now proposing that the Legislature reward the Pollution Control Board for its work in the public interest by watering down the Department's power to set standards. It is perhaps worth noting that legal challenge to the PCED standards also has been mentioned in con- Art Buchwald nection with a similar hangup affecting a coal-fired generating plant in Benton County. Mr. Bumpers defends the state's cleaner air standards as a broad public interest and says he does riot believe air quality should be lowered as an accomodation for a few special interests. "I don't think anyone should be allowed to foul the air simply because it's above a minimum standard," he declares. Right-on. What the governor says, though, won't halt attempts by such parochial activists as Fletcher and Alford, who apparently feel that what's good enough for Birmingham is good enough for Pine Bluff. Backing this point of view are Chamber of Commerce groups in the Pine Bluff area, and in Benton and Washington Counties, who support power generation, as if it were somehow unconnected with the potential noxiousness of polluted air. National air quality standards, it must be kept in mind, are not set as an ideal, but rather as a poor compromise with seriously polluted circumstances the likes of Los Angeles, Pittsburgh and Birmingham. Federal standards are set with an eye on something that can be realistically achieved and enforced. If national air quality was as good as Arkansas', you can bet the national standards would be as high or higher than this state's. Goy. Bumpers is to be commended for emphasizing the point. Real Story Behind The Mills Incident WASHINGTON -- The trouble with Washington is that it is a very suspicious town which keeps jumping to the wrong conclusions. The other morning Arkansas' Rep. W i l b u r Mills was involved In an altercation at the Tidal Basin with three women and another man. It was reported by police that Mills' nose was bleeding and he had scratches on his face. One of the women threw herself into the Tidal Basin and had to. be rescued by the - p a r k police. She was identified as an Argentine-born go-go dancer. The next morning everyone assumed that the powerful chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee was involved in some sort of hanky- panky. This couldn't be further from the truth. No matter how it looked in the newspapers and on television, Mills was doing the people's business. This is what happened: Sunday ntght Mills decided to go to the Junkanoo nightclub to hold hearings on a tax-reform bill he was preparing to submit to the House. Several witnesses, including four or five go-go girls, testified that tax reform was absolutely essential if everyone in the United States were to get a fair shake. Mills remarked after each witness testified, "I'll drink to that." , AS THE EVENING wore on. more and more witnesses gave Mills input on what should be included in the tax-reform bill. Several testified against oil-de- p 1 e t i o n allowances, others against real-estate shelters. It was a lively hearing with people getting a lot of things Billy Graham's Answer I am an emigrant brought up in: a very strict family. We never believed in credit buying. We did without until we got the money. My second wife disagrees, does a lot of credit buying, and the bills are getting higher and higher. Please tell me what is'right! W.H. There is a reference in the Bible that says, "Owe no man anything" (Romans 13:8). Now it.cannot be used, however, as a.proof text against installment buying, because the context shows its real meaning. The rest of it says. "Owe no man anything except to love one another." Jesus was saying that love is-a debt which never can be entirely liquidated. He said it's a-debt under which we must be content to rest, paying portions of it as opportunity occurs. You can see that if this debt of love could he fully paid, a "person could then disregard the neighbor's interest, and thus would violate the second table of the law. But now there are Biblical considerations against the sort of irresponsible credit buying that trades on future income and puts youj present paycheck in a sort of financial bonda'ge. Granted that certain major purchases like a home and car are inevitably made on the installment plan, yet all too many others easily become similar credit transactions. The aggregate of consumer debt today is phenomenal, and the government often seeks to control it, lest it plunge all of us into insolvency. Prudence in finances is. a most important Christian trait. Your wife better immediately correct her faulty ideas, unless you want to risk personal bankruptcy -- which incidentally is at an all time high. They'll Do It Every Time BUT I'LL, G'JACAMTES \ /SORRY. NOTHIW31 HÂ£'l,U TOE THE MARK- ) \ CAN 00 ABOUT IT. 1 S\9 YOU GC IM VISITINO PARENTS Of FOSMÂ£R STUPENTS TO INTEREST THEM IN OUR ONE TO \ SUItPING DRIVE K AUl* RELATIONS off their chests. About 1 o'clock in the morning, Mills decided to adjourn the meeting. He graciously offered to take home four of the witnesses, three ladies and a gentleman. Although they had been friendly witnesses in the bar, a few became hostile in Mills' auto- Â· mobile when he raised the question of the 5 per cent income tax surcharge. One of the go-go dancers said she was violently opposed to a surcharge on income taxes. Another woman said it was imperative t h a t everyone in v America bite the bullet. Mills, who sat between the ladies, tried to be peacemaker. He pointed out that he was per- Fonally against an added t a x , on income that would affect the lov.-er middle classes. Â· When he said this, the lady who was for biting the bullet punched him in the nose. Trying to recoup some of his dignity, the congressman .added that, although he was opposed to a surcharge on income taxes, he could see the reason for having one if it would stop inflation. This angered the other woman who started scratching his face. Since both women were out of order, Mills ordered the man driving the car to stop by the Tidal Basin. HE TRIED TO mediate the dispute, but to no avail. One of the women said Mills had no interest in tax reform and, while he talked a good game, he hadn't done anything about it for years. The other woman said that MMIs was really a patsy for big business and cited his con T tribution from the milk producers as an example of a conflict of interest. Mills, who up until this moment had behaved like a perfect Southern gentleman, became angered and said. "I hold you both In contempt of Congress." "You're going lo have to catch me first." one of the go- go dancers said. And with that she threw herself Into the waters of the Tidal Basin where she was rescued by the police. Hep. Mills was very moved by all this and went into seclusion to redraft his entire fax-reform legislation. And that's what really happened last week. But Washington being Washington, no one in this town wants to give anyone in politics the benefit of the doubt. (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times What Others Say BRIEFLY NOTED The young service station attendant brought the change from (he purchase of a full t a n k of gas and said: "We appreciate your buincss. Thank you. Please come again." There wasn't as much change as there used to be, but the sales pitch sure recalled the good old days. --Houston (Tax.) Chronicle By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- The oil crisis will change not only the nation's economics, but its environment, as well. Higher oil prices have forced the United Stales, under Project Independence, to search for new sources of energy. This will bring some radical changes to America. An exhaustive secret study by the Federal Energy Administration forecasts that the energy boom will bring more mine tragedies, fewer auto a c c i d e n t s , more industrial noise, silent solar energy. It may c r e a t e shale oil boom towns, with wretched health facilities. It might even lead to earthquakes. We have obtained the preliminary secret draft, running hundreds of pages, which will be condensed into a final FEA report next month. Here's how the new developments are expected to affect health and safety: Oil: As oil becomes more expensive and less available, Americans will drive less and keep their homes cooler in winter. "Decreased reliance on the .private automobile will cut accident rates, as well as automobile emissions," the report predicts. "Beneficial health effects may also result f r o m lowered thermostats." But homeowners probably will insulate their homes better, which would cause slower "venting of Â· air pollutants emitted by ...tobacco produts, The Washington Merry-Â£o-Round gas stoves, aerosol cans, etc." This would cause "increased indoor exposure lo pollutants." The new olfshore drilling along Hie Eastern and Alaskan coasts, meanwhile, will expose workers to more hazards, and the increased . spills "may 'become a public'hcalth concern if the petroleum products find their way into commercial fish or shellfish," Coal: "Coal emerges as the dirtiest energy source of all fuels considered," declares the study. Yet it may become "the interim fuel source until nuclear, shale oil. solar -and geothermal facilities can be built." The nation's 125,000 coal miners, whose "health and safety record is one of the worst for any industry," can look forward to even more danger from lung disease, deafness and injury. For the rest of the population, more coal will mean more sickness and deaths from pollutants. Tall smoke stacks will not help, despite what the power companies say. The environment will also be poisoned by slag fires, chemical leaks and other coal byproducts. A study of asthmatics, for example, reveals that attacks go up the nearer the victims are to a coal-fired power plant. One of every live children near such a plant had silicosis. These plants will multiply under Pro- ject Independence. Shale Oil: Shale oil workers will be plagued by "dust, noise and accidents," not to mention "volatile hydrocarbons," during the energy boom. Some of these may cause cancer, which the water run-off from the spent shale could also spread. "Development of shale oil facilities could be accompanied by boom town development, the report warns. "Adequate medical and sanitary facilities must be provided to ensure public health." Solar Energy: "Solar energy emerges as the cleanest, safest energy source," although there is a possible health hazard from the germanium used in "photo- votaic cells," the report states. Hydroelectric Power: Hydroelectric power, where it can be developed, is comparatively free of serious health problems. The chief danger, says the report, would come from a dam failure. Solid Waste Fuel: Solid waste probably will be burned for fuel. This would help wipe out "open dumps which are excellent breeding grounds of disease-carrying insects and rodents." But solid waste fuel will increase air pollution. Nuclear Power: "Nuclear energy, while a clean energy source in terms of air quality." states the report, "presents the greatest potential hazard to human health of all fuels. All Green Around The Gills A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought C U R R I C U L U M . Fred Blumenfeld, "Science -- Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow," Today's Education, September- October 1974, pp. 86-89. "As we look at the science curriculums in our schools today, we note that we are often. still using educational programs that were successful for a society less oreinted toward rapid change. For the most part, we don't see new programs respnnsivfe to the consequences, both desirable and undesirable, of modern science and the technology growing out of it." "The textbooks and curriculums of the past emphasized the didactic. Students were expected to gain an appreciation of the natural world through memorization of facts and principles. Consideration of contextual relationships was a l m o s t nonexistent. Fortunately, some scholars in the field had the foresight to recognize the influence that science and science education could and would have on culture and society." CONSTRUCTION. Omer Henry, "Timonium's Solar- Heated School," American Education, October 1974. pp. 30-33. "In the middle of last January the Timonium Elementary School, located in a suburb of Baltimore, undertook to heat one wing of its building with solar energy -- something no school in the nation had ever done. Moreover, the timetable called for designing the.equip- ment, assembling the materials, fabricating the elements, completing the construction, a n d * having the system operating in six weeks." "This pilot project was an experiment and a highly significant one. Back of it stood the National Science Foundation (NSF) which is engaged in a sweeping solar energy program, aimed at exploring the feasibility of heating and cooling various types of biddings with solar energy." ' ' T i rn o n i u m Elementary School will continue the solar heat experiment in the center wing during the 1974-75 school year, after haying run tests this summer using the same energy...for air conditioning." EYE POWER. Richard G. Coss, "Reflections on the Evil Eye," Human Behavior, October 1974, pp. 16-22. "The eye has been treated as a powerful symbol in a wide range of cultures for thousands of years." "The origin for the belief in the evil eye within the Western culture has been attributed to the ancient Greek theory of visual perception where the eyes were thought to emanate rays that struck objects and people with sufficient power to produce physical harm or even death." "With or without applied decoration, the eyes are a provocative source of social stimulation, and this may account for the intense fascination with the eyes by many cultural groups. The direction of an a f f i - liate's gaze is a powerful signal expressing interest in establishing contact or sustaining social interaction. Among close friends or lovers, brief bouts of eye contact lasting a few seconds can be satisfying emotionally as long as the accompanying facial expressless are appropriate for generating pleasant moods. Conversely, prolonged eye-to-eye contact is invariably considered unpleasant, even among close associates." persons are susceptible to radiation and Us effects of cancer, mutations and lite shortening.... "To date," the report adds; "there have been no hazardous'.: releases of radiation to t h e . . , public from commercial reac- .Â·: tors in the United States." Tha- 50 now in operation are con- - sidercd safer than power plants fired by coal or oil. But tho enormous dangers of plutonlum,.... which can cause bone .cancer-,, from the most Infinitesimal., exposure, "cannot be dis- , missed." Gcotherman E n e r g y : A s . . another substitute for oil, It may be possible to harness tho.. heat from the earth's core. But along with the useful stream, more noxious substances -t- sul- .". fides, ammonia, carbon monox- - ide. arton, radon, boric acid' and mercury -- will also bubble ': out of the earth. Drilling for geolhermal power . Is a noisy exercise, sometimes : c a u s i n g , deafness among miners. "The role of geothermal development in triggering earthquakes is not well known," the report adds ominously, "but the potentials for major seismic " action cannot he dismissed." As more and more energy Ij '; produced in America, the report Â· forsees a noxious release of soot, salts, acids, tarry drop- , lets, dusts, sulfurous gasses, nitrous gasses, carbon monoxide, ovidants, hydrocarbons and other filth into the air. The results, as specified in : the rcpo[t, are enough to m a k e . ; a person want to go back to Â· the horse-anri-buggy and the triple-quilted double bed. --United Feature Syndicate " Olympics In Time ; Of Travail ': WASHINGTON (ERR) - The International Olympic Committee will meet in Vienna Oct.-, 20-2'! to select a site for t h e . 1980 Olympic Games and consi- Â· der new rules on amateurism. ENERGY MYTHS. George M. Woodwell, "Short-Circuiting the C h e a p Power. Fantasy," Natural History, October 1974, p.p. 16-20 . "Both sources -- energy in the technological segment and energy from biotic resources -are currently in short supply, locally and around the world. In addition, shortages of fossil fuels have profound implications for all biotic resources, including food." "We cannot separate the squeeze on energy used in support of technology from the squeeze on biotic resources; nor can we superate a squeeze on these resources from the growing squeeze on food and the quality of life. Despite the dreams of technologists, the availability of cheap energy has not created new basic resources for human use; instead, the net effect has been a reduction in the net primary productivity of the earth and a concomitant and now soaring increase in the rate of loss of species. These facts taken together suggest that we have reached a point in the development of our current civilization where further increase in flows of energy through technology will cause a significant reduction in the capacity of the earth to support mankind. The world cannot use more energy safely." Bible Verse "And fear cam upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the apostles." Acts 2:43 "God is no respector of persons." A "signs and wonders" ministry is still available to any and all who are sold out to God and stand on His promises. Jesus Christ l h Â« same yesterday, today and forever." LESS THAN two years before the 1976 summer Olympic Games open in Montreal, Â· memories of the ill-starred 1972 ' Olympics still linger. The Arab Â· commando attack that resulted-., in the deaths of 17 persons,., including 11 members of the Israeli national team, dealt 'a z devastating blow to the Olympic" spirit and showed how deeply , politics had penetrated the Â· world of international sport. Montreal, host city for the 1076 summer Olympics, hopes to avoid any repetition of the 1972 tragedy at Munich. Although final arrangements:: have not yet been made, the security force at Montreal may Include members of the Canadian Army, the U.S. FBI and CIA, Interpol, and the Royal'' Mounted Police. There is little that Montreal can do, however, to forestall the sort of impromptu political ,, demonstration that occurred a t " the past two Olympic Games.!. Many Americans were shocked.! when Tommie Smith and John Carlos, who finished one-three in the 200-meter dash at the 1988 Games, raised black-gloved :Â· fists on the winners' stand to " dramatize their concern about ' the balck man's plight. Vince Matthews and Wayne'* Colletl, one-two finishers in the 400-meter dash at Munich, fid-'-'- geted and chatted on the Â·'"- winners' stand during the Â· playing of the Star-Spangled"' Banner. Their behavior struck" many spectators as being' in'.' shockingly bad taste, coming as" it did only two days alter Its. Ara'b commando raid. :. " IF INDIVIDUAL competitors '' feel free lo vent their political .feelings at the Olympics, the., fault may lie with the countries, they represent. For despite alf ' the high-blown talk of achieving "" brotherhood through athletic competition, the Games hava"' long been viewed as a vehicle" for enhancing national prestige'. The nation-by-nation "medal count" of golds, silvers, and bronzes receives more press coverage than many individual performances. Medal j mania cuts across ideological lines. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, president of the U.S. Olympic Committee when the 1928 Games were held, said in his official report: "Nothing: is more synonymous of oufi national success than is out, national success in athletics.".. And the Soviet Communist' Party newspaper Pravda said- in 1960 that "An Important factor in our foreign policy is the' internalional relations of our" sportsmen." THE UNITED Stales and the: Soviet Union are the only two.; countries bidding for the right; lo hold the 1980 summer Olym-: pics. A nine-man delegation, from Los Angeles will present'- that city's case to the Inter-national Olympic Committee in- Vienna the week of Oct. 20. A* similar Soviet group will urgel the committee to choose Mos-"; cow. Four years ago, the same;; two cities vied for the honor; of playing host lo the 1976; Olympics, but Montreal's soft-' sell bid proved irresistible in' the end. Most observers predict- that Moscow will get the nod" this time around. Â« Meanwhile, Montreal officials I are optimistic about 1976.: "When something bad happens'; at the Olympics we are; shocked, traumatized, because.^ it is so different from the; g e n t l e , humanistic, true" meaning of the Olympics,"'-' Mayor Jean Drape a u told a 2 Sports Illustrated reporter. "* "But in Montreal we will make.' the Games of human size again, don't worry." Competitors and coaches can only hope the mayor Is proved right. '