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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern 0] This Newspaper 4A Â« SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1974 Tilting With Kissinger In South Africa A Clear Need For Local In-Put ':;: The master design for Fayetteville's ^Â·Downtown Urban Renewal Project is, in es- ^'sence, an abstract concept executed by an v,.but-of-state firm, at a considerable aesthetic ^distance from the site. There were the usual ."public hearings" on the design, to be sure, ';and alternatives were made available for the .'.Â·review of those interested enough to attend. But "hearings" provide a poor means of "stamping any design with the traditions, customs, heritage, history and cultural inclinations of a non-present citizenry. Mostly, the 'luckless residents of a community undergoing Urban Renewal talks what they can get. They must depend upon the degree of talent and sensitivity of whatever agency .winds up with ultimate design decisions, which, for the most part, are standardized, Â·bloodless abstractions copied from the equally bloodless concepts of admired colleagues. (There is very little that actually relates to Fayetteville or its people in the existing de- 'sign of the Fayetteville 'Urban Renewalized' -Square, by way of illustrating the point.) It is in objection to this remote, faceless .procedure that residents of Fayetteville have 'recently expressed so vigorously, and with such unanimity their concern for saving the old Post Office. The Post Office IS the l Art Buchwald Square, in terms of focus, identity and relationships. Fayetteville residents sense this. Apparently, tlie professional designers re- tamed by the city Housing Authority, did not. In any event, a local professional group -- the Northwest Arkansas Architects Council -- has just offered its help in the redesign procedure that becomes necessary with the conservation of the Post Office building. The offer is directed to the Housing Authority, and we trust that agency will kindly receive the suggestion. We feel obliged to go a step or two farther, though. We would also encourage the city Board to consider appointing an ad hoc advisory commission, with members representing the city, the. architects, and perhaps lay interests, to actively work with design reformulation. If the arduous experience of saving the Post Office building is to mean anything, it surely is that Favette- ville DOES care about its Square, and wants to avoid additional misadventures in its refurbishment. A local citizen-professional commission would provide an invaluable assist in construction of an amenable plan for the Downtown area, it seems to us. Supermen Have Feelings, Too By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- For several years now, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger has been portrayed in magazines and books as Superman. Whenever there was trouble in the world, Henry would dash into a phone booth near the While House, change into his blue body-stocking cos- Billy Graham's Answer Â·Â· Please pray for my mother! ' She is mentally ill, thinking people are always out to gt' her. What suffering this has Â· caused in our family! We can'i go out often, and now both my isister and I are becoming shy -and withdrawn. Ohce in church""'V ; the priest said that God would do anything as long as you really believed. I am not a real true believer, but I will con- 'tinue to pray willi your help. -,A.B. You must get competent help if your mother is to be brought .hack to emotional stability and -mental helath. No good purpose [!ls served if you and your sister 'Â·.find your lives ruined in ^providing this care alone. Strike ;some balance between loving -care f o r ' y o u r mother and the ^safeguarding of your own Â·health. '?, The Bible reference to which ,'the priest referred is probably ;-Matthew 21:22. In the Living /;Bible, it reads, "You can get ''anything -- anything you ask vfor in prayer -- if you believe." j-Now this is obviously no magic ^-formula for granting our whims -!or fancies. To "beMeve' is to |';Jrust Christ, and to trust Christ ;is to think as He thinks and Â·Jlesire what He desires. T hope Vthis will be your experience Â·soon. Yes, the prayer of faith will certainly be answered, though not necessarily in the way we expect. Jesus promised to those who lost lands and friends for the Gospel's sake -- more land and friends (Matthew 19: 29), but His disciples did riot receive a literal fulfillment of that promise. They did get a good equivalent, however. The prayer of faith is an- ^swered in God's large wise Â»way -- by the gift of what He t deems best. In one of. your recent columns you said evil and disease entered the world as a result of man's disobedience. I find that hard lo believe. Didn't Christ ^Himself say about the man born '-Â·'"Â· ; :blih'a from birth that neither that man nor his parents sinned? What's the explanation? P.J.C. In Christ's day, many people thought that a sickness was a mark of sin in the soul, and that any physical impairment was punishment for sin. In the reference you mention (John 9) the Lord made it clear that this problem was symtpmatic of man's lost condition, not of some special error. The whole book of Job as well speaks on this subject. It repudiates the rrght of any onlooker to infer special sins from peculiar punishments. Here, the calamity of congenital blindness piovided a good occasion for Christ's teaching. It was a warning that we should resist the idea that every affliction was a special devine judgment. Al! evil is an occasion lo demonstrate the redeeming work which Christ came to accomplish. It has been said that "Life "Life is a Iragedy to those who feel," and, of course, the privation, pain and distress all is a tragedy to t h o s e who J e s u s on another ocasion warned the disciples not to deem those Galilean sinners above others, on whom the tower ol Siloam fell. The right view is that Adam's sin threw our whole race under the curse. But thank God the Bible says, "Where sin did abound, (God's) grace did much more abound." They'll Do It Every Time DRIVING ALONG AT THE SPEEO LIMIT WHEN NUrTOZOOMSCWOFA ONC6 Hfe AHEAP, HÂ£ SETTLES DOWN TO A WALTZ-TIME. CRAWL "7X1HX7 AWtSr'MOTVaiSTS TXfM tume and fly off to settle the Â· matter. It came as a shock the other day to hear Henry admit he was no longer Superman. I was passing the phone booth and I saw Henry inside. "Good," I said to myself, "Henry's going to settle the oil crisis." I waited to see him fly out of the booth on iiis mission, but he. just remained there. "Henry," I finally said .anxiously, "why haven't you changed into your costume?" "I'm not going to be Superman any more," Henry said. "I'm sick and tired of working miracles." ; "But, Henry, if you won't be Superman, what will we all do?". "That's not my problem. Being Superman means you have to travel a lot. I w'ant to spend more time with Nancy." "I can appreciate thai," I told him. "but you h a v e an image to uphold. The media made you what you are today. You just can't go into a phone booth and say you're not coming out." "WHY SHOULD I come out?" Henry replied. "The House is picking on me t h e Senate is' picking on me; the .press is . picking on me. You know Supermen have feelings, too." "You can't pay attention to criticism,' Henry. If everyone l o v e d you, you wouldn't be doing your job." "Everyone USED to love me," he said. "Ye, but that's because they didn't like Nixon. You always looked so much tetter compared to him. Once he resigned, you were more or less on your own, and some people decided they loved you and some people decided they din't." "I think Superman should be loved by everybody," Henry said. "I don't mind criticism, if it's fair. What I don't l i k e is unfair criticism." "Nobody likes unfair criticism." I told him. "I'm the first one to admit." he added, "that I'm not perfect. What I don't like is other people telling me I'm not perfect." "Nobody likes to be lold they're not perfect, Henry. The thing to do is to rise above it and prove they're wrong. Now get into that silly costume and fly off to the Middle East and straighten out our problems." "I'm not going to do it unless I have assurance that people will stop picking on me." "YOU HAVE my word. Henry. I'll make sure that there is not one line in the newspapers questioning any of your past actions." Henry started t a k i n g off his pants. "Okay," he said, "I'll do it one more lime. But if I hear any squawks from anybody about what I id, it's the l a s t lime I. go into this phone booth." I held his pants while he look off his shirt. "I don't know if I ever (old you this. Henry," I said, "but you have lovely legs," "Don't try to change the subject." he said as he took off his shoes and socks. This is everybody's last chance. If they don't like what I'm doing, let them get another Superman." "They'll like it, Henry," I assured him. "They'll like it," And so last Tuesday as people looked up into the sky they saw a weird object. One person ?-id "It's a bird"; another pcnon said "It's a plane." and l':en everyone cried out al once "NO, IT'S KISSINGER!" A n d we all slept better that night. (C) I974, I.os Angeles Times By JACK ANDERSON WASHINTON - From classified documents and dozens of interviews, wo have now learned Dint Henry Kissinger guided President Nixon in January, 1970, along a tightrope between black an; whi-;i Africa, wilh a secret tilt toward the white supremacist nations. It was Kissinger's first big : "tilt." The K i s s i n g'b'r proposals were submitted to the former President as part of a massive review of U.S. policy toward southern Africa, our sources say. Prepared by Kissinger's National Security Council staff and stamped SECRET on every page, the review is known formally as "National Security Study Memorandum 39." Its existence has been previously reported, but we have obtained a copy. NSSM 39 offered five "options" for dealing with the explosive black-white confrontation iu southern Africa.. Supposedly, Â· it .was lett to Nixon to chose the final policy. To th's day. only a handful of Kissinger's closest associates know that he personally recommended the course he thought should be pursued. Without exception, Nixon accepted Kissinger's recommendations. Here's what Kissinger proposed and Nixon adopted: -- As a "general posture." Kissinger called for a "balancing" act in southern Africa; he Â·w ;[ to " '-raddle" the black- white issue. With an emphasis The Washington Merry-Go-Round on keeping it "quiet." he urged a "partial rclaxalion" of the chill toward the while regimes and an accompanying "modest" increase of aid to the black states. His objective, inside sources told my associate Joe Spear, was to persuade the blacks .that the United States sympathized with them while fostering a secret kinship with the whites. -- Kissinger advocated a slight relaxation of the stern U.S. posture toward white-ruled Rhodesia, an outlaw nation cut oft diplomatically from the rest of the world. United Nations sanctions against Rhodesia w e r e penalizing American firms, Kissinger contended, because other nations ignored them. He suggested, therefore. 1 that the United Slates should prepare plans to "loosen" enforcement of economic sanctions. -- Kissinger also, wanted the United States to retain its consular office in Salisbury, Rhodesia. This was opposed by William Rogers, then Secrelary of State, who argued strenuous. ly that the office should be closed. But Kissinger's wishes prevailed until the British, who had accredited the consulate.' demanded that it be shut down. -- The United States should not take sides, Kissinger suggested, in the Portugese colonial wars. But he urged a 'quiet loosening" of t h e American arms embargo against Portugal's African colonies. The new policy, Kissinger advised Nixon, should permit the shipment of the Portugese of "nonlcthal" equipment with . "dual" civilian and military use. -- Kissinger also recommended that the arms embargo against South Africa should be "relaxed" to permit the sale of nonlclhal equipment "intended" for civilian use. The United Stales should also increase "military contacts" with South Africa, Kissinger advised, as long as it could be done "inconspicuously." -- The delicate question of South Africa's control over South West Africa, with its overwhelming -black population, should be. avoided if at all possible, Kissinger, pleaded. H s!'.:u ' not '01 permitted, he argued, to become an issue in \Vashington's "bilateral relations" with South Africa. -- As a sop lo the black nations of southern Africa, Kissinger proposed a modest increase in foreign aid of about $5 million. -- Trade between the United States and the white regimes should be encouraged. Kissinger adyocaled. But he stressed again that it should be done quietly. The services of the Export-Import Bank, he added, should be extended to South Africa and the Portuguese colonies. 'Can't I Have A Bigger Button Or Something?' From The Readers Viewpoint Able, Ready To the Editor: The following is a copy of a letter the Northwest Arkansas Architects Council is today (Oct. 10) mailing to the Fay- eUeyille Housing Authority. Copies are being directed to you, the city Board of Directors and Downtown Fayetteville Unlimited. Gentlemen: Developments at several meetings in the past few months have indicated a feeling on the part of the general public that insufficient local voice has been reflected in the previous planning of the Fayetteville Square. Since it now appears that the Old Post Office Building will remain standing and that some rcplanning of the Square will be required, an opportunity for more local involvement in the final plan seems to be at hand. The Northwest Arkansas Architects Council, feeling a civic duty in this regard, wishes to announce publicly its willingness to make available the advice and counsel of its members to the Housing Authority and its planners during this resttidy process. We recognize with you the present urgency of firm and comprehensive planning decisions. We welcome an invitation at your earliest convenience to confer with you an! your planners on this vital problem. David Powers (Chairman) Fayelteville Shotgun To the Editor: Now our bungling President, Pardoner Ford, puts forth a Tuesday afternoon economic program plan which bids faid to 'unite' the country through the same 'principles' of equity and justice and wisdom as did mentor, Richard M. Nixon. As at least one perceptive, non-partisan, economist has observed, Mr. Ford .has prepared the problem with a weak and scattered shotgun attack, when only a concentrated rifle fire aimed at basic fundamentals offers any real chance of success. Like taxing the few corporate recipients of unprecedented profits, who already practically own and run the country,- instead of a surtax on the millions of us who already have to scrimp just to get by. Just as Gerald Ford surely engineered that Pardon mainly to improve his own and his party's prospects in 1974 and 1976 (while uniting the country and getting Watergate behind us!), so does he now go just far enough, at least rhetorically, to give an impression of concern and of political 'daring' toward resolving the economic disaster facing us, but without even one of the basic changes in personnel, philosophy, or procedures, so absolutely essential to any real change the status quo, downward slide, that Sunday morning exercise in pious administration of mercy lo his benefactor and Poor America, to be saddled with such absurdly inadequate leadership at such a time! The Big Money Boys buy up the land, gold, and jewels again; while the "rest of us must ride it out, perhaps soup kitchens and all, just as we did in the thirties] The Hippies in their communes are the wise ones; they have a head start! America may rise again, but not under a Gerald Ford. American institutions may survive, but probably adapted to ineluctable changes in conditions as yet only dimly perceived by the wisest. Reuben Thomas Fayetleville Satisfied Kissinger's recommendation I were based largely upon "Option 2" in the NSSM 39 policy review. As spelled out in the secret document, this option caned for "broader association with both, black and whit* stales" o n . the "premise" that "Hie whiles are here to stay and the only way that construe, live change can.come about is .through them." Under Option 2, the United States would "maintain public opposition to racial repression but relax political isolation and economic restrictions on the white slates." Among Hie "operational examples" listed under Option 2 are these: -- "Enforce arms embargo against South Â·Africa but wilh liberal treatment of equipment which could serve either military or civilian purposes." -- "Remove constraints on EXIM Bank facilities for South Africa; actively encourage U.S. exporls and facililate U.S. investments." -- "Conduct selected exchange programs with South Africa in all calcgories, including military." -- "On Rhodesia, retain consulate: gradually relax sanctions (e.g. hardship exemptions for chrome) and consider eVen- Â· tual recognition." -- "Establish flexible aid programs iu the black states of the region; respond to reasonable requests for purchase of nonsophisticaled arms." . This was the course that Kissinger chose and that Nixon followed. FOOTNOTE: We have invited comment from the State Department which, at this writing, hasn't responded. --United Feature Syndicate Patting The Clamp On. Behavior WASHINGTON (ERR) -- Thd sixth annual Southern California Conference on Behavior Modification will be held in Los Angeles Oct. 18-20. To the Editor: Count us as two people who appreciate the representation Hammcrschmidt, has b-on giving us. He certainly writes to his constituents,, asking .or their views, and he has the courtesy to answer letters when views are sent to him, which is more than can be said (or some of our people in state government at Little Rock. It's all very well to say, "We don't like some of the Republicans we've had, so let's go Democratic," but when have the Democrats offered someone for whom we might go Democratic? Before . we vote for someone to take Hammerschmidt's place, let's give some thought to what we might have if we do replace him. We like Hammerschmidt. Mr. and Mrs. R.C. Hagce Hinrisville Bible Verse BELL--BIBLE VERSES "But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousness are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our in- quitics. like the wind, h a v e taken us away." ' ' T h e righteousness con- sidereth Ihe cause of the poor: hut the wicked regardeth not to know it." Proverbs 29:7 The act, not the word of good will, is the language the man in need understands. Do the practical thing--be good to the poor today. You will not lose your reward. "He that lendeth to the poor lendeth as unto the Lord, and that which he halh given h i m , will he repay him again." EVERYONE behaves badly now "and then, but the bad behavior of some people is so pronounced and so frequent as to constitule a threat to themselves and others. Such persons often end up as criminals, alcoholics, or school dropouts. It was long assumed that little could be done to help them. Today, however, a branch of applied psychology known as behavior modification shows .promise of transforming social misfits into useful members of i society.--In essence, the idea is . t h a t behaviors that are rewarded-tend to recur; those that are punished lend to cease. - "Some 'behavior can be planted and shaped out . of nothing; some strong and frequent behavior can be knocked off," Philip J. Hilts wrote in his hook, Behavior Mod. "Once a bit of behavior has been shaped up, it can be ^maintained with very little attention to it. It can be faded into a person's repertoire so lhat it is supported naturally rather than by an experimenter." WHILE BEHAVIOR modification sounds admirable in theory, it can be brutal and dehumanizing in practice. For example, convicted sex offenders sometimes are subjected to painful aversion therapy. They a r e wired with electrodes, shown pornographic pictures and simultaneously shocked. Other prisoners are made to take powerful drugs. The^e include apomorphine, which causes violent vomiting for 15 minutes or more at a stretch; anectine, which can cause the subject to lose all muscular control and even briefly to stop breathing; and prolixin, which is capable of causing permanent brain damage. More sophisticated medica- Â· tions may soon be available. Dr. Arnold Mandell, a brain researcher at the University of California (San Diego) predicts that science will develop new drugs without .side effects which will allow normal patients to select the life style they desire -- - d y n a m i c , creative, aggressive! meditative, or' whatever. "The d r u g s now available are like shotguns compared to Ihe more exquisite agents coming up," he says. CRITICS OF behavior modification fear that it will lead to a world like that portrayed in the novel and movie, A Clockwork Orange. "We see behavior modification in our daily lives," wrote Albert Rosenfeld, science editor of Saturday Review- World. "But customarily it is done through individual whim and caprice, and the capacity for mischief is thus limited and erratic. Science, on the other hand, proceeds in a calculated, systematic manner, measuring and monitoring all the way --Â· and generally does so, these days, with public funds." Behaviorisls lend to brush aside such statements. "We should reshape our society so that we al! would he trained from birth to do what society wants us lo do," says James V. McConnell, a University of Michigan psychologist. "We have the techniques now to do it....No one owns his own personality....You had no say about what kind of personality you acquired, and there's no reason to believe you should have the right to refuse to acquire a now personality if your old one is antisocial." Most laymen probably find this vision of a Brave New World forbidding. Americans in particular are weeded to the notions of individual freedom and dignity. But who can safely say it can't happen here?