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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4A Â· SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1974 Tilting With Kissinger In South Africa j . -A Clear Need For Local In-Pat ;'.'Â· The master design for :Fayettevilie's * Downtown Urban Renewal Project is, in es- Â·"se'rice, an abstract concept executed by an i.vout-of-state firm, at a considerable aesthetic ".distance from the site. There were the usual ,"public hearings" on the design, to be sure, '^and alternatives were made available for the preview of those interested enough to attend. ! But "hearings" provide a poor means of ""stamping any design with the traditions, customs, heritage, history and cultural inclinations of a non-present citizenry. Mostly, the '.luckless residents of a community undergoing Urban Renewal talks what they can get. They must depend upon the degree of talent and sensitivity of whatever, agency 4\vinds up with ultimate design^ decisions, -Svhich, for the most part, are standardized^ /Â·bloodless abstractions copied from the equal: iy bloodless concepts of admired colleagues! ?(There'is very little that actually relates to ^Fayetteville or its people in the existing de;'sign of the Fayetteville 'Urban Renewal!zed" ."Square, by Way of Illustrating the point.) ;', It is in objection to this remote, faceless 'procedure that residents of Fayetteville have ^recently expressed so vigorously, and with !sueh unanimity their concern for saving the Â·old Post Office. The Post Office IS -the Â·Art Buckwald Square, In terms of focus, identity.and relationships. Fayetteville residents sense this. Â· Apparently, tlie professional designers retained by the city Housing Authority, did not. In any event, a local professional group -- the Northwest Arkansas Architects Council -- has just offered its help in the redesign procedure that becomes necessary with the conservation of the Post Office building. The offer is directed to the Housing Authority, and we trust that agency will kindly receive the suggestion. We feel obliged to go a step or two farther,'though. We would also encourage the city Board to consider appointing an ad hoc' advisory commission, with members representing the city, the architects, and perhaps lay interests,, ; to actively work with design reformulation. .If the arduous experience of saving the Post Office building is to mean anything, it surely is that FayeUe- ville DOES care about its Square, and wants to avoid additional misadventures in its refurbishment. A local citizen-professional commission would provide an invaluable assist in construction of an amenable plan for the Downtown area, it seems to us. Supermen Have Feelings, Too By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- For several years now, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger has been portrayed in magazines and books as Superman. Whenever there was trouble in the world, Henry would dash into a phone booth near the White House, change into his blue body-stocking cos- 'Billy Graham's Answer Â·; Please pray for my mother! 'She' is - mentally ill, thinking people are always out',;to get ' "her. What suffering this has Â· ; caused in our family! We can'l go out often; and now fcoth my ; ;,sister and; I - are becoming shy . /and withdrawn. Once in church.^, i; tthe priest said that God would";. - '.'Â·do anything as long as youÂ·'-"Â· . 'really believed. I am not a real S-^true; believer, but I. will con- -.tinue to r pray wilh your help. t 'You must get competent help Â· if your mother is to be brought i iback. to'emotional stability and : -Jnienlal helath. No good purpose Ms served if you /and your sister liind your lives ' ruined in providing this care alone. Strike Â· -.some balance between loving :care. for'your mother, and the .Â·safeguarding of your 'own i.yiealth. .?JThe Bible reference to which Cihe priest referred is probably Â·^Matthew 21:22.- In the Living yJBible,-.it reads, "You can"'get " ' fahything --; anything you ask iifpr in prayer -- if you believfe." . j'JJow this is obviously no magic ! ;(fdrmula 'for granting our whims 5;or fancies. To "be'ieve' is to JJrust Christ, and to trust Christ *-js to think as He thinks and Â·desire what He desires. I hope ; : 'this will be your experience i'soon. "Yes, the prayer of faith will '..certainly be answered, though not necessarily iii the.way we expect. Jesus promised to those who lost lands and friends for the Gospel's sake -- more land and friends (Matthew 19: 29), but His disciples did not receive . a literal fulfillment of that promise. They did get a good equivalent, however. The prayer of faith is an- -swered in God's large wise *way -- by the gift of what He ' Â·deems best. In one of your recent columns you said: evil and disease entered the world as a result of . man's disobedience. I find that ..hard to believe.. Didn't Christ j 'Himself say about the man horn Â£bi.ii)4 from birth that; neither " : 'that man nor his parents sinned? What's the explanation? ' P.J.C.' j In Christ's day, many people thought that a sickness was a mark of sin in the soul, and that any physical impairment was punishment for sin. In the reference you mention (John 9) the Lord made it clear that this problem was symtpmatic of man's lost condition, not of some special error. The whole book of Job as well speaks on this subject. It repudiates the right of any onlooker to infer special sins from peculiar punishments. Here, the Â·Â· calamity of congenital blindness pioyided a good occasion for Christ's, teaching. It was a warning that we should resist the idea that every affliction was a special devine judgment. All evil is an occasion lo demonstrate the redeeming work which Christ came to accomplish. It has been said that "Life "Life is a tragedy to those who feel," and, of course, the privation, pain and distress all is a tragedy to t h o s e who J e s u s on another ocasion warned the disciples not to deem those Galilean sinners above others, on whom the tower of Siloam fell. The right view is that Adam's sin threw our whole race under the curse. But thank God the Bible says, "Where sin did abound,' (God's) grace did much more abound." They'll Do It Every Time WRE- PRIVING ALONG AT THÂ£ SPÂ£Â£C NUITOZOCMSCWOFA SIPS. HEN ONCe HE'S AH EAR HE SETTLES DOWM TO A WALTZ-TIM CRAWL- Â·7MHX n AUNYMOTOa/STS TVffU gfaifefMN tume and fly off to settle the matter. It came as a shock the other day to hear Henry admit he was no longer Superman. I was passing the phone booth and I saw Henry inside. "Good," I said to myself, "Hen- ' ry's going to settle the oil crisis." I waited to see him fly ; out of the booth on his mission, but he just remained there. Â· "Henry," I finally said . anxiously, "why haven't you changed into your costume?" "I'm not going to -be Superman any more," Henry .said. "I!m sick and tired-of working ; miracles." ';-.; "But, Henry, if you won't be Superman, what will we -all do?" "That's not my . problem. Being Superman Â·Â·. means ' you have to travel a lot. I want to spend more time with Nancy." "I can appreciate that," I . told him, "but you h a v e an image to uphold. 'The media made you what you are today. You just can't go into a phone booth and say you're not coming out." "WRY SHOULD I come out?" Â·Henry replied. "The House is picking on me the Senate is' picking on me; the press is picking on me. You -.know Supermen have feelings, too. 11 "You can't pay attention to criticism,' Henry. If everyone 1 o v. e d you, you wouldn't be doing your job." "Everyone USED to love me," he said. "Ye, but that's because they didn't like Nixon. You always looked so much better compared to him.- Once he resigned, you were more or less on your own, and some people decided they loved you and some people decided they din't." "I think Superman should be . -loved by everybody," Henry said. "I don't mind criticism, if it's fair. What I don't l i k e is unfair criticism." "Nobody likes unfair criticism," I told him. "I'm the first one to admit." he added, "that I'm not perfect. What I don't like is other people telling me I'm not perfect." "Nobody likes to be told they're not perfect, Henry. The thing to do is to rise above it and prove they're wrong. Now get into that silly costume and fly off to the Middle East and straighten out our problems." "I'm not going to do it unless I have assurance that people will stop picking on me," "YOU HAVE iny word, Henry. I'll make sure that there is not one line in the newspapers questioning any of your past actions." Henry started taking off his pants. "Okay," he said, "I'll do it one more time. But if I hear any squawks from anybody about what I id, it's the l a s t time I go into this phone booth." I held his pants while he took off his shirt. "I don't know if I ever told you this, Henry," I said, "but you have lovely legs." "Don't try to change the subject," he said as he took off his shoes and socks. This is everybody's last chance. If they don't like what I'm doing, let them get another Superman." "They'll like it, Henry," I assured him. "They'll like it." .And so last Tuesday as people looked up into the sky they saw a weird object. One person sHd "It's a bird"; another person said "It's a plane," and 1'ien everyone cried oul at once "NO, IT'S KISSINGER!" A n d we all slept better that night. (C) 137!, Los Angeles Times By JACK ANDUHSON WASIUNTON - From classified documents and clowns of interviews, wo have how learned that Henry Kissinger guided President Nixon in January, 1970, along a tightrope between black and white Africa, with a secret tilt toward the white supremacist nations. It was Kissinger's first big "lilt." The . K i s s i n g e r proposals were submitted to the former President as part of a massive review of U.S. policy toward southern Africa, our sources say. Prepared by Kissinger's National Security Council staff and stamped SECRET on every page, the review is known formally as "National Security Study Memorandum 39," Ils existence has been previously reported, but we have obtained a copy. NSSM 39 offered five "options" for dealing with the explosive black-white, confrontation in southern Africa. Supposedly, it was left to Nixon to chose the final policy. To Ill's day. only a handful of Kissinger's closest-associates know Hint he personally recommended the course he thought should be pursued. Without exception, Nixon accepted Kissinger's recommendations. Here's what Kissinger proposed and Nixon adopted: -- As a "general posture," Kissinger called for a "balancing" act in southern Africa; he \v: ' d to "s'raddle" the black- white .Issue. With an emphasis The Washington Merry-Go-Round on keeping it "quiet," he urged n "partial relaxation" of Hie chill lownrd the while regimes and nn accompanying "mo- dost" Â· increase of did to the black stales. His objective, Inside sources told my associate Joe Spear, was to persuade the blacks that the United States sympathized with them while fostering a secret kinship wilh the whites. -- Kissinger advocated a slight relaxation of the stern U.S. posture toward white-ruled Rhodesia, an outlaw nation cut off diplomatically from the rest of the world. United Nations sanctions against Rhodesia w e r e penalizing American firms, Kissinger contended, because other nations ignored them. He suggested, therefore, that the United States should prepare plans to'"loosen" enforcement of economic sanctions. -- Kissinger also wanted the United States to retain its consular office in Salisbury, Rhodesia. This was opposed by William Rogers, then Secretary 'of Slate, who argued strenuously that the office should be closed. But Kissinger's wishes prevailed until the British, who had accredited the consulate, demanded that it be shul down. -- The United States should not take sides, Kissinger suggested, in the Portugese colonial wars. But he urged a 'quiet loosening" of t h e Amcncan arms embargo a- galnsl Portugal's African colonies, The new policy, Kissinger advised Nixon, should permit Ihc shipment of the Portugese of "nonlethal" equipment with "dual" civilian and military use. Â· -- Kissinger also recommended lliat the arms embargo a- gainsl South Africa should be "relaxed" to permit the sale of nonlethal equipment "intended" for civilian use. The United States should also Increase "military contacts" with South Africa, Kissinger advised, as long as 'it could be done "inconspicuously." -- The delicate question of South Africa's control over South West Africa, wilh ils overwhelming black population, should be avoided if at all possible. Kissinger pleaded. It shpu" no! to permitted, he argued, to become an issue in Washington's "bilateral relations" with South Africa. -- As a sop to the black nations of southern Africa, Kissinger proposed a modest increase in foreign aid of about $5 million. -- Trade between the United Slates and the white regimes should be encouraged, Kissinger advocated. But he stressed again that it should be done quietly. The services of the Export-Import Bank, he added, should be extended to South Africa and the Portuguese Â· colonies. 'Can't I Have A Bigger Button Or Something?' From The Readers Viewpoint Able, Ready To the Editor: The following is a copy of a letter the Northwest Arkansas Architects Council .is today (Oct. 10) mailing to the Fay- cltcyille Housing Authority. Copies are being directed to you, the city Board 'of Directors and Downtown Fayetteville Unlimited. Gentlemen: Developments at several meetings in the past few months have indicated a feeling on the part of the general public that insufficient local voice has been reflected in the previous planning of the Fayelteville Square. Since it now appears that the Old Post Office Building will remain standing and that some rcplanning of the Square will be required, an opportunely for more local involvement in the final plan seems lo be at hand. The Northwest Arkansas Architects Council, feeling a civic duly in this regard, wishes lo announce publicly its willingness to make available the advice and counsel of its members to the Housing Authority and its planners during this rcstudy process. We recognize wilh you Ihe presenl urgency- of f i r m and comprehensive planning decisions. We welcome an invitation at your earliest convenience to confer with you anl your planners on this vital problem. David Powers (Chairman) Fayetteville Shotgun To the Editor: Now our bungling President, Pardoner Ford, puts forth a Tuesday afternoon economic program plan which bids (aid to 'unite' Iho cpunlry through Ida same 'principles' of equity and justice and wisdom as did mentor, Richard M. Nixon. As at least one perceptive, non-partisan, economist has observed, Mr. Ford has prepared the problem with a weak and scattered shotgun attack, when only a concentrated rifle fire aimed at basic fundamentals offers any real chance of success. Like taxing (he few corporate recipients of unprecedented profits, who already practically own and run the country, instead of a surtax on the millions of us who already have to scrimp just to get by. Just as Gerald B^ord surely engineered that Pardon mainly to improve his own and his party's prospects in 1974 and 1976 (while uniting the country and getting Watergate behind us!), so does he now go just far enough, at least rhetorically, to give an impression of concern and of political 'daring' toward resolving Ihc economic disaster facing us, but wilhout even one of Ihc basic changes in personnel, philosophy, or procedures, so absolutely essential to any real change the status quo, downward slide, that Sunday morning exercise in pious administration of mercy to his benefactor and Poor America, lo he saddled with such absurdly inadequate leadership at such a time! The Big Money Bovs buy up the land, gold, and jewels again; while Ihe rest of us must ride it out, perhaps soup kitchens and all, just as we did in the thirties. The Hippies in their communes are the wise ones; they have a head start! America may rise again, but not under a Gerald Ford. American Institutions may survive, but probably adapted to Ineluctable changes Â· in conditions as yet only dimly perceived by the wisest. Reuben Thomas Faycllcvillo Satisfied Kissinger's rccommendatloni were based largely upon "Option 2" hi Ihe NSSM 39 policy review. As spelled out In Iho sccrcl document, this option caiied for "broader association with both black and whila states" on the'"premise" that "Iho whiles are here lo slay and the only way Hint constructive change can come aboul is through Ihem." Under Option 2, Ihe United Stales would "maintain public opposition to racial repression but relax political isolation and economic restrictions on the white slates." Among tho "operational examples" listed under Option 2 are these: -- "Enforce arms embargo against South Africa but with liberal treatment of equipment which could serve either military or civilian purposes." -- "Remove constraints on EXIM Bank facilities for South Africa; actively encourage U.S. exports and facilitate U.S. investments." -- "Conduct selected exchange programs with South Africa in all categories, including military." - "On Rhodesia, retain consulate; gradually relax sanctions (e.g. hardship exemptions for chrome) and consider eventual recognition." -- "Establish flexible aid programs in the black states of the region; respond to reasonable requests for purchase o[ nonsophisticated arms." This was the course that Kissinger chose and that Nixon followed. FOOTNOTE: We have invited comment from the State Department which, at this writing, hasn't responded. --United Feature Syndicate Putting The Ciamp On Behavior WASHINGTON (ERR) -- The sixth annual Southern California Conference on Behavior Modification will be held in Los Angeles Oct. 18-20. To the Editor: Count us as two people who appreciate the representation Hammerschmidt, has b^en giving us. He certainly writes to his constituents, asking .or their views, and he has the courtesy to answer letters when views are sent "to him, which is more than can be said tor some of our people in state government at Little Hock. It's all very well to say, "We don't like some of the Republicans we've had, so let's go Democratic," but when have the Democrats offered someone for whom we might go Deno- cratic? Before we vote for someone to take Hammerschmidt's place, let's give some thought to what we might have if we do replace him. We like Hammerschmidt. Mr. and Mrs. R.C. Hagee Hindsvillc Bible Verse BELI^BIBLE VERSES "But we are all as nn unclean thing, and all our righteousness are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our in- quities. like the wind, h a v e taken us away." ' ' T h e righteousness con- sidereth the cause of the poor: but the wicked regardeth not lo know it." Proverbs 29:7 The act, not thu word of good will, Is the language the man In need understands. Do the practical thing--be good to the poor today. You will not lose your reward. "He that lendeth U/ the poor Icndclh n.i unto tho F.nrd, and that which he hath given him, will he repay him again," EVERYONE behaves badly now and then, but the bad behavior of some people is so pronounced and so frequent as to constitute a threat to themselves and others. Such persons often end up as criminals, alcoholics, or school dropouts. It was long- assumed that little could be done to help them. Today, however, a branch of applied psychology known as behavior modification shows promise of transforming social : misfits into useful members of , society..''In essence, the idea is t h a t behaviors that are rewarded lend to recur; those that are punished tend'to cease. "Some : behavior- can be planted and shaped out of nothing; some strong - and fre- .- quent behavior can be knocked off," Philip J. Hilts wrote in his book, Behavior Mod/ "Once a bit of behavior has been shaped up, it can be maintained with very little attention to it. It can be faded into a person's repertoire so that it is supported naturally rather than by an experimenter." WHILE BEHAVIOR modification sounds admirable in theory, it can be brutal and dehumanizing in practice. For example, convicted sex offenders sometimes are subjected to painful aversion therapy. They a r a wired with electrodes; shown pornographic, pictures and simultaneously shocked. Other prisoners are made to take powerful drugs. These include apomorphine, which causes violent vomiting for 15 minutes or more at a stretch; anectine, which can cause the subject to lose all muscular control and even briefly to stop breathing; .and prolixin, which is capable of causing permanent brain damage. More sophisticated medications may soon be available. Dr. Arnold Mandell, a brain researcher at the University o( California (San Diegol predicts that science will develop new drugs without side effects which will allow normal patients to select the life style they desire -- d y n a m i c , creative, aggressive, meditative, or whatever. "The d r u g s now available are like shotguns compared lo the more exquisite agents coming up," he says. CRITICS OF behavior modification fear that it will lead to a world like that portrayed in the novel and movie. A Clockwork Orange. "We see behavior modification in our daily lives," wrote Albert Rosenfeld, science editor .of Saturday Review- World. "But customarily it is done through individual whim and caprice, and the capacity for mischief is thus limited and erratic. Science, on the other hand, proceeds in a calculated, systematic manner, measuring and monitoring all Hie way -and generally does so, these days, with public funds." Behaviorisls tend lo brush aside such statements. "Wo should reshape our society so that we all would he trained from birth to do what society wants us lo do," says Jnmes V. McConnell, a University of Michigan psychologist. "Wo have the techniques now lo do it....No one owns his own personality,...You had no say about what kind of personality you acquired, find there's no reason lo holicve you should have tlio right lo refuse lo acquire a new personality If your old one Is antisocial." 'Most laymen probably find this vision of n Brave New World forbidding. Americans in parllculnr, arc weeded lo tho nollons of Individual freedom and dignity. But who cnn safely nay It can t happen here?