Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on October 9, 1974 · Page 20
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October 9, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 20

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, October 9, 1974
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Page 20
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For Skills And Beliefs Nurses Begin Recognition 'Revolution' HARTFORD, Conn. (AP) -A cardiac pnlicnl in a hospilal suddenly develops an irregular heart beat, so a nurse jumps into action to give medication or cardiac resuscitation. · Technically, that nursa in Connecticut is violating the law. But what she is doing lias become common in cardiac care units throughout the slate. The disparity between actual practice and law is so exten- 'sivc, according to one nursing organization official, that 95 per cent of nurses are working without statutory authority. An attempt to change the laws, planned in the next legislature, is just one indication of more fundamental change in nursing today. Nurses across the country have begun a "revolution" to gain recognition for their skills and beliefs. No longer do nurses want to be handmaidens to physicians, as they clearly indicated at the recent American Nurses Association convention in California. No longer are nurses passively accepting without question nursing regulations from physi- ians and hospital administrators. And no longer are they remaining silent about pay, working conditions or staffing policies. LARGER ROLE 'Nurses are seeking a collegial relationship with physicians and a larger role in the health care team," says Jean Bowen, president of the 3,000- member Connecticut Nurses Association (CNA) and director of Hartford Hospital School of Nursing. Pat Blake, CNA's director, says the days when a nurse snapped to attention for a doctor ara gone, in part because of women's liberation. "The feminist movement has nadc a terrific impression on nursing," she said. "We're just beginning to realize how male- dpmiuaUxl we've been by physicians and administrators." Nurses aren't trying to take iver physicians' roles, the spokeswomen emphasized. But hey want to determine what is appropriate for nursing and to be recognized for their independent functions in law, and iractice. Today, nurses are making more independent judgements n the care of patients. Mary Donaho, director of nursing at Hartford Hospital, said nurses in intensive care regularly diagnose patients and mplement life-saving care until he doctor arrives. In the outpatient department, nurses arc he first ones to aid patients, she said, adding that the laws should reflect those critical duties. A new class of nurses, nurse jractitioncrs, are being trained n at least four programs in the state, including Hartford Hospi;al. Yale and the University of Connecticut Health Center. Ann Carmine of Farmington las been a nurse practitioner 'or a year at Hartford Hospital. Working in a new primary care unit off the emergency room. she sees the nonemergency cases that come into the hospi- lal, including sore throats, bug bites and common colds. She examines a patient for Lhc specific complaint and is able to tell if he is suffering From a more complicated problem. A physician is always available but'she calls on him only in more serious cases. CENTRAL ISSUE The nursing profession's de ; mand for authority to make such independent judgements is a central issue in the nursing revolution.' "There aro thousands of different medications a nurse has lo know and a nurse often has lo make a decision quickly before a physician comes." said Pat Blake. "In the smaller hospitals, you no longer have a house physician staff on duty 24 hours a day, so nurses take over some of their duties during physicians' off hours." The proposed revision of the Nurse Practices Act would give registered nurses the right to diagnose, counsel, teach, refer and collaborate in the total health care regimen. It broadens the current definition, which requires a nurse to act under the direction of a licensed physician or dentist. More nurses are turning to professional organizations to push their demands. Of the 22,000 registered nurses in the state, about 3,000 belong to the CNA and 1.000 belong to the 18- month-old Concerned Nurses of Connecticut. A major ingredient in the nurses' push for greater .responsibility has been union-like activity -- collective bargaining and strikes. The CNA has 51 bargaining units in the state at seven general hospitals and among public health and visiting nurse associations and schools. Nurses in the state have not gone on strike -- Mrs. Bowen says they're not interested and it is no solution -- but the CNA supported the California nurses strike. Tax Revenue Drop Hurting Road Program LITTLE ROCK (AP) _ The state Highway Department said Tuesday that declining gasoline tax revenues received by the state, coupled with inflationary building costs, could, seriously impair the state's highway pro- ram unless additional revenues are found. The agency made the statement In a news release, but did not speculate on other sources of revenue. The stale Highway Commission Is expected to seek new tax revenues from the 1975 legislature. The September revenue report of. the state Finance anc showed a decrease of 6.3 per cent from September 1973 in motor fuel tax collections. The Department said revenues in September were almost IS per cent below expectations since the agency had been projecting an annual growth of more than 8.6 per cent in motor fuel collections. State Highway Director Hen ry Gray said road construction jobs under way are pro grammed in a six-year plan based on projections that reve nucs would increase 8.68 per cent a year. Gray said highway construe lion costs during the first six months of this year had in creased more than 82 per cent About 75 per cent of the High way Department's revenues come from the motor fuels tax. rforlnwest Arkansas TIMES, Wed., Oct. 9, 1974 FAYETTCVILLE, AKKAHSAS Dairy Farmers Want Better Milk Prices CHICAGO (AP) - Dairy armors say skyrocketing costs or everything from baling wire ,o feed will drive them out of business unless they gel a bct- ,ei' price for milk, and the lousewife could end up paying [or it as early as next month. Farmers and their representatives presented the message Tuesday at a hearing on a proposal by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to guarantee a floor price of $7.50 par 101) pounds of fluid milk. The floor would mean an increase of 1.7 cents a quart over September prices to farmers, and previous pricing patterns suggest it would probably be Prosecution Rests In Tax Trial HARRISON, Ark. (AP) The prosecution completed its case Tuesday in the income lax Irial of Sheriff Billy Joe Holder of Searcy County, and the case may go to the jury loday. Holder has been indicted by a federal grand jury on filing fraudulent income tax returns. The government is questioning joint returns filed by Holder and his wife, June. Holder spent most of Tuesday afternoon testifying in his own defense. About five character witnesses from Searcy and Boone counties testified for him. The indictment alleges that Holder reported an income in 1969 of about §6,100 while the government contends that his income was about $16,000. Holder also is charged \yith understating his income in 1070 by more than $10,000 and in 1971 by about $8,000. passed on to consumers. Witnesses at the hearing, which continues loday, said that many dairy farmers are now failing to lurn a profit because general inflation has been aggravated for them by Aiforney General To Rent Office Space LITTLE ROOK (AP) -- The slate Justice Building Commission voted Tuesday to rent about 6,300 square feet of the new Blue Cross-Blue Shield Building here to house the attorney general's office. The rent will be $41,000 a year. ' The attorney general's office must be moved from the Justice Building Nov. 1 so that the building can be remodeled. That is expected to take 18 months. The commission agreed lo accept the Blue Cross offer after voting to terminate a lease which had been signed with the Train Station, Inc., al Little Rock. Dan Garner Jr. of the Train Station said in a letter to the commission that he could not guarantee an occupancy date coinciding with the attorney general's moving schedule. Pryor To Follow Demo Policy LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- David Pryor said Tuesday he probably would not reveal the names of contributors to his Democratic campaign for governor even though his Republican opponent, Ken Coon, had released a list of contributors to his campaign. Coon has said Pryor should do the same. "At the beginning of this campaign, the campaign committee adopted a policy of limiting contributions to $1,000 and of not making them public," Pryor said. "We are going to continue the policy of limiting the contributions to Sl.OOO, and we have no plans to release a list of contributors." Pryor said he would not push for a full-disclosure law in Arkansas. However, he said he would not oppose a full-disclosure law which had provisions requiring all candidates to report all contributions. ower milk prices earlier in tha , r ear and by higher prices for eed, the latter caused by early spring rains, a summer drought and an early freeze. The proposed price floor would be a temporary measure until March 1, when prices are traditionally near their annual peak. The earliest the proposed :rice floor could become effec- .ive would be Nov. 1. Last March, farmers received a minimum of $8.15 per lundredweight, but by July the irlce fell to a 1974 low of $6.29. The price has risen somewhat since then. Agriculture and industry officials tried to respond to anticipated consumer concern by ;elling newsmen milk prices are expected to rise steadily between now and March anyway. Herbert R. Forest, director of the USDA's dairy division in Washington, said minimum prices could be well above the proposed $7.50 minimum guarantee by March. He said the proposed floor's purpose is primarily to assure farmers of the a guaranteed level until normal seasonal conditions work the price upward. KXPERT WATCH REPAIR SWIFTS Wlnrfc «. Legislators Said Irritated With Pollution Control Board LITTLE ROCK (AP) - A: drive apparently is afoot to wrest regulatory power of the State Pollution Control and Ecology Department. The drive apparently has been undertaken by some legislators who arc irritated at the stand a representative of the department took on Arkansas Power Light Co.'s proposed While Bluff power plant, Jarrell E. Southall, the department's Air Division chief, told Ihe stale Public Service Commission last summer he would "feel comfortable" only if APL were allowed to build half of its proposed 3,200-megawatt coal-fired power piant on the banks of the Arkansas River near Redfield. Even then, he said, produo- lion might have to be curtailed occasionally to keep the plant's emissions from violating a state standard for sulphur dipx ide that is more restrictive than the federal government's regulations. The PSC staff has recommended that Southall's position be adopted. "If we're above the federa: standards on air pollution, 1 want them brought down," said stale Rep. Boyce Alford of Pine Bluff. "How in the world can Arkansas compete with olher stales" if its pollution control standards are more stringent than those of other states. STUDY PROPOSAL Late last month, Alford proposed that the legislative Joint Interim Committee on Public Health, Welfare and Labor make a study to develop legis ation under which the legisla- ure would assume more responsibility for the estab- ishment of environmental protection policies .and programs of Arkansas instead of "dele- 'ating broad legislative power o an administrative agency which is not elected by the people." Alford's proposal, adopted by :he committee, said "in many instances, the regulations promulgated by the Pollution Con- :rol Commission impose severe iinaneia! commitments upon private industries and Individ- jals and upon the various communities and public programs of this state." ' Altord said he expected the study to last 1-1% years. "I hale to see an industry like APL that has done so much for Ibis state and for its; people and provided so many jobs" treated as it has been on the Redfield plant, Alford said in an interview. He conceded that the APL issue was "one of the precipitating factors" behind his proposal, but he declined lo name others. State Sen. Virgil T. Fletcher of Benton supports Alford's proposal. Fletcher said Tuesday t h a t Arkansas' standards should be no higher or diffferent than the federal government's. "I think some of the pollution control regulations go too far," Fletcher said. Fletcher also said there was talk among legislators of "putting the Pollution Control and Health departments logether because they both regulate the same thing" and are "duplicating efforts." HELEN HELP US By HELEN AND SUE BOTTEL Everyone Should Have A Good Grandmother Dear Helen: Could you please reprint the description of Grandmothers that appeared back in 1968? -Hopeful Dear Hopeful: Is this it? -A grandmother is n lady who has no children of her own, so she likes other people's little girls and boys. Grandmas don t have to do anything except be there. They're old, so they shouldn't play hard or run. Sometimes they are fat, but not too fat to tie kids' shoes. They wear glasses and funny underwear. They can take their teeth and gums off. It is better if they don't typewrite or play cards except with us. They don't have to be smart, only answer questions like why dogs hate cats and how come God isn't married. They don't talk 'baby talk like visitors do, because it is hard to understand. When they read to us, they don't skip or mind if ft is the same story again. Everybody should try to have one, especially if you don't have televisions, because grandmas are the only grownups who have got time! -- Author Unknown Dear Helen: I work in a restaurant. Last night I kicked a little baby. No I'm not sadistic. The baby had been put on the floor next to the mother's chair while she ale. Luckily the child wasn't hurt. T h i s is becoming quite a problem, what with the popularity of Ihose little plastic baby-holders. But they don't protect infants from being stepped on by people in a hurry, especially if they're carrying a load of dishes. Think low terrible it would be if silverware -- a sharp knife or "ork fell on the baby! Hope yiu'll print this as a warning. -- Concerned Waitress. Dear Helen: My sister was divorced several years ago and has since re-rnarried. My husband and I lave remained on friendly ;erms with her ex-husband who will be re-marrying soon. We have been invited to the wedding. I'd like to go, but my sister feels we shouldn't. Will it be -- No Go? Dear No Go: No!! -- Go!! -- H. Dear Helen: From time to time, stutters and stammers are mentioned in HHU. Maybe this advice from the speech department of St. Mary's Hospital, London, might help? Have one person read aloud from a book or magazine. The stammerer is to repeat after the reader the words he hears.: He has to concentrate on t h e spoken message since he cannot see the printed words. Speech experts call this echo-like rep- tition "shadowing." Most stammerers have little difficulty in shadowing Ihe spoken words, and their fluency increases with practice. It's been reported that cases of stuttering or stammering improve remarkably after two to four weeks of shadow practice. And the nice thing is that the treatment costs nothing but the lime involved. -- Mrs. E,S. WED., THURS., FRi., SAT WARM FOOTED SLEEPERS Our Reg. 3.97 4 Days Only 2 BABY SLEEPERS 17 Reg. 2 Ftame-retardant sleepers made of warm-and-cozy brushed Cordelan® kohjin/vinal/vinyon. Safe non-skid soles. Toddlers' "grow" sleepars, 1-4; children's sleepers, 4-7. Charge it at K mart and save. ®S landard Ktillli ng Reg. TM Flame-retardant, 1-pc. sleepersofSEF moda- crylic, jersey or thermal knit. Infant's 6-18 moa · Mcmsmlo Reg. TM Fashion Accessory Dept. JERSEY TURBAN '97 Reg. 2.88 4 Days T Flattering knot-front turban is a fashionable addition to your wardrobe, great cover-up for curters. Polyester jeraey in a bevy of colors. INFANTS^ TODDLERS' COATS Reg. 6.84 Reg. 5.97 Reg. 13.88 £87 ]j47 £97 a. Boy's Jacket, b. Infants'Jacket, c. Girls'Coat. Acrylic pile-lirv- Acrylic pile, quilt Aprylic pile coat ed nylon. Uned.12-24mos. with hat. GIRLS' ACRYLIC PANTS 47 Reg ^* 3.33 Solids or Plaids PLUSH SLIPPER Reg. 237-4 Days Women's balterina slipper of plush aeryKc pite with pebbted rubber sola Cozy, comfortable, washable! Charge it! SUEDED BOOTS Reg. 5.96--4 Days Soft-soled sand-color split suede leather boot is'fringed for styte.has padded lining for comfort. Charge M HIGHWAY 71 B. NORTH AND ROLLING HILLS

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