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to Northwest Arkanios TIMES, We'd., Oct. 9, T974 FAVCTTEVILLE, ARKANSAS Between I PA And Major Industries Smokestack ^Scrubbers' Causing Feud i ; Bv FREDERICK i,. BERNS TIMES Washington Bureai ^WASHINGTON -- The shaky debut of smokestack "scrubbers" has resulted in still another feud and more bad feelings between the Environmental Protection Agency and major industries., Â· , The erratic performance of t h e devices designed to "cleanse" the emissions from industrial plants has led to intensified demands for a relaxation in clean air regulations. Â· So bitter is the scrubber con- troversy that power companies have spent millions of dollars to publicize their failure and the EPA has issued hundreds of press releases and speeches to publicize their usccess. With federal air quality standards scheduled to go inlo effect In coming years, there is considerable doubt as to where scrubber proponents and opponents will go from here. What is certain is thai the costly smoke slack devices, after only six years in operation, have widened the gap between IPEaESEEH^^ Today In History BEEHMHEBM^ environmentalists and industrialists who depend on high sulphur coal to run their plants. Scrubbers are the smokestack attachments that arc designed to remove sulphur oxides from the stack after fuel combustion occurs. The EPA estimates that as many as 200 plants, primarily east of the Mississippi River, will need meet clean air scrubbers standards 'oday muel TODAY IN HISTORYV P36 By THE ASSOCIATED TRESS Damascus. Today is Wednesday, Oct. 9, the 282nd day of 1974. There are Ma 83 days left in the year. --Today's highlight in history: '."Â·-On this date in 1934, King Alexander the First of Yugoslavia . was assassinated by a Croat student in Marseilles, France. , On this date,-: In 16!2, Harvard's first commencement was held. , In 1701, Yale College founded. ; In 1871, nearly 1,200 lives were lost in a forest fire which ' destroyed Weshtigo. Wise. ' Tn 1950. Pope Pius XII died at age of 82. 1 Ten years ago: The United Auto Workers Union and the Chrysler Corporation agreed to Today's birthdays: Chairman Cohen of the Securities and Exchange Commission is 62. John Lennon, formerly of the Beatles, is 32. Walter O'Malley, owner of the Los Angeles Dodgers, is 71. Thought for today: Bad laws are the worst sort of tyranny -Edmund Burke, British statesman, 1729-1797. 1980. There is speculation (hat the EPA will be forced by the energy shortage and pubic pressure to abandon its requirements that cities comply with amoicnt air quality standards by July 1, 1975. But Agency spokesmen insist that they will enforce the standards in all cases except those in which a plant promises to cooperate in the future with tho clean up program. The standards establish a limit on the amount of sulphni dioxide that industrial plants can release into the atmo sphere. Meeting such standards is a far more difficult task for in dustrial communities in West Virginia, Ohio, Pennsylvania and elsewhere in the East than in the West, where many o the plants rim on low sulphur coal, gas or hydroelectric pow cr. "Obviously it would be easie or plants in the East to burn lie low sulphur coal than to nstall the - scrubbers," says Susan Anna, a staff assistant in .OPA's Division of Stationary Source Enforcement. "But the Sast has very little of that kind of coals." Ttie EPA has formally .endorsed scrubbers as tho means by which Eastern industrialists can comply with the air standards. iPA Deputy Administrator John R. Quarlcs. Jr. says that has "no doubt" that .the devices work and are "reliable." The American Electric Power System, the nation's largest private utility company, is conducting a costly advertising campaign in the New York Times. \Vashington Post and other pub lications t o demonstrate t h e i r opposition to scrubbers. One of their recent advertisements cited a 417 page report by the Ohio EPA stating that scrubbers throughout the country failed to meet performance criteria. The American Electric Powei System interpreted the Ohio report to say that scrubbers are "Undeveloped, unreliable anc unacceptable for electric utility use." Even their most outspoken proponents admit that scrubbers have_ had a Â· spotty success re cord since their debut In Kansas in 19G8. Erosion, corrosion, pluggage and sludge caused by some of lie chemicals used to cleanse the stacks have reduced the cf- iciency of the 19 scrubbers now in operation. 'Our analysis is'thal the best scrubbers have operated at no more than 50 per cent'availabi- lity (i.e., reliability),' said Robert,Jimeson, an environmental quality advisor for the Federal Power Commission. "For many of them, the availability is about seven per cent." The FPC and the EPA are at 'odds .on the scrubber question, one of the few limes in which federal agencies have openly taken opposite stands on an issue. "It's not surprising." one EPA official said of the intra- agency dispute. "They're responsible for assuring that there is enough electric power capacity. Our responsibility is to make sure that there arc not too many sulphur oxides in the air." Jimeson has ficen among the FPC's most active spokesman against scrubbers. He points out that about 50C power plants in the U.S. thai burn oil and 1,000 plants that burn coal may be unable to meet the 1977 standards, but t is impractical for them to nstall scrubbers. "There's no way under (he sun that this country can build ,500 scrubbers in two years," ic argues. ."There's about ten companies lhat each can 'build ibout five scrubbers a year. PACE Endorses Demo Candidates LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- The Arkansas Political Action Committee for Education lias endorsed all Democratic candi dates for major political offices in Arkansas. The committee was created by the Arkansas Education Association to pursue political interests of teachers. PACE has endorsed David H. Pryor for governor, Gov. Dale Bumpers for the U.S. Senate, Jne Purcell for lieutenant governor, Bill Clinton for Congress from the 3rd District and incumbents Wilbur D. Mills and Bill Â· Alexander for Congress from the 2nd and the 1st districts, respectively. Rep. Ray Thornton, D-Ark. is unopposed in his re-election bid. That could never meet tho de- nand." The EPA Is aware of the in- 1 s t a 11 a t i o n problems, and spokesmen admit that it may ak'e up to eight years and S45 million for a plant to add a sc'rubber. Tile device, which is often half the size of the entire lower plant, must be' built and 'tit on the the plant premises. Environmentalists are suspicious of the industrialists ef- orts to discredit scrubbers, and the EPA has launched a public relations campaign of its own. The Agency last month released a report based on testimony from 50 representatives of electric utilities, trade asso- caitions, pollution c o^n t r o 1 equipment companies and other organizations. ^^^^ Operation Swallow SEMPACH, Switzerland (AP) -- The Swiss ornithological station at Sempach is trying to organize a southward migration by rail for tens of thousands of swallows stranded by freezing weather in the Alps. Unless they get help, the station said Monday, they may soon die of hunger and cold. The birds began their southward migration from northerr Europe and then were halter by early cold weather and snow in Switzerland. The report concluded that 'the problems allegedly affcct- ng (scrubber) reliability could e, and had been,.solved at one jlanl or another, and that relia- )i|ity was sufficiently demonstrated to warrant widespread commitments by utilities" to scrubbers. The disparity between t h e i r report and the one released by ;he Ohio EPA, according to officials here, can be attributed to the fact that the Ohio group's [criterion were "unrealistic." e of (lie requirements was .hat a scrubber operate, at 1(10 per cent, efficiency for one year. Scrubbers can reduce sulphur oxide emissions by. up to 90 per cent, according to the EPA. Of- icials claim that one of the major reasons behind industry's opposition is the expense and :hc fact that they would have to hire chemists to operate the equipment, Scrubbers, developed to clean Ihe air of pollutants, have in the process filled it with controversy. TR1-LAKES ANTENNA Sales and Service New Used AntennM Color Â· Black WhlU Booftcrt Â· Towers FrM Estimate* 751-7927 7S1-MM 751-8257 contract that was ex: pected to prevent prolonged ; strikes in the auto industry for three years. '. I Five years ago: The Commu: nist government of Czech- oslovakia established strict bpr- Â· der controls and barred its cili- traveling to the One year ago: Israeli jets at- zens from West. Checkpoint For Aliens Ruled Unconstitutional : SAN DIEGO, Calif. (AP) -^The. halting of motorists between Los Angeles and the .Mexican border in hope of catching illegal aliens has been Â· p iruled unconstitutional by a federal judge. ; The effect of a blanket search Warrant, U.S.- District Court Â·Judge Edward Schwartz said 'Monday in his ruling, that "everyone may be stopped without even a Fonnded suspicion, simply to constitute what is copiously a kind of dragnet for the purpose of catching up with 'numerous illegal aliens that en- Iter the United States and trav- Â· a." J "This is obviously a total and blanket intrusion upon the Irights of the traveling public," Schwartz said. ; Last July a federal magis- ;trate in San Diego ordered the Â·.blanket search warrant at the (San Clemente checkpoint at the 'Â· request of the Border Patrol. ,' Â· The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Â·Appeals sharply curtailed the Â·authority to spot and search ve- * )iic!es but since then the war; rant has been renewed 10 times '. for 10-day periods. ' ! Schwartz said the govern Jnent has other moans of en , forcing immigration laws. He ; jiientioned increasing patrols . pnd watching the border itself rnore closely. ; In addition, he said, "I think one means is in Congress nov ihat would make it illegal for , "an employer to knowingly bin jllegal aliens." ,; The ruling came in -the cas Jf Salvador Casillas, 30, of Lo 'Angeles, who had been charger vvith transporting illegal alien ' in the United States. His lawye said the government has 3 flays in which to appeal the rul 5ng. Super Girl LONDON (AP) -- A 15-year- old schoolgirl held a 1.500- pound car off the ground long enough for a man pinned underneath to squirm free after the vehicle crashed off its jack, police reported. They said Nancy Harrand, who weighs 119 pounds, heard the man screaming and rushed to help. "People can do incredible things in an emergency, but the strength of this girl beats everything," a police official.com- mented. "The axle was pressing on the man's chest. It could have crushed his lungs." ' The man was taken to a hospital with severe bruises. Shop Mon., Thurs., Fri. 9-9 Tues., Wed., Sat. 9-5:30 '; Lamp Assigned '. COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo Â· 'T-- John M. Lamp, son of retire U.S. Air Force Master Sergean and Mrs. John P. Lamp o Route 4. Huntsville, has bee assigned to Peterson Field Colo., from Ft. Monmouth, N. J Â· Lamp, an Air B'orce airma first class, is a telvision equip jnent repairman with the 47t' Â· Communications Group, a un of the Aerospace Defense Com " smand. COMING SOON! P A I N T Â· 19 Valuable Prizes Â· Free Gifts for Adults Â· Exceptional Values Â· Balloons for Youngsters 2844 North College CAN $ 250 Plus $100.00 In Bonuses Play "PRIZE WORD PUZZLE" Starting Next SUNDAY in Your See Details in Friday, Oct. T l Issue Of Northwest Arkansas TIMES Football ersey of acetate/ acrylic. In assorted olid colors with con rast numeral or ront and bock. For joys sizes 8-20. Save 20 on sportcoats and slacks. Sale 34.36 Reg. 42.95. 10(J% texturized Fortrel polyester blazer. Notch lapel, centervent and patch pockets. Solid colors, 36-46. ale $ 12 Reg. $15.The JCPenney slack with flare legs and wide belt loops. Woven texturized potyesler patterns, 30-42. Personalized lOc Per Letter Save 20% on all women's slips. Sate $3.2045.60 Reg. $4 to $7 Sale 37.95 Reg. 47.95. Two-bu lion textu nzed sporijacket. Natural shoulder and center venl. Polyester woven patterns, 36-46. Sale 10.40 Reg. S13. The JCPenney slack in texlurized FortrelÂ® polyester. So!' colors, 30-42. Sale S 48 Reg. $60, Single breasted blazer v,. centervent and notch lapel. Qiana nylon/DacronÂ® polyester. Assorted solid colors, sizes 36-46. Sale 12.80 Reg. $16. .Young men's polyester doubleknit fancy slacks. Great styles in sizes 28-38.