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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest is TTw First Concern 0} This Newspaper 6 Â· WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9, W?4 Rumsfeld May Be Ticketed For Pentagon An Ordinary Devil's Island It is commendable, certainly, when jurisdictional authority in our American system of "equal justice under the law" takes note of the savage nature of "justice" at its lower levels. Juvenile Judge Robert Mayes is quite proper in acting to see that juvenile offenders in the county's custody receive a minimum standard of treatment and care. Last weekend Deputy Prosecutor Ron McCann brought to the judge's attention charges that the juvenile offenders under the custody of the sheriff's office are not getting an adequate diet, The judge termed the situation "a little bit short of Devil's Island." Shocked by the deputy prosecutor s re" port, and by testimony from several of the ' juveniles in detention, Judge Mayes had the youngsters transferred to city jail, over the - weekend. Meanwhile, Sheriff Bill Long counters these charges as exaggerated and mostly un' true. The sheriff's point of view, it should ; be obvious, is somewhat different from that of prosecutor, or the bench. Under state law the sheriff's office is allotted $2 per day per prisoner for food. If the sheriff, who has a constitutionally limited salary of $5,000 a : year, can feed his prisoners for less, he gets to keep the balance. Arkansas sheriffs have been feeding their prisoners for less as far back as anyone can recall. The judge comes close to putting a finger on the crux of the problem, it seems to us, . when he concedes that fault may be higher , up than with the fello\y in charge of making out the menu. It is pointlessly gaudy to call the Washington County jail a Devil's Island when it is no worse and in many cases much better than other county jails in the state. Not long ago Arkansas' reformatory and prison compound rated among the worst in the nation, too, a fault less with their administrators, it must be noted, than with the state's judicial leadership and the public at large. Too little concern is given to the end product of "equal justice." One of the juveniles told the judge that he thought his poor rations was the way jail food was supposed to be. To a considerable extent the young offender is right. That IS the way it is supposed to be, because Arkansas legislators and voters and judges and law enforcement officials have settled for such a system -extending all the way from inadequate counsel for offenders to inadequate pay for sheriffs, deputies, judges and police. What is to be done? -- An extremely difficult question. Some progress has been made with the state's prison system, largely through efforts of high officials to gain greater public awareness of the problem. The same course is available to some extent on local levels. Here, too, in Sheriff Long's defense, the county jail operation is better than it has been in the past. Perhaps one of the best steps the public can take at this juncture is to read up on proposed Amendments 55 and 56 for this November's general election, and choose to support them. They call for better wages for county officials, and for more responsive, 'responsible county government. From The Readers Viewpoint Acupuncture To the Editor: I'H appreciate you printing this in your paper if possible. I want to say something about the practice of acupuncture in the United States. 1 am 38 years old and have an incurable disease of the nervous , system called Multiple Sclerosis. I have been confined to a wheelchair for over 13 years. Medical doctors cannot help in any way but there is a 70 per cent possibility that acupuncture can releive the pain and even make me to walk again; The trouble is that I can't afford to go to Washington D.C., the nearest place to receive the treatment that is needed. It would be different if I was the only one but there are others who have arthritis or some other illness that acupunctue could help; I receive medicare but they are not authorized to help. So only people with money can get the treatments. I say acupuncture should be legal in all states. Everyone should write their senator or congressman to say how you feel about this subject. Jack Henderson Huntsville RT. 3 Detente? To the Editor: In the past, the Russians have claimed credit for many inventions indiscriminately. Â· Now, iFrom Our Flies; How Time Flies} 10 YEARS AGO The Fayetteville League of Women Voters will continue a study of the Arkansas court system at two unit meetings next week. Major issue in court revisions will be considered. The University agricultural ' experiment station will hold a '. 50 YEARS AGO ; Housebuilding c o n t i n u e s Â· unabated in Fayetteville with more than 20 houses now being under construction. Colin O'More, noted tenor, dropped in on Fayelleville taking it ;by surprise yesterday and did not make himself . 100 YEARS AGO Vote for the new state constitution because it abolishes the offices of lieutenant governor, state s C-h o o 1 superintendent, commissioner of public works, superintendent of the penitentiary, insurance commissioner, two Supreme judges, five cir- Poultry Study Day Oct. 20 at the new animal science center. Unbeaten Arkansas, ninth- ranked in the nation, takes on the number one passing team in the Southwest Conference here Saturday night -- the Baylor Bears. known until today. His concert here tomorrow night will open the University Lyceum Course. Fire, thought to have been started by tramps, damaged a freight car on the spur tract near the Phipps Lumber mill last night. cuit judges and five prosecuting attorneys. If you have not ordered any jet trimming on your dresses, you may as well die at once. In a recent foot-race by two schoolgirls down the plank walk, the one with a blue garter beat. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - President Ford's new staff chief, Donald Rumsfeld, won't ! oe around the White House more than six months. Sources in the President's confidence say he needed someone in a hurry to replace Alexander Haig, who had h e a d e d former President Nixon's White House staff. The President, Iherefore, summoned Rumsfeld whom he actually had in mind to be the next Secretary of Defense. Our sources say Ford still intends to send the able Rumsfeld to preside over the Pentagon. The President wanted to get rid of Haig, say our sources, because he held too tight a rein on the White House staff, which looked to him instead of Ford's people for their orders. The President's plans for Rumsfeld, of course, means Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger will be dropped from the cabinett. This will be a victory of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, who has been feuding with Schlesinger over foreign - military policy. The Washington Merry-Go-Round however, they have devised something really new: The Unilateral Detente. We Americans have the concept that the Detente refers to a mutual relaxation of tension. After a short-lived experience with Soviet detente, we have already hastily encouraged our industrial, banking, and agricultural enterprises to supply the Soviets with our hard- earned economic, financial and technological savvy and know- how. Would you not say that this, most likely, will be used against us sometime in the fu- 1 ture? Would one call the obstructive Berlin Wall an act ot detente? Is ' Castro-Cuba, militarily backed by the Russian Government, their idea of detente, on our very door-step? It has been reliably reported just recently, thai Communist Russia bombers crashed through NORAD's (North American Air Defense) identification none off the coast of the United States and had to be repulsed by our interceptors. A c c o r d i n g t o JANE'S FIGHTING SHIPS, a rather authoritative publication, the USSR (United Soviet Socialist Republic) is floating in the neighborhood of 100 men o'war in the Mediterranean, against approximately 60 for the United States. The United States has a total of 514 ships vis-a-vis 1062 for the Soviet N a v y . Additionally, the Soviets have a lead of three to one in submarines, and five to one in cruisers. Is this equality and parity? We think not. To quote one of our United States Senators, "we are a bulldog with rubber- teeth." O u r detenteless friendly enemy is right now testing intercontinental multiple warhead missiles capable of reaching 4.500 miles. How much closer can the danger get? It should be borne in mind that ACTIONS speak louder than Detente. Alexander Ligth Alexander Light Citizens Protection League) New York, N.Y. Estate Bill They'll Do It Every Time AFTER A 4-MAKTW! UUNCH, WIN6SAPIU8 PICTAT1N6 SWÂ£Â£T APÂ£UMÂ£ DDK FOR HIM excepr HAVfc A HANS OVER into the coral waters for "free snorkel lessons," or on afternoon tours of the Virgin Island paradise. The delegates came from 31 states and regions. At least 10 federal officials from t h e Health, Education and Welfare Department slipped down to the Virgin Islands for the conference, at a minimum cost to the taxpayers of $200 apiece, including hotel accommodations. A spokesman for the American Public Welfare Association, which sponsored the frolic, explained to us: "We hold the conferences in a different region every year, and this was t h e first time for the Virgin Islands." To the Editor: If was reported recently that Congress hopes to vote on Tax Reform this Fall, which gives us very little time to get our letters written to our senators and representatives urging t h e m to support the BURLESON BILL (H.R. 15435) which would raise the exemption from the federal estate tax, from $60,000 (the amount that was written into law 32 years ago) to $200,000 which is much more fair in these times of inflation. The bill would also increase the maximum marital deduction available when a married person dies and leaves property to a surviving spouse. Current law provides that the marital deduction shall not exceed 50 percent of the value of the adjusted gross estate. As the law now stands, a widow has to pay such high Inheritance Tax, on her husband's estate (even if the property is in both their names) that upon his death she may find herself practically destitute, which is very unfair. The Burleson bill (H.R. 15435) will be passed only if enough people show.that they want it by writing letters to their senators and representatives immediately. Mrs. Bill Miller Pleasant Hill, Mq. WATCH ON WASTE: About 180 welfare officials gathered on exotic Frenchman's Reef in the Virgin Islands late last month to discuss the plight of the poor. Choosing a menu "laden with a host of superb continental specialities," they dined in lazy luxury as they talked about the hunger than is gaining in impoverished neighborhoods. One conference session, for example, dealt with food stamp programs. It was presided over by an Agriculture Department official who was flown in from Washington, S169 round trip. When the problems of poverty became too depressing, the welfare officials could escape YOSEM1TE STORY: There is more to the story of how Yosemite National P a r k , ' w i t h scenery no Hollywood studio could duplicate, became the backdrop for the TV series "Sierra." We published the first installment on September 15. The Music Corporation of America, we reported, had taken over the . camping and catering concessions in Yosemite in late 1973. Not long afterwards, film crews belonging to an MCA subsidiary turned up in t h e park to film the "Sierra" series. Although nature provided them with some of the most spectacular scenery in the world, we reported, the Hollywood hotshots tried to improve- it by painting the rocks in one area. The "Sierra" TV shows are now appearing on the NBC network, which should be good for MCA's camping and catering business in Yosemite. Â· The program's producer, Bob Cinadcr, denies that the scries was created to promote tourism in the park. But here, at least, are some curious coincidences: --The series was not proposed to MCA, as usually happens, b u t MCA initiated it. "Somebody upstairs got the idea" for the show. Cinader acknowledged. --The pilot s h o w, originally titled "Park Ranger," was a sari flop. The scenery outperformed the actors, and only a bear impressed the test audiences. Yet Â·miraculously, MCA was able to peddle the series to NBC. "They bought it in spite of the pilot." said Cinader. --The producers had trouble casting the actors. Off-duty park rangers were used as production assistants. Production costs were high, with each episode costing about $60.000 more than programs filmed in studio lots. Whether or not MCA planned son, David. Young Albert, like make up the extra costs in the tourist business that the TV s e r i e s should attract to Yosemite. Cinader's comment on this: "There is no attempt made in the show to indicate that the park is Yosemite." SHORT REPLY: Marguerite Steed, granddaughter of Rep. Tom Steed, D Okla., signed on as an interne last summer in the office of House Speaker Carl Albert. In .the manner of young people, she struck up a summer romance with the Speaker's Marguerite, like h e r grand- his father, is short in size. And Marguerite, like her grand lather, is a talker. Congressman Steed jokinly Newspapers: Freedom's Guarantee State Of Affairs The Prejudicial Publicity Canard asked his granddaughter onÂ» day what might result if a Steed would 'be crossed with an Albert. She retorted without hesitation: "A long-winded midget." --United Feature Syndicate Foreign Policy Is Whose Job? WASHINGTON (ERR) -- The Senate's vote to cut off military aid to both Turkey and Chils gives further evidence of Con- giess's determination to reassert its foreign-policy powers. Those powers have remained largely dormant since the end of World War II, a period in which Congress seemed content to let successive Presidents handle this country's foreign relations pretty much as they wished. Congress readily acceded to President Truman's proposal in 1947 to provide aid to Greece and Turkey. That program of assistance former the basis of the over-all U.S. policy of containing Communist expansion, aiid it long enjoyed overwhelming bipartisan support. But now the Senate has decided to terminate military aid to Turkey despite President Ford's warning that "the United States will have lost its negotiating flexibility and influence" in trying to settle the Turkish-Greek dispute over Cyprus. The ostensible reason for the cutoff was that Turkey had used American supplied military equipment in its invasion of the Mediterranean island. .Sen. Thomas F. Eaglelon (D Mo.), sponsor of the aid-termination amendment, suggested that institutional pride may have influenced the Senate vote. "We have but one role to play," he said. "That is to speak our minds, to vote our consciences, and to enforce our laws. If we do not do that, then we might as well just have government by one man and let Congress be an anachronism, which some people think ,it has become already." By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON--As a legal defense, the claim ot prejudicial pre-trial publicity is being e x a g g e r a t e d out of all reasonable proportion, not only by the lawyers for defendants charged with crimes that evoke intense public interest but by some of the trial judges as well. The latest instance is the action of U.S. District Judge Robert Elliot of Georgia, who overturned the murder conviction of former Lt. William Callcy, the central figure in the My Lai massacre case, chiefly on the 'grounds that Calley had been subjected to "massive adverse pre-trial publicity." Judge- Elliot's order, which sounded more like a tirade than a temperate opinion, reflected an attitude that is becoming prevalent enough on the bench to cause the American Bar Assn. (ABA) some concern. When James Fellers, the new ' president of the ABA, was asked In the wake of the Elliot opinion how far courts should go to restrict the media in an effort to insure f a i r trials, he said: "The ABA Committee on Fair Trial-Free Press has been concerned with the number of judicial restrictive orders which have been entered against the media..and the question of whether perhaps these may have gone beyond the intent of the ABA standards." Although Mr. Fellers dclined to comment specifically on Judge 'Elliot's order, which commanded the release of Calley "forthwith," he did say, "You can't just blanket say that a certain amount of porvasiva publicity per se nieans that a guy can't get a f a i r trial." YF,T THAT'S pretty much what Judge Elliot did say, so it is reassuring to learn that the Army intends to appeal his order, as it certainly should. It is time to 'get a conclusive ruling from the Supreme Court that will settle the whole question of pre-trial publicity. The problem has been before the. court before, but it has n e v e r been dealt with definitively. T h e r e is a mistaken impression that Dr. Sam Sheppard won a reversal of his 1954 murder conviction 12 years later because of prejudicial pre-trial publicity, but the Supreme Court actually put most of the blame on the trial judge for not controlling publicity during the trial itself, which is a very different matter. If the Elliot doctrine were to stand, all the most notorious criminals of our time could hope for acquittal if their offenses were spectacular enough to dominate the front pages and national televison, as in the cases of Sirhnn Sirhan and James Earl Ray, the assassins of Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King Jr. There is no way of preventing massive publicity about such heinous crimes. The same is true of offenses involving the highest officers of the government, as in the shocking Watergate 1 scandals. Under our free- press system, the people have a rrght to know as much as possible about crime which affect the very life of the nation. Defense lawyers argue : that the constitutional guarantee of a free press cannot be allowed to compromise a defendant's constitutional right to a f a i r trial, but they have yet to prove their contention that even the m o s t spectacular pre-trial publicity is fatal to that end. Experience belies the claim that jurors cannot dispense justice in celebrated cases. THE DEPENDANTS in the on going Watergate coverup trial insist they can'i get a fair trial because of publicity, but two of them, former Attorney General John Mitchell and former Secretary of Commerce Maurice Stans, were tried on conspiracy charges earlier this year and both won jury acquittal. If it weren't true that juried could not rise above publicity and preconceptions, it would be the end of criminal justice in the United States. But, fortunately, juries in all pares of the country have consistently proved in recent years that even the most publicly reviled defendants, such as the Black Panthers and draft-file burners, can get justice. There has been one acquittal after another in these and other conspiracy cases. Few defendants could get more damaging publicity than Angela Davis but she, too, was freed. Before castigating the press for publicizing the Calley case, Judge Elliot might have considered the important fact that there would not have been a case had not journalistic enterprise of the highest order uncovered the massacre at My Lai, which the Army had carefully concealed for so long. (C) 1074, Los Angeles Time* THE CONSTITUTION has little to say about the formulation of foreign policy. Constitutional scholar Edward S. Corwin has written "What the Constitution dues, and all that it docs, is to confer on the President certain powers capable of affecting our foreign relations, and certain other powers of the same general kind on the Senate and still other such powers on Congress; but which of these organs shall have the decisive and final voice in determining the course of the American nation is 1'eft for events to resolve. John Marshall, then a membar of Congress from Virginia, said in 1799 that "The President is the sole organ of the nation in its external relations, and its sole representative with foreign nations." -Read out of context, Marshall seemed to be saying that the power of conduct foreign relations resided entirely within the executive branch. What he really meant, however, was that 1 the President was the only channel of communication between the United Slates and foreign countries -- that he was, in effect, America's "dip- Icmat-in-chief." P"F,SIDENTS WHO flouted the will of Congress, in foreign policy sometimes came to grief Woodrow Wilson, for example, ruffled feelings on Capitol Hill by failing to include any senators in the American delegation to the Paris Peace Conference. In addition, Wilson stubbornly rejected Senate reservations to the Treaty of Versailles, with the result that the Senate twice refused to ratify the pact. Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon both alienated Congress through their conduct of the Vietnam war. Many members of Congress fell they had been misled in approving the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which Johnson relied upon to justify deepening American military involvement. Finally, in 1973, Congress approved legislation to limit presidential war powers over Nixon's veto. President Ford, so recently a member of Congress himself, may prove more willing than his two immediate predecessors to give Capitol Hill a voice in shaping foreign policy. Bible Verse "Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away." Matthew 24:35 Don't take lightly what God says. It will be standing long after this old world is reduced to dust. Read a little of the Bible today, in all of your tomorrows, it could mean a lot. "But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, 'God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble." James 4:6 Pride has nothing going for it but self and that with God in opposition. No wonder the Bible says, "Pride goelh before a fall". "Humble yourself under the mighty hand of God,, and He will lift you up." "By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter; Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season." Hebrews 11:24,25 Take a long look, eternity is a long time to remember that you squandered your life for the trival. "Eye hath not seen nor oar heard neither hath entered into the heart of man the things which God prepared for them that lova Him." Who can afford to miss that for this!