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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest IÂ» The First Concern 0} This Newspaper 6 Â· TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1974 Ripoffs Uncovered By Oil Price Study A Soft Wind From The Bayou An election in Louisiana a week ago poses a tantalizing question for Northwest Arkansas political observers. Could the primary election in central Louisiana's 6th congressional district be an indicator of this autumn's typical political wind? In the Louisiana election, Jeff'LaCaze, a political newcomer, defeated Rep. John Rarick, veteran incumbent, for the Democratic nomination. The bayou matchup has a number of qualities too similar to the race being waged in Northwest Arkansas 3rd District to overlook. LaCaze, fo'rmer sports announcer for a Little Rock tv station, is young (28); a political moderate, and he provides voters with not only a fresh face, but an appeal for "fresh leadership." Rep. Rarick, on the other hand, is a staunch conservative, who entered the race heavily favored to win his fifth term. Rarick, indeed, led the preferential primary vote among five candidates by a good margin, but fell short of a majority, in the runoff. He relied on his "record" of service, and in the showdown lost a close race. Here in Northwest Arkansas we have a somewhat similar situation in the challenge of conservative Nixonian incumbent, Rep. John Paul Hammerschmidt, by young, moderate newcomer Bill Clinton. Rep. Hammer- Schmidt is a favorite, and he too is running on his record rather than any particular issues. But Hammerschmidt would appear to have about the same number and degree of liabilities as his defeated colleague, Rep. Rarick. V ' Hammerschmidt, like Rarick, has a long record of support for the Nixon administration, and a documented voting prejudice on behalf of hig business and the special interests. John Hammerschmidt, like John Rarick, too, prefers to run on incumbency rather than the specifics of such pertinent Issues as inflation and Watergate. And, as with most incumbents, Hammerschmidt like Rarick, is wedded to current foreign and domestic difficulties with very little m the way of a counter to the bright-faced challenging approach of. a younger opponent. The suspicion would seem to be, coupled with the rash of upsets and disappointments of incumbents across the country this election year,-that there is a strong trend among voters this fall to chuck the old hands (who obviously have had a hand in getting the country into its present economic difficulties) in favor of the new. "There is a need for new leadership in the Congress," said Gov. Dale Bumpers in his winning appeal to Arkansas voters last spring. There is a need for new approaches, says nominee LaCaze in denouncing the old . . policies.'of his four-term opponent, Rep. Rarick. Coupling this apparent trend of disillusionment with one's elected representatives in Congress, is a predictable drop in voter turnout for off-presidential year elections. Voters, according to election statistics so far this year, are turned off by the whole political process. Registrations are down from 1972, and voter turnouts in the primaries have been generally lower than expected. What this may well add up to is fewer "routine" votes for incumbents, and more specially-motivated votes for the opposition. At least that could be the message coming from other, parts of the country. Certainly, with inflation getting worse by the week, a lot of nofthwest Arkansas voters will ponder carefuly the wisdom of sending the same voice that helped create the current state of affairs, back to the Congress. That seems to be the prime issue in elections everywhere. By JACK ANDERSON . W A S H I N G T O N - A confidential congressional study blames the Nixon adrnlnis-. ; . ., tration" for permitting: the;: oil";:', companies'to gouge almost $9 million out of motorists and other consumers in the last year. ' ' Four dubious and perhaps illegal White House decisions . were responsible for the $9 billion loss, according to a study ordered by consumer watchdog Rep. John Moss, D.- Calif. In addition, the report reveals that Congress itself directly caused a $2.6 billion ripoff. . ' - v . ,..-,, ;, ,, .,. These five pro-indusfty.f.edlct^ 1 Â£7 not only gobbled 'up"! the;con-"-' sumer's pocket- money at the pump, but they also served to boost inflationery ; pressure and allowed the major oil companies to increase their profits by an average of 71 per cent, right in the middle of the oil crisis. Here are the five rapacious rulings as detailed in the Library of Congress Economics Divison study prepared for .Moss, chairman of the. House . Commerce, -and..,,FinanceL,sub--.,'.Â·Â· committee: ' ; Â·', 'Â·" .' Â· Â· . ".. " . . . ' Â· Â· ' . The Cost or Living Council allowed the oil companies to increase "old oil" from existing wells from $4.25 to $5.25 even though "this is oil that cost, roughly, less than $1 to produce," The consumer was stuck with $1.9 billiion in excess oil bills. The Administration had claimed the Treasury Dept. had documents to justify the increase. But now, Treasury Secretary William Simon has privately conceded to M o s s that no "Treasury or Federal Energy Office papers were presented" at the Cost of-Living . meeting where the decision was made. the Washington Merry-Go-Round From The Readers Viewpoint Adding To . . . Bad 'News' To the Editor: I have never met either of the contenders for the Third Congressional District seat and the only knowledge I have of them I have gotten-from the news media. To add to my knowledge, Id like some comments from William J. Clinton, reference to contributions to his campaign made by the unions. I see that $3 500 has been contributed by the Steelworkers Union; $8,000 from the AFL-CIO; $1,000 from tht Teamsters Union; and $1,517 from the Arkansas AFL- CIO. I have been informed that the Federal Election Campaign Act (Title 18, Section 610, U.S. Code) prohibits unions (and corporations) from maktng'any direct or indirect payment, or any service, or anything of value to any candidate, political party or organization. Voters have seen the trouble our own state politicians have had after accepting corporate contributions as well as the politicians on the national scene. As you are a University of Arkansas Law Professor, it should he easy for you to contradict Prof. Sylvester Petro of Lake Forest University School of Law, who contends that such union contributions are in violation of the cited U.S. Code. As you have accepted their largess will you march to the beat of their drums, if elected? I have failed to read any comment of yours on amnesty for the draft dodgers and traitors. Will you go on record here as Hammerschmidt has done? I feel sure that many voters in our state will be interested in your comments on the items above -- may they be forthcoming through the medium of this newspaper? Lt. Col. J. J. Holland (ret.) Winslow To the Editor: Now that the "fat's in the fire," let's add some facts to the smoldering embers and smoke out every thief, in thÂ« city of Fayetteville, in fact in the state of Arkansas, if possible. Perhaps an" idea.I have';; will "catch fire" and break into a real.blaze! Just maybe we could clean up America or at least bring some of the low element to justice (with a small "J' 1 ). My husband and I firmly believe there is a gang working-throughout Arkansas and we also believe most of them, not all, come here to the University of Arkansas or go to high school. Could be older people of course. Who knows what age a thief is??? Here are some facts for your consideration. We moved to Arkansas over three years ago avoiding settling in Fayetteville or Springdale "like the plague." Â· Why? Because every time we picked up a Northwest Arkan; sas TIMES the paper was Â·; loaded with small news items about people being robbed. I won't go into all the other crimes committed in Northwest Arkansas. They are too numerous to mention and the police are "ham-strung" enough as it is. I will stick to what I know of personally. In last night's TIMES there was another small item about robbery. This news "filler" was printed on the inside page as being of small consequence. It mentioned in one and one-half inches of space, that a person was robbed of three suitcases of clothing. There were actually five of them, three in a matched set of real cowhide. What the news item did not mention, except to tell every thief in town our name and address, was that they stole almost every piece of fall and winter clothing we They'll Do It Every Time COULPN'T HITTH aoof? IF VOU FLL. OUTA Originally, the Cost of Living -Council ffo/e oil prices at $1.25 per barrel in 1972, a price some 30 per cent higher than previous levels. Then, in August 1973, the council frccti prices on newly discovered oil to encourage exploration. This allowed the price to zoom to $10.50 a barrel even though costs to the o i 1 firms wee scldrvbgkqj . firms were seldom more than $2 per barrel. The consumer costs: $3.25 billion. For every barrel of new oil produced, the council let Big r Oil take the price lid off one Â·barrel of old oil. This was also designed to encourage exploration. This questionable boondoggle cost consumers $2.23 billion. Â· The Federal Energy Office let retailers raise their profit margin from 7.25 cents per gallon to 11 cents per gallon because of gasoline shortages. But now the pumps are full and the motorists' wallets are still being tapped by the high margins.'The cost to oil and .gasoline users: $2.89 billion. Congress is to blame, the Moss study notes, for exempting oil wells producing less .than 10 barrels a day from price controls. While this may have kept some marginal wells in production, it cost the consumers $2.64 billion. The Moss report concludes by noting a "ripple effect" caused when oil prices "have dragged coal and inlrastate natural gas prices up with them." S i n c e everything from peanuts to power plants are produced or fueled by oil. coal or natural gas, this has meant that every price rise can, in part, be tied to the oil hikes. The cozened consumer, therefore, has been tapped twice: Once with the $11.5 billion loss and once with the higher general prices this rise has brought on. HEADLINES AND FOOTNOTES: Inside informants tell us that the Central Intelligence Agency tipped off the shah of Iran in August that five of his senior officers, including Gen. Kuimarc Saleh, were plotting to overthrow him. All five were immediately jailed for "misuse of power." It may be merely a coincidence that the U.S. ambassador to Iran, Kichard Helms, was a former CIA director. The CIA would not comment on the c h a r g e . . . Government lawyers, digging t h r o u g h the small print in the Foreign Assistance Act, have now found legal justification for ex-President Nixon's gift of a military helicopter last sumcr to Egypt's President Anwar Sadat. At the request of Rep. Jack Brooks, D.-Tex., government auditors had questioned Nixon's authority to give away the helicopter. But, the lawyers have now authorized the Agency for International Development to pay the $3 million bill; which covers spare parts and labor. They cited a grants "essential to the national interest"...The ' White House mail is running heavily against President Ford's decision to grant '.'conditional amnesty" to Vietnam war resistors. Nevertheless, he has passed the word to subordinates that he wants the amnesty board to take it easy on the young men who want to return to their country. He wants them to be given the benefit of any doubts. "Please--Not In My Bowl Of Soup' had to wear. We are left with only a few fall clothes, and my husband who Is 68 and ill, needs warm clothes to survive ths winter. I am 59 and unable to work to earn money for new clothing. We live on Social Security. The exorbitant prices of food, gasoline, medication, etc., leaves us and people like us without funds for any extras. We will be unable to ever r e p 1 a c e the loss we have suffered at the hands of t h e s e thieves. They do not WORK and EARN, but manage '"to get everything they want by simply entering private property and walking out loaded with clothing, jewels, furniture, etc. FACT: In one of my suitcases were at least 20 good sweaters and extra wool and doubleknit skirts. Another contained knit suits and dresses. Another -very special winter purses and evening bags. Three of these were gifts from my dear departed mother and priceless, to me; My husband lost a suitcase full of good suits and another; with beautiful sweaters in. ''wool, Â· angora and cashmere. - '~'- Â· FACT: The newspaper is printing the wrong kind of news. Mrs. Betty Ford's recent operation that took up columns and columns of space. This should have been a private, family affair. There isn't a woman in the world who wants such an operation publicized. Heavens help us, but it looks as if we have another egomaniac in the White House. FACT: The news that should be printed. IN LARGE PRINT, is a full discription and picture or drawing of stolen property. At l e a s t once a week the hometown newspaper should carry these descriptions. In this way if any decent citizen (and there are quite a few around) sees such an article, he could alert the authorities. A "fence" would soon be scared to accept such merchandise. Also, the "fence" and thjef should be given the maximum penalty. As it stands now, even when caught most are given a ' slap on the wrist and set free (on bond or completely) to go "back to their work." FACT: I would like to mention the nice clean-cut young men in the Fayetteville Police Department. The young officers who assisted us were most courteous. We take our police protection for granted until we need help from the department. The kind of men we have here we can only wish there were more of. Thanks Â· . f e l l o w s ! ! ! A Concerned American Fayel'eville Bible Verse "And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise." Luke 6:31 Behold the great prescription of life! When properly admin- :,istercd and taken, can clcnr up every diesease of ill will known to man. We get the real picture of life as we major in the art of putting ourselves in each other's place, A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought ILLEGAL MAILING: Rep. John Wydler, R.-N.Y.. has Just mailed 120.000 newsletters to his Long Island constituents at a cost to the taxpayers at $12.000 postage. . . : Â· . . .. The newsletter violated thrsa regulations for free mailings. First, it contained a photograph of a member of Wydlcr's family. Second, three of the four pages featured campaign- style pictures which took up more than 20 per cent ot each page. And, third, a masthead photo of the congressman iJ larger than the rules permit. Wydler said he had been advised it was pcrmissable to use the picture of his son and that he was In "substantial compliance" with the photo guidelines. He conceded that the masthead photo was too large. In contrast to Wydler, Rep. Don Young, R.-Alaska, burned 105,000 of his newsletters because they did not comply with the same free mailing regulations. Sixty mailbags were already on their way to the airport when an aide learned the pictures in the newsletters took up too much space. Young immediately had the mailoags intercepted and the newsletters destroyed. "He didn't like losing the $1,500 printing cost," an aids told us, "but he knew he had to .comply with the law." I L L E G A L IMMIGRANTS. Edima N'Gpumou and Jonathan Power, "The New Slave .Trade," Africa Report, July. August 1974, pp. lp-15. " "There are 10; million immigrant workers arid family members in Common Market Europe alone. France itself has more than three - and - a - half million, more than any ohter European country . . . The number of Black African workers in this total is disputed. Official government estimates are around 50,000. The General Union of Senegalese Workers, /sensitive .to'.talk of a 'black 'invasion,' 'gives out a figure of 26,000." ' "The vast majority of Africans in France sweeping its streets, emptying its trash cans and working in filthy and dangerous jobs in factories and construction sites are illegal immigrants. They have paid at least $1,000 to get to France, twice the cost of regular air tickets." "Theoretically e m p l o y e r s wanting to employ African labor could make arrangements through the French consulates to send. ' out - the necessary papers, but if they did that...the employer would be responsible for payirrg the immigrant's passage and for his medical examination. Since in practice employers soon found that they could ,recruit African labor by merely waiting for it to arrive -- vacancies :were quickly notified to relatives back home by those already in France -- they did not feel any need to was.te scarce money formally recrujl- ,ing it." . -. - '.'Â·Â·Â·Â·Â·.Â·Â·.Â·''- THE'CREDIT BLOCKADE. Elizabeth Farnsworth, "More Than Admitted," .Foreign Policy, fall 1974, pp. 127-141, "The (U.S.-imposed) credit blockade of Chile and the corporate pressure exerted against Chile were part of a larger strategy, : aimed at getting rid of the Allende government, which represented a giant thorn in the side of many policymakers and private businessmen in the United States. Unfortunately, the outlines of the wider picture are still hazy, and it will he years before the whole story of the anti-Allende activities comes to light. Therefore, the most visible part of U.S. policy -- the hard-line economic pressure -- becomes the topic of debate." "The credit blockade did not cause all of Chile's economic difficulties in the years of Allende's presidency. The fall in the price of copper, the high costs of imports, and the lack of planning by the Unidad Popular itself all played a role in causing the shortages of goods and the inflation in Chile by 1973. But Chile had faced dramatic downswings in the price of copper before in her history; since the mid-1950s the United , States had usually poured in-aid to offset losses from low copper prices. The central point to understand in looking at Â· the economic situation in Chile in 1972-1973 is that the low price of copper, the credit blockade, and the cqncommitanl capital outflow wiped away Chile's dollar reserves without Chile's having any recourse to loans or aid to compensate for the loss." Abortion: Far From. Settled WASHINGTON (ERR) -- For volatility and staying power. Tew public issues can match that of abortion. It touches law, politics and religion, and arouses strong feelings among supporters and defenders alike. Abortion, in short, is precisely the kind of issue that most politicians would like to avoid, but many are finding that it is impossible to do so. V i c e President-designate volatility and staying power, that discovery long ago. Rockefeller was governor of New Y o r k when that state's pioneering abortion - reform law was passed in 1970. Members of the "right to life" movement have never forgiven him for his support of the measure. Edward J. Golden, a founder and past president of the National Right to Life Committee, told the Senate Rules Committee that Rockefeller had "turned his hack on the child in the womb" and would, if confirmed as Vice President, "cast his . s h a d o w of an anti-life "philosophy so foreign to our Judeo-Christian heritage." Gov. Milton Shapp of Tenn- s y 1 v a n 1 a has encountered similar criticism. An outspoken supporter of abortion reform legislation, Shapp was opposed in the Democratic gubernatorial primary last May by a right-to- life advocate. The governor was renominated with more than 70 per cent of the vote. Two months later, he vetoed a restrictive state abortion bill as unconstitutional. TRADING WITH CHINA. "Ho\? to Start Exports to China," U.S. China Business Review, July-August 1974, pp, 3-10. "All China's import purchasei are handled by China'i eight Foreign Trade Corporations, which are legally responsible for signing China's trade contracts. To initiate sales to China, a U.S. firm must write direct to whichever of these Foreign Trade Corporations handles the product line it is interested in exporting." "Exporters, in their initial approach to China, should remember that due to the long hiatus in economic relations between our two countries, there may be a lack of information....China publishes no details of It's five : year plans or trade statistics. The only way a company can discern what China's general areas of interest are, regarding its future imports, is by analysis of scattered data and trade statistics of China's leading trade partners, such as Japan, the U.S. and European countries." "China is not interested in buying consumer products from the U.S. at the moment. Plant, equipment, technology or agricultural items, such as grain and raw cotton, have been the principal purchases...to date and these are what China will p r o b a b l y concentrate on buying...in future...Patience and persistence are the most important ingredients in developing business relationships with China. Don't expect anything to happen overnight; think in terms of many years." B R I T A I N ' S ELECTION. "Fooled Again?" The Economist, Sept. 21, 1974, pp. 11-13. "To get their own stalwarts to the polls, politicians of all parties always say that every general election is the most critical the country has faced. It is part of the acceptable hyperbole of electioneering....What (CONTINUES OX PACE NINE) SHAPP'S .DECISION wag based on a U.S. Supreme Court opinion handed down on Jan. 22, 1973. The Court held that a state may not prevent a woman from having an abortion during the first six months of pregnancy. Although directed specificaly at Georgia and Texas abortion statutes, the ruing had the effect of invalidating similar laws in 44 other stales. The Court's decision outraged the right to life movement; which promptly mounted a campaign to overturn it by constitutional amendment. A senate Juciciary subcommittee heard hearings on two proposed anti-abortion a m e n d m e n t s earlier this year, but has sent neither to the floor. Several senators report that they are receiving more mail on abortion than on any other current issue. THE CENTRAL question in the abortion debate concerns the point at which a fetus may be considered an individual person entitled to the full protection of the law. Dr. John Rock, a professor emeritus of gynecplogy at Harvard, stated one view when he asserted that "a mass of almost undiffcren- liated cells (the fetus) cannot cerebrate, and there can be no divine spark...The idea of a microscopic blob having an immortal sou! would challenge any imagination." Daniel A. Degnan, S. J.. a S y r a e r u s e University L a w School professor, expressed a sharply opposing view in the Catholic journal Commonweal. "Although law need not treat the human fetus in all respects and at all stages of development as having the same rights as a human infant," he wrote, "the human fetus, especially in its later development, shares too many of the characteristics of human existence to leave its ifel or death solely to (I h e) choice of private persons. What we do or allow to be done to the fetus concerns our willingness to render justice to another." Right to life advocates have been criticized for publicizing pictures of aborted fetuses. Their purpose is to demonstrate that even tiny fetal corpses are readily recognizable as human. Abortion advocates, complain that such pictures inject cheap emotionalism into 'a serious issue. But abortion has always stirred the emotions af all concerned, and it is l i k e l y to continue to do so.