Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on October 7, 1974 · Page 4
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October 7, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Monday, October 7, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest ll The First Concern Of TJifc Newepaper 4 · MONDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1974 He's Also 'Senator From Tobaccoland' National Newspaper Week Oct. 6-12 is National Newspaper Week. . It is a time for newspapers as well as their readers to reflect on what a free press really . means. Unfortunately, there is great misun- ·.derstanding, fostered by those who would 1 prefer to work in secrecy, as to the nature '. of the "privilege" accorded by the First , Amendment. This is reason enough to pause in observance of Newspaper Week. Contrary to what some critics of the press would have you believe, the First Amendment is not a provision that makes · journalism some sort of extra-privileged, special interest profession. To view press .freedoms in such a context is to miss the - substance of the constitutional provision altogether. Freedom of the press is not a press previlege, it is a people's privilege; it is the basic means of providing for and guaranteeing openness in government. This fact cannot be over-emphasized: Only with a free and independent press can government affairs be watched and weighed and routinely monitored by the public. It is important to recognize that "freedom of information" laws, of which Arkansas has a good, but somewhat endangered one, are an outgrowth of governmental maneuvering to avoid strict obedience to the First Amendment. Secret meetings by public bodies, along with records which are denied to public perusal, are the antithesis of a free and open society. It is the responsibility and obligation of the press to maintain the pub- lic's'right to know what its government officials are doing. There is an adversary relationship between those who seek to increase their own power in government, and the press. Therefore it is common to find governments denouncing press activities, just as it is more often the press than the attorney general which blows the whistle on governmental misdoings. The observance of Newspaper Week coincides appropriately. in Arkansas with an announcement by state Attorney General Jim Guy Tucker that he is planning to recommend changes in the state's Freedom of Information Act, to the next General Assembly. The FOI Act, originally thought to be a model statute for open government, has sprung several leaks in the last year or so. Tucker recognizes this. Most recently a Pulaski County circuit court has ruled that committees of a public body are not obligated to hold open meetings. In addition, present law appears to be less than perfectly clear on the matters of ·keeping, and the availability, of records of public affairs; and on what is a permissible justification for an executive session. There is, in the matter of law, always a problem of the letter echoing the intent. The INTENT of an FOI Act is to insure open government. Where that intent is breached, the law needs repair if the public's right to know is to be preserved. It is a matter of vital public concern; an issue to reflect on, long after National Newspaper Week is past. From The Readers' Viewpoint Old Myths ... To the Editor: As more and more is exposed about the CIA operations in Chile, to say nothing of the ITT, some quarters feel more and more challenged to defend this sort of thing. Many people on the moderate left in US internal affairs may even accept the general idea Marxist in the Latin America necessarily means Communist which in turn means militantly anti-US and justifies a certain amount of intervention to protect onr diplomatic fronts. In fact, the Communist party in Latin America is no longer the farthest left. It was a relatively moderate or center clement in Allende's coalition. Allende's regime in Chile did not imitate either USSR or Red China of control of press, other . media, education, and the arts. Qualified and non-Marxist West European experts such as Britain's Alan Angell point out that Allende did not muzzle the mass media, curtail academic freedom, or violate due process of law against suspects: but the military junta has .done all these things. Politics seems to have affected economics, too, in dealing I From Our Files; How Time Flies] 10 YEARS AGO The University of Arkansas has enrolled a record 9,773 students at all of the University's units for the fall semester. Of these, 7,912 are located on the Fayetteville campus. so VEARS AGO "Peardale" 80-acre p e a r orchard belonging to B.F. Johnson and planted 34 years a'go by Henry Ucker will produce more than 16 cars of fruit this season. Peardale is the largest pear orchard In the area. 100 YEARS AGO The new slate constitution provides that no officer shall receive a salary of more than $5,000. This is one reason why the; people should vote for it. Eighty-two pints of blood were donated by University students yesterday during the first day of a three-day bloodmobiie stay on campus. "Hiawatha's Childhood" community pageant with half a thousand children and adults and with well-known soloists and orchestra accompaniment will be given here tomorrow afternoon at- City Park. The proper way for young ladies to direct (address) their letters this fall is to run the direction from corner lo corner and scalier three one cent stamps over the tnvelope. They'll Do It Every Time exegc/seAT TftefuewHe lor- with Chile. When the bottom fell out of the copper market. West European banking sources wera willing to re-negotiate Chile's debt. It was North American credit agencies .who ruled out Allende's government as a bad risk. This lack of credit was a key factor in Chile's runaway inflation, Which helped to mak* the coup almost certain. However, the better credit offered t h e . j u n t a (for arms at least) has not immediately headed off the inflation now estimated around 600 per cent. Aid did not come from th« Red bloc in big enough quantities to Allende to make Chile the bastion many of us feared in South America. In fact, the economic ties with USSR and . satellites sem to have mostly been business deals made when economically profitable to the Red bloc. In addition, there was some token aid to keep aiivs a propaganda image of tha helpfulness of the Soviets to pat e n t La 1 allies. Apparently, ·: though, the USSR was never greatly impressed with Chile as a big investment in'opening up South America or as an example of how Marxism might triumph through democratic procedures. Certainly, Moscow did not pour in lavish aid and neither did Peking. Currently Venezuela offers an example of a "New Left" which has its 1 reflections and ramifications over all Latin America as something a well planned US policy might work with.- MAS (Movimiento al Socialismo) broke off from Venezuela's Communist Parly soon after the USSR's move against Czechoslovakia. This was a final straw to 'such leaders as Teodoro Petkoff after a long series of clashes with Moscow.'s domination and native old guard's leadership which normally expected to echo Moscow. Petkoff reminds fellow Vene- zueleans of th eleft t h a t their ewn oligarchy is the main adversary and target. Along with this he points out the concrete needs still to be served by the USA as a customer and (with some light conditions) investor. Implications from Petkoff and the MAS are that their brand of socialism would lake up some Ihe slack thai recent Veneuzelean governments have expected to fill with oil prices end the 80-20 split in royalties to Venezuelan advantage: The MAS would have Venezuela's own richer dosses footing more of the bill for social welfare and considerably more than the estimated three per cent would pay substantial income taxes. The MAS also proposes to cut out "boondogglin" in land reforms, public housing and welfare programs in general. The mathematics of it all could leave North Americans with no less ctit than does the economic : nationalism under so called Venezuelan free enterprise. Elements of somelhing similar were obvious in the plans of several groups who made up the Allende coalition. However, the crisis situation, which the US helped along, never allowed for the full-blown policy to emerge. The type of thinking Is widely spread among left and so-called socialist groups of Latin America now. Probably the speeches and writings of Petkoff are the best and clearest formulations to date, Leland R. White, Ph. D. (Asssilanl Professor, of History Arkansas Slat* University) Jonesboro . By JACK ANDERSON ·'; WASHINGTON -- As an advertising symbol Phillip Morris, the cigarette makers, once used a bellhop who shouted from coast to coast: "Call for Phillip Morris." Now the tobacco industry, when it needs a favor in the Senate, raises the familiar cry: "Call for Martow Cook." The senator from Kentucky, \vhose stale is almost as famous for its tobacco leaf as its blue grass, might be expected lo support the tobacco interests, lung cancer ^notwithstanding. But Cook is positively lyrical about the ripe Kentucky leaf. And the tobacco crowd feels the same way about him. The Tobacco Institute's top lobbyist in Washington, Frank Dryden, calls Cook "the best senalor Ihe tobacco slate ever had." Cook . even transferred from the Senate's Agriculture Committee to the Commerce Committee so he could battle more effectively against tobacco controls and labeling. Once, the senator flew across the country in an attempt to Save the small cigar manufacturers the embarrassment of h a v i n g their commercials forced off television by an act of Congress. "" So close is Cook to the Tobacco Institute lhat a secretary he placed on the Senate Rules Committee, Gretchen Doss, gathered documents and reports that were of interest to the tobacco industry. She mailed these to Dryden, at the The Washington Merry-Go-Round taxpayers' expense, in Cook's franked envelopes. For this service, Dryden slipped her $25 a month on the side. Both Cook and Dryden claim the senator was unaware of her extracurricular efforts for the Tobacco Institute, but Doss suit! she cleared the arrangement in advance with the senator. The tobacco people have shown their appreciation for Senalor Cook in many little ways. Phillip Morris occasionally makes its corporate plane available to him. Sources close to Cook say that Dryden keeps the senalor well supplied wilh liquor, cigars and football tickets. Cook also collects a fat annual honorarium for participating in the tobacco convention. He likes lo hunt, loo, on an island preserve which is made available to him by Ihe tobacco men. In short, the relationship between the senalor and the lobacco industry has developed inlo a love affair. Footnote: Both Cook and Dryden assured my associate Jack Cloherly that the favors the senator accepts are not as flagrant as our invesligation indicates. Dryden said he provides . no more than an occasional box of cigarettes lo the senator, who said he had so little use for them that they get stale. He admitted, however, lhat he uses the free football tickets to lake his son to Washington Redskins games. WASHINGTON WHIRL': The U.S. Information Agency, which i s supposed to promole America, has had foreigners produce 35 TV shows in the last few years at n cost of $109,000....Federal Renegotiation B o a r d Chairman William Wliilehead has not been able. to negotiate himself a continuation in his job past the end of the year. Whitehead is supposed lo be the watchdog over defense contract profiteering, but morale has fallen so lovy lhat a search is now queitly going on for a successor.... At least one Walergale figure won't be asking President Ford for a pardon. He is Frank Sturgis, a member of the Walergale break-in crew who lold us: "Only a guilty person asks a pardon." His Miami attorney Ellis Rubin agreed with Sturgis lhal the pardoning of former President Nixon was "Ihe wrong thing morally.".... President Ford's new staff chief, Donald Rumsfeld, appointed John "Fat Jack" Buckley in I9fi9 to be his in.sneclion chief at the Office of Economic Opportunity. Buckley, while in the job, served as a Watergate- era spy on the 1972 Ed Muskie campaign.... "Last Year You Said You Were Going To Cut Down" A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought KISSINGER AND THE C.I.A. Tad Szulc, "How Kissinger Runs Our 'Other Government,' New York, Sept. 30, 1974, pp. 59-66. "A shadowy group of five p o w e r f u l officials silently directing America's clandestine foreign policy from the . basement...in the White House...-the so-called "40 Committee" of the National Security Council- is the nearest thing we have in this country to a secret supergovernment body. Headed by Henry A. Kissinger, -this committee is not always accountable even to the president." "The most recent known large-scale operation conducted by the 40 Committee was the assignment given the Central Intelligence Agency, at the cost of S8 million, to help orchestrate, from inside, the fall a year ago of the regime of Salvador Allende Gossens, w h i l e other branches of the United States government applied a v a r i e t y o f simultaneous pressures from the outside." "Action against Allende...was one of Kissinger's high-priority projects...To Kissinger, it appears, Chile was a 'laboratory' lest case to determine whether a regime he opposed could he "destahllshed" or dislodged without Ihe use of military force that the United Slates had chosen lo apply elsewhere In the past. Specifically, Chile was a lest of whether a democratically elected leftist regime, as was Allende's. could be toppled through the creation of internal chaos by outside forces. NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION Adlai E. Stevenson III, "Nuclear Reactors: America Must Act." Foreign Affairs, October 1974, pp. 64-76. "The nuclear club, which reccnlly counted only the United Stales, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, France and China among its members, is already losing its exclusivity, The recent Indian explosion, despite its 'peaceful' label, has set its doors ajar." "As Nuclear power spreads, t h e danger that n u c l e a r weapons too will spread and come into new hands has grown and intensified as well. The risks of accident and theft-already significant within the United Sales--will inevitably be heightened. While accidents do not usually have international eonsequencen . . . theft or diversion inlo private hands is both a national and an international problem." "Determined terrorist groups or criminal elements with access to nuclear maerials would have unlimited capacity f o r blackmail. Primitive delivery systems would suffice. Under certain circumstances, Plutonium could be used as a poison, as well as for nuclear explosives. Against the risk of p r i v a t e diversion, existing control systems in the major n u c l e a r ' nations..are not adequate." P O L I C Y A N D PERS O N A L I T I E S , Thomas L. Hughes. "Foreign Policy: Men or Measures?" The Atlantic, October 1974, pp..48-60. "When the ex-president flew off lo California, the over- personalized presidency went wilh him. And just in time. For the growing personalization of foreign policy had, by then, become a disservice to rational policy-making. Summitry was becoming guilty by association wilh Richard Nixon, just as wiretapping was becoming acceptable by association with H e n r y Kissinger. Issues deserving of close inspection and full debate had been obfuscated by pcrsonalism. An honest analysis of measures was deflected by an excessive attention to men." "Even so grave a matter as d e t e n t e had become a prominent case in point...Once their mutual pride and joy, detente had become divisive, President N i x o n leaving it more and more as a slogan without substance as he retrenched lo bolster his conservative sup- port, the Secretary suddenly sounding...like a confirmed arms-controller. His midsummer idea of holding a genuine national debate on detente in Ihe midst of the existing impeachment deoale passed comprehension. But Ihe summer's cumulative sensations hart thrown into hold relief the many-sided dilemma of personalism and foreign policy and (he distortions that come wilh it. However much we tried to look at the issues, Ihe men got in the way." Former Democratic chairman Larry O'Brien, in his rollicking first literary hurrah, "No Final Victories," predicts a DemocM- tic horse race in 1976 among old-timers such as Senators H e n r y Jackson, D.-Wash., Hubert. Humphrey, D.-Minn., add Ed Muskic, D.-Me., and younger men like Senators Waiter Mondale, D.-Minn., Lloyd Bcnlsen, D.-Tex., and Gov. John Gilligan of Ohio....As Watergate's first and foremost victim, O'Brien follows the case most obsessively. For the firsb three months after the break-in, he marveled at the press's "disinterest. The major exceptions to this were the Washington Post's Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein and columnist Jack Anderson."... There has been all sorts of talk about Walergale reforms, but perhaps Ibis is Ihe most basic. A nole to the Watergate maintenance office, dated September 15, 1972. reads: "We would like to thank you for the quick service you provided for us this afternoon in getting a lock for our door. We're feeling much more secure."... The college fraternity Kappa Sigma has listed its most -prominent newsmakers in 1974. included were Sen. John Tower, R.-Tex., Washington Post cartoonist Hei'block and actor Robert Redford. But conspicuously missing was Kappa Sig's most prominent 1974 newsmaker of all, convicted ex- presidential aide Jdhn Ehrlichman.... Indiana promoter Walter Dilbeck's publicized land venture with deposed Vice President Spiro Agnew is not his first financial adventure with an un. successful politician. Dilbcck backed Senator Vance Harlke's presidential drive in the 1972 New Hampshire primary to tha tune of $160,000... We recently reported scandals at (he A r m y recruiting district in Charlotte, N.C. We have now learned that the district's commander, Lt. Col John Milani, was investigated but, according to an Army spokesman, there was "insufficient evidence" for a court martial. The spokesman said Milani was being reassigned. Milani has - consistently denied any wrongdoing. --United Feature Syndicate A R G E N T I N A AFTER PERON. Agoslino Bono. "Ms. Pcron." Commonweal, Sept .27, 1974, pp. 522-523. "Pcron has left a political vacuum characterized by chaos rather than forceful leadership. The fragile alliance between the Peronist right and left, based only on personal allegiance to Peron, has disappeared. The r i g h t , ade' i d nrsyPb r i g h t , aided b y Peron's favoritism, controls the key govcnrment posls. Leflisis have broken away from the official Peronist party and labor organizations. In the name of Irue Peronism m a n y have resumed Ihe guerilla war they abandoned upon Peron's return. This has added to the violence plaguing Argentina life in the '70s." "While Peron was alive many Argentines hoped that his political stature and sagacity would enable him to pull enough tricks out of his grab bag to solve the situation. In contrast, violence increased as Pcron proved to be loo old and weak. His aim was a four-year 'emergency government' which would have put a system in motion based upon his vague p r i n c i p l e s o f nationalism, socialism and justice. Even if his reign had lasted longer, Peron could not have achieved this end. The Peronist movement was allegiance to Peron, the man. It was not uased upon a common definition of principles." W/icrf Others Say In tha- unlikely event Rep. Wilbur Mills comes out on tha short end o[ the votes November 5, one of the people he can "thank 11 is his ole buddy, Guy 'Mutt' Jones of Comvay. Like many politicians before him, Mills must be getting the message that with friends like Jones, he hardly needs any enemies. Last Wednesday, Mrs. Judy Petty, Mills' Republican opponent, revealed t h a t she had been barred from riding in the Faulkner County Fair Parade by its long-time parade mar. snal. Guy Jones, because she is not an elected official or a previous officeholder. Mills, of course, was eligible to ride under these rules. All of which handed Mrs. Petty more ammunition in her attack a'giiinst Mills and me cronyism she says has perpetuated him in office for the past 36 years. Not to be outdone by Jones' refusal lo let. her ride, Mrs. Petty astutely took advantage of the insult and walked the parade route, shaking hands and smiling to one and .all, thus probably gaining more attention than if she had been mounted on a white horse like Lady Godiva. To his credit, Mills tried to make the best of a bad situation by leaving his car during the parade and personally asking Mrs. Petty to join him. She politely declined. Mrs. Pcily knows a good thing when she sees it, and the sight of the veteran congressman riding while she walked was one she wanted to impress on everyone. And impress them she did. Even though Jones pointed out that the fair's rules have long prohibited candidates from riding in the parade, whila extending that honor to incumbents, it was still a low blow, Such trivialities explain as well as anything thai is wrong with politics in our country. Such deification of elected officials tells us everything we ever need to know about why they think they are indispensable and why their egos reach such towering heights. This is not the first time Mills has been done in by his friends." He would not now be facing any serious opposition if it were not for the $700.000 a c c e p t e d a s contributions during his ill-fated presidential campaign conducted two years ago. Many of these contributions were illegal and even more were highly questionable. Mills, who 'has returned some of the money, has said these contributions were accented without his knowledge. We would hope so, just as we hope he would control his own public appearances and stop listening to M u t t Jones, the convicted tax-dodger, ousted slate senator, suspended lawyer" and cavalier parade marshal. There comes a time in the life of even the best politician when his "friends" are a luxury he can no longer afford. --Arkansas Democrat

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