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Editorial-Opinion Page The PubUe Interest Is The First Concern Oj Thit Newspaper 4A Â· SUNDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1974 'Fringe Benefits' Accrue To Senator The Need For More Lawyers Interest in a second university law school, in Little Rock, remains keen. Dr. Charles E. Bishop, new president of the University, announced recently that a suppli- mental request of the state Board of Higher Education for $300,000 for expansion of the Law School complex, here, is in the works. In addition, a study is being made, to be completed by the end of the year, on whether to establish a second day law school in the capital city. Approximately half of those residents of the state seeking to enroll in the UA Law School are presently being accepted, and the demand for admittance is expected to remain high for the foreseeable future. There are good reasons, in terms of demand, therefore, to consider expansion of facilities. We would suggest, though, that other departments on the University campus are also in cramped quarters and in need ot more room, more teachers and additional facilities. Recent accreditation reviews make this clear enough. There are many demands on the state's educational dollar. There is a' burden, in the case of the law school question, it seems to us, on the state's legal profession to get out farther in front on matters of public concern and welfare in order to justify the state's "need" for more legal educational expenditures. Art Buchwald A second law school could be a considerable bargain for the state if. it produced the sort of high moral and ethical leadership in politics, civil rights and public welfare that the state stands in need of. We recognize that blanket accusations are in no way fair to the overwhelming majority of decent, honest lawyers in Arkansas. The fact, though, is that there are public needs that the legal profession can do a better job ot helping with than it does, at a time when the profession's image needs considerable shining due to the tarnish of "Watergate ethics.' 1 The long line of Wafergaters with legal degrees who have come before the bar of justice in recent weeks and months cannot be too lightly overlooked. It raises a question of quality more than of quantity, it seems to us. We would rather know that fewer students, with keener senses of moral responsibility to their fellow man, to the law, and to the Constitution, are graduating, than that everyone who wants can take a shot at a degree. The suspicion is difficult to allay that our law schools emphasize law out of balance with the lawyer's responsibilities to other things: In the end, education must justify itself if it is to continue to enjoy pub- lie confidence and support. There's more involved than a squeaky wheel. A Citizen's War On Inflation By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- In his closing speech last week to the economic summit, President Ford told Americans to ". . .make up a list of 10 w a y s you can save energy and fight inflation. Little things that have become habits, but that don't really affect your health and happiness . . . .Exchange your family's list with your neighbors -- and send me a copy." Dear Mr. President, Enclosed please find my list of ways we could save energy and fight inflation. As soon as I made it. I went over to see my neighbor, Schlutnberger, and asked him for his 1 i s t. Schlumberger hadn't made up his yet, which didn't surprise me. It takes him three weeks to cut his lawn and he still Â· hasn't returned the lawn chairs he borrowed in June. "Schlumberger," I said, "the President has asked us how we can save energy and fight infla- tion. My wife and I notice you always leave the light on in your bathroom: Now it's obvious to us that there isn't somebody in the bathroom all the time. Why couldn't you turn the light out when no one is there?" Instead of Schumberger accepting this in the spirit in which it was given, he said something like "We'll keep our (and then he said a terrible word) bathroom lights on all night long if we want to." ..I THEN WENT to item No. 2. "I notice you always seem to drive to work alone. Is there any reason you can't car pool it?" ; Well, Mr. President, I : want you to know Schlumberger started screaming and yelling and telling me to mind my own (and then there was that word again) business. I couldn't believe someone would be so selfish during a crisis of this proportion. From The Bookshelf The leap from the practical problems of full employment to solutions which would seriously deal with the restoration of community life is not as great as it might seem. The reality of community powerlessness in the face of special-interest groups is widely recognized by blue-collar workers. And soma experiments with integrated "new cities" like Columbia, Maryland, have already occurred. The race issue clearly looms large in this area and constitutes a serious roadblock, but the need for decent working-class housing for black and white offers genuine opportunities for change. The overt desire for segregation will not suddenly disappear but it is quite possible that it will be far less of a problem when new (or more likely redeveloped) racially integrated communities offer safe streets and better housing, along with improved transportation and social services, instead of the prospect today's cities offer to their residents. --Andrew Levison, Tke Working-Class Majority (1974) They'll Do It, Every Time SCARF-I 1 THAT'S HOT ENOUGH , TO SPENG ON A WEU., DON'T FORGET irs COMING cur OF VOUR .AUOW AMCE.' ' SHHAS TOW/" KKIf- I was tempted not to bring up item No. 3, but I decided the interests of the country came first so I said, "It' appears the fuel truck comes around to your house every two months. The oil man told my wife you keep your thermostat at 74 degrees. Why couldn't you close olf a few rooms in the winter and turn the dial down to 67 degrees?" I want to tell you, Mr. President, yon would have thought I asked Schlumberger to go streaking down Pennsylvania Avenue at high noon. He said he would keep the (put the word here) thermostat at any (the word again) temperature he (word) pleased. And then he said a strange thing. He said why didn't I worry about my own (word) thermostat? I had a good mind to Just walk out but T still had a few more things on my list. "Sch- lumberger," I said, "that gaslight you have in front of your house--it seems to me it's just a habit with you. Does it really do anything to affect your health or happiness?" ..I GUESS I touched a sore nerve because Schlumberger asked me to get out of his (I wish he had a larger vocabulary) house. I know it comes as a shock to you, Mr. President, that there are such thin-skinned people in this country. I went to the next item on my l i s t which was w h a t Schlum- berger was doing about inflation. I said. "My wife and I went through your garbage last night and we were shocked to see how much good food your family wastes and . - . . . " Mr. President, I know you're not going to believe this, but Schlumberger grabbed me by the back of my coat and pants and pushed me right out the front steps. I almost broke my arm. Anyway, here's the list you asked for. Maybe you can do more with Schlumberger than I can. As you can see from my account, he's not much for jawboning. He's really a first- class (use any word you want). Sincerely. Art Buchwald (CO) 1974, Los Angeles Times Billy Graham This Is My Answer You tav* often mentioned teeking the help of a marriage counselor when there ar serious problems in ihe home My difficulty is that I'm willing, yes, anxious to go, but my husband isn't. How do I get him to go? R.G.T. One approach would be for the counselor to contact the reluctant mate, perhaps to phone or write him, and invite him to come for an interview. If neither of these works, the counselor might try to help the counselee mate to evaluate what is wrong, and to consider whether the trouble can be accepted or changed. /Mi of this may take several sessions, so you should be prepared for a lengthy procedure. It may be that the marriaga must be thrown inio A crisis slate -- such as a suit for ' divorce or separation before the mate will seek help. Every option will have to be faced as you press for reconciliation. If no source of outside help Is available, just remember as a Christian, that we can claim the promise of God in Exodui 18:19, "I will give thee counsel." By JACK ANDKRSON WASHINGTON - The double Mandard in Washington is nowhere more apparent thjn in the altitude toward gifts. The much-maligned Washington bureaucrat may not even permit himself to be taken to the cafeteria by anyone with a problem Before his agency. B u t ' t h e wining nnd dining of Members of Congress by favor seekers is a major industry in Washington. Most senators carefully reject any large charity and confine their contraband from private interest to football tickets, toiletries, liquor, cigars and the like. But Kentucky's silver-haired Senator Marlow Cook, if his memoirs should ever be put to music, could entitle them: ."How to Succeed in the Senate W i t h o u t Really Trying." For he has accepted, gratis, everything from automobiles to apartments. Indeed, he arrived in the Senate nearly six years ago in a free Buick provided by a Louisville dealer named Jim Cooke. Sources with access to the records claim the generous dealer loaned Senator Cook a couple Buicks a year until early 1971. Thereafter, the Senator got his Buicks from an Arlington, Va., dealer named Larry Peacock. The Senator was . loathe to discuss his transportation arrangements. He admitted only that he had borrowed a Buick "for a couple months" from Cooke and had bought a Buick from Peacock. The Washington Merry-Go-Round As the senator from Kentucky, Cook fell he should have ii voting address in the Blue Gniss State. At tirsl. he used the Buick dealer's home ad- ' dress. Then he set himself up, for about one dollar a month, in Louisville's plushest penthouse atop the fashionable "800" apartment building. The apartment belonged to Jamers E. Harriett, who was away promoting wrestling matches in Australia. In return for the use of the apartment, the senator told us, he served as an overseer of the furniture and art in Barnett's apartment. He also paid the veleclric bills, telephone bills and maid service out of his own pocket, be said. Our sources, however, say Cook only paid for parking and maid service. Now Cook has moved into an apartment in his own name in the same building. During the 1972 Republican convention, lie wangled a rent- free apartment in Miami Beach. He insisted to us at first that he had rented rooms in the hotel where the Kentucky delegation was billeted. But when my associate Jack Cloherty confronted him with the address of his Miami B e a c h digs, the senator acknowledged that he bad stayed there 'a couple nights." During his first few years in the Senate, he also collected a monthly retainer from National Industries, a Louisville j hasod conglomerate. The regular payments finally ended with a grand, lump sum of R500. . The Senator explained he waÂ« paid by National Industries for "legal work," although he acknowledged that the money went into his personal batik account and not his law firm's account. The $2,500 payment, ho said, was an "honorarium." He still does "spot work" for National Industries and accepts pay for it, he added. But he insisted that his payments from the conglomerate do not influence his Senate conduct. The Senator also doesn't like to pay for his own plane travel if lie can avoid it. He has t a k e n frequent free flights in the corporate planes of Ashland Oil, Philip-Morris Company and National Induslires. For Marlow C o o k , (lie Senate's code of ethics hasn't deterred him from improving his life - style at t h e expense of others. The political compro- niises, so essential to lawmaking, tend to make personal compromises, s e e m permissible. In the convivial and confidential atmosphere of the Senate whose members are fond of calling it the world's most exclusive club, there are two few restraints. Footnote: Cook told us he sel- ''How Come We're Always Up In The Front Lines?" ' . ?fe*'7r ^TT^'^ris,.--,--^. ^~^Z- State Of Affairs You Can Bet, Public Is Public-Spirited By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON - The trouble with the United States is not the reluctance or refusal of its citizens to make sacrifices in the national interest but the fear of politicians to call on them to do so. Hence, it is encouraging to hear President Ford say that "the American people have repeatedly demonstrated their ability to submerge personal and group interests to the general welfare." He also said that "when they know the chips are really down, they will do it again." It can only be hoped that this means Mr. Ford is about to summon the citizens to do their part in the fight against inflation and the drastic oil squeeze that is causing so much of it. It should be remembered, however, that other Presidents have also said they were confident of the people's capacity to put the national interest first, but in practice they shrank from putting the public to the lest. Former President Lyndon Johnson ignited inflation by financing the Vietnamese war through large deficits instead of pay-as-you-fight t a x e s . He ducked raising the rates for fear higher levies would make him and his war still more unpopular. Richard Nixon came to power on a pledge to balance the budget but he, too, shied away from putting that responsibility on the taxpayers, so the end result was even greater deficits arid greater inflation. Just before Nixon's resignation, his chief economic adviser had the effrontery to blame inflation on the people because they did not, in effect, march on the White House and demand to be t,)xed more. IN HIS INAUGURAL address, the late Presient John F. Kennedy said to fervent applause, "Ask not what your country can do for you. but what you can do for your country." Altho' ^h it aroused a patriotic response, It turned out to be mostly rhe- toric. All Kennedy really had in mind was a tax reduction for everybody, which was welcome but hardly an example to Spartan public sacrifice. It would be refreshing if President Ford not only praised the people but treated them like grown-ups and assigned them a specific role in helping to relieve the present econoT^i: crisis. Nixon like to say that the public had "to be treated like children," which is the policy he pursued as soon as the oil embargo was relaxed eailier this year. All the brave talk of energy conservation quickly faded, and Project Independence, which was to make the United States self-sufficient in energy, ended up on the back burner where it still is. The people were soothingly . told everything would be all right, although as can now he seen the United States is still in the grip of a worsening financial squeeze, relentlessly applied by the international oil cartel, which could drain us of hundreds of billions of dollars in a few years if the hemorrhage is not stanched. The only hope of early relief lies in clamping a national ceiling on oil imports as trance has just done. That would substantially reduce the outflow of American dollars. Also, if the other major oil-consuming nations followed suit, inc Organization of Petrolmim- Jycportmg Countries (OPEC) would soon be drowning in oil, for even now oil is in such surplus that several OPEC nations have cut production in an effort to sustain the present inflated prices. How long could prices be kept up in the face of a much bigger surplus? THE PROBLEM for the politicians is that the burden of reduced imports would chiefly fall on America's motorists, so most of the population would be subjected to a degree of inconvenience and, in some cases, pe.haps a little hardship. Nobody would like it. but most d r i e r s would accept it with grace if the President made the right appeal. The Administration has been toying with the possibility of curtailing driving by imposing a federal gasoline tax of 10 cents or more per gallon, but since that would unfairly penalize the working population and generate more inflation there is little chance that Congress would approve it. The alternative is national rationing of gasoline, for which neither Mr. B'ord nor Nixon before him has shown any enthusiasm. Moreover, that would be only the first step, for effective gas conservation would require, among other things, government action, including possibly special excise taxes to insure the manufacture and purchase of more small cars which consume only a fraction of the fuel required by larger models. And since few stales' are now enforcing the 55-mile-per-hoiir speed limit, the President may have to move for a federal limit on speed. . Treasury Secretary William Simon has said that the American people "cannot continue to live their wastrel ways. Americans, he said, "waste 3D to 40 per cent of their energy, sources, and have to go Ihrough a permanent change in lifestyle." Now that Simon is Mr. Ford's new economic czar, can he persuade the President to suit those words to action? If so, the people will survive, and so will the country. ; (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times Bible Verse "Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them." Hebrews 7:25 dom makes more than $10,009 a year from his law practice. After his election to the Senate, he WHS also named a director of the Bank ot Louisville. Tha chairman, Sam Kline, happens to be the father-in-law of Na-. t i o n a l Itidustires' head honcho, SUmlcy Yarmnlh. Incidentally, Yarmuth's son John is on the public payroll as Cook's legislative aide. Stanley Yarmulh did not return our calls. Jim Cooke and Larry Peacock both refused to comment. . . W A T C H ON WASTEt Government bureaucrats are constantly lookiing for excuses to get away from Washington and visit faraway places at tha taxpayers expense. Two Census Bureau technicians, for example, took off last month on a jaunt to Germany or an 11-day "International Symposium on Economics of Informatics," where they will exchange information on counting people. The price tag for this trip is $2,100, excluding the conference fees. Yet it could have been much more. Originally two of their superiors, Edward Failor and his aide Skip Watts, who are more skilled at Republican politicking than census taking, had planned to go along. But after we questioned Failor's aide about the cost and purposes of the trip, both he and Faijor canceled out. "We havÂ« decided not to accompany tha two experts after all," they notified us. --United Feature Syndicate Shorter Leash For CIA? WASHINGTON (ERR) - Tht past two years have not been kind to the American inlelli. gence community in general, and especially not to the Central Intelligence Agency. Tainted by Watergate, the CIA is now taking it on the chin for having spent $8 million to "destabilize" the Marxist regime of Chile's late president, Salvador Allendc. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee immediately launched an investigation into the matter. In addition, Sens. Howard H. Baker (R Tenn.) and Lowell P. Weicker (R Conn.) have introduced legislation to establish a 14-member congressional oversight committee for all federal agencies with intelligence funcr tions. These include not only the CIA but also the FBI, Secret Service, Defense Intelligence Agency and National Security Agency. The idea of an intelligence oversight committee Is hardly a new one. In an extensive survey of the intelligence community in 1966, a team of New York Times reporters found that the "overwhelming consen- KUS" of those interviewed was that Congress should n o t attempt to "control" the CIA hrough a special committee. It was felt such a panel "might become a new intelligence empire on Capitol Hill that could exert a direct policy influence on the CIA separate from and challenging the President's po^ licy decisions." -. IF THE CIA did nothing but gather and evaluate intelligence, it Would have few cri- lice. But the agency also engages in covert political operations abroad, and these occasionally have brought it into disrepute. The disastrous invasion of Cuba 1 at the Bay ot Pigs in 1961 is perhaps the classic example of a bungled CIA adventure. Front time to time the agency's in-' telligence-gathering activities also cause embarrassment, as when the U-2 spy plan piloted by Francis Gary Powers was shot down over the Soviet Union shot down over the Soviet Union in 1860. President Ford and Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger bath defended the CIA's covert activities in Chile as in the best interests ot that country as well as of the United States. Others are not so certain. "Special operations pose dangers not only to the nations against which they are directed, but to ourselves," wrote David Wise and Thomas B. Ross in The Invisible Government a book about the U.S. intelligence community. "They raise tha question of how far a free society, in attempting to preserva itself, can emulate a closed society without becoming indistinguishable from it." THE CIA's involvement in Watergate, tangential and reluctant though it was, has raised questions about the nature of the agency's activities within the United States. Victor Mar- chelti and John D. Marks, authors of a recent nook about the CIA, believe that Americans are justified in feeling apprehensive. "Nurtured in the adversary setting of the Cold War." they wrote, "shielded by secrecy, and spurred on by patriotism that views dissent as a threat' to the national security, lhÂ» clandestine operatives of tha CIA have the capability, the re-: sources, the experience--and the inclination--to ply their skills increasingly on the domestic scene." The CIA's capacity to defend itself against such attacks is limited by its overriding n e e d , to operate in secret. To provide a detailed rebuttal might expose ' sensitive matters of national security. Still, the move for greater congressional oversight of the CIA is gathering force a n d " may become law.