Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on October 5, 1974 · Page 4
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October 5, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Saturday, October 5, 1974
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Ctmesi Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 · SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1974 l ln The Wake Of The Hearings Two or three things apparently are -hanging in the wake of recent public hearings on the proposed construction of a coal- ifired 530-megawatt power plant on Little iFlint Creek in Benton County. The hearing ;was conducted last month and, following a ·15-day period for the filing of additional ·briefs, the PSC has 60 days to render its de- [cision. The hearings covered a great deal ot technical material on such matters as water flow, seepage, wind currents and conditions, pollution and water stratifications. The ad;vantages vs. the disadvantages of flue gas ^scrubbers, which are used to remove impuri- ·ties from smoke exhaust from the burning of .plant fuel (coal), got a thorough re-examin- 'ation, too. For the Public Service Commission a lot of the ground covered was familiar, due to its recent hearings on a proposed coal-' 'fired power plant in central Arkansas. This accounts in some measure for the relative speed with which some highly complex considerations were disposed of. In addition, applicants for the construction permit were unreceptive to intervenors' efforts to draw them out in extrapolations on rendered evidence. Indeed, the hearings had a tautness, according to some local observers, unusual In in such affairs. Even the press, on occasion, noted the "adversary" nature of some of the cross-examinations of witnesses. In the windup, applicants and interven- ors appear to have established two points. There is a predictable need for more power Jn Northwest Arkansas; and, there is some danger of air and water pollution inherent in the generation of power from coal. What the PSC must decide is how effectively the Little Flint Creek proposal will satisfy environmental considerations. Meanwhile, some problems outside ths PSC's immediate purview are dangling in the aftermath of the hearings. These could have as much bearing on the ultimate fate' of the Little Flint Creek plant as the PSC deliberations. There is the problem that the propds- ed plant will not meet the state's 30-minute standard for maximum sulphur dioxide concentrations in the air. There is the problem of whether or not the state's water quality standards apply to "private lakes," and if they do whether" or not the state water quality standards for both temperature and trace metals can be met. There is the problem of pre-empting the entire flo-w of Little Flint Creek in dry periods, depriving landowners below the dam of normal amounts of water. And there could be a problem in relation to water quality and scenic river status of the Illinois River, should that river gain congressional scenic river study status. PSC chairman Pat Moran said after the hearing that he believes the question of ' whether the state water-quality regulations should be applied to private lakes was not of concern to his commission. He said Act 164 of 1973 gives the PSC broad powers in de- · termining whether a new proposed power plant will be environmentally compatible, and does not restrict the PSC to deciding whether the plant will comply with state air and water pollution control standards. Meanwhile, also, there are indications that the applicants may challenge the state's water standards statute, in regard to private lakes, and may have the help of some legislators in a re-writing of the state's air quality standards. One attorney for the power people has hinted he may also attack, through the courts, the 30-minute standard, as being "unreasonable." It looks, therefore, as though an operational permit for the Little Flint Creek' power plant is farther off than .lust around the corner. When proponents discuss lawsuits, which are usually the tool of the in- tervenors, then delays seem almost inevitable. From The Readers Viewpoint Stolen To the Editor: I'm not sure, lhat you can help -- but I don't know who. else lo write. I have a son Bobby, attending the University of Arkansas. He has been back in the USA ahout 30 days. He was drafted about two years ago and after his basic training he was sent to Germany for Two years. He saved for two years to buy a good set of golf clubs overseas. He bought a full set of Ping clubs, woods and irons, and a golf bag and shoes in Germany. Last Wednesday they were taken or stolen from his car. Al first he Ihought someone was doing it as a "joke." But by Thursday he still could not locate them. He reported the loss to the police. There were .two sets of clubs and bags in the car, but only his were laken. There are not many Ping "clubs around--at least not full -sets. I'm hoping that if people around Fayetteville know that these clubs have been stolen it will make it easier for my son to locale Ihem. I think it is a shame that a young man who served his country, and saved his money while in the service, has his golf clubs stolen 30 days after gelling back to the United States. I hope you can use this information. Mrs. B. J. Walker Mt. Prospect, 111. :.(1703 Burning Bush; 60056) Galley Case To the Editor: So convicted mass murderer Lt. Calley may go free because of 'defects' in those drawn-out legal proceedings of that controversial conviction! The 'Defects' are there alright; these seem to characterize a great many of Nixonian legal proceedings of lawnorder; eg, the Pentagon Papers mess, the Ellsborg psychiatrist burglary, the Wounded Knee conspiracy, the St. Petersburg Vietvets, and other too numerous to list. Bungling, framing, spying, illegal and unethical proceedings, incompetence, and other l i k e evils have characterized Federal legal actions of the Nixon- Mitchell-Kleindienst era. Fortunately, most--or at least- many, have backfired or collapsed, and relative justice h a s been done, although at enormous expense and anguish for the victims. But now surely fairness and justice are abused and violated in new extremes in the Calley case. To be sure Calley is made a goat and the victim of circumstances, having only done .more than most others, but being caught . . . o t h e r s equally guilty or more so go scot-free--many of them high officers who trained and led the Galleys, have been exonerated or given slaps on the wrist. But these no more lessen the guilt of Calley than the sins of other presidents alleviate the grosser guilt of Nixon for Watergate. The simple, factual, indisputably proven evidence of mass murder by Lt. Calley, and the life blood of his victims of all ages and sexes, cry out for justice in the renewed spotlight of nation and world. Legal quibbling and delay only exacerbate the guilt of the nation and the further rape of American justice. Let the tormented US Army appeal this latest judgment and thereby salvage at least s o m e minor fragment of stained honor, and take it to the Supreme Court if need be. Then if Ford the Pardoner sets Calley free (as his deposed mentor-predecessor . benefactor virtually' promised to do), let the matter be on the Ford conscience. NOT on yours and mine as citizens in this civilized society. Reuben R. Thomas Fayelteville Economics Made Easy By Sharing By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- I listened to the economic summit tor two days and it was a great ispira- tion to see so many learned men from all walks of lite tell us why the country is in such a mess. Although there was some disagreement, this is what we now know for sure. The Republicans are responsible for inflation because of their tight money policies, high interest rates and giving in to big business at every turn. The Democrats are respon- sibe for inflation because of their large welfare programs, reckless government spending and catering to the interests of labor. In order to cure the upward spiral of prices, we have to make more money available for business investment. We must make bank loans more difficult for business investment. Arthur Burns of the Federal Reserve Board is responsible for the recession we are in. George Meany is responsible for the recession we're in. There is no recession. '..WE CANNOT solve our economic problems until we bring down the cost of fuel, particularly oil and natural gas. The only way we can get more fuel is lo raise the price of oil and gas to encourage the oil companies. Congress is responsible for the crisis because of the large amounts of money it has voted for unneeded government programs. Congress has to vote new funds to keep the country from going into a depression. Unless we have a tax cut, the economy will never recover from the doldrums it is in. The only way to lick inflation is to raise taxes and keep the dollar from being devalued. The Arabs are responsible for all our troubles. There is no inflation. Our main problem is stagflation. We must stop selling agricultural products abroad so we can bring down the price of food at home. We must increase our ' food exports so we can have more favorable balance of payments. Labor has to show more responsibility when asking for wage increases. LABOR IS being penalized for the mistakes of management. We must have wage and price controls to ward off disaster. Introducton of wage and parice controls would be a disaster. The people who are suffering the most from inflation are the poor, the sick and the old. The people who are suffering the most from inflation are the brokers. We cannot lick inflaton overnight. ' Infaltion must be licked overnight. Summit conferences are the best way to resolve differences in economic philosophies. Calling back Nixon's economists to tell us how we can win the battle against inflation is like asking the Italian general staff to tell us how to win World War II. (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times "He Is The Very Model Of A Modern NATO General" Museums Find Ways To Make It By DAVID BOORSTIN (Editorial Research Reports) WASHINGTON -- On October fourth, one more major American museum opens to the public. A vast collection of modern sculpture and painting--one man's gift to the nation--will go on display at the new Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden here. On Oct. 2 a new museum devoted exclusively to photography, the International Center of Photography, will open at Audubon House in New York. The Museum of Cartoon Art In Greenwich, Conn., the Wine Museum of San Francisco and the Essex, Vt., Community Museum recently opened their doors, while plans have been announced for a Brooklyn Bridge Museum and a library- museum complex in Ashland, Ala., to memorialize the late Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black. America is experiencing a museum explosion without parallel: a new museum opens somewhere in the country every three days, adding to the 5,000 in existence. This is also a time of crisis for museums, which are victims not only of the financial difficulties common to all cultural institutions, but of special problems arising from their own spectacular popularity. Americans paid 100 million visits to museums in 1953, 200 million in 1962, and 560 million in 1967. The figure now stands at over 700 million annually, according to the American Association of Museums. Increased leisure time, higher standards of education among young people, and imaginative new exhibition techniques are the main reasons. YET IN THE FACE of growing demand, more than one- third of the institutions have been forced to reduce their facilities, services,' or staff. Back in 1939 a major study noted: "Museum income is never adequate." Now, against a background of inflation, in the U,S. economy, museums must deal with the additional ex- penses generated by increased attendance. Probably the most important for the boom in attendance is the new approach to exhibits. The proliferation of trade fairs and world expositions, Marshall McLuhan's message that the world is visual-minded, the unrest of the Sixties and the quest for "relevance"--all these influences made many museum people sensitive to the "attic" image. Innovatons ranged from giant silk-screened labels to full-scale multimedia "concept" exhibits which used revolutionary display techniques to weave a whole story around the displayed objects. Now the pendulum has begun to swing back. Many museum planners feel that elaborate presentational devices, which can be costly and time-consuming to build and maintain, should foe used only when they.enhance the objects on display. There is a trend back to simpler techniques. At the same time, museums continue to offer an astonishing array of programs designed to take their collections beyond their walls. These include traveling exhibitions, publications, newsletters, lectures, and courses for adults and children. Well over 90 per cent of America's museums offer at least one educational program. Almost all museum directors in this country rate their educational responsibility a top priority. This is nothing new: museums in this country grew out of a democratic concern for diffusing knowledge. T h e modern museum arose in the 18th century as an instrument of popular education, a symptom of the revolutionary frame of mind which sought to free scientific and artistic knowledge from the confines of class and privilege. The first truly ·public museum came with the French Revolution, when the republican government transformed the Louvre palace into a national museum. UNLIKE THE aristocrats who provided material for the museums, rich men in the United States willingly gave lavish support, in the form of both collections and cash, to establish museums. Joseph H. Hirsh- hprn's gift falls within that tradition. Hirshhorn came to the United States from Latvia at age six. made a fortune as a mining entrepreneur and for 40 years avidly collected art. He decided in 19GG to give his collection -- today numbering 6,000 pieces and valued at $60 million -- to the nation that nurtured him. While largess of the Hirsh- liorn scale has not disappeared entirely ,lhe state of the American economy today has hurt the flow of gifts and lowered t h e value of the museums' own portfolios. These two sources along .with operating revenues such as admission fees and sales from museum shops, make up most of the income of the private, non-profit museums. These museums amount to about two-thirds of the total num'oer In America. Federal f u n d s amount to just 2 per cent of the private nonprofit museums' budgets, and many museum professionals feel more government support is crucial if museums are to survive. Sen. Clairborne Pell (D R.I.), chairman of the Senate Siibconimittee on Arts and Humanities, has said: "All who have studied museums ... would agree that our museums need more federal help than they are now receiving." The works of art, historic objects and scientific collections in America's museums constitute a priceless national resource. The ability of museums to adapt to meet changing demands has helped them to achieve their current success. Yet there are serious problems (or them to overcome if they are to be able to continue growing, and keep fulfilling the traditional museum functions: collecting, preserving, studying, and exhibiting the objects which man makes and which make up the world around man. Arkansas Editors Comment On The Mall, Mutt Jones, Licenses And Amendment 5 6 LOG CABIN DEMOCRAT (Conway) , Voters would do well, we think, to consider A m e n d m e n t '56, the so called "Good Guy" amendment that will be on the November general election ballot. The amendment to reorganize c o u n t y government would, among other things, do away with the $5.000 limjt on county salaries and allow county quorum courts to get salaries within guidelines established by the state legislature. It's ridiculous to expect qualified people to continue working for $5,000-a-year salaries when everything else is going out of sight in terms of cost. Eventually, only the rich and those with outside incomes will be able to offer themselves for public office. The amendment would also do away with the fee system, by which certain county offices are allowed to keep a certain percentage of monies collected by their office and use it for expenses. Critics have often charged that the fee system encouraged abuses. Another welcome reform in (he amendment would be the reduction of eouniy quorum courts to a more workable size, between 9 and 15 members. The members would be elected from single member districts from within the county. The amendment would allow the quorum courts to act as i legislative body, able to enact legislation on a local level, after being approved by the voters in a general election. No longer would the quorum court be an unwieldy rubber stamp for the wishes of the county judges in the various counties. Amendment 56 would allow more local control, attract better qualified candidates for c o u n t y government, which affects us in more ways each day than Washington does in a year. Someone once said that we get the kind of government we deserve. Well, Amendment 56 would be one step in bringing government back to the people. ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT Chancellor Darrell Ilickman stopped workers with their shovels in mid-air Monday when he issued a temporary injunction halting major excavation work on the $74.4 million Capitol Mall complex. We are glad he did. Hickman was acting in response lo a lawsuit filed last week by Rep. Thomas Sparks of Fordyce, who seeks to declare the building project unconstitutional. Sparks who was Hie major sponsor of Ihe 1973 Public Building Authority legislation, has been shocked by the magnitude of the project, as have many others throughout the stale. Sparks now contends that Ihe legislature never intended that the building project bo so large, or that it be built on the beautiful Capitol Mall. In addition, he thinks Ihe manner in which the bonds for the project will be handled is unconstitutional, in that lha people will not get to vote on Ihe quesliqn. Judge Hickman also questions the legality of forcing a state agency lo lease space in Ihe proposed building lo pay off the bond issue. At least two agencies have said they weren't in favor of being included in the project. Hickman's injunction will now require answers to these questions before -- not after -- the construction is underway. Thus far speed has not t'b^ri the h a l l mark of the project, causing more than one eyebrow to be raised. Secretary of State Kelly Bryant, for example, testified Monday that in 20 years in stale government he could not recall construction work starling as quickly as it did last week. Bryant said he had never seen bids "taken one day and the work start the next." We haven't either. Hickman has announced he would like to be able to make a decision on Sparks' suit within 30 days and that he expected the final decision would rest with the state Supreme Court. That is Ihe proper place. The project is too big, too involved and too much a departure from Ihe traditional way of doing things for it to be hurried along wilhoul approval of our highest tribunal. BENTON COURIER We in Arkansas, have the example of some college boards and school officials gelling behind a movement lo loosen up the slate Freedom of Information Act to allow more meet- ings in private. The public's business should be conducted in public. As the state Freedom of Information Act now stands public bodies can meet in private only to discuss specific personnel matters relating to individuals, and must take whatever action is taken in a public meeting after the private discussions are over. That portion of the law has been taken advanlage of, we would estimate, by every school board, city council, board, commission and committee in the slate at one time or another. There have been numerous reports of some matters being discussed in such "personnel" meetings that had nothing to do with personnel. Now some of the yahoos that think they should be able to wheel and deal in private are asking for a chance to do it more frequently and we think they should be told where to go. We see no reason to weaken the state Freedom of Information Act any more than it already is. Nor do we see any need for the kind of legislation lhat John McClellan proposes. He can go with the rest of the yahoos, for our money. The freedom of the press Isn't something that belongs to newspapers or television stalions.lt is something that belongs to the American people, and it is lomething of great value. Don't let some politician who is tired of the press publishing the truth about him convince you otherwise. SEARCY DAILY CITIZEN We received a news release the other day telling of plans to begin construction on the State Capitol Mall Complex on October 1. Perhaps you are not confused by all this but we are. As far as we've been able to determine, the only authorization for the issuance of bonds lo finance the estimated $75 million complex . . . which, with interest, may cost up to $180 million . . . is the Legislative Council. The Legislative Council is a creation of the state legislature which was ostensibly designed to carry on (he interim business of the legislature when it was not in session. F,ven that function has been questioned in Ihe courts as lo its constitutionaltiy. Now this body is presuming to issue $75 million in bonds which we presume are to have the full faith and credit of the stale behind them if anyone is going to be interested in buying them. We are told that the fact that the various office buildings lo be built are to be rented to stale agencies and lhat Ihe rentals arc, presumably, to retire the bonds, makes this legal. It seems that someone thinks there Is a legal distinction between Ihis type of financing and the constitutionally forbidden issuance of bonds by the state without a vote of the people. We fail to sea the distinction. Could, for example, the Highway Commission issue bonds bearing the full failh and credit of the state to construct additional highways on the theory that the lax paid on gasoline is really "rental" of the highways and therefore not constitutionally forbidden? Couldn't the Game and Fish Commission issue all the bonds it wanted to and say that the money obtained from fishing licenses is "rent" on the use of lakes and streams? The voters of Arkansas have voted down almost every bond issue in memory for all sorts of urgent projects. By what sort of logic does the Legislative Council presume that they would not do the same with a multimillion dollar outlay for a State Capitol Mall Complex? When did anyone vole on this? Why wasn't it submitted routinely to the people? We wonder . . . MALVERN DAILY RECORD There is no question that automobiles, trucks, and motorcycles operating on Arkansas slreels and highways should be kept in proper mechanical condition. Nor is there any question that the drivers of these vehicles should be in proper physical condition. Nor 'do we question the need for slate inspection of vehicles and drivers at regular intervals. However, the proposals advanced recently by the Slate Department of Finance and Administration to place higher fees on the taxpayers are not justifiable or realistic, In our opinion. For example, Ihe ··"'·Job inspcclion fee would be 'sed to $5 per inspection. The present fee is $1.75. We sec 110 justification w h a t e v e r f o r sticking the vehicle owner $5. For another example, the driver's license would be issued for a four-year period at a cost of $12. The present arrangement is a two-year license for $6. We see no justification for the change. Also, for numerous taxpayers, $12 is not always easily obtained. It is more convenient to pay $6 every two years, Arkansas motorists already look upon the $1.75 vehicle inspection and Ihe $3-a-year driver's license fee as more of a form of taxalion, rather than safety measures. There are about 1.2 million such vehicle drivers in our stale. We doubt they'll readily accept any such increases in fees as were proposed. Nor should they. PARAGOULD DAILY PRESS In a typical Multesque move, Guy Jones of Conway, the stale senator, cx-slalc senator, slate senator again, has announced he is considering stepping down from that office. Jones claims he wants to assure that his constituents have proper representation sn . . . he's contemplating resignation. According to a recent court ruling, Mutt Jones is the slate senator from Conway. But with (CONTINUED ON PAQB it

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