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CNSIDE- Edllorial 4 For women Â· 6 Spoils ......' 8-11 Amusements , 12 Comics 13 Classified 1447 115th YEAR--NUMBER Hi The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEVJILE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1974 LOCAL FORECAST-* Mostly cloudy and mild through Saturday with a slight cliancc of showers. Low last night 55. Lows tonight in the upper 50s with highs Saturday in the mid 70s. Sunset today 6:56. Sunrise Saturday 7ll5. Weather map on page 3 PAGES-TEN CENTS Peremptory Challenges To Jurors In Watergate Cover-Up Trial Increased Widespread Layoffs Increase Nation's Unemployment Rate Flag Raised The American flag Is raised over the new federal office building at College Avenui: and Mountain Street for t h e first time Thursday as the building officially opened. The building will house only government offices. (TIMESpholo hy Ken Good) BULLETIN Terming conditions at the Washington County jail "little short of Devil's Island," Juvenile Judge Robert Mayes at noon today ordered all juvenile inmates transferred immediately to the Fayetteville city jail. Mayes acted after hearing testimony from six juvenile prisoners on jail conditions and laclc of sufficient food. In issuing the order, Judge-Mayes directed that no other juvenile offenders be placed in the county jail pending a full, formal hearing on the matter.. The action climaxed a series of complaints on treatment of juvenile jail inmates. Judge Denies Separate Trials For Two Men On Drug Charges WASHINGTON (AP) -- Widespread layoffs pushed the nation's unemployment rate up to 5.8 per cent of the work force last month, the highest level in 2V4 years, the government reported today. Another 440,000 workers joined unemployment rolls in September, bringing the total to a seasonally adjusted 5.3 million, the Labor Department said. T h e increase in the Jobless rate, from 5.4 per cent in August, was the largest monthly increase since last January when it also rose four-tenths of one per cent. Unemployment has b e e n creeping up gradually for the past several months and is expected to rise above six per cent late this year or in early 1975. Last October the jobless rate had dropped to a 3V4-year low of 4.6 per cent. Since then the number of unemployed persons has risen by 1.2 million. President Ford, who will send his economic program to Confess next week, has indicated ie will propose an expanded ubllc service jobs program us- ng federal funds to enable state and local governments to lire the unemployed; WOMEN AND YOUTHS Most of the unemployment last month took place among women aged 25 and older and among teen-agers, particularly males 18 to 19 years old. Dec 1 i n I n g college attendance among young men, coupled with the slower growth In jobs, contributed to the higher joblessness among youth, the government said. Total employment ported up by 350,000 from August ' " ' ' past tenths of an hour. The average hourly pay for a manufacturing worker last month rose eight cents to $4.51, while weekly earnings averaged $181.75, up from August's $177.64, the department said. Among the major labor-force groups, the Jobless rate for full(CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Ford Believed Against Hike In r Gas r Tax WASHINGTON (AP) cuts by two major oil Price com- Aftermath Of Wreck Motions by attorneys for Dennis E. Cordes and Bob Phillips of Springdale for separate trials, merger of offenses and a preliminary hearing, were denied Thursday by (Washington Circuit Judge Maupin Cummings. Cordes and Phillips -are charged with the June 1 and 14 sales of $5,000 and $20,000 worth of amphclitnines to federal undercover agents in Fayetteville. Trial will be held Oct. II. They were tried on Sept. 17 for a May 31 sale of $500 worth of amphetimines to fereral agents. Both men were con- Plea Entered In 'Pot' Sale Only one day before her scheduled trial in the sale o! 100 pounds of marijuana Sherry Hardy, 21, of Fayct teville, .pleaded guilty in W a s h i n g t o n Circuit Cour Thursday to c h a r g e s oi possession of a controlled sub stance with intent to deliver. Judge Maupin Cummingf withheld formal sentencing pending an ordered pre-sen fencing investigation of he background. She was among five person: arrested April 29 after the sale of the marijuana valued a $10,000 to fereral drug agents. Others arrested with Mis Hardy (now Mrs. Lonni M c G u i r e ) were Lonni McGuire, 24 and Charles C Harris, 23. both of Fayettevill John R. Stone, .15, of Memphis Tcnn., and Jimmy Cooper, of Little Rock. FOUND GUILTY McGuire and Harris wer found guilty by a Washingto Circuit Court jury Aug. G an sentenced to 19 years each i the state penitentiary. Ston was sentenced to five years an Cooper was fined $1,000 plu court costs on Oct. 1 afte pleading guilty to the charges Defense attorneys asked tha the charge be reduced to a mi .demeanor in the hope Mis Hardy could serve her time the county jail isntead of ing sent to the women's unit the state prison. Prosecuting Attorney Nlahlo Gibson countered by saying JCONTTNUED ON P/XGE TWO) cted and sentenced to 10 ears in the state penitentiary. Judge Cummings denied a efense request for a second sychialric examination for ordes, who had previously een examined at the State ospital in Little Rock and und to be without psychosis. ATTORNEYS' PLEA Attorneys for the two-moved ept. 26 for separate trials be- ciuse "the jury would have an nsurmounlable difference in Â·stinguishing the alleged acts ' the defendants against those f the co-defendant." .The two had also asked that ie final t w o . offenses be merged into one offense so that ie sales would be listed as ) transaction. J u d g e Cummings ruled gainst the motions, ordering ie two to stand trial together nd on the two separate barges. The two men were arrested unc 14 by federal, slate, ounty and city law enforcement officers at the Northwest Arkansas Plaza, following the ale of 150,000 amphetimine ablets to narcotics agents. The ale of the drugs, believed to he largest buy of its kind ever n. Arkansas, was set up by agents after the May 31 and "line 1 sales. Both men had entered innocent pleas to the charges. to September. Over the , year, total employment has climbed by 1.4 million, half the year-to-year gain recorded in the previous year. .The increase was negated in the unemployment picture by additional job seekers. Both white and blue collar workers felt the effects of the slowing economy. Both categories registered increases in joblessness. Heavy layoffs were reported in manufacturing, construction and wholesale and re:ail trade. Construction's unemployment rate, at 12.4 per cent, rose to its highest level in four years. Within goods - producing industries, employment gained slightly in September due to a reduction in strike activity. In September, the average work week of factory workers remained at 40.1 hours while factory overtime fell by two- panies and renewed indications that President Ford is against increasing federal gasoline taxes have provided motorists at least some temporary good news. But MelvhvR. Laird, a friend and informal adviser of Ford, called Thursday for the adoption of standby authority for gasoline rationing, saying it will be needed sooner of later. The gasoline price cuts were announced by Mobil Oil Corp. and Amoco Oil Corp., a division of Standard Oil Co. of Indiana. Mobil reduced gasoline prices by 2 cents a gallon /and Amoco made a 3 cent-a-gallon cut. Amoco also lowered its price on No. 1 and No. 2 distillate oil by 3 cents a gallon. The cuts were effective immediately, and are in line with federal regulations linking wholesale gas prices to firms' crude oil costs. Both oil companies confirmed that cost cuts for motorists are certain only at company-owned stations. Independent dealers will pay lower wholesale prices but they determine their own pump prices. NO INTENTION The indications that Ford opposes raising the federal gasoline tax came both from Rep. Bill Archer and White House Press Secretary Ron Nessen. Archer, R-Tex., said Ford disclosed that he has "no intention of sending a proposal for a 20-cent gasoline tax increase to Congress." And Nessen said that while the tax was among options suggested to Ford, the President Nancy S. Phillips, 16, of Route 4, Uuntsville, was released after treatment at Washington Regional Medical Center Thursday afternoon following a one-car accident on Hwy. 45 near Goshen. State Trooper Tommy Williams said Miss Phillips was traveling west on the highway when she lost control of the Ught car and struck a culvert on the north side of the road. (T1MES- photo by Ken Good) To Fight High Food Prices WASHINGTON confidential staff Curbs On Agricultural Cooperatives Urged (AP) report -- A of Republican anti-trust task force urges curbs on the'power of big agricultural cooperatives as a means of fighting the high price of food. The report already has been criticized by the House panel's members, some of whom represent rural districts. Chairman Rep. H. John Heinz III, the Pittsburgh pickle heir, said his task force discussed the. report Wednesday and found it premature and in need of further study. "It does not represent.the. position or views of the task force," he said, stressing that the report had not heen intended for publication. The Associated Press obtained a copy of the confidential re- icrt Thursday. Among its recmmendations: --A ban to keep 1 corporations lat process food from joining armer Â·- style cooperatives, vhich enjoy ^certain anti-trust xemptions. This might force quidation of one big co-op that Iready controls half the chick- ns sold in the United States. TO PREVENT MERGERS --An amendment to allow the mill ustice Department to go ourt to prevent mergers Mi WS BRIEFS to of armer cooperatives 'into giants uch as the three dairy co-ops nat control 25 per. cent of the ation's milk. Under current aw, co-ops legally may grow to any size if they avoid predatory opposed it. Laird standby issued his rationing call for authority Return Approved LONG BEACH, Calif. (AP) -Richard M. Nixon's doctor says the former president can return to his San Clemente estate today, ending 12 days of tests and treatment at Long Beach Memorial Hospital for phlebitis and a blood clot in one lung. Dr. John C. Lungren told newsmen Thursday that he would issue a final report on Nixon's illness later today, after his patient's expected departure, and outline his diagnosis of the illness, future treatment and the course of his recovery. while moderating a conference on world oil problems. "Sooner or later a rationing system is going to be needed," he said. He said some $100 billion per year is flowing to oil exporters and in six years the transfer may amount to $600 billion, an amount more than the value of all stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange. So Laird predicted that eventually rationing will 'he neces- sury, coupled with taxes to discourage energy use. Theft Reported Gary Chancey of 302 N. Olive St. told Fayetteville police this morning that someone had stolen two stereo speakers, seven pairs of pants and 15 handmade shirts from his car while it was parked in a l o t on Dickson Street about midnight. Chancey told police that the right rear window had been broken out of the car. He said that an eight track stereo unit had been heavily damaged but not stolen in the break-in. .Over Embankment HARRISON, Ark. (AP) State Police said Louis A. Young of North Little Rock was killed early today when his car went off a 50-foot embankment after rounding a curve on U.S To Supply Fuel LITTLE ROCK (AP) Babcock Wiicox Co. Tork announced today that it las received a multi - million lollar contract to supply nuclear reload fuel for Arkansas ower Light Co.'s unit one of he utility's Nuclear One power itation near Russellville. The contract calls for 10 batches of uranium dioxide fue! and, associated services. The fuel will be produced at the New York firm's com Administration sources, meanwhile, said Ford will announce soon that Interior Secretary Rogers C.B. Morton will replace Treasury Secretary (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) 65. Trooper William Partlow saic the wheels of the ear droppec off the road when the car rounded a curve. The car later overturned several limes. Four other persons were in jured in the accident which oc curred near St. Joe in Searcy County. The of New mercial nuclear .ynchburg, Va. fuel plant at Reduces Demands SANTO DOMINGO, Domini can Republic (AP) -- Terror ists holding seven hostages in the Venezuelan consulate for a week have scaled down thei demands, but the Dominical government is expected to hole out for full surrender. Shouting from a consulate window through an improvisec cardboard megaphone, guer rilla leader Radames Mende Vargas told newsmen condi tions inside the consulate wer becoming intolerable. miiiiiiniiiiiniH^ Sirica Issues Order Raising Total To 27 WASHINGTON (AP) -- U.S. District. Judge John J. Sirica-issued an order today giving prosecution and defense attorneys in the' Watergate cover-up trial a combined total of 27 per- emptory'challenges to jurors. ' The judge, allowed attorneys for the. five, defendants a total of 15.challenges for the regular jurors and three additional for the panel of six alternates. . The prosecution will he allowed six challenges for the regular panel-and three for the alternates Lawyers need not cite any reason-when dismissing a potential juror- through use of peremptory challenge. Â·Â· In his order Sirica disclosed that defense attorneys had refused to a g r e e to allow the prosecution more than six challenges. "The court was willing, and is willing, to grant additional challenges to the defendants provided- there were no objections to -a proportionate increase in challenges for ths government, 1 ' Sirica wrote. "But to grant the defendants five challenges each while restricting the government to six challenges, would effectively give one side, the defense, the power to select the jury," he added. Â· Meanwhile Sirica and attorneys continued interviewing potential jurors in an effort 16 form a large enough panel to complete final jury selection. NOT RELEASE MOTIONS The judge has indicated he will not 'release motions filed methods. --Study of i d e a to dis- ourage expensive advertising f brand-name foods through ax laws. The report said such advertising tends to discourage ompeting new brands from en- independent by former President Nixon seeking to quash subpoenas demanding his testimony at the trial until after selection of the jury. Asked , Thursday when hs ering the market. --Freedom for supermarkets to join coopera- ives to produce their own low- )riced house brands, such as hose sold by chain supermarkets. --More democratic arrangements for farmers in voting on 'ederally regulated markets for milk, fruit and vegetables. Coop managers presently are able to east bloc votes for all their members, even if a majority disagrees with the manager's position. The Heinz committee, called the Republican Task Force on Anti-trust and Monopoly Problems, seeks to fight inflation hy f o s t e r i n g competition a n d avoiding wage and price controls. Heinz said he is not repudiating the staff's report on the food industry, which was based on several days of hearings held a few weeks ago, but he said the panel has not adopted it. "We did not feel we had all the facts," he said. thought selection of the 12 jurors and six alternates would be completed, Sirica said, -"I think we have ft good chance for the early part of next week." Sirica talked to newsmen after he and prosecution and defense lawyers had spent a day in a locked courtroom Interviewing potential jurors. After nearly seven hours, they had completed only 10 in. terviews. Five persons were excused, apparently because lhÂ» judge or the attorneys felt they had indicated bias. F i v e - r e - mained on the panel, still subject to one more round of challenges. Each potential juror wag asked nearly 100 questions. Sirica formed a panel of .144 potential jurors for this phase of the selection process., Unless the pace picks up markedly ^ it .CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO* In Field Of Graduate Education 'Premier Campus Of UA To Remain Here The Fayetteville campus of be University of Arkansas will remain "the premier campus" if the system in the field of jraduate education, Dr. Charles E. Bishop, UA president, said Thursday. Speaking meeting of the Rotary Club, Dr. to a luncheon Fayetteville Bishop said he thought Fayetteville should he the only campus In the system to offer doctorate programs, with the exception of the Medical Center. "Let me tell you that I regard it as n campus that must remain vigorous, that must take positive and constructive steps in the immediate future to enhance its contribution to the people of the stale," he said. Dr. Bishop added that it "is| he only comprehensive multipurpose campus of the system with undergraduate, graduate and professional programs and extensive programs of research and public service." The now UA president said the state Board of Higher Education is recommending a legislative appropriation of $21,501,000 for the Fayetteville campus for the first year of the next hiennium, an increase of about $2,150,000 over the present fiscal year. He praised the "interest and support" the area's legislators had shown in the University and its programs, adding that he was conflict "They will strive to secure legislative approval for full funding of the state Board of Higher Education's recommendation." Dr. Bishop singled out for specific development during the next biennium the School of Law. He noted that the addition to Waterman Hall would increase the capacity of the school from 400 to 600 students. He said the University had requested an additional $134,000 for the first year of the biennium and $174,000 for the second year, with which to employ seven additonal faculty members and otherwise "enhance the quality of this particular program." Dr. Bishop said that presently heaviest teaching load campus, with a ratio of students to each teacher. Employment of the additional 'acuity members would reduce ;his ratio to 20 to one, he said. .he School of Law has the addition to the Fine Arts Ce n t e r , the addition to Waterman Hall, an abattoir at the University Farm, the reno- In the education, field of he said graduate that the University "must make special efforts in the biennium to strengthen graduate education at F a y e t t e v i l l e through faculty specialization." Dr. Bishop took note of construction under way or for which funds have been approved on the Fayetteville campus, including a new business administration building, the first phase of a plant sciences building, an vation of extensive athletic facilities. Old Main, addition and to However, he said, the Board of Higher Education is recommending the legislature provide only renovation funds for the Fayetteville campus in the new appropriations. The major project under these appropriations, ho said, would be the $3 million renovation ol Memorial Hall (tho old Student Union) for the Psychology Department, which is essential if the department is to retain accreditation -for its doctoral program in clinical psychology. For the system as whole. Dr. Bishop listed t w o main areas which he said it is falling behind programs in oilier states. "The first," he said, "is ;he computerization of library resources which, for example, Military Aid Bill Changed WASHINGTON (AP) -- Senate and House conferees, faced with a presidential veto threat, have softened a measure under which U.S. military aid to Tur? key could be suspended. Acting Thursday, they alsa killed altogether a Senate- passed cutoff of military assistance to Chile. The conference committe* made the changes in a contirw. uing resolution that would allow spending for foreign aid and other federal programs to pro- cecd, basically at l a s t year's rate, until Congress acts on regular appropriation bills for the activities. The foreign aid, portion totals some $2.6 billion. In a compromise on the Turkish aid issue, the conferees agreed to suspend the assistance until President Ford certifies that Turkey is complying with U.S. foreign aid laws "by making good faith efforts to reach a negotiated settlement with respect to Cyprus." Sen. Thomas F. Eagleton, D- Mo., had sponsored a tougher amendment to cut off all military aid to could make contained in the the information Fayetteville ditionally. He Turkey uncon- said the Turks Library available to the libraries in every other college in the state. The second is the development of a centralized computer system for all Arkansas higher education." Dr. Bishop said that requests for funds for these programs would be submitted to the Board of Higher Education and the General Assembly. had violated aid laws by using U.S.-supplied military equipment in the invasion and partial occupation of.Cyprus. Ford had served notice Tuesday that ho would veto a bill containing the Eagleton amendment. Sen. Edward W. Brooke, R-Mass., author of the compromise, said his substitute .was acceptable to the White House, promise "a washout" and said he would seek to have' the original language reinstated by the full Senate.