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Jjottijtoest Editorial-Opinion Page Ths Public Merest IÂ» The first Concern O/ This Newspaper 6 Â· WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1974 W/iere Do Those Charity Dollars Go? I I Looking Out For One's Own The clear, certain message coming out of President Ford's ballyhooed summit conference on the economy is that everyone in the country is worried about his own portion of the stew, and just about nothing else. Arthur Burns defends the Fed with as much righteousness as George Meany denounces Nixonomics. Administration spokesmen blame Congress, and Hep. Carl Albert and Sen. Mike Mansfield blame the administration. GOP minority leader Hugh Scott blames the Democrats; the mass transit people blame a lack of funds for mass transit; and consumer advocates lament a lack of concern for the consumer. President Ford, meanwhile, puffs on his pipe and says he admires the remarkable candor elicited by his conference. Business writer Sylvia Porter, in a rare show of enterprise, suggests to the President that he take the lead in calling on individual citizens of the nation to pitch in, as on a war footing, to exercise restraint in those spending habits which fuel inflation. She wins the President's attention, top, because he makes reference to her idea in assessing the conference, and has, indeed, issued a call for belt-tightening and consumer restraint. Meanwhile, though, Secretary of Agriculture Earl Butz comes up with the novel Art Buchwald observation that the way to battle inflation is to eat more, and better cuts of beef, not less. He's the same guy who engineered the Russian wheat deal on behalf of agribusiness" profits. In the immediate aftermath of the summit session -- Mr. Ford says he will have specific plans a week hence -- it appears that at least one suggestion made at the conference is not being taken. One union spokesman advised' President .Ford that the best" thing he could do would" be to get rid of all his present economic brain-trust. The old guys, however, are still firmly in the saddle, which, it seems to us, leaves the national mood resulting from the conference less optimistic than it might otherwise have been. (Hpw're you gonna feel easy, for instance, with a group of experts who keep suggesting a 10-12-cent gasoline tax increase?) Some observers profess to see increased confidence in the President's ability to cope with inflation as a result of having heard out his critics as well as his in-house experts. A more reliable indicator may be contained in the behaviour of the stock market for the week of the confab. The Dow-Jones averages dropped, at week's end, to the lowest point in 12 years. ;* By ART BUCHWALD : WASHINGTON -- Newark ' ; ';-. has been a pothole in the .':'.' poverty pocket of New Jersey for some time. I went up to talk to the chamber of commerce the other night, and all the speakers had some great ideas as to how they could get Newark out of its doldrums. After the dinner was over I retired to my hotel room when there was a knock on the door. A man who refused to give his name said he had to talk to me. 1 let him in. "Listen, all that talk yon heard at dinner tonrght about improving Newark -- forget it." "Oh?" I said. "It won't work. We need federal money and we're not' going to get it. The mayor keeps going to Washington and Â»11 he gets is empty promises. No one down there gives a damn about the cities." "That's true," I agreed. He said, "Our problern is we keep going to HEW, HUD and the Department of Transportation -- and all we get is the runaround. There is only one agency in Washington that has money to burn and it doesn't have to answer to anybody." "YOU MEAN the CIA?" "Right. What we want to do Is have them destabilize Newark," he said. "You have to be kidding." "I'm not. The CIA spent $8 million to destabilize Alfende in Chile. If we could get them to spend that kind of money in Newark we'd be in great shape." "But why would the CIA want to destabilize Newark?" I asked. "It's not a threat to the United States." "Have you walked around it lately?" he asked me. "Looks are not everything," I told him. "You have to do . something that would endanger the security of the Western Hemisphere. Allende was Marxist and we couldn't stand something like that so near to North America." "Okay, we'll put out the word that our mayor is a Marxist. and then they can send us the aid." "Would your mayor go along with that?" "He's so desperate for money for the city, he'll go along with anything." "That's all well and goad, but what can I do for you?" "Get word back to Kissinger that Newark is about to recog- nize Castro's government and is planning to nationalize the Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey. Have him call a meeting of the 40 Committee, and let them recommend that the CIA finance the overthrow of the Newark city government. If someone from here tells Kissinger, he won't believe us. But since you're the last foreign correspondent to have visited us, he might believe you. The CIA is our only hope." ' "BUT IF THE CIA destabilizes you. they would have to destabilize New York, Chicago, Baltimore and every other city in trouble. They don't have that Â· kind of money." "How can you be sure?" the man said. "No one knows how much money the CIA has." "Your idea has merit." I admitted, "and I'm willing to pass it on to Kissinger. But you know the CIA isn't dumb. What makes you think that they would believe that Newark has gone Marxist?" "What makes you think it won't if we don't Â· get the money?" (C) 1974, Los Angeles Time* Wkat Others From The Readers' Viewpoint Say Wondering fa the Editor: "I Wonder Where the Yellow Went." Mr. and Mrs. America. I am proud of these beautiful United States of America in Â»pite of the misunderstanding and government turmoils and mud slinging politics. I have seen my relatives, including my two sons, in every war since 1916 and hold no one responsible but we have a good product on all the food counters -namely Vanish, to wash down the drains -- which could be used also to serve the amnesty. In short, 'anyone who dodged the service and left us good Americans holding the bag, stay the heck mil of our way. And please, Dear God, let us keep a flag w a v i n g to keep us encouraged of a good American soil and freedom. Let's all make the red, white and blue the centerpiece of our home "lest we forget". Joseph J. Balsomico' West Fork They'll Do It Every Time WAIT-OOPS! . YES- HUH? WHAT? OOPS'GO OU / THIS IS MR. STRUTTER KÂ£ CAN CAUL ME AT THÂ£. I AKIMBO ARMS HOTEL"-IT'S \ ABOUT THE NEW CONOLOM- - ERATE. I'LL 6Â£ FLYING TO FURSSER6 TOMORROW THEN SHS TRIES TO. REAP HER OWN HIEROGLYPHICS- 6AIP HE WAS STAYING IN FLIPS6ER6ATTHE OH- T THINK IT WAS THÂ£ AKIM30 FLY-gAG R.6A0W5?... ' LOUIS r MAS 3*2 RlffALQUY IT'S EVERYBODY'S AIR How much some would be willing to sacrifice in order to get that coal-fired generating plant built at White Bluff near Redfield was indicated last week by Harley Cox Jr., who told the Pine Bluff Jaycees: "I believe I would rather breath smog 25 days a month" than lose the tax revenues the plant would bring the county. It's unlikely that, if such a sacrifice were required, Mr. Cox would have to make it alone. Those who have reservations about the plant, or who haven't thought much about it one way or the other, should weigh carefully hnw much pollution some would he willing to accept, and remember that it would be a deterioration of the air we all share. --Pine Bluff Commercial BOTTLES AND BANDITS A police report out of Fuquay- Varina informs that someone broke into three small groceries the other night in that town and stole 1,000 empty soft drink bottles. Nothing else appeared to be missing as a . result of the break-ins. The bottles are redeemable at five cents each, with many places ready to pay for the empties. This is an interesting commentary on our inflation- ridden economy. The thief probably reasoned bottles were better than cash. . . Only the bank robbers appear interested in cash, and the great percentage of them get caught without enjoying the fruits of their daring ventures. These are not happy, but telling commentaries, on the allure of the once sought-after American dollar. It is enough to give the dollar, already shrinking, an inferiority complex! --Sanford (N.C.) Daily Herald By JACK ANDERSON W A S H I N G T O N - T h e renowned Christian Children's Fund, like the old lady who lived In the shoe, has so many children It doesn't know what to do. Worse, the fund doesn't know what It did with $25 million, which was raised to feed, clothe and educate needy children around the worldi As part of his study of charities, Sen. Walter Mondale, D- Minii., asked the General Accounting Office to investigate the Children's Fund, the GAO's secret report to Montlale may prove unsettling to the sponsors who monthly contribute J12 apiece to help one of the 188,000 children on the needy list. The government auditors discovered, for instance, that the fund sinks $2.4 million of the charity money into advertising to raise still more money. The ads, showing tattered tots with pitiful faces, are heartrending. The solicited sponsors are given tlie impression that only the neediest are helped This is not exactly t r u e , according to the GAO. In the Philippines a n d Colombia, where, the GAO made on-the- spot checks, the neediest are ignored "because Ihey are often undernourished and. as a result, cannot study effectively." As a field office supervisor for the fund put it, somewhat uncharitably, "sponsors are pleased with a success story." Children too far gone in poverty need not apply. The Washington Merry-Go-Round The sponsor is urged to give his "child" a special gift on birthdays ami Christmascs. But tlio secret GAO study [omul iti Kenya, for example, that only 2 5 . p e r cent of the gift money ever readied the designated children. "Tlie sponsor of one child in this project sent $31 to be used as a special gift," reported the GAO. "The child received $4,28, and the project retained the rest." In Greece, money was sot aside to support a school which folded up. Some of the money was simply slashed in a hank depository, with no accounting given. As a similar school project in Hong Kong, 118 c h i l d r e n were supposedly being assisted by the fund. When the GAO checked, it found none of the children were even enrolled. The school was pocketing the cash. Supervision of the spending was catch-as-catch-.can. Of 68 children's projects in Kenya, only six had been inspected as required. In the Philippines, only 46 of 78 projects had been evaluated; in Hong Kong, only 11 of 21; in Mexico, 44 of 147. Mpndale distressed at the findings, plans hearings shortly. Nat only the Children's Fund but other charities will be put under the spotlight. For example, the Foster Parents Plat), according to, the GAO, "will not accept the most needy families in an area because Ihey feel they arc less likely ' to achieve (the) goal of becoming self-sufficient." F o o t n o t e ; The Christian Children's Fund conceded they were short of project inspectors. A spokesman said that as fast as GAO turned up deficiencies, the Fund began corrective action. The fund said there was no evidence of misappropriation of money, only of inefficient procedures. A Foster Parents spokesman said "we cannot help all the needy so we help those among the neediest with a fighting chance." BOAST THAT BACKFIRED: Sam Stciger, the cowboy congressman from Prescolt. Ariz., lias boasted over. Arizona TV that the White House has sounded him out a'bout serving in the cabinet as secretary of the interior. H i s constituents were properly impressed, presumably, over the high esteem in which their congressman is held in Washington. Most environmentalists were dismayed, however, over the possibility that "Slippery Sam" might be put in charge of the nation's interior. They felt sure, knowing his record, that he would turn the The Oil Sheik's Bauble A, Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought NO DEPRESSION. "The 70's Are Not the 30's," Monthly Business Outlook (The National Bank of Washington newsletter), Sept. 16, 1974, pp. 3-4. "The world's economic situation is difficult right now; but whatever is in store lor the world economy, it is not a repeat of the great depression of the 1930's....The current situation is one of inflation, produced by excessively expansionary government policies. The problems that began in 1929, by contrast, were problems of deflation brought on by extremely restrictive monetary and fiscal policies." "Roth consumer prices and w h o l e s a l e prices actually declined between 1926 and 1929. By contrast, the years since 1971 have been a period of rapid monetary growth in the U.S. As a consequence, It has also been a period of rapid inflation." "The outstanding characteristic of the 1929 to 1933 period was the way in which wcakcness in the real economy was transformed into a total collapse by inept handling of the financial system...The -most important difference between the two periods is in the insurance...(now provided on) the bank deposit of the ordinary investor....in the early I930's (he lack of deposit insurance made the financial system prone to cumulative contraction..." POLICY. Allan H. Mcllzor (interview), "A Plan for Subduing Inflation," Fortune, September 1974, pp. 112-115, 2111-212. "Either we have to adjust to living with inflation or we have to get rid of inflation...Full adjustment to inflation means changing all bond contracts', all interest contracts, all labor contracts. Every interest rate, price, and wage in society has to keep changing. That would ba very hard for the public to get accustomed to... I believe it's much easier to get back to price stability." "First, we should reduce the growth rate of the money supply -- gradually, over a span of years.... Second, we should move from deficit to surplus in the federal budget... Third, we should keep the system of floating exchange rales. A main reason for this third element is to make sure that the effects of the other two elements on inflation are fully left here at home, instead of being partly offset by the policies of other countries." "We should be very happy indeed if we can get back to price stability in three years... Constancy of direction is the really essential thing. The great danger is that one goal will be paramount for six months and the other goal for the following six months...." E A R L Y RETIREMENT. Karen Schwab, "Early Labor- Force Withdrawal of Men: Participants and Nonparlicipants Aged 58-63," Social Security Bulletin. August 1974, p- 24-36 "From 1947 to 1972, the proportion of men aged 5564 put of the labor force gradually increased, going from 10.4 per cent in 1947 to 19.5 per cent in 1972. "Generally, those that were out of the labor force were not the fortunate members of their age cohort. Men aged 58-63 who had withdrawn from the labor force by 1969 reported poorer financial situations than did the labor - force participants, and substantially more of the non- participants r e p o r t e d that health problems interfered with their ability to work." "There is a trend for increased proportions of men younger than age 65 to withdraw from the laoor force... Though few nonpartieipants were healthy or prosperous, the n u m b e r who are may well be increasing.... The availability of at least a minimum income level with reduced social security benefits and-or other early pensions may enable more men in ill health to leave the labor force now than was true in the past." FOOD SHORTAGES. Lester R. Brown and Erik P. Eckholm, "Food and Hunger: The Balance Sheet," Challenge, September-October 1974, pp. 12-24. "The international scarcity of major agricultural commodities which emerged in 1973 reflects important long-term trends as well as the more temporary phenomenon of lack of rainfall in the Soviet Union and parts of Asia and Africa. We appear to be entering an extended period In which global grain reserves.-.will generally remain on the low side... Meanwhile the world has become overwhelmingly dependent on one continent -- North America -for exportable food supplies." "The institutions for managing abundance are well developed. It has now become essential to devise policies and institutions, both national and international, to manage scarcity. High food prices and shortages are an inconvenience for the more affluent societies and individuals, but they place poor nations, and the poor within nations, in an especially dangerous predicament." supplies at reasonable prices within individual countries may now be possible only through international "Assuring adequate f o o d international cooperation. Strong U.S. .fnflatives to promote the cooperative alleviation of w o r l d food insecurity would be in Itio nation's best humanistic tradition. It would also best serve the long-term interests of lha nation's farmers and consumers." wilderness into the prls'alo preserve of the special Inter ests. But the environmentalists may have been premature in their alarm We have checked into Steiger's claim that he is in demand for the.cabinet. A spokesman assured us that no White House ever asked Steiger to be secretary of the interior. On the contrary, we have determined that it was Steiger who contacted the White House and asked to be considered for the job. Our White House sources say he made the pitch to his fellow Arizonian, Dean Burch. A member of Burch's staff Burch and Sleiger were friends, Burch would "never ever make an offer like that." Steiger failed to return our calls. WATCH ON WASTE: Whils President Ford is calling upon Americans to tighten their belts, the Smithsonian Institution is spending $4 million a year on obscure research projects. A $70,000 project was approved this year, for example, for the study of wild boars in Pakistan. The study is supposed to help Pakistan control tha wild boar population. The Smithsonian has also funded an $11,540, two-year research project to classify a species of 'bisexual Polish frog. This expenditure is explained as an effort to "allow Polish and American scientists to share the latest techniques in species identification." A good many improveris(ied Americans might be more interested in eating than classifying frogs. Footnote: The money for these far-fetched projects is appropriated f r o m surplus foreign currency owned by the U.S. government. --United Feature Syndicate Britain. Faces New Crisis Vote LONDON (ERR) -- The three major parties battling it out for the Oct. 10 parliamentary elections all agree that Britain faces its most dangerous economic crisis in 40 years. With wages and prices now rising at an annual rate of more than 20 per cent, there is deep concern that the country's democratic fabric is perilously close to unraveling. While inflation is the paramount issue, 'voters are well aware that rios party or group in Britain is even remotely capable of "cutting prices at a stroke," as former Prims M i n i s t e r Edward Heath promised to do in 1970. Unions -are demanding and.getting big pay Increases at a time when real production is falling. Under these strained circumstances, it is probable that no party will win a comfortable majority of seats in the House of Commons. Still, the ruling Labor Party hopes for a clear mandate. "The nation must choose," said Prime Minister Harold Wilson in announcing the election. IN ITS SIX months In power, Wilson's minority government has performed far better than most observers had anticipated. But many Britons are concer-n ed about the L a b o r lead-- ership's leftward drift over the past two y e a r s . The trade unions t h a t constitute the base of the Labor Party's support want to redistribute income as well as extend the nationalization of both land and industry. Emlyn Hooson, a Liberal Party leader, expressed a widely held sentiment when ha said: "This is a totally unnecessary election at g r e a t Public expense and inconvenience. It is called only because the Labor Party refuses to govern with moderate policies and nn a consensus basis." Some Britons predict that an immediate wage freeze will ba imposed no matter who wins the election. Conservative Party leader Heath seems willing to compromise now that his former policy of confrontation has boen discredited. He is no longer seeking a ringing mandate for the Tories, he says. Instead, he talks of "a majority to unite the nation" and promises coalition rule. WILSON, ON the other hand, wants nothing to do with a coalition if he can possibly help it. He evidently believes that a campaign based narrowly on class interest will provide him with the majority he covets. The Labor Party election manifesto calls coalition rule a "cruel farce," but The Guardian retorted in an editorial that Labor "is fundamentally at fault in assuming that only Labor and Labor working alone, can unite the nation." Many ordinary Britons fear that a House of Commons with a large Labor majority would be controlled, in effect, by the trade union- militants. The prospect Is especially troubling for members of the put-upon middle class, who shudder on reading this passage from the Labor manifesto: "Our object is to bring about a fundamental and irreversible shift in the balance of wealth and power in favor of working people." The Liberal Party, once dominant in British political life, is insisting that country ba placed above partisan interest -- a sentiment more lofty than practical. While this election, the fifth in 10 years, will do nothing to repair the ravages of strife in Ulster or between Ihe classes, it may indicalo whether the left 'will finally got its chance to transform the faca of Britain.