Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 30, 1974 · Page 11
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September 30, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 11

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Monday, September 30, 1974
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Page 11
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P^*«:»»;aSM ECO-LOGUE By DAVID ZODROW TIMES Staff,Writer, More than 10 different Indian tribes inhabited the northwest Arkansas hills at one time. Among them were the Catawba, the Cusabo, the Caddo and the Quapaw. They were not warriors but farmers. They were growers of squash and corn, and they ate the wild fruits and herbs of the Ozark woodlands. They fished the nverr and hunted game in the timber. And they were the first ecologists, for they believed in the basic conservation principles by, which land is preserved for future generations. No one knows for sure what happened to the Northwest Arkansas Indians. It is believed that some tribes were exterminated by the newly introduced diseases of the white man. Others were massacred or driven from the land by Anglo settlers in the Ozarks. There are ceremonial mounds at various points along the Illinois River. Within the mounds are chunks of pottery, arrow shanks and crudely constructed utensils. Writings have also been found which tell us today about the simple environmental philosophy held by these local tribes. The Northwest Arkansas Indian was the offspring of nature. Born in the forests and weaned on the native countryside, he was a product of the natural creation. He believed that his body was made of the rains, rivers and black clouds of the sky. His feet were made of earth. His flesh was the mountains and hollows of the Ozark Plateau. Nature was the provider, protector and companion of the Indian. In his legends, he spoke of Father Sun who laid down upon Mother Earth to make the ground pregnant with seed for the growing crops. It was from this loyal trust in the natural creation that the Indian developed an almost religious conservation ideal toward the land. WRRC Hopes For Funding To Research. Illinois River make-up of the origin south of to L By PEGGY FRIZZEIA TIMES STAFF WRJTER The recent surge of public interest in the Illinois River has sparked a project designed to determine the quality and the river from its Prairie Grove ake Tenkiller in Oklahoma. A baseline study of the river will be undertaken by two University of Arkansas staffers with direction and funding by the state Water Resources Research Center (WRRC). Director of WRRC, Robert Babcock, said the study will be funded with allotment money given to the center each year for research on water-related problems. While the baseline study -which Oklahoma's WRRC has already begun along the Illinois in that stales-comes first, the main focus will be on getting a federal grant to do a comprehensive study of the river. Babcock said an application for funding a comprehensive study should be ready for filing by Oct. 30. He estimated the amount of money to be requested from the U.S. Department of Interior's Office of Water Resources and Technology at about $60,000. AWAITING OKAY In the meantime, the baseline study is awaiting only a final okay from Washington, D.C., and is expected to begin within a month. Babcock said Dr. Hugh Jeffers from the University's civil engineering departmenl and Dr. Harold MacDonalc the UA geology depart- Extra Tours Planned For Caverns The draft Environmental Impact Statement for the construction of Phases II and III of the Blanchard Springs Caverns project was filed with the C o u n c i l o n Environmental Quality on September 16, 1974. According to Forest Supervisor Larry Henson, the Impact Statement outlines the plan; for the construction of two additional tours in Blanchard verns. It describes t h e Ca- Natural Harmonies The Ozark Indian understood the Ozark lands. He was in step with the rhythm and natural harmonies of the land. He believed that if he took care of the land, the land would take care of him. Those who rejected the land, were, in turn, rejectee} by the earth from which they had come. The local Indian did not fear the natural creation and so he made no attempt to conquer it. There was no confusion in his mind concerning his roots which were planted deeply within nature. He was not a man against nature, but a man with nature. He felt secure in this close relationship. A belief in the existence of a Supreme Power was totally ingrained to the soul of the Ozark Redman. He believed that every element on the earth, from the tiniest grain of sand to the largest mountain, was part of the body of the Great Spirit. So it was that each pebble and leaf of the trees was a precious member of the body of God. God and the creation were identical devotions in the mind of this Indian. To contaminate the rivers or throw filth into the air breathed by the children would have been the same as killing the creation. And in killing the creation, the Indian believed, one would also be killing God. The land in the mind of the vanished Indian was not a lucrative thought. The minerals, resources and other natural elements were here for man's use hut a man only took from the earth what was required for his own basic maintenance. The resources, he thought, were precious gifts stored within the womb of the Earth Mother. From them would come the birth of future generations. Simpler Life There is no doubt that life was simpler in many ways here 100 to 200 years ago. But the values which the first Ozark resident applied to himself remain untarnished today in their beauty and importance. The Northwest Arkansas Indian was a silent man. He did not seek to drug himself with noise and social bustle. He believed that, through a respect for silence, he could effectively get in touch with that spiritualism Inside him. The spiritualism was a natural birthright. It was a communication with God through an understanding of nature. The Ozark Indian is now like last summer's flowers. He is gone from the earth but the memory of his inward beauty has remained with us. By an archeologist's definition, this Indian was a primitive man. He lived in caves or mud huts. He wore animal skins and did not eat with a fork. He was u n - ' learned about books and baptism. By the writings and drawings which he has left behind, we can determine that our farming Indian predecessor possessed a social conscience which is absent in many civilized men today. Progress to the Redman meant conservation. Love for the Great Spirit was expressed in actions of concern for other people and the environment. He was primitive in his technology but the heritage which he left us is far more valuable than the machines of man. The beauty of the Ozark countryside today serves as a testimonial of the environmental responsibility expressed by the Indian. The Northwest Arkansas hills, like the 'mounds along the banks of the Illinois River, stand in memorium to the people who saw each element of the earth as a part of the body of God. pacts on the environment which will result from the construction and spells out the special precautions the Forest Service will ;ake to reduce these impacts lo a minimum. The Dripstone Trail and the Visitor Information C e n t e r wer e opened to the public in July of 1973. Henson says that during the first ye a r of operation 189,159 visitors entered the Blanchard Springs Recreation Area, 117,841 of which took the caverns tour. Visitation during the peak summer months of this year is up by nine percent over the same period in 1974 and exceeds the projections made for this period, when the project was first begun, by 26 per cent. Approximately 15 to 20 percent of the visitors who want to tour the caverns during the peak summer months must be turned away because of the limited capacity of Dripstone Tour. Copies of the Environmental Statement may be examined at Forest 'Supervisor's office in RusseUville. Arkansas, or at the Sycamore District Ranger's office in Mountain View, Arkansas, during regular working hours. A few copies are available on an individual basis. Comments and suggestions by the public are invited. Com-, ments should be in writing and should be sent to the Forest Supervisor, Ozark-St. Francis National Forest, Box 1008, Russellville, Arkansas 72801, to arrive no later than October 17, 1974. Ozark Society Sets Meeting Arkansas Polytechnic College at Russellvdlle will be the setting for the fall meeting of the Ozark Society. Chapters from across the state and Oka- homa are expected to attend the two-day session this weefe end. Saturday's program features several speakers after the 10 a.m. welcoming address by Society president, Joe Nix. Jim Smith, from the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation, will talk and show a film on the subject, "a river and its flood plain." Chriss Therell Delaporte from the Oklahoma Tourist and Recreation Department will discuss "environmental leadership." Saturday afternoon. John Marsh, president of Engineer- .ng Enterprises of Norman, Okla., will speak on the merits of agricultural irrigation with wastewater effluent. His presentation will include film excerpts. Kirk Breed, from the Oklahoma Tourist and Recreation Dept., will talk on "outdoor recreation and the environment." David Strickland, president of Scenic R i v e r s Assoc. of Okla., w i l l discuss the "environmental ethic on the Illinois River," and Bob Ferris, editor of a Tulsa outdoor newsletter, will comment on "trail development in Ozark Society land." A banquet is scheduled for Saturday night in the west dining room of the Arkansas Tech cafeteria. A business meeting at 9 a.m. will conclude the two day session Sunday morning. Adjournment is planned for 11:30 a.m. from ment will coordinate the study. He explained the purpose ol a baseline study as to determine what data is available about the river's present condi tion and what information is needed. The baseline study seeks to establish the present aquatic life among the river the present river quality, ant the present land use on the river in order to afford a com parison for later. The study also points to where more investigation am information are needed. Thi baseline study is expected t. be completed next year, ant the comprehensive study shouli be in full swing by July, 1975 Babcock said. COMPARE EFFECTS Babcock explained that th baseline study is necessary S ' that if a project is planne along the Illinois River, its ex pccted effects can be comparei with the present river quality. He noted that the Northwes Arkansas Regional Plannin, Commission's plan to lowe river standards in order t« build two regional wastewate plants on the Illinois River ha been met by much local oppos tion. Environmentalists are als concerned that development along the river, such as th planned Flint Ridge resort are in .Oklahoma, will adversel affect the stream. Babcock said Arkansas' an Oklahoma's VVRRC's will be i contact with one another durin the studies. Both' department re state agencies (although the rkansas WRRC is housed on ic University campus) charged ith studying this type matter, abcock said. During the comprehensive tudy, researchers will gather nformation that will help pre- ict the kinds of effects housing evelopments, treatment plants nd the like would have on the iver. Babcock said non-Univer- ity persons as well as UA civil ngineers and geologists may ie employed to do the compre- ensive study. He does not yet know if the tate will be required to pul up matching funds toward ederal grant for the study. Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Mop., 8»pf. 30, 1974 FAYETTtVILlE, ARKANSAS Noisy Camper Fined By Judge A Federal Magistrate in Har rison, Arkansas, recently fount a Harrison area man guilty of violating rules and regulations at Beaver Lake. J. P. Renfro, Soute 6, Harrison, Arkansas, was fined $100. by U.S. Magistrate William S. Walker for violating quiet hours while camping at Dame Site Park on Beaver Lake. At about 2:15 a.m. on July 28, Park Ranger Douglas Schaaf, Carroll County Sheriff Deputies Stephen Treat, W i l l Graham and Ronald Walker, and 'Eureka Springs Policeman Mike Atwell. were called out to the park to control a reported, violation of quiet hours. Earlier that night the summer ranger on duty reported to Ranger Schaaf that Renfro refused to observe quiet hours and that nearby campers had registered complaints about excessive noise and offensive language. Quiet hours are from ten p.m. to six a.m. With assistance from the deputies, Ranger Schaff issued a citation to Renfro which carried a mandatory appearance before a U.S. Magistrate. Throughout the 1974 vacation season Park Rangers at Beaver Lake issued forty-four citations for various offenses ranging from unauthorized reserving of a campsite to operating a boat in a prohibited area. (TTMESphoto by Chuck Cunningham) LARGEST MULBERRY TREE IN ARKANSAS . . .helping to measure the mulberry tree on Oliver Street are Dr. Moore, Dr. Tainter and John Tnesser. The trio used a special tape in calculating the tree's circumference -- 13 jeet -- and diameter -- 49.7 inches Mulberry Tree Grew Up To Ee Biggest Of Ail What is believed to be the largest red mulberry tree in Arkansas grows on Oliver Street on University of Arkansas property. Discovered- by -John Troesse'r of Charter Oak Tree Service, the tree out - measures the one in Siloam Springs that previously held the record. The tree on Oliver Street was recorded at 13 feet in circunv ference, 48.7 inches in diameter, and about 60 feet tall with a branch spread of 75 feet. This' exceeds the Siloam Springs' tree with its 12 foot, seven inch circumference, 30 feet heighth and 59 foot spread, according to Dr. Dwight M. Moore, -Arkansas authority on trees and author of "Trees of Arkansas." Dr. Moore, assisted by Troes- ser and Dr. Frank Tainter of the UA's plant pathology department, measured the tree using a special tape that calculates circumference and diameter at the same time. Circumference measurements are taken 4.5 feet up from the ground, at the base of the tree trunk, Dr. Tainter pointed out. The red mulberry, native to the eastern half of the United States, bears fruit--reddish blackberry-type color and slightly longer than a b l a c k berry. The leaves on the tree may be of three different shapes, but all are serrate (toothed on the edge) and rough to touch. Leaves may be unlobed, rounding to a point at one end, or single or doub\elobed. The largest red mulberry tree with a circumference of 17.6 feet, is located at Gettysburg Pa., Dr. Moore said. older; WeVe getting better Throwaway Energy More than nine million people could be supplied with electricity for an entire year by the energy wasted during 1972 through the use of throwaway containers rather than returnable bottles for soft drinks and beer, according to Crusade for a Cleaner Environment. The group also estimates that the energy wasted by throwaway bottles arid cans last year was the equivalent of approximately 1.7 billion gallons of gasoline -- enough to operate 1.7 million cars at 10 miles per gallon for 10,000 miles each. It's sad to say that many businesses, as they get older, don't always keep progressing and becoming more effective. At Fayetteville Savings Loan we know how easy it would be to become self-satisfied and complacent. That is why FAYEJTEVIl|3 : AVIMG - A w S y FAYETTEV1LLE ASSOCIATION : we are always looking for new, 1 innovative ideas that will help us better serve our customers, '! *both present and future. We've been around for over "^ *T 50 V ears and we inle nd.to keep on r-»/ ,,,!! getting better; not just older. SAVINGS AND LOAN 201 NORTH EAST AVENUE. FAYETTEVILLE

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