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Northwest ArVanwi TIMES, Sun., Sept. 29, 1974 rAYITTIVILLI, ARKANSAS Aubrey Shepherd Squirrel Season Off To Slow Start Squirrel season opened two weeks early this year, overlapping with the one-week teal season which for many Arkansas outdoorsmen is the usual September hors d'oeuvre for October's outdoor feast of bow hunting for deer and squirrel and rabbit hunting in the orange-emblazoned woods. Many people anticipated the early start with anxiety, unsure about the value of starting anything so exciting and normally successful out of its usual order. Acorns were being cut on the periphery of the Ozark forests by perfectly normal-looking gray: squirrels only a few days before the September 15 starting date, and predictions of a spectacular opening day were widespread. But those early-acorn-eaters turned out to be disappearing squirrels -- the kind normally found only around huge oak trees on foggy late afternoons. When they disappear before one's very eyes they are called ghosts, coming out only to tease the bedeviled hunter and then to vanish. September 15 dawned clear and cool and seemingly perfect for the opening day of squirrel season, and being on Beaver Lake for a bass tourney, I was able tn see many squirrels playing in nearby trees and to enjoy their insistent chatter. Having spent the preceding morning harvesting a limit of opening day teal, it was easy to look philosophically at the small flights of ducks which sailed overhead without feeling cheated. But the squirrles were another matter. A good friend was on our favorite mountainside looking for our usual opening day limit of squirrels, but without my help. Because I was seeing plenty on the lake, I assumed he has having a memorable morning, but his report that night was that he had taken only two bushytails, having seen only six. I was surprised. For he had been on an excellent hill, which in live years has not failed to supply me with several full- limit days each season and which never seems to suffer much from hunting pressure. A few days later I visited the spot alone at midmorning and saw only three squirrels, getting only two. That morning I was late and the wind was blowing, so there were a couple of technical excuses. Nonetheless, the jury (of two) was still out on what kind of season this is to be. Late one afternoon, three TIMES men visited another good mountain near St. Paul and found an abundance of gray squirrels, already cutting hickory nuts. But only two fell to my .22 that evening. At sunset I finally realized I had been unable to spot them through the scope mainly because of the dust on its lens. But hunting on the east slope of the mountain late in the day is difficult and the September foliage is lush enough to stop most of the sun's rays anyway. Business Picks Up Monday, September 23 was a -different matter. I reached the woods I had elected to hunt at 5:15 p.m. ard parked well off the road. The place was actually a couple of miles from the spot 1 really wanted to hunt, but I had spotted the desired location Sunday afternoon while driving by and had failed to notice that No Trespassing signs were all along the periphery of the stand of already colorful hickory trees. So, I found myself in the second best spot I had seen on Sunday afternoon. There were no posted signs here, probably because the road edged past a drop-off into a creek bed and hardly seemed a likely spot for a hunter to enter the woods. Moving around the hillside I soon found evidence of squirrel activity. Acorns and hickory nuts had been chewed in the area and within fifteen minutes I had my first gray squirrel. Soon I had to change directions to avoid getting too near a house and its accompanying cleared land. Back in the woods I drifted downhill to a small stream and saw two young squirrels playing on a hollow tree. One saw me, but the other stayed out of the hole too long. A mature squirrel in an adjacent tree made three and suddenly the season looked more hopeful. A barking squirrel fifty yards away and across the rivulet attracted me and yet I got there too late, letting him slip into a hole. But a big red squirrel hopped out onto a limb nearby when my imitation squirrel chatter failed to bring the gray from his hole. He made four and the shot caused another to move somewhere behind me. I turned and missed the bushytail flying between overhanging limbs. Knowing it was a clean miss, I did not pursue the animal, but moved further along the hillside. A continuing stream of small noises from uphill finally drew me there and I took a very large mature gray squirrel who had been making enough noise for an army of chipmunks. Back on course I heard more barking and investigation showed two mature squirrels on one hollow tree. Two quick shots made the tally seven and what could have been the eighth went treetop swinging nearby. It is wise to check to see that those down are finished and fay the time I had checked, the other rodent had disappeared. But for a short evening's hunt this one was very successful and being one short of the limit left a goal for the next trip and yet gave me plenty of skinning to do before bedtime. Healthy Habitat Not everyone enjoys the violence which is an inevitable part of hunting, but anyone can enjoy the environment which is necessary to good hunting. The forests of Northwest Arkansas are spacious and it is still possible to be the only person in a tract of woodlands large enough to get lost in, even on a Saturday or Sunday afternoon. Being able to take a limit of squirrels is evidence that I am still alive and functioning and that man's habitat is still healthy enough to feed him. Each time another productive patch of earth is deforested or another stream is channelized or dammed, a part of me. is destroyed, a bit of what's worth living for is gone, some of the security of the future slips away. Every broken bone and every new ache and pain Is evidence that my body is slowly dying and I mourn for myself. But each new bruise and cut on the earth's lurface makes me mourn more -- for the day to come when man won't be able to survive on his home pl?net, when the earth will be uninhabitable. For this I mourn more than for the coming destruction of my own body, which at best started out with only a century of survival potential. But man's habitat and the race itself have a much longer potential which is too precious to be cut short. Ethic For The Hunter Should Be Followed LITTLE ROCK - Most .inters go hunting to have a ood time but a few "rotten pples" spoil the whole fratern- y. Scatter a few game hogs, few poachers and a few poor ports among thousands of good porlsmen and you come up ith a bad image for all him- :rs. In order to overcome the bad m a g e that hunting has cquired in some areas, every .inter needs to do some soul earching and decide what his clions need to be. The following from The Hunt- ig Hall of Fame Foundation ailed "An Ethic for the Huner" is worlh reading and ceding: "Ever mindful of the rich tra- itions of his sport, the ethical unter maintains hunting skills nd physical condition of the ighesl feasible degree; studies is game, its habits and habi- at, so that tie may respect not nly that game but the laws, rillen and unwritten, govcrn- ng both its fair chase and its lanagcment. He respects also le rights and properties of Ihers. and above all, he everes the beauty and charac- of the environment he hares with his game. Ever conscious of both pre- ent and future needs of his .port, the ethical hunter prac- Ices the best principles of ame, conservation, seeks only lie finest experience of aelec- ive hunting without regard for ompetition with other men, md in all things moral or cul- ural so comports himself that le acts as an honorable exam- ile, to broaden public under- tanding of hunting in our time ind to provide guidance for al! :oncerned with the hunting .port in future generations." Tough Mich. Navy 52-0 ANN ARBOR, Mich. (AP) -Gordon Bell'scored three touch downs and Chuck Heatei cored two more as fiffh-rankec Michigan annihilated mistake ridden Navy 52-0 Saturday heir intersectional footbal ;ame. The crowd of 104,232--second argest .ever at ..Michigan Sta dium--watched 'the Wolverines destroy the team which had up set eighth-ranked I'enn State 7-6 ust a week earlier. The victor} brought Michigan's mark to 3-0 vhile the Middies took their first loss in three starts. Heater scored the first Mich gan touchdown on a one-yard ihinge shortly after defensive tackle Jeff Perlinger inter cepted a Phil Poirier pass a the Navy 20 and returned it t the 10. The Michigan offense collect ed three interceptions and Iwc 'umble recoveries, with four o :he turnovers leading to Wolve rine scores. Navy was outclassed by th Big Ten team after havin stopped the Wolverines cold o! their first two possessions Michigan turned the game int a rout by scoring 24 points i, the second quarter. Fayetteville Men Organize Wilderness Co. Wilderness Outfitters of Fay etteville offers canoes, campin equipment, shuttle service meals on the streamside, guid service, backpacks, and com plete information on all the r vers and camping areas Northwest Arkansas. Package deals are offered fo groups of over ten persons u to a maximum of about twentj The organization is pretty flex ible and will plan an outing fo any group's needs. Wilderness Outfitter's is a environmentally concerned com pany, consisting of Charle Agce, Gary Mahan, and Mik Mills. Campsites will be planne and used in such a way tha the environment will not b permanently, damaged. Alterna five sites are to be used I keep from placing pressure o any one spot. With the growing America interest in outdoor and partici larly wilderness recreation, th organization offers individual, families and clubs the opnort nity to sample outdoor livin with the security of an ex perienced guide. Learning ho\ to handle survival equipmen and camping gear will be side benefit of utilizing the ai vice and the equipment of Will erness Outfitters. Pelicans Back Louisiana wildlife agents re port that a colony of brown pe leans was nesting again i Barataria Bay about 70 mile south of New Orleans wher pesliiides had wiped out th state bird in the early 1960's. For six years, the only brow pelilan in Louisiana was on it stale seal. But Florida donate more than 200 of its own brow pelicans to Louisiana and no 1 some 45 of the rare birds ar nesting in the area, n Fish And Wildlife Service List Endangered fauna Number 400 The Matms Island tree snail of the Southwest Pacific, Hie South American jaguar, tlie jorilla in Africa, the southern laid eagle in the United States, and tiie blue whale, he largest animal in the vorld, are among more than 400 animals listed by Inler- or's Fish and Wildlife Service as being in danger of extinc- ion throughout all qr a signi- icant portion of their range. The listing is contained in the 'United States List of Endangered Fauna," a now publication announced today by Fish and Wildlife Service Director Lynn A. Greenwalt. Every continent except Antarctica has some of its lative wildlife endangered. 3ver 100 of the listed animals occur in the United Slates, including 50 birds and 31 islies. In addition to the Manus Island tree snail, the worldwide list shows 11)9 oirds, 164 mammals. 39 fishes. 26 reptiles, and G amphibians to be endangered. "Most of these animals are endangered primarily because of environmental factors," reenwalt said. "These include habitat destruction, pollution or other environmental contaminants, competition with introduced species or diseases, and breeding with similar species that are more adaptable to an altered e n v i r o n m e n t a n d direct iiuman disturbance. "In some foreign countries, hunting for sport or commercial purposes and other types of exploitation are threatening some animals. Even within the United States illegal shooting is still a serious drain on endangered species : or Effectiveness In Duck And Goose Hunting Twenty-four National Wildlife Refuges in all four migratory Â·at erf owl fly ways will field test teel shotgun ammunition this all to compare its effectiveness vith lead shot for duck and oose hunting and to acquaint unters with its capabilities and athcr their opinions. Lynn A. Greenwalt, Director f Interior's Fish and Wildlife ervice, said this is the third ear such tests have been con- ucted, but this year's program vill be far more extensive than arlier efforts. The Fish and Wildlife Service n July published. proposed egulations banning the use of e a d shotgun ammunition tarting in the Atlantic Flyway Temple Batters Boston College PHILADELPHIA (AP) -Quarterback Steve Joachim, vho leads the nation in total of- ense, threw three touchdown lasses as Temple battered Boson College 34-7 Saturday and xtended college football's third ongest winning streak through 0 games. Joachim completed 21 of 33 lasses for 205 yards. Mike Pledger Joins GF Commission LITTLE ROCK -- Mike Pled- jer. 25, has been named Information Officer with the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission, ledger took over the position August 26. As Information Officer, he vill bo responsible for writing articles concerning present and uture game and fish projects and will also be working with game, fish and enforcement districts on local news items. Before coming to the Commission. Pledger was working on his Masters Degree in Zoo ogy at the University of Arkan sas at Fayetteville and was a graduate assistant on the Com Â·nission's three year Dog-Deer Study which has just been com Dieted. He earned his Bachelors Degree in Biology from the University of Arkansas at Mon ticello in 1970. Pledger, who is from Monti cello, and his wife Becky, who is from Shreveport, Louisiana live in Little Rock. Shotgun Range Data Released LITTLE ROCK -- According to the National Shooting Sport Foundation, experienced shoot ers are generally knowledgeabl about efective shotgun range but the maximum distance tha various srees'of'shot will carr; is to many a mystery. Of interest to all shooters this data is particularly rele vant to those selecting sites fo gun clubs or for informal cla; target shooting. The figures in the following table apply to all current shoi gun gauges, the determinin factor being the size of the sho ilself. Maximum Distance in Yards Tn Point of Impact For Leading Pellets In Shot Siring Max. Dislanc Shot Sine 6 00 Buck 4 Buck Rifled Slugs in Yaril 27.3 Yd; BIO 480 817 Lifetime Licenses LITTLE ROCK -- Arkansa Game and Fish Commissioi Chairman Joe D. Scott of Nash ville announced that evei though the commission i seeking an incrase in residen hunting and fishing license from $3.50 to $7-50, they hav decided to leave the lifetime h censes at $3.50 each. According to Mr. Scott, "W have no desire to work a hare ship on our senior citizens tha are a lot like us, have a fixe income and are caught by infla lion. Game and fish residen licenses have been fixed at $3,1; each since 1966 and have onlj gone up $2.00 in 37 years. Th increase we are asking for i about the same as a box o shotgun sheels for the hunte or half the price of a chea fishing outfit for the fisher man." like the peregrine falcon. These are only examples. There are many other factors, including Hie low reproductive rates of some animals and the inflexible habitat, nesting, or feeding requirements of others." LEGAL DEFINITION ' Any species, subspecies, or population of plant or animal can Qualify as an endangered or threatened species if scientific data supports such listings. In addition, adding or deleting a species listing must be done in accordance with formal legal procedures. This includes consultation with affected Stales, foreign coun- tries, national and international organizations, and scientists wlip have knowledge of the species in question. Any proposal to add or delete a species must also be published in t h e Federal Register and at least 60 days be provided public comment. The same processes must be followed in removing a species from the lists. The Endangered Species Act protects endangered and threatened species within the United Slates and provides for participation in various international treaties and conventions in which the United States has pledged its support for the conservation of wild flora arid fauna worldwide. Under the Act, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has been designated as the lead agency for identifying and preserving or restoring endangered and threatened species except for certain marine species that are the responsibility of the National Marine Fisheries Service of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Both agencies solicit the help of all interested parlies, including State wildlife agencies and other Federal agencies, and scientists, universities, and organizations in this country and abroad. A major effort by the Fish and Wildlife Service tluil is now underway is the development and implementation of action plans, known as recovery plans, for each endangered species. These plans describe the coordinated actions needed to reverse the causes for an animal's precarious status, and they name the agencies and organizations assigned to undertake each action. Copies of the list may be obtained by writing to the Director, U;S. F i s h and Wildlife Service, Office of Endangered Species, Washington, D.C. 202-10. Steel Ammunition To Be Compared With Lead in 1976, in the Mississippi Flyways in 1978. The proposal is designed to step further dropping of lead pellets in waterfowl habitat. Spent lead pellets are often eaten by ducks and gees, resulting in lead poisoning and death t o tens of thousand!! of birds each year. Steel is the only practical practical non-toxic substitute for lead currently available. The tests are being conducted as part of a continuing process of collecting cientific data on lead poisoning ol waterfowl. In 1972, tests were held at seven refuges; in 1973 at 16 refuges, and this year at 24 refuges where over a quarter of a million rounds of steel shot will Four Prehistoric Creatures Still Alive On Continent Not all prehistoric creatures are extinct. At least four of hem are still alive, inhabiting streams and lakes of this con- inent. Sturgeon, gar, paddlefish and )owfin are all primitive fish hat represent the last lineage of distinct families of aquatic animals long vanished from earth. While the padrilefish and . jowfin are sole survivors of! heir family trees in this coun- ry, sturgeon and gar are re- resented by seven and five ;pecies respectively still living n North America. None of these archaic fish enjoy the popularity extended o sport fish, but all of them are sought by fishermen either 'or food or as exciting fish to; catch on sport tackle. Sturgeon, for example, are considered a fine-flavored fish when smoked, and their roe is eagerly sought to be prepared as caviar. They are widely dist r i b u t e d throughout North American lakes and streams, although their numbers have declined in recent years. They are caught by rod and reel, spear, and net. Favorite baits are nighlcrawlers, crawfish, or pieces of fish. Missouri River anglers take them with trotlines fished in shallow water along sandbars. Sturgeon are long- lived, with some reaching 75 years. With long snouts filled with sharp teeth, tough-looking gar are probably the least liked of the primitive fish. They f i g h t well when taken by rod and reel, but have no food value. The largest specie, alligator gar, will tip the scales at 300 pounds. Gar range from the Rocky Mountains east to Florida, and from Canada to Mexico. Paddlefish are often called spoonbills or shovelnose cats. They feed solely on plankton and insect larvae which they scoop from the water while swimming with their mouths open. Thirty-pound fish are not uncommon, with some specimens weighing 200 pounds. They are good eating, but must he caught by snagging since they won't strike lures or bait. "01" Ugly" is the name commonly given to the bowfin. This long, slab-sided fish is also known as the dogfish, grinnel and cypress trout. Bowfin are hard fighters on sport tackle, and many anglers seek them out just to do battle. way in 1977, and in parts of he Central and Pacific Fly- be fired. In this year's program, em- ptiasis will be placed on testing shotgun loads for geese by providing hunters unmarked shells of both lead and steel and observing the results. Moreover, duck loads will be tested again .0 gain additional information. 70,000 ROUNDS In 1972, over 70,000 rounds of steel shot were used. The number of birds bagged by each hunter was very close to the number expected if lead had been used. Downed but unre- trieved birds occurred with about the same frequency as expected for lead shot. There were indications that more shots were fired for each bird bagged with steel loads than would have been the case with lead. In 1973, over 80,000 rounds of steel shot were used, and again the effectiveness of lead and steel shot for ducks was nearly identical. Too few geese .were included in the samples to show significant differences between lead and steel shot. The results, however, suggest that lead was more effective as 124 geese were dropped per 1,000 shots fired with steel and 163 geese per 1,000 shots of lead. Emphasis is being placed on geese this year ta better document this aspect. In addition to the tests on National Wildlife Refuges this Interior Department Auditorium 18lh and C Streets, N.W. PACIFIC FLYWAY SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA October 31, 1974. 9:00 a.m.. Room 1194, California State Bldg. 455 Golden Gate Avenue MISSISSIPPI FLYWAY ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI November 4, 1974 9:00 a.m. St. Louis County Library Auditorium 1640 South Lindberg Blvd. CENTRAL FLYWAY DENVER, COLORADO November 6, 1974, 9:00 a.m. Auditorium, Room 269, Denver Post Office 1823 Stout Street Thousands of ducks and geese die each year from lead poisoning contracted by eating spent lead pellets from marsh bottoms and fields where hunting has taken place. On July 23rd the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service published in the Federal Register a proposed rulemaking that would re.quira non-toxic steel shotgun ammunition in the Atlantic Flyway in 1976. in the Mississippi F l y w a y in 1977, and . in certain "hot spot" ;i r u a s of the Central and Pacific Flyways in 1978. A notice of availability of the draft Environmental Impact Statement was also published in the Federal Register on July fall, the States of Maryland, In-;23rd. Copies may he obtained diana Ohio, Oklahoma. Colo-,by writing to: U.S. Fish and rado and Oregon will conduct Wildlife Service, Office of En- similar programs hunting sites. at State In addition to the firing tests at refuges the Fish and Wildlife Service will collect data on what degree and rate ducks and geese ingest spent steel shot pellets on areas where steel is used. PUBLIC HEARINGS proposal vironmental Coordination, Washington, D.C. 20240 Persons wishing to comment at the public hearing are asked to notify the Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington D.C. 2(1240, at 1: -:Â· ' e days before the meeting date. A 10 minute time limit for oral presentations i s imposed, although additional time may be S'iinteci i' ndvance if shotgun ammunition for water- "i" i in wr Â»i ne ' fowl hunting will be discussed | requested m w n t i n g . at public hearings in four cities ~TM~~" in late October and early November. Hearings will be held in each of the four migratory bird fly:ways at the following locations: ATLANTIC FLYWAY WASHINGTON, D.C. October 22, 1974, 9:00 a.m. TRI-LAKES ANTENNA Sales and Service New UÂ«Â«J Anlennw Color Â· Black while BooiUrs Â· Towers Free Estimates 751-7927 7SI-MH 7SI-2J7 Reader Urges Fishermen To Retrieve Lines To the Outdoor Editor: Last week I was fishing up War Eagle river, "with no success." Above wagon wheel ranch I saw one of those Gray Cranes hung up in a trotlinc. I cut him loose and almost got hung up myself in another hook above my shoulder. I wish these! s o - c a l l e d fishermen would retrieve their lines when the water level drops below their hooks or when they make their last run. If they could have seen that weak and. injured crane wobbling off maybe then they would try to use their lines a little wiser. Excuse you, Jmt you left off two names in Sunday's article on the Mr. Bass of Arkansas Fishing tournament list of ten qualifiers from Northwest Arkansas: Odis Hash from Springdale and myself. And if you promise not to leave my name off again, I'll invite you to come along as a sporlswriter to the Mr. Bass of Arkansas tournament. Tnanks a lot. Bruce Myers Fayetteville Piranhas Spread One of the most dreaded fishes in the world, the piranha, is rapidly spreading throughout previously uninhabited rivers of Brazil. Reportedly, various hydro-electric dams have reduced the current and lowered oxygen content in some of the major waterways. In a classic ecological turn of evenls, (his has made survival dilficull for the dorado, a fish which normally preys on the piranha. Without the natural controls on the dorado and aided by certain natural factors, the piranah is moving into new Brazilian waters. Starchy Plastics Plastics from starch. biode ; grarla'ble and even edible, have been developed in Japan. The plastic is made by stringing together ordinary si.irch molecules into a polymer called poll- ulan. Don't waste your time discussing current events with anyone who hasn't read RICHARD NIXON Â·- The Man Behind The Mask Gary Allen has spent three years researching and writing what is a runaway best-seller of the Seventies. This volume of though- ful analysis and-sound history details the political roles and real- life drama behind one of the most important persons on the political scene. Formerly President, he is Richard M. Nixon. But, who is he really? Who is the Man Behind the Mask? Gary Allen answers that question far better than Â·anyone else ever has. What he has to say should greatly interest every American. Why do the Kennedys want to bury TEDDY BARE? The following statement is authorized for publication by John Farrar, the skindiver who removed Mary Jo Kopechne's body from Senator Kennedy's car after the Chappaquiddick incident: "Having been directly involved in the recovery of the victim at Chappaquiddick, and the legal affairs which followed, I believe that this book, TEDDY BARE, is the most dynamic and factual book ever published on this latest Kennedy tragedy. "The author, Zad Rust, and the publisher, Western Islands of Belmont, Massachusetts, should bÂ« complimented for bringing this information to the attention of the American people. I highly recommend it to everyone, both as an insight into what really happned that night, and more importantly, as a closer look at those friends of Senator Kennedy, in high places, who went to work to smother the real story of Chappaquiddick. It's a shocker!" John Farrar At Edgartown, Massachusetts NOW AVAILABLE AT AMERICAN OPINION BOOKSTORE Phone 753-3384 4131 J.F.K. Blvd. North Little Rock, Ark. 72116 1 n Please rush me paperbound copies at $2.00 each of TEDDY BARE. (Add 70c for tax and mailing.) Total $2.70 for each copy. fj Please rush me .... paperbound copies at $2,00 each of RICHARD NIXON. (Add 70c for tax and mailing.) Total $2.70 for each copy. pSave money! Order any combination of books at $195 for any two. (Tax and mailing included.) Specify number of each title desired. NWT 9/29 Name Address City ... State .-.- .. Zin ,.