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10A Â· Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Sun., Sept. 29, 1974 FAYCTTEVILUr., ARKANSAS A New Runway For Springdale The newly extender! and widened runway of Springdale Municipal Airport Is shown from the air as it appears with work virtually complete. The project also included new taxiways and additional hardstand. (TIMESphoto by Ken Gond) As Federals Flounder Local Progress Made By RICHARD E. MEYER AP Newsfeatures Writer Far from the center of power, while Washington floundered in Watergate, state, county and city governments moved briskly and often m- novatively to advance the commonweal. ' Government at the grass roots acted with vitality in many areas despite the two years of scandal, impeachment resignation in Washington -perhaps even because of them. Seme states aided their elderly with tax and rent relief. Others, in cooperation with their municipalities, inaugurated new mass transit systems. Nearly all passed campaign finance disclosure laws. Several reorganized their governmental machinery from top to bottom. Many took new steps to improve the safety and security of their residents. And some took long-range steps to plan their futures. "At the federal level," says Dan Evans, governor of Washington and chairman of the National Governors' Conference, "initiatives are still being debated or 'considered' -- in such critical areas as consumer pro_- teetion, governmental reorganization, energy use and controls, land use legislation, welfare reform, ethics in government -while states and their subdivi slons have acted decisively." A survey by The Associated Press has turned up a variety of state and local projects tiv'e! the past two years -- all o: them determined efforts to grapple with the nation's polili cal, economic and social prob lems. THE ELDERLY Massachusetts has guaran teed a minimum income for it, elderly. It assures them of $191 a month from federal takeove: of the state's aid-to-the-aged program, plus a state supple ment of $214.52 for a couple liv iag together without blindnes or disability. Several states, includini. Pennsylvania, have "eircui breakers" in t h e i r tax laws pegging property tax paymenL to incomes. The provision, plus rent relie to widows and widowers age 51 or over, has meant tax rebate for tens of thousands of elder! Pennsylvanians. They are pai with income from the state lot tery. Pennsylvania^;;, h a v e a p proved $100 million in bonds t provide low-interest state loan to nursing homes which find i virtually impossible to obtai money in the private market t upgrade fire safety. Arkansa p r o v i d e s free prescriptio drugs for the elderly. York is letting persons 60 an older audit courses free at stat universities and community co leges. West Virginia Is using a million federal grant to provic transportation tickets for the e derly and disabled on both pub lie and private carriers. An with its state lottery mone Pennsylvania Is providing tre ritles for anyone over 65 on an of more than 70 participatui transportation systems at an time hut rush hour. THE ENVIRONMENT Boston has been ordered b the Environmental Â· Protectio Agency to reduce the numbi of cars on its old, narro streets. To help meet the EP ruling, cut air and noise poll (ion and reduce the traff jams, the Massachusetts Ba Â·' Transportation Authority offe "dime time" in nonrush hour when passengers can ric ' buses, subways and commute ; railroads anywhere for a dim : Normal fare is 20 to 25 cents. Other cities and states ar Â· using mass transit to cut down ; auto damage to the enviro ment. Â· Chattanooga, Tenn., Is I Â· augurating a mass transit a thority. A half-cent of Mic Â· igan's two-penny Increase gasoline fax is going to ma: . transit, and the state Is deplo ing a fleet of minibuses in i smaller cities that can be sn : moned by telephone for dnor-t door service. Michigan also EXPKftT WATCH KIP A III ening 51 parking lots at rategic spots around the state r car pools. Sk Louis city and unty, the neighboring state of inois and their Bi-S[ate Sys- m are reducing bus fares to cents and expanding service, Â·egon is using highway money build more than 60 miles of ceways -- and turning urban :eways originally planned as routes into bicycle GREAT IDEA To Brad Jones, 17, of Port- ind, who uses a bikeway to get and from work -in a depart- ent store, "it's really a great _ SWIFTS fTNMtfe enic utes. West Virginia is scrappin he half-million abandoned car and assorted other pieces o junk marring its countryside Connecticut is building : plants to process solid was] and recover reusable material such as iron, glass and alum num. Waste that cannot be r cycled is converted to fuel fo power plants. Wisconsin citie and counties collect trash an ship it to regional centers fo recycling under supervision the state. In the urban environmen Philadelphia is rehabilitatin 580 homes in a neigliborhoo Possibility Of Fair Trial Debated By RICHARD J. MALOY ' TIMES Washington Bureau WASHINGTON -- Can the epublican Watergate defend- its get a fair trial from a ury in the District of Columbia, city which is mostly black nd Democratic? Lawyers for the six defend- nts in the big coverup trial cheduled to start Tuesday rgued it would be Impossible select an unbiased jury vn from, residents of the istrict. They asked that the trial be moved elsewhere, but were urned down by Federal District udge~John Sirica, who said the rial will 'be held in the nation's apital as planned. Thus a parade of big names rpm \he Nixon Administration vill be in the dock at the r ederal Courthouse here facing iharges of obstruction of jus ice. The defendants are John N Mitchell, former U.S. attorney general; John D. Ehrlichrman ormer top presidential assist ant; H.R. Haldeman. the num Jer one aide in the Nixon White House, R o b e r t C. Mardian, former a s s i s t a n t a t :orney general; Gordon C Strachan, a White House politi cal operative; and Kenneth W Parkinson, a former presiden ial lawyer and political aide. The first big fight of the tria will come over the selection o a jury, and it is during tha process that the defendants awyers can be expected to eta borate on their earlier argu ments that Nixon Republican can't get a fair shake from dis trict residents. On the surface, they appea to have a good argument Census figures show that of th District of Columbia's 756,51 residents, 71 per cent are black Voter registration figure show that of the city's 305,07 registered voters, 76 per cen registered as Democrats, 13 pe cent as Republicans and 10 pe cent as independents. But behind those figures ar other demographic statistic which give a more complel picture of the residents of thi city on the b a n k s of th Potomac River. They depict not a city of poo: activist blacks biased agains the establishment; but community composed of we educated, middle and hig n c o m e professionals with ilddle class values. Per-capita personal income in e district last year, for exam- e, was $6,337. This is 126 per ent of the national average per apita 5,041. personal income of Median education of the dis- rict residents Is 12.2 years, also 'ell above the national aver- This means that half of adults living in the city ge. he ave some college education. At the time of the 1970 Cenus, 25 per cent of the city's amilies enjoyed incomes above 15,000 and only 11 per cent cre below $3,000. Sixty per cent of the workers n the city hold down while ollar jobs. Only 17 per cent ave blue collar positions, and 2 per cent are employed in ervice occupations. While nearly three-fourths of he city residents are black, hey,, do not fit the stereotype associated with black inner-city ghettos in big cities across the nation. The reason for this is histori- al. Washington, D.C. was one of he first places in the nation vhere a black could get and lold a good job and hope for steady professional and financial advancement if qualified. This was because of the presence of the federal government, the largest employer in a blighted black slum, has undergone redevelopment, and is now filled with new town houses and high rise apartments, mostly occupied by blacks. The northwest section of the district is where most of- the 25 'per cent of city residents who are white live. For the most part, they are middle and upper income families. District residents got the :he city. Starting several generations go sid ago, blacks mainly from the South began coming here to ake Jobs in the government, mostly in lower level occupations. It was steady work and qualified olack could advance through the ranks. THE GOOD LIFE He was able to purchase a house, and fulfill the American dream by sending his children off to college for higher education. Today those children, now grown and with families of their own, have moved into white collar and professional jobs, both .within the government and the private sector. The northeast section of the city is composed of miles of comfortable single-tamiiy brick homes owned by blacks. Upper 16th Street is an area known as the Gold Coast where top black professional o c c u p y $50,000 and $100,000 homes. The southwest section, once right to vote for president in 1964 and in the ;hree presidential elections since that t i m e hey have gone overwhelmingly Democratic. Lyndon Johnson ;ot 85 per cent of the city vote n 1964, Hubert Humphrey took 12 per cent in 1968 and George WcGovern walked off with 7( per cent in 1972. VOTE SPLIT Ninety per cent of the blacks voted Democratic, but the white vote was divided evenly bet ween the GOP and the Demo crats. However in a more meaning ful demonstration of their politi cal and social attitudes, citj residents this month choose a nominee for mayor who was a black establishment figure ove an opponent who had an activis stance. Incumbent Mayor Wa! ter Washington had 55 per cen of the vote compared t challenger Clifford Alexander who pledged to name a blac police chief and bring mor blacks into city hall if elected. Thus, in selecting a jur panel for the Watergate cover up trial, defense lawyers an the prosecutors will find them selves dealing with a not unty pical group of middle class cit zens. The main problem will no be that three quarters of th panel are blacks who vot Democratic. 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