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10 FAVITTIVILLE, ARKANSA* 'Â·' Northwwt Arkansas TIMES, Friday, Sept. 27, 1974 EPA Rules That Scrubbers Can Clean Power Plant Smoke WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Washington )ap) -- The Environmental Protection Agency said Wednesday that equipment to lake health-endangering sulphur dioxide out of power plant smoke has proven itself effective and is reliable, contrary to the power industry's statements. EPA Deputy Administrator John R. Quarles said the success of these "scrubbers" will allow the use of all of the country's coal without creating hazardous air pollution. "This makes it possible to make full-throttle use of Eastern reserves of high-sulphur coal, without requiring a shift to Western low-sulphur coal," Quarles said before issuing an In addition, power plants that itherwise might abandon coal jecause of the sulphur problem could keep on burning it and clean up the smoke instead of switching to imported, oil. Oil, too, often .contains sulphur, but it is easier to remove ulphur before the oil is burned. It is difficult ot clean coal that way. The report was another EPA point in a long-running debate n the news media between the EPA and the Americn Electric Power System, the country's largest electric utility system. EPA handed reporters, without comment, a packet of with Causes Ulcers WASHINGTON (AP) - A aiding pharmaceutical firm is clling in almost every country xccpt the United Stales u drug t has known for nearly 10 /ears causes ulcers in mon- (eys, a Senate committee has been told. Subpoenaed testimony before a Senate health subcommittee also disclosed that Ciba-Geigy Corp. allegedly withheld adverse information about it's "Slow-K" potassium supplement from the Food nnd Drug Administration until a former Ciba executive blew the .whistle. American Electric recently published ads. said One that EPA report on recent power company experience "scrubbers." But the scrubbers are pensive. EPA estimated power plants must install them to meet clean air standards by 1980 at a cost of $5.4 billion -an average of $45 million more a plant. Quarles said the industry liac resisted installing them, fearing the new devices might not work. ' He said the experience of power companies that had installed scrubbers proves they do work. Tlie question of sulphur removal for environmental protection is closely linked to questions of energy policy soon to be debated with the drafting of "Project Independence," the plan to make the country self- sufficient in energy. On one hand, the United States' production of oil and gas has stagnated in recent years and increased oil supplies apparently must come from the Middle East for at least the next several years, accompanied by high prices and the threat of new interruptions. On the other hand, the U.S. has vast amounts of coal but much of it has lost favor as a fuel because of the air pollutioi it produces. Low-sulphur coal would help solve the pollution problems but most of it is in western states far removed from 'the heavily populated eastern industrial centers that need it most. Quarles emphasized that the development and adoption of effective scrubbers would allow increased use of coal available in the eastern mining regions despite its higher sulphur content. EPA's reliance on scrubbers was "nonsense." Â· Quarles said American Elec. t r i e apparently . h a d n o t changed mind although it had the same information EPA. But Quarles added, "I think we're breaking through on thins issue of reliability,..the debate is lending to shift toward the issues of cost and timing." Sulphur dioxide emissions are limited under national clean air standards to protect human lealth. "The more we learn about .he health effect from sulphur emissions the more concern we lave over current levels of pol- ulion," Quarles said. He said the EPA estimated about 215 rawer plants, some new and some old, would need substantial pollution controls by 1980 and about 120 of them probably would need scrubbers. He said the costly equipment might increase the cost of electricity from the affected power plant by as much as 15 per cent to 20 per cent. The actual impact on consumers, however, could be less, depending on the over-all size and makeup their power system. And the cost of scrubbers might also be ofset by the utility's resulting ability to burn high-sulphur coal at a lowe^ fuel cost than low-sulphur coal or oil transported longer distances. Quarles said the scrubbers could remove from 85 per cent to 80 per cent of the sulphur dioxide that otherwise would be emitted with health benefits to the public and particularly people with respiratory ailments. As evidence the industry was recognizing the system as reliable and effective, Quarles re- ported some 93 scrubbers were in operation, under construction or planned now, compared to 44 about a year ago. In one scrubber system, a sludge is produced that American Electric said would become an environmental problem of its own. But Quarles said the sludge can be solidifed and buried safely. Other scrubbers, in removing the sulphur, yield sulphur products that, instead of requiring dumping, can be sold. Nixon's Requests Are Questioned WASHINGTON AP) : ,r~ .. A congressional subcommittee; lius questioned Die government's plan t o p r o v i d e former Prcsidant Richard M. Nixon's 14-niember s t a f f at San Clc- ncnto with 77 typewriters, 21 sofas, 44 desks and 188 cliairs. How can 14 workers use 77 typewriters? Sen. Joseph Mon- .oya asked on Wednesday as a Senate appropraitions subcommittee sought justification foi the 5850,000 asked by the Ford administration for Nixon's transition to private life. Arthur F. Sampson, head o: Hie General Services Adminis (ration, told Montoya's subcom mittee he is unsure just how many typists there will be. He said may 14 regular employes supplemented tempo rarily by some on loan frorr other government agencies and by volunteers. _ TRI-LAKES ANTENNA Soles and Service Nsw Used AntennM Color Â· Black While Bootlers Â· Towers Free Estimate* 751-7927 751-MM 7S1-02ST Monloya also questioned vhelher the ''government should 10 expected to pay the salaries if Nixon's maid and builer as lart of the transition expenses. "I don't know exactly what hey do," said Roy L. Ash, di- ector of the While House 0(ice of Management and Budg- et. But he said a cosÂ« could be made for having nldes do menial tasks to free the former president to do more important work. The administration's request for $350,000 already has been chopped by the House Appropriations Committee to $398,000, including the $60,000 annual pension and JSHi.OOO for s t a f f guaranteed any former prcsi- C O U P O N FOR THE FAMILY . . Ken's Pizza Parlor 409 WEST DICKSON FOR 2 Order Three Pizzas - Pay For Only Two! H This Coupon Redeemable at KEN'S in Fayetteville nt, Monloya said , his panel .will .Ish'work on Us own bill by day. The TIMES li On Top of ThÂ« NÂ»wi Sevan Days o WeeVI 1974-75 UNIVERSITY THEATRE presents an American Bicentennial Salute THE CONTRAST As delightfully funny now as vvtien it was premiered in America in 17871 OCT. 1 thru 5 Box Office Opens Tomorrow at 1:00 For Reservations Phone 575-4752 1 j Box Office Hours: 1 -- 5 Daily Marty Mary's COACHMAN Restaurant 1212 N. 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