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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is Tht First Concern 01 This Nwispaptr 4 Â· FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1974 'Coincidence' Of ITT And CIA In Chile Non-Events In The News The week's news is marked as much by non-events as by dismal doings, which in their way, we suppose, are ari improvement, over what has come to be a customary recitation of crises and disasters. The biggest unhappenings of the week occurred on the same day. Sen. Bill Fulbright annouced he wouldn't be ambassador to Great Britain, and Sen. Ted Kennedy announced that ha wouldn't run for president in '76. Neither of these announcements can be called a big surprise; both are made, as the principals explain it, in consideration of family and circumstance. In their respective contexts we believe both to be wise and selfless decisions. In Sen. Fulbright's case, the appointment unquestionably held considerable appeal, not only in terms of his sense oÂ£ loyalty and duty to the service of his country, but in the context of his great interest and admiration for British traditions and history. As a former Rhodes Scholar it would have been quite a thing to return as United States ambassador to the Court of Saint James. But Sen. Fulbright cannot be unaware that his talents are not typically those of the diplomatic service. An Embassy is a poor platform for analysis and dissent on U.S. foreign policy (where and if that analysis happens to dictate dissent). In addition, in Dr. Henry Kissinger's system of jet diplomacy, the overseas diplomat's duty in time of crisis these days, is not to advise or consent, but rather to meet the plane on time. Sen. Fulbright says he hasn't decided what to do when he leaves public office next year. He wants time to make his transition from the Senate. In due time he will find a role and a function of service to the nation, and it will be one more in keeping with his Art Buchwald inquisitiveness and Ozark Mountain candor, we'll guess. Sen. Kennedy's decision, meanwhile, is taken not only in view of his role as the surviving member of the Kennedy brothers, and his responsibility to family, we would imagine, but also in the longer view of his contribution to the politics of both Party and nation. There is no question that Sen. Kennedy is aware that his withdrawal from consideration as a presidential candidate (sagacious party leaders concede he could have gained the nomination had he sought it) at this early date allows the Party to search for and establish another consensus leader. It would not be stretching the Kennedy view too much, either, to credit him with recognizing that his candidacy in the context of today's unsettled political climate might have a negative effect on "healing the national wounds." There are some Democrats who anticipate winning the White House, for the next eight years, in 1976. Sen. Kennedy, who is only 42 now, would be 52 at the end of that time, which is probably a better age for his run, if that's on his mind, than now. But give him credit for prudent judgment at This Point In Time. In Sen. Fulbright's case, we have heard from several quarters the wish that he had taken the English job so that his friends might call on him in case they happened to visit Londontown. This is said in the light of a jest, of course, but it is indicative of the contemporary aura around an embassy assignment. How many were glad to see Mr. Fulbright gain the chairmanship of the Foreign Relations Committee, for instance, so that they could get tickets to the China hearings? 'Did You Hear The One About...?' WASHINGTON -- Prof. Alan Greenspan, chief presidential economic adviser, endeared himself last week to the country with a remark he made to a group of leaders representing the old, sick and handicapped. Greenspan said Wall Street stock brokers have suffered the most from the nation's economic decline. When I saw Prof. Greenspan $. say this deadpan on television I broke into laughter and thought to myself, "The Ford Administration d o e s have humor after all." A few minutes later I received a call from a congressman friend asking me if I had written the line for Greenspan. "I wish I had," I said. "It has lo be one of the funniest things I've ever seen on television." "Well, could you find out who this writer is? I need some jokes for my campaign this fall; and if Greenspan's man can come up with, any other one-liners as good as this one, I'll be In clover." 1 called the Council of Economic Advisers and spoke to a man on the phone. "I'm trying to find out who Prof..-Greenspan's gag -writer. is." " Â·' ' Â· ' .;'Â·' "What are you, talking about 1 ?" the man said., ; . " . ' . Â· YOU KNOW, the 'guy who -7 jvrote that line about Wall' * Street brokers hurting the most from inflation." I started laughing again as 1 said it. The man on the other line said frostily, "Prof. Greenspan meant every word he said. Brokers have suffered the most." I was laughing so hard I couldn't stop. "I didn't think you economists went in for that kind of humor," I said. "Gosh .that's funny. Do you have any good ones?" Â·"You apparently believe that Prof. Greenspan was joshing at his meeting with the representatives of the old, sick and handicapped. But inflation is no joking matter. The professor was talking in terms of percent. ages. Whether the old, the sick Billy Graham's Answer Everybody says that God loves the poor and asks us to help them. To me it seems that the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. Even though the poor try they never seem to get anywhere. Why doesn't God help them? G. K. The 'best answer you could have would be to read the 37th and 73rd Psalms. Both of these discuss the problem you mention, and the further inequity caused when-the rich are the ungodly. These and other Biblical writings, however, reassure us that en every case, retribuUon will overake the ungodly man at the end of the age, and that p r e s e n t appearances don't determine future destiny. The Bible impresses upon the believer that the condition of the righteous, even when they are poor and suffer, is far preferable to that of the wicked, whatever prosperity they enjoy. Actually, the poor have great prominence in the Bible. In fact, the very foundation of the Hebrew faith was God's pity on a poor and oppressed people. I n the Old Testament regulations, many special provisions were given for the poor. Deuteronomy 15:1, fo rexample, prescribed that every seventh year, there should be a release of all debts. When Jesus announced His own mission on earth, (Luke 4:18). He said it was to preach "good tidings to the poor." You can be sure that God Is not standing idly by, but through His Spirit, is active in our world to trigger every good work man will permit, the main one being the new life of faith in Christ. To equalize wealth as you suggest, would violate the free will of man, and might create more problems than it solves. They'll Do It Every Time ye/Me SPENT SIX BUCKS OM PRINKS AMP THREE BUO6 Of] HE'S THE 6UYWHOWAS TROUBLESTO THE BAKT6MPER Z\ IN THE STATION m.- THE/RE 'THETWO WHO WERE HOU4RIN' K EACH OTHER WAITING TOR WE 7:52 THIS MORMINS By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - WHS In- Icrnntlonat Telephone and Telegraph (ITT) behind Uic U.S. effort lo undermine the lute Salvador Allcnde's government in Chile? Consider llicso envious coincidences: --On March 21, 1072, we reported that the CIA and ITT had been "plotting together to create economic chaos In Chile, hoping this would cause the Chilean army to pull a coup...." The CIA spent $8 million, most of it on economic sabotage, to weaken Allendc's government. The coup came exactly 18 months a f t e r ' w e reported the CIA-1TT scheme. --Even before Allende took office, we also reported, ITT sent a secret message to Henry Kissinger urging American action to stop Allende, The Marxist leader had won Chile's election by :i plurality, not a majority. Under the constitution, therefore, the Chilean Congress would make the final choice between Allende and the second highest vote-getter. The CIA passed out $350,000 to bribe members of the Chilean Congress to vote against Allende. --I'TT's links with the CIA were unusually strong. John McCone, a former CIA director, had become an ITT director. Among the ITT documents, which we uncovered, was an Oct. 9, 1970, report to McCone on Chile declaring: "Approaches continue to be made to select members of the armed forces in an attempt to have them lead some sort of uprising -- no success to dale." --Edward Korry, the former The Washington Merry-Go-Round and the handicapped want to believe it or not, we have statistics to prove that brokers have been hit the hardest." "Don't go too fast," I said, trying to contain myself. "I' want to write this all down." .''You.!' must remember that, iWheni inflation strikes, brokers' 'commissions, which are fixed by law, are immediately affected. When you have low turnover in Wall Street stocks, the broker is the first one to feel it. Who's hurt by high interest rates more than anybody else?" "Don't tell me," I said chuckling. "Let me guess." "I'm not sure you're taking me seriously," the man said. "Of course I am. I think the most important thing during a crisis is for people to laugh at themselves. If Prof. Greenspan can provide us with a line like he did about the brokers every week, we can win the war against inflation. Let me ask you something. Does Greenspan have any good ones about people suffering in the oil industry?" IKE MAN hung up on me. "I called back my friend in Congress. "I know you're not going to believe this," I said, "but Greenspan writes his own jokes." "I'll be damned." said my friend. "You mean the line about the brokers was his?" "Yup. Greenspans's a fountain of mirth, and he comes up with things like that all the time. It must be great for the President to have somebody like that around to take his mind off the economy." (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times Bible Verse "And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself: that where I am, there ye may be also." John 14:3 Don't get too earth bound! This good word from the Lord Himself makes it clear that He is coming again to receive those for whom He has prepared a wonderful place. Now to make sure you are going to make it, simply acknowledge y o u r need and invite Him to come into your heart. "Him that comcth to me I will in no wise cast out." "And said, If thou wilt dili- ? cntly hearken to the voice of he Lord thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the L o r d that healeth thee." Exodus 15:26 Quit looking at the problem, fasten your eyes and faith on the answer. Don't look at the ailment but the divine advocate. "Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today and forever." U.S. ambassador to Chile, operated the U.S. embassy virtually us a branch office for ITT. The ITT documents In our Â· possession show he described his unti-Allende activities to ITT's director of International relations, J.D. Neal, Kerry's reports lo ITT often were more candid than his reports to the State Dept. --While working behind tha . scene with ITT against Allende,, Korry spoke to Allende about a deal to pay off ITT and two copper companies in U.S,-gua- ranteed Chilean bonds. Under this plan, the United States would have had to make good on the bonds and would have wound up paying ITT a whopping $90 million. But Allende turned down the deal, according to Korry, for "ideological reasons." --We wrote a series of columns in March, 1972, describing how the CIA and ITT had conspired together to promote Chile's economic collapse. Kissinger personally assured us, however, that the scheme had never been carried out. On his word, we wrote that the plan received a "cool reception from the White House and State Dept." Now we learn that Kissinger, after telling us this, approved additional CIA expenditures to undermine the Chilean economy. The last million was approved as late as August, 1973, only a month before the foup. We also reported on March 30, 1972, the reasons that the CIA wanted to cllmlmilo Allende. We wrote Hint Allcmle had pbrmllted Cuba's Kidcl Castro to turn his embassy In Santiago, Chile, into "the prin-. cipal Cuban conlor for support of Latin-American liberation movements." The CIA had reliable Information that tho Soviet KGB was using the Cuban DGI Intelligence network to promote Communism and undermine democracy In Latin America. This had 'been reported to the hush- hush 40 Committee, which approved tho covert CIA activities 'against Allende. Meanwhile, we turned our files over to Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho, whoso Senate sub.com- mltto scolded both the CIA and ITT for their bizarre ploltings. . But because U.S, officials lied under oath to the subcommittee, Church was never able to get to the bottom of the affair. We would slill like to know what, role ITT played in manipulating U.S. foreign policy. WATCH ON WASTE: The Army is buying 551 dump trucks, which are too weighty and too vyide for most highways. Their giant tires, moreover, begin burning up after 90 minutes on the road. The Army wound up with this m e c h a n i c a l Frankenstein because the brass hats insisted on installing an atuomatic transmission never before used in dump trucks. After two years of testing, the designer's decided the truck "All I know is, we were told to ship it to San Clemente with a get-well-soon card" needed a second transmission, which made, it, loo. heavy. The Army aggravated Iho problem by demanding thicker s t e e l , which inudo It not only too heavy but too wide (or many roads. Even on highways thut were wide enough, the trucks had to stop for half an hour every 90 minutes :.to cool off the tires. Under a full load at 40 miles an hour, the tires began to burn up after. 80 minutes. A horrified.:Deputy Assistant . Secretary Joseph /iongerla warned In an Internal memo about "the embarrassment to the Army if we purchase a truck which cannot satisfy the specified load-carrying requirements." Yet despite his warning,'the Army began ordering trucks without fully testing the first model. Result: the taxpayers me committed to pay $16 million for 551 trucks and the cost could go as high as $29 million. : Â· Â· Â· . ' The Army, in a two-pag* defense of the goof-ridden vehicle, said the Vietnam experience i n d i c a t e d automatic transmissions were cost effective. The early re-ordering was done/therefore ,to save money. The tests said the Army, were "successful." The truck was "rugged" and its delects were "more apparent - n a n real." As for the. tires, a 90- minute break was standard for such dumpers, said i rvr Army "The tire cooling when placed in perspective is no problem." --United Feature Syndicate A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought ARCHITECTURAL ERRORS. Peter Blake, "The Folly of Modern Architecture," T h e Atlantic, September 1974, pp. 59-66, " 'Glass skins draped over steel or concrete frames are the most rational, and most ephemeral, visions of the twentieth century.' True or false? FALSE. The most ephemeral, yes; the most rational, no. Every modern architect loves the many inimitable qualities of glass. But every modern architect has also been in trouble because of this particular love affair: a lot of glass has problems of expansion and contraction; a lot of it cracks under unpredictable wind loads; a lot of it lets in too much heat or too. much cold; a lot of it creates so much glare that it takes a great deal of interior, artificial, and expensive backlighting to balance the natural light admitted from the great outdoors." "We need large housing developments in our cities, to solve our desperate housing problems...Just think what it means to live in a housing shortages.' True or false? FALSE again. Housing projects have got to be the very worst way of solving our housing project. The social stigma that is attached to it--the fact that everybody knows that your family earns less than $3,753.50 per a n n u m ; the stigma attached to your children when they dale others outside the 'project' ". "More sophisticated transportation systems will make our cities work. 1 True or false? FALSE. The solution to cities like Los Angeles and its problems is not to design and build better and more efficient mass-transit systems; it is, really, lo design and build more vital concentrations of people that will make transportation systems unnecessary." STORM PREDICTION. John Lear, "A Weather E y e on Angry Seas," Saturday Review- World, Sept. 7, 1074, pp. 44-48. "The laboratory chosen for the test is 2,000 miles long, stretching from San Clemenle Island off Southern California to the southern coast of Alaska. Observers working for the National Oceanic and Atmos- ph e r i c Administration, the Institute for Telecommunication Sciences, and the Naval Research Laboraroty of the U.S. Navy will be stationed o n . t h e island. With a powerful new radar now being built there, they will measure the height, the speed, and the direction of waves in the Gulf of Alaska. The experiment will continue for a year. If it succeeds, oeanographers believe that they will in lime be a b l e to divide the oceans into squares of equal size and scan each square periodically to see how the water within it is behaving. The Gulf of Alaska will be the site of the first observations for a very practical reason. Construction of the trans-Alaska oil pipeline has been under way for some weeks, and within a few years oil will foe pouring out of the southern end of the pipe at the port of Valdez and into supertanks destined for Puget Sound. The tankers will be from 1,000 to 1.500 feet long --equal to, or less than, t h e length of waves that crash along the Alaskan coast during some of the most vicious storms that visit the earth. Suspension of the enormous weight of these giant vessels between two wave lips could tear the ships apart and destroy millions of dollars worth of property, jeopardize hundreds of lives, and tragically mutilate the environment of the northwestern coast of this country." ART AND THE VATICAN. Â· Frank Getlein, 'The Vati- canizing of American Art," Commonweal, Sept. 6, 1974, pp. 480-483. "The first time the Vatican had much to do w i t h contemporary art, it produced the High Renaissance...The last lime the Vatican was a leader i n t h e sponsorship and patronage of contemporary art, the result was Roman Baroque . . . Whatever the reasons for its long indifference to contemporary art, the Vatican has now seemingly reversed itself. The results arc not exactly Michelangelo or Berini." "The central figure in the Vatican's new venture in the are of the time is a New York art dealer, Lawrence Fleisli- man..His presence at the heart of the American section of the Contemporary Art Gallery of the Vatican Museum, however, reveals the .essential shallowness of the Vatican effort." "The farcial aspects of the new Vatican drive into contemporary art, or at least contemporary American art, can only be appreciated fully in the light of a kind of cultural- spiritual-historical precis of American Catholicism in the middle years of the century...American Catholics interested in art...without exception took it for granted that their Church was not in the least interested...The establishment of the American contemporary gallery in the Vatican gives them no reason to change their minds." CONCEPT PHOTOGRAPHY. John Peter, "Concept Photography," Folio (the magazine for magazine management), July-August 1974, pp. 28-32. "Little seems to have happened lo magazine photography since the great days of photo- iournalism at Life and Look or the high impact of color photo days at McCall's. Yet something lias come along so gradually and in so many places lhat most of us have failed to recognize it as something new. It is concept photography." "Concept photography describes the use of the camera to comment on a subject in the great tradition of satiric illns- tralion and political cartooning. (CONTINUED ON PAG! SIX) Decline Of The Hemline WASHINGTON (ERR)-Early reports out of fashion headquarters in Paris, London and New York indicate that till fall's hemlines are stabilizing below the knee. The trend toward the longer and looser-fitting chemise may mean that the tight-fitting miniskirt is finished at last. Fashion prognosticators are hedging their bets,, however. They are mindful of the midiskirt debacle of 1970 and don't want egg all over their faces again. : Confusion over hem lengths can be traced back to the early 1960s, when skirts began rising, above the knee. In I960 Vogue proscribed anything more than three inches above the knee,, but by 1968 it was supporting miniskirts at midthi'gh length and above. After the midi- and maxl ! appeared in" 1969, women wera perplexed. Many fashion pacesetters, at a loss as to what to do, decided on a policy of laissez-faire. "Don't worry about length at all," said^Vogus in an editorial. "No length is. more correct than any other." Women's Wear Daily echoed this refrain by advising retailers not to give up one length for the other. Customers, the trade publication said, should. feel free to choose from a wide assortment of lengths. In the fall of 1970, Women's Wear Daily changed its tune completely. Under the leadership of owner John , Fairchild,.. the paper decided to throw its weight behind its own version o f the midiskirt, the "longuette." Short skirts were denounced on the front pages of the paper, and women were urged to throw off last year's mini in favor of the supposedly more stylish midi look. Retailers soon sensed that tha midi was not selling well. A number of them conducted elaborate campaigns to promote the long look. In many instances, saleswomen were politely but firmly encouraged to wear midis while on the job. Bonwit Teller in New Y o r k held daily meetings to tell sales personnel how to give customers the midi hard sell. Women reacted angrily to such pressures from the fashion industry. Protest groups with names like POOFF (Preservation of Our Feminity and Finance) and FADD (Fight Against Dictating Designers) were formed. 'The mini-mldi battle had begun. THE MIDISKIRT backfired on the clothing industry for several reasons. Hoping to ' stimulate the faltering dress Â· business by coming out with a new look, designers and retailers forgot that customers were being hit by the same s a g g i n g economy. Most women simply could not afford an entire new wardrobe, complete with the boots and other accessories which accompanied the "total midi look." Retailers also failed to anticipate the sudden growth in feminine c o n s c i o u s n e s s . Younger women, intent on preserving their individuality, rejected the expensive tastes of the Parish fashion world and leaned instead toward army surplus outfits and cut-offs. The liberated women wanted practical comfort. PERHAPS SHORT skirts will disappear with little hemming and hawing this season, for POOKF and FADD haven't been heard from in a long time. Just in case, however, stores could follow the lead of a new 'Â· Courreges boutique in New York. There a woman may choose an unhemmetl skirt de- ' cide upon a length and have the houtiqne seamstress hem it ' free of charge, Wouldn't this make everyone happy--in the long and short of it?