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-MOatintttal 'ii-Â»t,/, v. Arkanaaa *"~ VOTMrtr Â» aranwillt 0Â«nÂ» DtmaeilU Published dtUr Â«cÂ«Â»l Sunday kr . rAYETTCVILLE DEMOCIlXT PUBLISHING COMPANY Robtrta Fulbrlflht. Prnldinl " Foundtd Juni 14. tlU Entered at Ihe post office a' Fayottevlllt, Ark., u Sfcond-Class Mill Milter. Â·am E. Gtarhart Vie* PrÂ«i.-CÂ«nÂ«rÂ«J MÂ«naaÂ«l TÂ«d B. W T 11Â«, Edllol ___ MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tht Associated Preis Is exclusively entitled to the use for republicallon of nil tu-ws dlspatchei credited to It or not otherwise credited f n lhiÂ« napcr aiiti alsÂ« the local news published herein. All rights of rcpubllcatlon of ipecial dispatches herein are also reserved. _ SUBSCRIPTION RATM fti WÂ«e* . Mall p Â«tcÂ» In washlniton. Bentftn. M*dlrÂ«n Ufi A i k . ana Actilr count/. OÂ«ll. Or.* monlti Tnf*r rr.cnlha iUjr monuu Â· Mill li cnuntitf Qlhtr thw Â»bovÂ«: Oni monll' Â· fir** month* Â·tx nMnthi ... tu COUN- .._. -S OnÂ» rÂ«ar - Ail "mÂ«il"niyÂ»ble In idvinc* Mambtr Audit Butaau at Circulation Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also be Irke unto him.-Proverbs 26:4 The Welcome Mat Is Out Representatives of t h e Arkansas newspapers and thsir guests, meeting here today and tomorrow in a n n u a l convention, Â·re indeed welcome to Fayetteville. Men Â·nd women who own and operate newspapers throughout the state are gathered hers to combine their ideas and discuss their mutual problems, and will leave here to return home the wiser for having convened in session together. The press in America today stands in * unique place in history--the free American prÂ«sÂ« has advantages, and responsibilities, not matched by nublications anywhere else in the world. The press is free In England, but is fettered by shortages and restrictions t h a t we in the U n t i e d States do not have. In this country the men and women who publish the newspapers ire at liberty to sav what thev think, to reiterate again and again ttieir ideas about anything on earth they choose to talk about. In some other parts of t h e world an editor might one t r m e disaerne with his nation's officials, but would be given no second such opportunity. Here, we are in reality free. This fact places upon the shoulders of those who publish the newspapers the re- uponslbilrty of not taking advantage of the situation; and of course, we of the f o u r t h estate think we are doing a grand job, taken as a wh,ole, of watching out for the people's best interests without using the freedoms as a means to personal or individual aggrandizement. The Arkansas press has a history of merit. Like Arkansans in general, newspapers in the state have a feeling of independence and take .quick exception to any effort to suppress or influence unduly-exception to the exertion of pressure in Â«ny form. This feeling among those who publish the newspapers of the state has helped Arkansas to progress. It is with much pleasure that the Northwest Arkansas Times greets the Arkansas Press Association in its annual summer session. Through whole-hearted cooperation of the University, which is providing ample snace and nuarters for various events, and firms and individuals in the city, the welcome mat h fully out. * Eisenhower says he opposed partitioning Germany. So did the Germane, but none of them are running for president. ^ . We notice the Arkansas folks t a l k i n g Â·bout "Cherry pickers" don't mention any financial remuneration. A t r u t h is as wmfortahle in homely language as in f i n e speech.--Charles Spurgeon Poll shows only three per f o n t of II. S. boys want to be president. And most nf our presidents probably wished they could to boys again. Sincerity is lo speak as we t h i n k , to do Â·s we pretend and profess, to perform what we promise, and roiilly to bp w h a t we would scorn ami appear to br.--,Jnhn Tillotson THE WASHINGTON Merry-Go*Round Â·T DREW ttAftSOH Washington--When Senator KÂ«Jauver ilrit tossed his coonskin cap into tht ring, Washington social tongues wgf*d that hi? wife. Nancy, would be a handicap. The American people, chattered the gocsips. would never elect a president married to a British wife. AÂ« the campaign has progressed, however, red-headed Nancy Kefauver has been one of her husband's biggest assets. She has worked night and day, traveled by plane, train and car, shaken hands, mingled at ladies' luncheons, srnrerl a hit everywhere. Whether she he British, Tennesseean or what, people have loved her. The fact is that Mrs. Kefauver is the daughter of a Scottish ship-engineer who helped design the battleship Hood and the Queen Mary. Her mother was American, and she met Kefauver when she returned lo Tennessee to visit her mother's family. After young Kefauver met her, he went to Scotland to pursue the romance and finally persuaded Nancy to marry him. The other day. Senator Russell of Georgia, whose campaign hasn't been progressing as well as Kefauver's, but who has a strong sense of humor as well as chivalry, was discussing his lagging campaign with friends. The subject came round to Mrs. Kefauver. "Yes." sighed bachelor Russell, "I guess what I need is a Nancy." * * * The only federal power commissioner who had the courage to stand up and vote against the natural gas lobby may be quietly axed by the lobby. He is Tom Buchanan, whom the president reappolnted as chairman of the Federal Power Commission in May, but is now the victim of a -quiet conspiracy by the gas. lobbyists and certain senators who have played into their hands. There Is good reason why the gas lobby is trying to block Buchanan. There's also good reason why housewives and all those who have to pay a gas bill at the end of the month should he for him. Buchanan vigorously fought the lobby In raising gas rates--and lost. Had he won. the price of gas would not face a 50 to 100 per cent increase as It does today. What happened was that President Truman vetoed the Kerr bill Introduced by Senator Kerr nf Oklahoma, which would have taken natural gas producers out from under federal regulation. But though Truman won this round against the gas companies, the Federal Power Commission then turned round and reversed his veto. One of those who led the reversal was none other than the president's old crony, ex-Sen, Mon Wallgren of Washington. And today it is a crony of Wallgren who is playing Into the hands of the Eas lobby hy holding up Buchanan's appointment as FPC chairman--namely. Senator Magnuson nf Washington, Democrat. Buchanan's appointment was sent to a sub- cnmmiHee of which Macnusnn is chairman-with O'Conor, Democrat of Maryland, am! Tnbey, Republican of New Hampshire, as the other two members. For almcst a month, however, this subcommittee has stalled. No meetings have been held and Buchanan's appointment has been left dangling. Tobey and O'Conor appear favorable 1o Chairman Buchanan, But Magnuson, close friend of ex-Senator Wallgren. has delayed. Strategy of the gas lobby Is to delay u n t i f t h e Senate adjourns for the convention. Then, after an expected Republican victory in November, a new FPC chairman cnulri be appointed who would be more amenable tn reason. Chairman Buchanan, who bucked the gas lobby, would be out in the cold. * * * The average American probably doesn't realize the effect abroad of the court decisions in the steel strike. Though the court decrees may have caused economic uncertainty here, they strengthened confidence in American democracy oversets. This writer has had reactions from various Europeans and Latin Americans expressing grett interest and appreciation of the fact thit a little-known U. S. district judge. David A. Pine, could step in and upset the seizure action of the powerful prcsidont of the United States. This was considered proof that we don't go in for dictators in t h e IT. S. A. "Your president not only listened to little Judge Pine." said one Latin American, "but sn did the Supreme Court. We now better understand how your democracy works." Taft observers cnnsldeVud it significant that the e-p.!y outsider to accompany Eisenhower on his Abilene trip was Tom Stevens, a Dowry man. They plan to use this with anti-Dewey Republicans to show who is the man really behind Ike ... Truth is that the man closest tn Ike is probably Gen. Lucius Clav. + *' * In the past, most medals in this country have gone to the military. But now Congressman Frank Chelf of Kentucky has put across a new type of medal--to he Â£iven to young people for outstanding bravery and community service . . . The first three medals Â« i l l u f jiinned on by President Truman June 24. The winners are: Margaret Galassi. IB. of Springfield, 111., who rescued seven children from a burning barn near Buffalo, 111.: Peter Strati, 10, of Coral Gables, Fla., who saved a nine-year-old girl from an alligator; and Stuarl Oberg, 17. of Millinocket, Maine, who has promoted civil defense and world pears among high school students. * * + GOP Inner heat is celling more Intense. When Mrs. Bazy Tankersley, niece of Colonel Mi-Cormick and the Chicago Tribune, gave a They'll Do Tt Every Time Â«- By Jimmy Hallo ' ( 6OOP EVENIMG, r EUCLID-HERE'S 1H4T PET1T1CW I W4S TB.LM6 XXI ^BOUT-IP THE WVIOLE HSgH93KIKXX St-5 FT, WT CAM PUT A STOP ^ TO THAT FEUD* 1 [ N 1HS B4CK WITH f THE DOG "MAT \ BARKS AH. NK3HT PET1T1OI PETE IS Ot THE JOB XKMlH-KOUDeR WHAT IT IS IMS TIME!! PROBABLY WANTS .ALL MWl MOVERS TOWE4R Â·WL LOUTS IF OU WE. TWE ANT SW!?TÂ£D A CAMffcGNi "O /MAE XXI STOP CDlMS HETURMS IM TO crry WKAT OO6! I HEVER UEJtK WCU6ETAWWTE LETTERS TO THE ViS~E Eonrx, arr THE EOTOR NEVER V PRIKlTEO 'EM 8CWS USE THE fWPER TO PLAV TCKTACKTOeOl" un CETTlMQ "" ' DUCK THE WHO WAHTS 1NINOS KM WAY"" H4TLO MAT ID KUOO, MMMMBU* , MINI). Ike Seta Some Things Straight party for Nevada's Senator Malone on her Maryland farm the other day, she wore a dress with the letters "Taft"* pmbroidored In rithpr diamonds or rhinestones . . . Democrats were considered popular in contrast to Eisenhower Republicans at the Tankcrsley party. There wasn't anything too low to be said about the "I-Like-Ike" rooters. In contrast, Democrats were considered honorable foes . . . When Taft arrived a little late, guests got on chairs, yelled and cheered . . , Congressman A. S. Hcrlong of Florida came to see Democratic Whip Percy Priest of Tennessee before the crucial vote on mutual aid to Europe, explained he had marie a commitment in Florida which he hjjd to keep; asked Priest to a r r a n g e a "pair" with a Republican in order to offset his absence. Mr. Priest did so. *]ime, Thiry Years Ajo Today (Fayetteville Dally Democrat, June 13, 1922) 1500 Semi-Centennial visitors were in town yesterday for the day's program which included a parade, A l u m n i Convocation on the University lawn, alumni dinner at noon, reunion in the afternoon, Class Day exercises, and open house. The a n n u a l reunion of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity culminated in a brilliant banquet at the Washington last nifiht at which 100 members were seated, including Judge E. B. Kinsworthy o( Little Rock, who said that altho he was not a member he had a son who was and he felt at home. Many a l u m n i who have become distinguished in all walks of life were bark to renew old ties and revive the spirit of youth. Twenty Years Aro Today (Fayettevilie Daily Democrat, June 13, 1932) Bonds for the Veterans' Hospital have been received at local.banks and are awaiting claim by purchasers, Marion Wasson of the Hospital Location Committee announced today. The bonds have approval of bond attorneys and have been signed by representatives of the three local banks. An ordinance to allow snooker, when oper-r ated by a patriotic organization chartered by the United States government, "with proceeds to go for charitable and patriotic purposes" was passed by the city cc ' last night. Ten Yearn Ago Today (Northwest Arkansas Times, June 13, 1942) Approximately 100 young people from Fay- etleville and Fort Smith districts of the Method, ist church are expected to attend Camp Sequoyah and Camp Oquoyah, opening Tuesday on Mt. Sequoyah. The two camps are the lirst events for the summer season at the Western Methodist assembly. The YFW and Frisco employee who are sponsoring the flag raising ceremony at Fayette Junction Sunday, as a part of Flag Day celebration urge the public to attend. The program will include an address, music by the band, patriotic speech, talk on the flag, song by audience, raising of flag and dedication followed* by playing of "Star Spangled Banner," tribute to the flag, and the benediction. . Questions And Answers Q--Where was the singer Ezio Pinza born? A--Rome, Italy in 1892. Q--How many novels did Zane Grey write? A--Fifty novels in all. tionry Q--Who played the role of Al Jofson in the movie "The Jolson Story"? A--Larry Parks. Q--Who is the premier of British South Africa? Q--Under what party did Teddy Roosevelt run for the presidency the third tiroÂ«? A--Bull Moose Party, after he split with William Howard Taft, lias BosirWillmg . ^^By Helen McCloyi*".".". ' * " TOV'S'Caetrigat MSt IT HeltaMcClai Oiw*r."Â· " 'iv^;;- KM*. HMaa. he. DWrkfttf IT NIA Stnict, lac f? XXXI PHE dim electric lamp was still burning Â«t the cobbler's and there were lights in the other small shops as well. A man docs not hoard his working hours when he is working for himsell. Along the street, motley with patches of light and shadow, the door of number 104 was s sombre Rap, dark, empty, withdrawn from all the rest. No passer-by was likely to see Basil Â»nd Lloyd as they slipped into the deserted house. Basil Willing closed the door before he took a flashlight from his pocket. Frank Lloyd looked up at the nightmare staircase and shuddered. h "Has Perdita been here?" J "Probably not." As they mounted, the stair creaked and somethinc scuttled through the flashlight beam--the flat, gray, greedy looking body of a rat. When they came to the door of 4-C, Basil put the flish- j light back in his pocket, i "No lights from now on. Not even a match." At the window he paused. I Through the bars of the flre- 'escape, they looked across fences [Hid yards to the rear windows of , houses in the next street. Basil I remembered another time when 'such a view had seemed unreal-[lighted squares cut in houses o( I black paper. i "Not Â· hÂ«d obMirviition post," jhe remarked. "An empty house, where you could come anil go at | all houri unnoticed, and the flrc- j escape to milk your face at the I window. But we must be careful. i The last man who used It is dead." "Jack Dugjnn?" "Yes." x ,-2Â£ "How do you know?" :'y I "We found come notes In hli apartment--Â· cryptic reference to Â·W. S.' Then with the help nf MlÂ» Dean I found n scrap of paper that It was a receipt for $30 made out to Duggan for the use of some article from March 26 to April 26. The article was indicated simply as '4C104WS.' At first I thought of a code or serial number. Then it occurred to me that this was not code, but simply abbreviation, for other abbreviations in the receipt were unpunctuated. A man as careless as that might run together letters and numbers that should be separated. I tried separating the letters and that gave me 4-C 1114 W S--obviously an apartment address. And a street map of Manhattan gave me Warwick Street for W. S." ..j, Â«tUT why did Miss Shaw Keep 1 the receipt? And why did Duggan give it to her?" "Ever hear of a drawing account?" "Something like a reporter's expense account?" "No, just the opposite, Reporters finance their operations and then turn in a bill. Duggan drew a sum of mowy monthly to finance operations and then turned In receipts to show how .much he had spent. Anything left over and nbove expenses would be deducted from his fee. It's a common device of men without capital--salesmen, engineers or private detectives-running a small, independent business. That's why Duggan Intlsted on this receipt. The landlord wouldn't want to give one. Renting out a room In a building condemned by the Board of Health It illegal. That's why the address was abbreviated and the rent wat $.10. This room la worth about "But Miss Shaw couldn't read the receipt" "Someone could read It lo har al the end at tht cax. Meanwhile, shit waÂ« butlnuillke enoulh to ask for receipts aa they cam* In." Â«mUAuU. tofitaLat.lbÂ« numeral* on) his wrist watch, radiant in the dark. "Let's see just how steady this fire-escape is." Â· Â· Â· IIE raised the window and threw 11 3 leg over the sill. The iron- platform seemed firm enough under one foot The other foot followed. He ducked his head outside and stood upright. "Better hurry." Lloyd followed and started down the ladder. Basil paused. "An open window in a supposedly deserted house might catch the. eye of someone across the way."; He shut it quietly and they went; down together. r There was a yarfl at the foot 01! the fire escape. A few plantains! and clumps of, poverty-grass had! found root In the lumpy, hard.' packed earth. A broken clothes-j line dangled from a length of pipe. sunk in the ground. They crossed I a clutter of dirty rags, tin cans' and burned matches to a board' fence that rot* above eye level on three sides. The board! were as rotten a n d , shaky at the house itself, Basil I loouned two and looked through! the gap at the leaves of a privet hedge--thick, neatly trimmed, high I as the trace itielf. "This Is made for tit," he whispered. "Wt can walk between the hedge and the twice without being seen on either tldt." They walked between tht hedge and fence. Their direction was parallel to Warwick Street, diagonal to the street beyond the house] an the other side of the hedge. Basil Willing seemed to know exactly where he was going, for he walked briskly toward a corner In their improvised lane. But, at the first corner, tht board fence net an Iron railing at right ao|laa. UÂ«yd baluJ. "Wa'vt lott our cavti." -Wt Mill fern til* htdfe, Tht otbtt lid* doesn't mattar," Br WALTER LIPPMANN Anyone Inquiring about the KG- I not honorably send bick. This fÂ«an prisoners of war will find it j screening raises questions of the impossible, I think, to Jearn who greatest importance and of ex- has bÂ«n responsible for forming our policies. He may conclude that no one has been responsible. Consider, for example, the state treme delicacy. It involves the Geneva conventions, the usagft of international law, and the vita! interests oi American and Allied soldiers who are now prisoners of of affairs in the compounds on j war and of those who might *he- Koje island where the Communist come prisoners of war in the fu- lure. Yet believe it or not, the for- prisoners ruled the roost until General Boatncr took measures to separate them into smaller and mulation of the questions for the more manageable groups. He' screening--and the grave legal is- would not have had to do this if sues involved in the questions- -anyone in authority had foreseen what would happen if prisoners were left to the officers out in Korea or in Japan. were congregated in an unmanageable mass. Was this something! T ], e Mven q uest j 0 ns which they that could have been foreseen? It j formulated consisted in telling wa s. I each prisoner that if he said he Although very little has ever been printed about it, owing to the wartime censorship, the fact is that there were prisoner of war camps in the United States which would forcibly resist being repatriated, he would stay with us and we would take care of him. We had an obligation to grant asylum from punishment and persr- were terrorized and ruled by Na- cution. These naive questions zi prisoners, camps where Ameri- transformed that obligation into a can soldiers were unabln to en- heller skelter plebiscite which tor and where non-Nazis were showed not who needed asylum tried, executed and buried w i t h - ; but how many of the prisoners out our being able to enter the camps to assert our own authority. There was, therefore, recent ind impressive experience to show that prisoners of war from a totalitarian country were likely to would rather stay with us than go home. The procedure used in Korea amounted to telling each prisoner that if he said- he would forciblv resist being sent home, he would, include fanatics who would stop ! even without testing his resistance, at nothing. But if anyone in the ' become the ward of the United Pentagon made it his business t o , States acting for the United Ka- study this experience, the lessons j Uons. * were never passed on to General j This was a strange way for a MacArthur or General Ridgway,! government 10 behave. We do nnt much less to the commanders on i find out whether an immigrant. Koje Island itself. Those hapless should be deported by asking wfi' men were loft to learn the lesson all over again, and in what was for them and for this country the hardest possible \vay. Nobody in Washington or In ther he would forcibly resist if we started to tteport him. We institute a legal process to determine whether under the law he is subject to deportation. We do not excuse drafted men Tokyo, moreover, seems at any ' from the Army by asking whether time to have made it his business | they would forcibly resist being to consider seriously the great i inducted. We compel them to shjm- political and moral questions pos- the reasons (or being exempted or ed by prisoners of war in modern ideological conflicts. Yet we had just finished negotiating at great length new Geneva conventions intended to deal with the novel and thorny issues of the prisoners of war in conflicts. such ideological deferred. In the case of the prisoners nf war the question is not: Does a -man say he will resist repatriation -- knowing that if he says it, he will he excused from going homr? The question is whether he nusfht ..., J ^ fcl] . to be granted the privilege of asy- Thus our field commanders i n : lum. The answer to t h a t question Korea were instructed to invite! can be given only by humane and enemy troops to desert to our | impartial judges. They must dc- iines. Yet when enemy soldiers! cide whether the prisoner should did desert to us, the officers w h o ; be granted asylum because we in- were responsible for handling, duced him to desert or because he them seemed to have had no in- j is ideologically marked and com- structions to take account of the promises which the field commanders were making. Nobody, apparently, thought of telling the two sets of American mitted, or because for some other reason he would be in special danger. The prisoner himself Is an important witness in reaching this officers -- those commanding the j judgment. But the crucial princi- fighting troops and "those handling pie is that his preferences and his .he prisoners of war--to carry out the same policy. So instead of protecting the deserters, to whom we had made promises, we treated opinions cannot, as they have been in the Koje screening, be treated as f i n a l . The final derision mu=t rest with some kind of t r i b u n a l .hem not as refugees but as ordin- j set up 1o distinguish within the ary prisoners of war, and proceeded to send their name? to the enemy, not stopping to think what .his might mean to their families at home if they did not go h o m e j when the fighting ended. limits of h u m a n fallibility whether a prisoner is in fact a refugee in need of asylum. This principle is, T believe, in accord with international law an.i with our own obligations of hojuT. One would have supposed that It is-also, T submit, a matter nf :his was enough blundering, and j vital interest to the whole froe .hat. the president would then have j world that the Korean war should been advised to see to it that some- , not establish 3 precedent under ody in high authority -- in very 1 which repatriation of prisoners nf high authority--put his mind seri- ' war rest*, not on an objective nik ously on the mounting and ever more complicated problems of the risoners of war. but on a subjective test of wh.it the prisoner says ha wants. Let. us remember that anv ex- ThÂ« problem was how to honor | tension of the war anywhere in our commitment to the prisoners \ Asia or Europe is almost certain In and to do this within the frame- j mean that there will be masses of work of international jaw and the prisoners in Communist hands, t.ft bounds of a wise policy -- and to do nothing th.ii, could be avoided which would make it more difficult to get back the American and us remember how men "confe??" in Communist prisons. Could anything be more dangerous than 1" make it the law .that if the de- other U. N. prisoners of war now j taining power can induce its pris- ir. Communist hands. j oners to "refuse'' repatriation, We are in honor bound not to Â· they may never come home? repatriate all the prisoners. The Â· Â»-- problem has been how 1o select-- It has been calculated that thcrf* n Army language to "screen" o u t ; arc 10 billion tons of gold in In a --the individuals whom we could'sea water of the world. 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