INSIDE- Editorial 6 For Women 9 Sports 17-20 Amusements 26 Comics 27 Classified ..,-...,... 30-32 115lh YEAR--NUMBER 103 The Public interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1974 LOCAl FOREC AST- Partial clearing tonight and partly cloudy Thursday. Cool tonight, milder Thursday. Lows tonight in the upper 40s with highs Thursday in the mid to upper 60s. Sunset today .7:10 Sunrise Thursday 7:07. Weather map on page 3 PAGES-TEN CENTS Federal Judge Overturns Court-Martial Conviction. Of Calley COLUMBUS, Ga. (AP) - A| federal judge today overturned the court-martial conviction of former Army Lt, William L. Calley Jr. for My Lai murders and ordered him released immediately from military prison. U.S. District Court Judge J. Robert Elliott said in his lengthy ruling that Calley's conviction "is constitutionally invalid and that he is, therefore, entitled to the release sought in his habeas corpus petition." Calley, 31, has been confined to the disciplinary barracks at ?t. Leavenworth, Kan., since June 26, when Elliott look Â· his appeal under advisement. Army lawyers could seek an immediate stay of Elliott's order to release Calley "forthwith." They could" ask Elliott for. an immediate stay of his ruling or appeal directly to the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans in order to prevent Calley's release. The heart of Calley's plea was that he was a victim of unequal justice when convicted by a military tribunal 3'A years ago for the slaying o't 22 Vietnamese civilians. In liis ruling, Elliott said there was inflamatory, damaging, pretrial publicity concerning Calley, who was convicted ill March 1971. In Washington, the Army said its lawyers would study the judge's, decision "in order to evaluate various legal alternatives." At Ft. Leavenworth, a spokesman said authorities there would await instructions from the Army officials in Washington. The Army automatically con-i siders parole for Calley Nov. 19 the date when he will have served one-third of his 10- year sentence. His original life sentence was reduced to a 20- year term by the Gen. Albert 0. Connors, commanding general of the 3rd Army, and later reduced to 10 years by Secretary of the Army Howard Callaway. Calley already has submitted his petition for parole to authorities at Ft. Leavenworth, and his lawyers" Say the request should soon be before the Army and Air Force Clemency Board in Washington. Calley also has applied for presidential pardon, based on the issue of amnesty for draft evaders. Elliott is the same judge who freed. Calley last Feb. 27 after the former lieutenant had spent three years under house arrest at nearby Ft. Benning, Ga. Three months later, the Army won reversal of Elliott's bail decision from the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New Orleans. Calley appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which re- fused to overturn the appellate court's decision on bail. After Elliott took Calley's conviction appeal under advisement June 25, Calley was flown to Ft. Leavenworth where he has been .working as a clerk- tyist.. In. his appeal hearing. Calley's. .attorneys . said his trial w a s . . manipulated from the "highest positions in the Army -- f r o m . . G e n . . . (William C.) Westmoreland or possibly even higher. 1 : . J. Houston Gordon, Calley's chief .attorney, argued that Cal- ley's constitutional right to call witnesses was violated when the military judge refused to subpoena Westmoreland, commanding general in South Vietnam when the My Lai massacre occurred and Army chief of staff when Calley was tried. Gordon also said that if Westmoreland had appeared, defense attorneys would have sought to compare him to Gen. Tomayuki Yamashila, Japanese commander in the Philippines of an occupying army which massacred civilians dur- ing the closing days of World War II. The United States hanged Yamashila because he failed to exercise effective control of his troops. C a l l e y ' s attorneys also' charged that "command influence" resulted in the Army decision to charge Calley with murder rather than war crimes. : .'. "If he had been charged with' war crimes, the idea of command responsibility would hays been opened and those higher up would have been charged/' Gordon said. Exporters Say High Crude Oil Prices Justified By Rising Industrial Costs Cane Hill Man Dies In Wreck West Of Clyde William Thomas Dayberry 32, oT Route 1, Cane Hill, was killed instantly about 3:15 p.m. Tuesday when a truck skiddcc into his small automobile or Hwy. 45 two miles west of th Clyde community. Trooper Tommy. William; said Dayberry died when a soft drink distributing truck drivei by Curtis M. Voss. 37, of Barling, went out of control on a curve and smashed into his oncoming car. Voss was treated and re leased at Washington Regional Medical Center. Williams said Voss. told him that the rear end of his west bound truck began sliding on a curve. William said the rear end of the truck crossed the center line and struck the left front of Dayberry's car, which was eastbound. PINNED IN CAR The impact of the 3:15 p.m crash forced the Dayberry ve hide backwards for a distance of about 25 feet, Williams said, before it left the rainsliek highway. After the impact, the HnLtling W Co. of Fort Smith, . .'.Trooper-WiMams said Dayberry, driver o/ the wrecked car, was killed instantly Tuesday near the Clyde- community traveled 105 feet before coming to rest in a ditch. Williams said Dayberry's body was pinned in the wreckage for at least an hour before rescue workers from the Prairie Grove Fire Department could remove it. Voss was thrown through the windshield of the loaded truck. . Williams said Voss was (TIMESphoto By Ken Good) FATAL WRECK ON HWY. 45 charged with driving too fast for conditions. Dayberry's death brings to il the number of persons killed in traffic accidents in Washington County so far this year. A total of 21 had been killed at this time last year. The death is the first recorded in (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Backs Moratorium DETROIT (AP) -- Genera Motors has begun to flex its corporate muscle in support of a three-year moratorium on new auto safety and arili-pollu- tion laws, calling them in flalionary. In his strongest criticism yel of federal regulations, GIV Chairman Richard Gerstenberg also called for a joint govern ment-industry review of the need for existing and proposed regulations. GREGG HOUSE IN REGISTER The Gregg House, .339 N. Gregg Ave., has been entered in the National Park Service Register of Historic Places. Announcement of the naming was made Tuesday by Rep. John' Paul Hammerschmidt. Hammerschmidt noted that the Gregg House, built in 1871 by Judge Lafayette Gregg, is an "excellent example of post Civil War architecture." Judge Gregg studied law and was admitted to the bar in Washington County, served as a member of the state House of Representatives and was an associate justice of the stale Supreme Court. He was one of the leaders in determining the location of the University of Arkansas in Fayettevillc. The home is currently occupied by Judge Gregg's granddaughter, Mrs. Carolyn Gregg Magrudcr. Buries Bill WASHINGTON (AP) -- A Senate coalition Democrats and of Southern conservative Republicans has buried a ma- ior consumer-protection bill for :he year with a filibuster. Defeat was conceded Tuesday when Senafe Democratic Lead er Mike Mansfield shelved for the remainder of this congress a bill creating an independent agency to look out for con- sL-,mer interests before federal boards and federal courts. Mansfield's action was a symbolic gesture that only confirmed what had been fairlj evident last Thursday when, for the fourth time this year, the Senate refused to choke off the filibuster and bring the bill to a final vote. The bill had won House ap proval easily, and several lesl votes indicated a healthy ma jcrity of the Senate was pre (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Command Reorganization Economic Policy Organization Shakeup Begins WASHINGTON (AP) - His White House high command reorganized, President Ford now is looking to put his stamp on the balance of the administration he inherited from Richard M. Nixon. One top adviser, Philip Buch- cn snid in an interview that a major shakeup of economic policy organization is underway, with longtime Ford associate L. William Seidman slated for a permanent, high-level post m Seiclman, a millionaire accountant from Ford and Buch- cn's home town of Grand Rap. ids Mich., is highly regarded hv the President for his management creativity. He now is winding up a temporary job as architect of Ford's economic '"Chen would disclose, only that Seidman likely will inherit some of the duties of economic counsellor Kenneth Rush, who is leaving the While House for a diplomatic post. Seidman would not comment. At the same lime, Buchen.in- dicated, Ford will sharpen his scrutiny of the rest of the federal bureaucracy, looking for allegiance and initiative in departments and agencies that lost impetus in the waning months of the Nixon presidency. Meanwhile on Tuesday, Ford announced the appointment of Donald Rumsfeld, 42, a former House colleague who now is ambassador lo NATO, as a presidcnlial assislant responsible for coordinating White House operations. Aside from the pending an- n o u n o e m e n t on Seidman, Rumsfeld's appointment virtually completed reorganization if the White House staff. Now of the six men closest to th 'resident, each with an offic near his, only one is a Nixo loldover, Secretary of Slal ilenry A. Kissinger. Rumsfeld is to go to wor Friday, succeeding Alexande M. Haig Jr., but without eithe :he title or the sweeping power Lhat Haig and his predecessor U.K. Haldeman, once held a chiefs of staff. R o b e r t Hartmann, th speechwriter - counsellor wh sits next to the Oval Oflict said Rumsfeld's duties woul be "more in character of a administrative assistant, a gu who runs the office." "Nobody will he No. 1 on th White House staff," Hartman said. "All six of us will be N 2s, without any particular peel ing order, all with free acccs to the president." NEWS BRIEFS Entry Attempted Mrs. Kathee Harper of the [aple Manor Apartments told 'ayelteville police that some- ne attempted to enter her partment Monday night while le was at work. Police said ntry was not gained. Some damage was done to ie front door lock in an at- empt to pry it open, police aid. Theft Reported Paul Barfz of 63G Whitham t. told Fayetteville police that 19-inch portable television set nd a tire and wheel were aken from his home. The items vere valued at $110. Window Smashed Clifford D. Monroe Jr. of 1540 *Jettleship Drive told Fayetle- 'ilte police that vandals mashed the left front window in his car Tuesday night while t was parked at the Ozark Bowling Lanes on North College Avenue. Police said the window was roken with a large rock and hat nothing was missing from he car. Approved By Senate WASHINGTON (AP) -- A $2- jillion manpower bill thai would require one-fotirth of all medical students receiving federal aid to work in volunteer medical service has been passed by the Senate. Approved Tuesday and senl Lo the House, the measure would require each mcdica" school receiving federal aid to set aside 25 per cent of its en rollment slots each year for students who would volunteer to serve in an area with a shortage of physicians. To Make Choices WASHINGTON (AP) -- Many older Americans may be forced to make choices this winter between such necessities as food and warmth, a Senate committee has been told. "There is little question that the poor and the elderly face a winter of very serious hardship." Alvin J. Arnett, former director of the Office of Economic Opportunity, told the Senate Committee on Aging on Tuesday. In Response To Tough New American line By The Associated Press The oil exporting nations are responding to the Ford administration's campaign to roll back the price of crude oil by demanding that the United States and other industrial nations cut the cost of their exports. The tough new American linr also 'brought a warning frorr F r a n e e ' s foreign minister against trying to bully the Arats. He said oil prices could be brought down only through a peaceful dialogue. President Carlos Andres Perez of Venezuela. America's chief foreign supplier of oil, told President Ford in an open letter that the higher prices are a justified response to "economic oppression" by the industrial powers. "We see no other way to confront the economic totalitarianism that has been coming to the fore in business and world trade," he declared. He dded that for many years.oil rices steadily declined while e-cost of industrial machinery nd manufactured goods from ' e .United States increased. BECAUSE OF INFLATION "Inflation did not begin ,wifh .e increase in oil prices," a anking official of the Organ- ation of Petroleum Exporting ountries said in Vienna. "It is ather because of inflation that 1 prices have had to be ad usted..... however high the ude oil prices are, they ac ount at present for no more lan 1 or 2 per cent of world ide inflation." The assistant secretary-gen ral of the Arab League, Sayec ofal, said the threats by Fore nd Secretary of State Henry . Kissinger in recent speeches ould have a serious effect on .rab-American relations. The President .warned tin fnited Nations General Assem ly last week that food could fje ised a5 a weapon against thosi 'ielding the oil weapon. Oi .CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Plants Stolen Mrs. Paul Coleman of 201 Ila St. told Fayettcville police Tuesday that three plants and three planters were taken from her yard sometime Sunday or Monday. Concern Expressed WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States should get an agreement for the removal o! Soviet military and intelligence 'orces from Cuba before^enter ng into a more "normal" rela ionship with the island, say! Sen. James L. Buckley. The New York Conservative Republican expressed concern at a news conference Tuesday about intelligence operations in Cuba, which he said have led to wlitical kidnapings and mur lers in Latin America. Sees Adequate Supplies WASHINGTON (AP) -- Th head of the Federal Energy Ad ministration says that the pros pect of adequate fuel supplie makes it unnecessary for Con gress to extend the Emergenc Petroleum Allocation Act. In testimony Tuesday befor a House subcommittee consic ering extension of the bill, th agency's administrator, John C Sawhill, said, "The Arab em bargo, thankfully, is behind u and our volume of imports ha returned to near pre-embarg levels." The legislation expire in February 1975. Agreement Signed WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S and Bulgarian business leader have signed an agreemen creating a Bulgarian-U.S. Ed nomic Council to stimujal trade between the two coui tries. 'Scrubbers' Successful WASHINGTON (AP) -- Th Environmental Protectio Agency said today that equip ment to. take health-endan gerirrg sulfur out of power plan ,moke has proved itself effec ive and reliable, contrary ti lower industry publicity. EPA Deputy Adminislralo John R. Quarles said the sue cess of Ihese "scrubbers" wi allow the use of all of the na .ion's coal without creating ha ardous air pollution. "This makes it possible t make full-throttle use of Eas ern reserves of high-sujfur coa without requiring a shift t Western low-sulfur coal," Qua" les told reporters here just b fore issuing an EPA report o recent power company er perience with the "scrubbers. But the scrubbers are e: pensive; EPA eslimated son 120 power plants must insta them to meet clean air stan ards by 1980 at a total cost some $5.4 billion -- an averag of $45 million or more pi plant. Quarles said the Industry h resisted installing them, fearin the new devices might n work. Quarles said the experien of power companies which ha installed scrubbers, howeve proves they do. (AP Wileplioto) COMES TO SEE FRIENDS ...Allison greets neighbors following return home Tuesday Unemployed Parolee Charged In Kidnaping CINCINNATI, Ohio (AP) -i ' unemployed parolee has ien charged with the abduc- on of the daughter of broad- asting executive Charles S. echem Jr. The girl was found afe. ' "Our little girl is back, and he's happy," Mechem said ter 4-year-old Allison was und crying, but unharmed, in locked motel room five miles om her home on Tuesday. She ad spent 24 hours in the hands f her abductor. Authorities said no ransom as collected. Police said Tuesday night ley had charged Frank Joseph 'iechman, 26, Cincinnati, with idnaping. He was scheduled ir arraignment in Hamilton lounty Municipal Court today n the state charge. Police said Wiechman was nemployed and was on parole 'om an armed robbery con- iclion in Florida. SECOND MAN RELEASED A . second man arrested .with Viechman at a chili parlor bout 15 miles from the Mech m home in suburban Mount jookout was released afler ueslioning, police said. He was ot identified. Wiechman surrendered to ar- es ling officers without truggle, police said. . Officers said they arrested 'iechman after receiving a tip iat a man matching the de cription of the kidnaper, pro ided by witnesses to the ab luction, was driving a white van. Police spotted the vehicle larked outside the chili parlo; i Colerain Township. "I always thought we over-, protected her a little," Mechem, chairman of the board of he Ta1t Broadcasting Corp., said after his daughter was JCONTiNlTED ON P.tGE TWO) Rain May End By Thursday By The Associated Press Most of the rain in Arkansas should end by Thursday except in the southern portion of tha state. The National Weather Service forecast calls for -cloudy skies and cool temperatures today with periods of rain. Gradual clearing is expected in the extreme north tonight with scattered showers continuing elsewhere. The forecast : for Thursday is for partly cloudy skies north and mostly cloudy central and south with a few showers. Precipitation Tuesday night J as heaviest in the central and southern portions of the state. Rainfall reports for the 24- hour period ended at 7 a.m. include .99 at Pine Bluff, 1.84 at El Dorado, 1.23 at Texarkana, .09 at Harrison, .32 at Memphis, a trace at Jonesboro, .89 at Little Rock and 1.0-1 at Fort Smith. Slightly warmer temperatures are expected Thursday throughout the state. Israel's Air Force Attacks Guerrilla Bases In Lebanon TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) -- Israel's air force bombed and strafed targets in southern liCbanon today less than seven imirs before the start of the fast of Yom Kippur, the holiest day in the Jewish year and the anniversary of the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. The Israeli military command said the pilots attacked Arab guerrilla concentrations [or half an hour, and all the planes returned safely. The purpose of the raids, and ot similar strikes Tuesday in the same area, was to break up any attack the Palestinian guerrillas might be mounting for the Jewish Day of Atone ment commencing at sundown today and ending at dusk on Thursday. Twelve months ago Thursday by tho Jewish lunar calendar Yom Kippur was in its 20th lour when Egypt and Syria aunched the fourth Arab-Is- aeli war in 25 years war with ombing raids along the Golan leights and the Suez Canal. The attack caught the Israeli ;overnment and its armed orces off guard, resulting in leavy casualties. This year the troops and airmen along ths 'rentiers were on a sharp alert. The chief military chaplain instructed the forces they could areak the fast if war came again, but they should eat arid drink "only to preserve their ability to fight." Police urged the publlu to he on the lookout for suspicious objects. Civilian guards were assigned to protect synagogues. Israel will come to a virtual standstill at dusk, and stay that way for 24 hours.
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