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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern 01 This Newspaper 4 Â« TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1974 U. S. Talks Of Putting Squeeze On Arabs With Banners High, Ect. The "new" Gov. Dale Bumpers continues to exude forthrightness and perception in the fading lame duck days of his governorship. The "new" Dale has been out front so long one is properly tempted to wonder if the "old" Dale has been successfully chained in the dungeon somewhere, after the fashion of Smedley's curse. We hope so, even as we are reminded almost daily of how prematurely we embraced the "new" Gerry Ford right after his elevation to the presidency. History suggests that a little finger- crossing is in order when leopards begin to change their spots. Nonetheless, we do heartily commend the governor on a number of his recent commitments. During the recent Southern Governors' Conference he spoke out against state government's need to add wiretapping to its arsenal of potential abuses of individual rights. The Bumpers stand is noteworthy because popular moderate, Gov. Ruben Askew, of Florida, voted in favor of electronic surveillance. Bumpers' lead, we are pleased to say, carried the day. More recently Mr. Bumpers has promised to help campaign for Democratic candidates for Congress -- Wilbur Mills, Second District incumbent; and Bill Clinton, Fay- etteville, the Third District challenger. Mr. Bumpers, two years ago, hardly let on he knew about Democratic Party efforts in Arkansas. We are pleased, too, to find Gov. Bumpers taking plain-spoken, uncompromising stands on important constitutional amendments this fall. Similarly, important amendments two years ago might have fared better with a good hard push by a popular governor. Mr. Bumpers says he will not support the usury amendment (57), but that he is strongly 'in favor of 55, which would remove limits on salaries for elected officials. He also favors 56, which involves county government reform. And then there's the announcement from the governor's office, just a couple of days ago, to the effect that he plans to draft a black-ink budget for the next biennium. He says he will recommend to the Legislative Council a budget well below the projected general revenues for the next two years. Tliis, we believe, is the way a departing governor, who bows out by virtue of not having sought to remain in the office, ought to set things up for the next resident of the mansion. The next governor, and the state, are best served, we believe, thereby. From The Readers Viewpoint Give Credit To the Editor: I haven't written to newspapers 'Because I usually figure my personal opinion is just that - personal - not needed to help or hinder the world's problems. But recently I was involved in what I consider a community- wide problem thai was utterly ignored by the news media. The Infant Developmental Center of Fayetteville was established for university student and faculty's children, but this humanitarian, unselfish service handled by a few dedicated personnel has not received the recognition it so very much deserves. They are desperate for aid - volunteer child care as well as monetary. : And no one cares. Why? No one knows. Just recently my sorority, Â· Kappa Alpha Tehta, was able to acquire through application a $1,000 grant to this center. Our campus knew about o u r work during Greek Week last spring. All fraternities and sororities were stimulated to work at the center for one day with the understanding that the group with the mosl workers Â· got a Service Award. Thetas participated and won it causing a big impression when applying for a $1,000 grant. So. why am I upset? The media doesn't Â· care! How can we expect people to volunteer a few moments and energy to a phi. lanthropy they don't know exists? Help them please! Pictures and more articles would : be terrific! And wouldn't it benefit bolh . Infant Center and students if ;' home ec girls were given credit for working there? How about : it? Now that I have said what I wanted, please edit it anyway necessary - just as long as the word is spread those of us at Theta and those at the Center will be eternally grateful. Sincerely. Roberta Boyd (Kappa Alpha Theta Service Chairperson) Fayetteville Swell, But... To the Editor: The September 16 article by Peggy Frizzell on ecologically oriented groups in Northwest Arkansas was commendable. These groups provide a means by which a citizen can take positive action toward environmental protection and preservation. However, I must take umbrage at the omission of the League of Women Voters from the article. Did you know that the League has been working on environmental concerns continuously for 16 years? Water resources, air quality and solid waste management are areas of active League involvement, on which we have expended tremendous effort at the l o c a l , state and national levels. In the past year the League cosponsored two regional environmental workshops for the public and elected officials. On November 2 the League will be the local sponsor of a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency workshop on the provisions of federal awter quality laws. Also in the past year the League prepared and persented testimony al seven public hearings on environmental issues. We have written countless letters to elected officials at all levels of government. And we h a v e continued to study environmental issues to keep ourselves up to date on new developments. These efforts require t i m e and the dedicated involvement of many pople, but they have achieved positive results. We extend an open invitation to join us to anyone who wants to work meaningfully toward the solution of environmental problems. Emily Tompkins (President, Washington County LWV) Peg Anderson (President Arkansas LWV) Fayetteville Forgotten To the Editor: The more I listen to the news on TV and radio and the more I read the newspapers, the more it seems to me t h a t it is high time the farmers and ranchers put out a greater effort to have a voice in Washington. Some say that we have a voice there, but if we had men in Washington who really understood farming and ranching would farmers and ranchers be quite the "forgotten men" that we sometimes think we are? The country needs men elected to both s t a t e and national offices who truly know that when the producer is in trouble the country is in trouble and the consumer is in growing trouble. What can we do to start people thinking about running men for office who would initiate good agricultural programs rather than just go along with conditions as they find them? Suppose we put up on auction ring bulletin boards a statement that all those signing it are in favor of any candidate really representative of agricultural interests. Would we have signers? I've seen this work in regard to o t h e r tthings. Any suggestions are welcome. R. C. Hagee Hinclsville Won't Do Job To the Editor: I certainly hope that . the people of Arkansas will have more foresight than to vote an amendment to our constitution that will allov/ an increase in the rate of interest that we can be charged by our lending institutions. The rate of 10 per cent, that we presently pay is enough. Pelase let us not fan the fires of inflation even more. We must hold the line. Secondly, there a r e o t h e r amendments of our constitution proposed, such as allowing certain elected officials to draw a larger salary than the present $5.000.00 annually now .allowed by our present constitution. I will admit that they do need a There are man yother areas However, why should we do things in a piecemeal way. There are manyother a reason where pur old outdated constitution is not serving the best interest of the taxpayer of Arkansas. We desperately need an updated, more responsive form of county government. A piecemeal amendment won't do the job properly. It is almost imperative that our whole system of personal and property tax laws be revised. They are presently serving t h e special interests groups much more than the average citizen of Arkansas. They need to be thrown out completely. It is just not fair. Sir, it is my belief that we, the people of Arkansas, will be much better off if we pull out the new constitution that was proposed by a recent constitutional convention and let those who would amend the old one. go to work on selling it to the people, for the benefit of all, rather than promote special interest amendments. Edwin L Holstead Blytheville They'll Do It Every Time THE HOUSE CLEAN--, 1 THOU6HT Y/E WERE BURGLAR What Others Say ONLY THE BEST In a brief item from Stoke-on- Trent, England recently, the Associated Press reported that Mrs. Phyllis Morrow of Houston had taken delivery on a 225- piece bone china dinner service which cost her oil-producer husband $48,000. This kind of extravagance can ruin what little morale inflation- plagued housewives have left, especially when some already may be wondering how much longer they can afford paper plates. On the other h a n d , a few perhaps will find it refreshing that such fiscal abandon is still possible in our money-tight world. But either way, the item is instructive in this time of high gasoline and fuel prices. Now we know where at least one oil man's profits have gone. --Norfolk (Va.) Ledger-Star By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- In the strictesv 01 secrecy, President Ford's economic advisers are t a l k i n g about non-military "intervention" to end the Arab oil gouging and to prevent a disastrous world depression. The oil-producing countries, some of theni desert sheikhdoms, will wind up in another year With more of the world's cash and gold reserves than all other nations combined. This has already thrown the world's economic machinery out of lilt. Many European economics, in particular, are now stretched to the limit by high oil prices. Italy faces bankruptcy which could set off a dangerous economic chain reaction across the West. Galloping inflation c o u l d leave in its wake economic and political instability. Waiting in the wings to pick up the pieces are the Communists, with their .organized and disciplined cadres. This bleak outlook, White House economists have assured us, is not mere Alsopean doomsthinking. Their alarm is real enough that they are talking grimly in the backrooms about "intervention." Military intervention has been rejected. Secret military studies show that oil is too volatile, the oil fields too vulnerable and the oil skeikhdoms too remote. Arab saboteurs could blow up The Washington Merry-Go-Round the wells and tankers, the studies show, before the oil could be moved out of the Persian Gulf. There has been talk inside the White House, however, of intervention short of war. The Western nations would have to stand together and threaten to cut off Arab investments markets, the strategists suggest, unless the Arabs ended their pricg gouging. The Arabs \v o u 1 d be told in no uncertain terms that they are in danger of becoming victims of their own greed. For if the economy of the western world crumbles, there will be no markets for Arab oil. Saudi Arabia has been the most reasonable. Its leaders, who are staunchly anli - Com- -munist and don't wish to turn the West into an economic cesspool where Communism can fester, are willing to hold down prices. But so far. they have been overruled by their more greedy Arab neighbors. There is an alternative, which White House economists are quick to point out. The American people can tighten their belts, conserve our resources and find new sources of energy. F o r m e r President Nixon proclaimed "Project Independence" during last winter's Arab oil embargo to make the United The Midas Touch States independent of foreign oil by 1980. But this has turned out to be more of a slogan than a solution. First, the goal was shoved back to 1985, then it was suggested that the United States may never again be fully self- sufficient in energy. Yet the United States possesses the world's greatest coal and shale reserves. Locked in these rock formations is enpugh oil to supply the world's needs for decades. It would also seem that the nation which landed the first men on the moon should be able to figure out how to tap the energy of the sun or the ocean. WATCH ON WASTE: The federal bureaucracy positively abounds with advisory committees, whose advice is seldom taken. The most trifling decisions are often turned over to committees, all the better to evade the issues and shift the resoonsibility. The more committees there are to share the burden of decision, the less chance there is that any single individual will be bamed. By calling in consultants, the cautious bureaucrat can disclaim responsibility for the ultimate decision' if they should stir up unfavorable criticism. All these advisory committees, of course, cost the taxpayer a staggering amount of money. Consider Just one obscure committee, the Anti-microbial Panel, which was formed In 1972 to advise the Pood and Drug Administration on hexachlorophene products. This advice, the FDA estimated, would cost the taxpayers $10,000, Instead, the committee spent $80,105. In 1973, the committee,offered still more advice for an anticipated cost of 115,000. This time, the bill came to $92,370. "The Job turned out to be bigger and -more complex than we thought," an official explained to us. OsriD In ThÂ« PULn Berbtock is taking a lew weeks o)l to jii booh. State Of Affairs Putting A Leash On The CIA By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- We are now in the midst of the annual cloak-and-dagger scandal about the freewheeling CIA, a happening which regularly leads to hopes that Congress will finally bring the agency under effective control, except the hopes are always dashed. This year it may be different. But only maybe. In the entire federal system there is nothing like the CIA. Unlike other agencies and departments of government, it alone is free of serious congressional accountability. It has often oeen a law unto itself, acting at trmes (before the Nixon-Kissinger era) even independently of the State Department. Not even the supersensitive Alomic Energy Commission (AEC), which guards the most crucial secrets of all, is free of strict legislative supervision. At the very beginning of the dangerous new Alomic Age, the AEC was placed under f i r m congressional o b s e r v a t i o n through the c r e a t i o n of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee, a solution which in practice has worked out extremely well over a long period of years. Since 19-18, when the CIA got going, 150 resolutions have been introduced in Congress to provide different types of formal oversight of the agency, but it has unfailingly escaped being leashed. It now reports to a phony, informal congressional "watchdog" g r o u p , which hardly ever meets and never asks questions when it does. The agency's chief argument against having exacting overseers is the alleged danger of "leaks." Opponents of the Joint Atomic Committee once said the same thing, but in over two decades there has never been a serious breach of security by the senators and congressman on that committee. NOW, BF.CAUSE of the disclosures which have shown how the government, primarily through the CIA, secretly subverted a popularly elected government in Chile, there is renewed interest on Capitol Hill in creating a permanent Joint Committee on Intelligence Activities. Congress has been "outraged" before by "olack' CIA operations in other countries. This time, however, the outrage appears to be more than speech - deep, chiefly because the interference in C h i l e was not only crude but paved the way for a despotic military government that is currently engaged in a reign of repression. Of course, the Nixon-Kissinger regime also supported the generals who overthrew democratic government in Greece, but there Ihe CIA role cannot yet be conclusively documented. Bible Verse "After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be clone in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen." Matthew 6:9-13 Don't try to analyze or sermonize on this prayer just gather up all your problems and simply, slowly and reverently repeat it. Let it be a daily part of you. In it you are going to God in the words and in the name of His Son. You are bound to gel results. "Bring yc all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may 'je meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it." Malachi 3:10 Take the pressure off of your church by doing your part in God's prescribed way of financing the gospel around the world. The tithe is ten percent of your earnings. It's little enough for the Lord to ask when it all belongs to Him in the first place. Start Sunday by bei n g scriptural i n y o u r giving. Both you and the cllnrch will prosper. WASHINGTON W H I R L: President Ford has announced his first priority is .fighting inflation. His second priority, unannounced, is reducing the crime rate...President Ford has sent word to Moscow that he will take a "personal interest" in promoting Russian-American trade . . . The President h a s promised to "tighten up the availability of income tax returns" to stop Watergate-era snooping into the taxpayers' records. But Sen. Lowell Weicker, R-Conn., in a private memo for his colleagues, calls the White House bill a "right to rummage" measure. It would permit massive snoopery, he insists..The real reason President Ford was in such a hurry to get the Nixon tapes and papers out of the W h i t e H o u s e was to escape involvement in the Watergate trials. He feared the courts would keep his staff tied up sorting through the former Presidents 44 million papers and listening to his 900 tapes. --United Feature Syndicatt On Chile, though, the congressional investigators hit pay dirt. Despite the denials under oath of high State Department officials that the United States meticulously kept hands off of domestic Chilean politics, Congress now has sworn testimony to the contrary from William Colby, the director of CIA. Colby's testimony that his agency, at White House orders, secretly spent $8 million to undermine Salvador Allende, the popularly elected president Chile shows that Congress, if it is determined, can get the truth from the CIA. All it needs to do is prove that it means business and that (as now proposed) it will seek perjury indictments if it is lied to. THE DEVELOPMENT that seems to have aroused the mosl new interest in Congress is a discovery that, during the Nixon-Kissinger Administration, the black operations of the CIA (as in Chile) originated more in the White House than in the spy agency. The last two chiefs of the CIA, Colby and before him Richard Helms, have both been career men. During their rei^n there has been less of the agency's old cloak-and-dagger adventurism, and there would have been still less had it not been for the White House. In the downfall of Dr. Allende, for instance, it is clear that Henry Kissinger, then the head of Nixon's National Security Council, was calling the signals on Chilean policy and CIA involvement. If Congress were now to create a formal joint committee to oversee the CIA as a replacement for the present informal "watchdog" committee, it would be not only a restraint on the agency but a protection for it against abuses secretly ordered by the White House. No President could improperly direct the agency to overthrow another government, say, without fear that the order would become known to members of the permanent overseeing committee. The r i g h t kind of overseeing might save a lot of mistakes all around, including ones like the Bay of Pigs disaster. (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times Dentistry Insurance For UAW WASHINGTON (ERR) -- A dental care insurance program negotiated by the United Auto Workers and the B i g Three automobile manufacturers takes effect Oct. 1. OF AMERICA'S health problems, dental disease is second In prevalence only to the common cold. Estimates of the number of unfilled tooth cavities in this country range up to one billion, or between four and five per person. "Three out of four people in the United States do not avail themselves of adequate dental care." according to Nathan Friedman, a professor of dentistry at the University of Southern California. "Of this number, at least half avoid the dentist because of fear. That's between 50 and 60 million people who w o u l d rather let their mouths oecome ravaged by dental disease than face up to their fear. For these people, fear is a more destructive lesion than dental decay or periodontal (gum) disease." Many persons avoid dentists because they fear the pain associated with drilling or because they cannot face the prospect of being injected with Novocain. Others simply distrust dentists, and would heartily agree with Ambrose Bierce's description of the typical practitioner: "A prestidigitator who, putting metal into your mouth, pulls coins out of your pocket." ADVANCES IN in dental care technology have rendered most of the old f e a r s groundless. D r i l l s operating at 350.000 revolutions a minute can treat decay quickly and almost painlessly. The use of disposable needles has virtually eliminated the discomfort of injections. New materials that have been or are being developed promise to revolutionize dental care even further. "Dental scientisls expect t h a t soon -- .perhaps within five years -- a plaslic coating that will last a lifetime will replace amalgam fillings and gold i n l a y s," U. S. News World Report stated. "The new adhesives -- mostly epoxy resins developed by aerospace scientists -- are proving useful in replacing or repairing lost or broken teeth." As always, though, the best dental care is preventive In nature, as exemplified by the familiar admonition to "brush twice a day, and see your dentist twice a year." The American Society for Preventive Dentistry, founded five years ago, now has 7,000 Tnemoers. THE STATE OF American dental health is expected to improve with the spread of dental care insurance programs. As recently as 1965. only 2 million Americans had any kind of dental insurance. Approximately 22 million have such coverage today, and dental care probably will be included in any national health insurance plan. There are several kinds of dental insurance available, and voluntary group plans appear the least satisfactory. "Medieal- insurance-plan subscribers know that an appendectomy may be followed by a fractured arm which may be succeded by a pregnancy," Gerald Astor wrote in Esquire. "Consequently, they keep paying the premiums in sickness and in health. But given the opportunity, denial-health-plan users will cancel out as soon as they get their family's teeth filled or yanked or fitted with a bridge." Unfortunately, this cavalier approach to proper denial care tends to be passed on from generation to generation. As with so many other good habits, concern for one's dental health must he learned early In life and at home.