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ECO-LOGIJE By AUBREY SHEPHERD TIMES Outdoor Writer Ecology news is like nil the oilier news: there is the good news and there is Hie bad news. A? in the hackneyed comic routine so familiar to viewers of vaudeville and television, Ihe source of both kinds ot news may be the same. A recent example concerns the good news that a large.chain of fast-service grocery stores is sponsoring a very important project for the propagation and protection of America's national bird, the bald eagle: The bad news is that the same corporation is planning to place one of its stores on a Fayetleville site which presently is covered with large oak trees and an old but, to many people, attractive house. The September Conservation News describes the "Save a Living Thing" project which proposes to raise nearly a quarter of million dollars for the use of the National Wildlife Federation in acquiring a 385-acre stretch ot Missouri River bottom land which is known to be the wintering site of nearly 15 percent of all the American bald eagles in Hie lower 48 states. Located in southern Soutl Dakota, the area has been identified by federal wildlife, authorities as one of the most vital 'bald eagle roosting grounds in the United Slates. EAGLES' HOME The land, home for up to 300 eagles, is to be purchased th rough .the generosity of tin Seven-Eleven chain, which in lends to donate one cent fron the sale of each cup of its Slur pee drink in a special endang ered species collector cup. The '.ups feature illustrations o /arious endangered species an a brief description of an cndan Bared mammal, bird, reptile, o fish and its current stains. Wildlife artist Chuck Hippe is responsible for the illustra lions on the special cups. Seven Eleven expects to sell some I to 20 million cups in order t finance the valuable project. Located near Pick town, Soul Germy Tourists As a result of increasing v sits by tourists and scientists the dry valleys of Antarctica once considered the only totall sterile place on earth, now re portedly teem with microorg nisms. akola, Hie refuge Is in an area Islorically favored as a winter csling bile for the northern aid eagle. Although the eagles live'been in decline in recent ears, not long ago they could D found in good numbers all long the Missouri Uiver. T h.e Slurpee cups are vallable locally in all three even-Eleven stores: on Norlh , 'ollegc, on North Garland, and ti West Hunlsville in Spring- ale. Canisters arc available for lersons who wish to contribute ireclly to the fund. The bad news comes not from ic nalional Seven-Eleven Foot! .lores organization, which is a ivisipn of the Southland Cor- loration, but from its local re- . iresentative--Wayne Slillwell, upervisor of stores in Norlh- vesl Arkansas. Three stores re planned for Ihe area, one i Fayelteville and Iwo in iprhrgdale. Haying three addi- ional convenience shopping lores in our area is not itself he bad news, however. DESTROY TREES Traffic surveys and feasibility ludies by local representatives n cooperation with Southland Corporation's Dallas-based architect have dictated Ihe selection of a tree-studded lot at he corner of Hill Street and Iiglnvay.62 as the location for '"ayelleville's new Seven-Eleven store. Preparation of the site _ _ _ 'round the trees to be cut down as Seven-Eleven plans to put in a new store at Hill Avenue and Hwy. 62. Proposals include razing the two-story home and chop- (TIMESphoto by Chuck Cunningham TIE A YELLOW RIBBON vill not only be I G r m f u l -- t h e u u e s ^ L U V I U U u ji y habitat for squirrels and birds P z Â»9 Â«Â« the trees in of many species and the house on the properly appears to be sound--but will be expensive as well. According to Mr. Slillwell, the company can afford the expensive site preparation--including removing a house and trees and towering the lot to street level-- )ocause of the high volume of .raffic at the inlerseclion arid Ihe spot's proximity to Ihe university. Bui can Fayetleville afford to continue using its most . aesthetically pleasing building sites for commercial establishments whose main structural component is concrete? It would seem that a corporation with the foresight to involve itself in a program to save America's nalional bird--the bald eagle--would find alternatives lo the use of such lols as the one at Hill and Wesl Sixth foe parking ils customers r picture. Lost Bridge Village: Planned Growth Planned development not haphazard growth, is the aim of Lost Bridge Village, Inc., a publicly-owned subsidairy of Crane-Maier and Associates of Houston, Texas. The corporaton oversees Ihe development of Lost Bridge Village, a 4,200 acre communily 16 miles northeast of Rogers, near Garfield. A resort area, Lost Bridge Village resls on Ihe shores of Beaver Lake. To date, approximately 100 homes have been built in Ihe Village, with about 20 of these used as year-round residences. Many homes are on a rental plan that allows the homes to be rented while not occupied owners. Developers refer, to the , properly as being ecologically- controlled. They point out that not only does Lost Bridge Village have trash and garbage control programs in force, but also the community encourages Ihe preservation of wildlife and natural scenery. Deer and olher animals are fed by Ihe developers during winter months to keep them from leaving the Village complex in search of food. Construclion will soon begin on a waslewater Ireatment facility lo eliminate the use of septic tanks thai have been shown lo pollule Beaver Lake. Final Â· " - "' " drawings of the $1.8 million project are now being comple d. In another effort to keep In area as natural as possible, de velopment plans will allow n more than 30 per cent densit of full-time residents. A housin coordinator and staff ar available to assist in home plai ning and construction. Wood Less Costly To produce a ton of lumbe about 430 kilowatt hours of ele Iricily or ils equivalent are r quired. On the olher han the production of a lori ot sle requires consumplion of 2,7( kilowatl hours, and a ton of al minum needs 17,000 kilowa hours. Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Men., Sept. 23, 1974 'Â· FAYETTKVILLE, A R K A N S A S ' Wi7d Birds And Animals Seek Oat Resting Places There is still much lhat Isn't! lown about how and where ome of our birds and animals lend the nights. Many animals pcnd the night out hunting and dling, but many don't. The najorily of birds Elecp at night ecause of their inability lo see. Where do the animals sleep? he tendency is lo return to ic same place to sleep each ight, wilh animals changing eds very seldom. As temperatures begin lo rop, concern is sometimes oiced as to whether Ihe ani- lals will keep warm. But Ihe ur and fealhcrs on animals are xccllcnt insulation materials. If animals can find sufficient ood during the day to keep their body heat at a stable degree, they will not be harmed ay Ihe cold night temperatures. During late autumn, squirrels find a protected place to nest -- perhaps in a tree hole or shed -- and build a bed ot warm and soft materials including dried 'grass, leaves and bifs of cloth. Geese and ducks, in their southern travel, often choose a mud flat or resting bar for their hcme bases. Such places, insulated by water, discourage many predators. Small birds such as chickadees and nuthatches seek out a hole or crevice in a tree thai is protected from the wind and snow. To keep warm, several birds will squeeze into one vavity, depending on Iheir combined body heat for warmth. - .lusl before the migration of, sparrows, the birds lend to' select the same tree every night: for about a month. Next spring,; on Iheir way north again, the same trees are again used for; a month-long roost. Many upland game birds roost on the ground, beneath overhanging brush, tall grass and weeds t h a t can furnish prelection. The ruffed grouse [inds warmth beneath the blanket of snow. Game birds usually roost in a place with at least two escape routes. Those birds such as bluejays lhat slay in northern climates during the winter often sleep in thickets, in thick evergreens or beside the trunk of a tree. As Rakes Appear Leaves Fall Into Garden Compost Piles As the reds and yellows begin o flirt with summer-green 'oliagc, and children shuffle hrough leaves while walking home from school, rakes emerge from garages to take .heir places propped against the trees. And as piles of leaves rise in backyards and on front iawns, the seasonal problem of what to do with them recurs. Nature has ils way of taking care of Ihe left-overs from last summer: composting. Composting is a soil-building process that turns apparent "waste" into a material conducive to new growth. Layers of rotting vegetation, animal manure, dead insects, and garbage meld to form Â£ loam rich in nutrients needed for plant life. The natural cycle can be repealed in backyards every where with the resulting humus used in next spring's gardens flower beds, or shrubbery. Instead of stuffing the leaves inlo disposable plaslic tras! bags to be hauled off lo the landfill, pile the leaves inlo nounds, a layer at a lime, Jlernaling layers of leaves vith layers of soil. Household 'arbage from wilted lettuce eaves, lo egg shells can be ncluded helween layers. Weeds Â·lulled from flower beds a n d grass clippings also serve the nirpose. A compost pile can be made without complex equipment or ?xact recipes.. With organic ingredients, water and occasional stirring, a pile of organic matter will decay into loam with the help of microorganisms and bacteria. A few suggestions for brewing your own compost pile: Select an out-of-the way place for the compost heap, large enough to accommodale Ihe several pilcr of leaves and grass clipping: the yard has shed. Layer the leaves, grass, anc garbage inlo a flat-lopped mound as high as it is broad Include in the layering anima' manure, wood ashes, limestone and blood meal as available Water each layer as completed Cover the pile with a few inches of garden soil. The soil can also be layered inlo the pile with the other ingredients. A f t e r construction of the heap, make sure the t o p of Ihe pile is concave, to allow ainwaler lo enter. Add water occasionally lo keep Ihe material continously moist. After about Iwo weeks of brewing, (during which time the pile noliceably shrinks or settles), the compost is ready ;o be stirred. Fork over the pile, peeling off the top layer and switching the material that was inside the pile to the outside. This process should be repeated every two or three weeks. After about three and one halt months -- depending on weather conditions and the material in the heap -- Ihe :ompost will be ready for garden use. 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