Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 22, 1974 · Page 27
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September 22, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 27

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, September 22, 1974
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Page 27
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BD · Northwest Arkanjot TIMES, Sun., Sept. 22, 1974 ' FAYETTtVlLLt. ABKAN»A» Heritage Of Bloodshed Goes On \ Irish Children Reared On Violence By ED BLANCHE · BELFAST (AP) -- "If you hate the British Army clap your hands." Words of a children's .street song in the Catholic Falls Road quarter of this war-ugly city are a litany of hate sung by kids who see British soldiers much the same as French kids or Dutch kids once viewed the Nazi conquerors in Europe. Like Jimmy Brophy, street warrior and aspiring terrorist. "My brother's a provvie," he hoasts. "He's killed two soldiers. He hasn't been home in a long time'. But I'm joining the provvies soon." Jimmy is 12, a cheeky kic who's already mastered the art 'of street warfare. He laughs a lot. But there's a brittle edge to it, echoes of the mobs rampaging, t h e bombs exploding, the gun battles rag- ng and the instinctive, gut- wrenching panic that grabs innocent and guilty alike w h e n the Army swoops in on a search. A "provvie" is a guerrilla wilh the Irish Republican Army's "provisional" wing, the mainly Catholic movement that wants to drag Ulster into the neighboring Irish Republic. The bloodshed of Ireland's heritage goes on. Kids just a couple of years older than Jimmy are part of it. When they were his age they stoned troops. Now they fire high-powered rifles or Soviet- made RPG-7 rockets at them. The youngsters in the Protestant and Catholic ghettoes have been reared on violence since British troops intervened five years ago. More than one thousand men, women and children liave died, thousands more have been wounded and maimed. The bomb destruction is frightening. Some of those youngsters oear the scars of battle, like the cocky little Catholic kid who proudly opened his shirt to display a big black bruise on his hest -- a wound inflicted by a rock-hard six-inch rubber bullet from an Army riot gun. Others have suffered' mental breakdowns, like the little girl who screams when she hears a door slam because she thinks it's a bomb exploding. Or the 5- year-old Protestant boy whose family has moved four times in two years trying to dodge the violence. He displays classic symptoms of acute neurosis. | Many youngsters seem unscathed. But some officials esti- male that a sizable number of Ulster's 400,000 children have been psychologically scarred, some so deeply they may never be cured. Dr. Morris Fraser, an engaging Scot who has lived in Northern Ireland for.the last 20 years, works as a child psychiatrist in a Belfast hospital. He recounted the case of 10- year - old M a r i e . She comes from the no-man's land between Belfast's Catholic Falls Road and the Protestant Shank- and suffers epileptic fits ap parently brought on by the violence that swirls around her home day after day. Sean is a tow-headed 11-year- old who has witnessed .violence at point-blank range. Ho has been hospitalized with bronchial asthma, a sometime ailment that suddenly intensified after he was caught in a -firefight between troops and IRA iuninen. Bernard Is 12. After school he hits the streets waiting for the fun to start. "That's when we show the Army something," he said. "Petrol bombs, nail bombs and all. We learn how to make them from the big fel ; lows." - GORY DETAILS He discusses in gory delai how petrol bombs burn the clear plastic riot shields carried by soldiers. Lace the bombs with washing-up deter gent and the fiery substance sticks better, he explained. Psychiatrists believe thai Bernard, like hundreds of other sids, has become deeply hooked on violence. Ask him about reports that the IRA p a y s youngsters to turn out to riot and he snorts derisively and says: "Listen, if they were paying us, the whole street would turn out, but they'd he wasting their money. We do it for nothing." "Perhaps we'll never be able to rqpair the harm that's been done," said a middle-aged schoolteacher from Belfast's Ballymurphy quarter, a Catholic housing tract that's seen its share of the troubles. The Protestant sees himself as British. To him, the Catholics are nationalists who wan! to force him into the mainly Catholic Republic, an alien cul- Foreign Investment Review Proposed Arab Wealth. Worries Some US. Congressmen ure and "rule from Rome." The Catholic sees himself as rish and the Protestants as bp- iressors, descendants of .Scolt- sh settlers implanted in this corner of Ireland 300 years ago. The enmity blossoms before tids leave primary school. Some educators say many ;chools reinforce the sectarian larriers wilh one-sided views of history and politics. Education is segregated in Morlliem Ireland. Catholics go to stale - aided churc hschools, Protestants to state-run schools controlled by the Orange Order, a powerful Masonic-like society dedicated to maintaining the supremacy Protestants h a v e lield in Ulster for centuries. 1 By RICHARD J. MALOY TIMES Washington Bureau WASHINGTON -- Here is a roundup of news items gathered by the staff of our Washington Bureau. ARAB TREASURE - The Arab nations of the Middle East are accumulating staggering amounts of cash from their sales of oil to the U.S. and other industrial countries. Because they have quadra- peled the price of their oil, the Arabs are expected to collect about S100 billion from oil ex ports this year. S o m e congressmen are worried, that the Arab will use part of their vast treasure chest to start buying up control of major U.S. corporations and are pushing legislation which will enable the federal government to more closely monitor foreign investment in this country. Experts estimate that the Middle East countries will be able to spend at most only about half of their oil revenues on goods and services, leaving reserves of $50 billion. Within six years, those reserves will mount to a staggering $600 billion which would be available for investment abroad. During hearings before the . Senate Subcommittee on Fore ign Commerce, Sen. Howard M Melzenbaum, D-Ohio, estimatec 'the $50 billion the Arabs wil have left over this year woulc be sufficient to buy control o 21 big American companies in eluding ATT, General Motors IBM, U.S. Steel, Goodyear am Howard Johnson. - Metzcnbaum cautioned tha . he did not think the Arabs plar to "buy America," and said thi country should welcome pro d u c t i v e investments froi abroad. But he also said th federal government now has n way of keeping tabs on sue Investment, and urged passag of legislation he has co-spon sored to set up a new monitor ing system. The proposed Foreign Inves ment Review Act would requir all foreigners to report to th U.S. Commerce Deparlmen whenever they acquire mor . than 5 per cent of a publicly eld corporation, or 25 per cent a privately-held corporation orth more than S3 million. BIG BROTHER -- The Inler- al Revenue Service conducted udits of 2,188,000 income tax eturns during the fiscal year hich ended June 30, IRS Com- nissioner Donald C. Alexander nnounced. As a result of the audits, tax- ayers were assessed an addi- onal $5.9 billion in taxes. Alexander said 2.4 per cent E all income tax returns filed uring the fiscal year were sub- ected to audit, the highest per- entage in a decade. The most publicized audit onducted during the year in- olved tax returns of ex-presi- ent "Richard M. Nixon, who 'ound up with an additional tax ill of nearly $500,000. USED CARS -- The Depart- lent of Transportation said a pread violation of a federal aw requiring written confirma- icn of a vehicle's actual mile ge to the buyer of a used car. The survey showed only naif is used car dealers provide uyers with an odometer disclo- ure statement and virtually one of the private individuals vho dispose oE their own used ars provide such statements. James B. Gregory, head ot he Highway Traffic Safety Administration, u r g e d state ;overnments to crack down on such law violations. PAPERWORK -- Congress is 'retting about the paperwork burden the federal government mposes on business men and private citizens. ' : There have been complaints to the lawmakers that a business firm has to fill out a mountain of forms each year for various federal agencies while individual citizens have .0 cope with everything from income tax returns to Social Security reports. However, during the hearing on legislation to establish a special commission to study ways of cutting down on government paperwork, members of Congress were told they are responsible for much of the 'ourden. Robert H. Marik, an associate director of the Office of Management and Budget, said major new federal programs enacted by Congress are largely responsible for the increased paperwork borne by business and the public. There has been a 50 per cent increase in forms which business must fill out for the federal government since 1967, and this was caused by laws Congress passed creating new occupational safety rules, expanded Social Security benefits, equal employment opportunity regulations and environmental protection rules. Since 1942 there has been a law requiring all federal agencies to get clearance from OMB before sending out any forms to he filled in by the public. During the last fiscal ye.ar, OMB permitted agencies to introduce 1,397 new reports, to continue using 1,463 reports, and to drop 991 reports. OMB turned down only 101 requests by agencies to inaugurate new reporting requirements. JOHNSON MEMORIAL -Ground will be broken here Sept. 27 for a memorial to former president Lyndon B. John- son. The LBJ Memorial will consist of a grove of 50 Owhite pine trees on a 15-acre site on the west bank of the Potomac River. The grove, which will also include shrubs and flowers, will'be dominated by a'.granite rock 19 feet tall and'weighing 45 "tons fronv t h e Texas hill country where Johnson lived. Attention Sears Customers In this week's Scars supplement there are three items which have not arrived diie to shipping delays. They are No. 72284 Gym Set, No. 2430 Coldspot Freezer, 7 pc. Fireplace Ensumljles, No. 8610 Grass Sheers. If these items are not received, rain checks will be issued at advertised price. THANK YOU FOR SHOPPING SEARS! INCLUDES: 5-P1ECE DINETTE INCLUDES: Large Triple Dresser with Landscape Mirror Full or Queen-Size Bed. Military Reservists To Get Back Pay Totaling $0 Million " WASHINGTON -- Congress has announced that an estimat- .ed 300,000 present and former 'members of the military re- 'serve are scheduled to receive 'checks totaling about $4.8 million in back pay. 1 ' The back pay is a result of a recent court action against President Nixon's decision in 1972 to withhold a pay boost from military personnel for a ·three-month period from Oct. 1 to Dec. 31, 1972. Congress has said that pay- ment will be made to reservists who attended unit meetings or -annual training, or who were .on active duty during the three- ·month period. According to the Chief Army Reserve Office, those military members who are entitled to back pay and Who are now in a Ready Reserve unit do not have to file a claim. Individual military units will be responsible for processing payments and forwarding those payments in the next quarterly checks. The Reserve Office said that military personnel now assigned to reserve units, who served with regular military forces during the payment freeze period, must submit claims to respective offices in their branch of the military. Claims for Army personnel must be submitted to the Army Finance Support Agency, Dept. 77, Indianapolis. Ind., 46249. Marine Corps claims must be mailed to Marine Corps Finance Center, Kansas City, Mo., 64197. Air Force claims must be submitted to AFAFC, 3800 York Ave.. Denver, Colo., 80205. Navy claims will be presented to the Navy Finance Center, Central Accounts Dept., New Federal Office Building, Cleveland, Ohio, 44199. The Reserve Office also said that personnel currently assigned to the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR), who were members of the IRR during the three-month term, are also eligible for back pay. HSSHH SfflHHJ eGSHEsH EUilHGfl 3H0G3 BIBeilB EKSHHI1 HHEGi QH@O@ SB5H 0HG3H SSHEiS HEim llHffiH ESEUDll fZlRBQ QSHfl SHfflS! PLEASE NOTE: Some items in short supply. Any item in this "Home-Pak" m a y b e substituted for another item of like value. INCLUDES: 2-Piece "TUXEDO" Living Room Suite, 2 End Tables, Matching Cocktail Table, Plus Two Decorator Lamps of Your Choice. 2 DAYS ONLY SAVE OVER $180! Sunday 12 to 7 Monday 9 to 9 PAY ANY WAY YOU WANT TO! ITUXEDO FACTORY "HOME-PAK" FREE SET-UP FREE DELIVERY UITI1M OXIAXCMA \ T f!l*/ WIITHN AlKAHUt Puzzle On 2D COMPLETE In spite of rising costs, on an almost daily basis, through the efforts of j o u r buying department, we are able to bring you this quality "home- Pak" at an unbelievablee price! You must truly "sec" this to appro* ciare the value. You could quite possibly pay twice this amount, and get less quality! HORN BROS. (FURNITURE FAIRI !/4 Mile West of Siloam Springs (Oklahoma Highway 33) Attention Sears Choppers The supplement appearing in today's paper incorrectly states that this week's sales begin Wednesday and last through Saturday. The Supplement Applies To Sales Good Monday, Sept. 23 Through Wednesday, Sept. 24. The Special Saturday Only Section Will Still Feature The . Items At 1/2 Price Saturday, Sept. 28. Sears Northwest Arkansas Plaza Hiway 71 North Between Fayettevilie Springd-ale Ph. 521-6000

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