Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 22, 1974 · Page 11
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September 22, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 11

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, September 22, 1974
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Page 11
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61 N«ithw«tt Arkansas TIMES, Sun., S«p. 22, 1974 rAVITTIVILLK, ARKANIAI Fat People May Be Victims Heredity, Study Indicates By VIVIAN BROWN Of The AP Fat people have long maintained that they just, sort o grew that way. Now medical science is confirming that view. Recent research has shown tliat aboul 20 million of the 60 million obese Americans were born to be fat, says Dr. Abraham I. Friedman, who is in the field of metabolic diseases. In addition to helping those people "predestined to be fat," formerly thought of as gluttons, new fat discoveries can help other fatties -- especially the yo-yo dieters with up and down weight histories, he says. "Work on fat cells done at the Rockefeller Institute has shown that many obese people have a tremendous excess of fat cells. Those people are predisposed to be fat by inheritance -- fat cells acquired about three months before birth or in the first few years of their lives." But some fat cells are added during adolescence, lie explained, in discussing his new book, "Fat Can Be Beautiful." A true obese person may have five times as many fat Migrant Record KeepingCenter Proving Worth HIGHLAND. Wash. (AP) -- A computer in Little Rock, A r k . is keeping tabs on thousands o migrant children moving from school to school as crops ripen. Joe Rcsendez of Sunnyside is Washington state's supervisor of the Migrant Student Recorc Transfer System which hi helped set up in the stale ii 1970. Resendez was in the Tri Cities area of South Centra Washington this week to'show school employes how to keep track of the 11,455 migrant pu nils expected in state school this year--and how to help the pupils adjust to a new school. The Arkansas Department o Education in Little Rock run the system's computer anc records depository for eigh Western states. Computer terminals are lo cated in Othello and Sunnysidi to enter into the computer in formation on migrant pupils in the state, Resendez said. Mi grant enrollment in Washingtoi fluctuates between 4,000 and 9, 000. he said. With so many pupils tra\ eling with the crops from on state to another, 48 state direc tors of migrant education de cided to pool their efforts. "They decided they couldn' rely on students carrying thei records from one school d is trie to the next," Resendez said. "And it was hard for teach ers to get the information they needed any other way. If they wrote to the previous school the student would have move on by the time teachers got Ih record or report card," he salt Now, when a pupil is vacc nated, takes a test, or show special interest in a subject that information is recorded o a form and sent to one of Ih terminals to be put into th computer. When the pupil is transferred his new teacher can obtain th computer-stored data almob immediately, Resendez said. Pels Are Useful In Treating {motional Illness COLUMBUS, Ohio (API Sometimes pets c a n help th emotionally 111 where drug electroshock or the analy fails, an Ohio State Universi psychobiologist says. "Our research shows th pet - facilitated psychotherap works with mental patients w! have often been the most no responsive to traditional form of treatment," said Dr. Samu A, Corson. Dr. Corson involved patients at the Ohio State ps chialric hospital unit with "feeling heart" dogs in a nin month experiment in gainin his findings. The patients, some cataton were permitted to groom, exercise and play with the dogs. "In some cases, the patients'j behavior changed almost from the start," said Corson. "They livened up. They established a bond of love with the dogs by means of which they were eventually able to begin communicating better with their therapists." Corson said it was this bone with patients that led to the dogs being dubbed "feeling heart" dogs -- a play on the term for guide dogs for the blind. Just any dog wouldn't do. Dogs had to be matched with patienls carefully, Corson said. "Dogs have a diversity of personalities," he said. "A reticent dog, f o r example, would only strengthen the negative feelings of a patient with paranoia. He might say to himself, 'See, even animals don't like me.'" Only two of 50 patients failed to accept dogs into their therapy program, he said. 11s as a person of average eight, maintains Dr. Fried- an, who has been treating etubolic problems for 25 cars. He was motivated to rite Ihe book when he ob- rved that many of his diahet- patienls had problems with cir weight. "There is really no way of estroying fat cells acquired by true obese," he maintains. The best that can be accom- islied is to diminish the fat onlent of the cells, But even so real obese person might lose 00 pounds on a rigid diet and ain it all back again within a hoii! time. Fat cells are like ponges, absorbing fat again as oon as these people eat nor- ally." ONLY SKIN DEEP It may explain, too, why lany people who are not obese se weight and gain it back in short lime. Their fat cells are 'ailing to fill again as they al- ernale between "starve and ;uff" diets, he remarked. "But fat is only skin deep nd one can still be a beautiful erson." insists Dr. Friedman, -bo thinks it is most important or fat people to build a good mage of themselves. It is one eason the thrust in his book is o the emotional and soelolo- ical aspects of obesity. "Stop eing guilty about your girth, oncentrate on your inner 'orth," he advises, even lough "it may be difficult in ur slim-oriented society." He doesn't want his book "to IE a cop-out for those fat ieople who might try to idcnti- y with the true obese." Not ev- :ry fat person was destined to IE fat, he insists, and he in- :ludes a questionnaire that orts out the true obese from 'ther fat types. As people age they often gain L few pounds each year, and his can be controlled, he main- ains. But the sooner you start, he better. A woman in her car- y 30s might begin by cutting about 25 calories a day out of her diet. If she is in the 2200-or- 0 calorie bracket she would cut out an additional 25 calories 1 day the following year. After -0 years it might add up to 250 calories dropped painlessly. She may even need to drop a few nore calories as she goes along, depending on the need. FASHION HINTS In his years of treating obese patients, Dr. Friedman has noted that many were dressed astefully and stylishly. Others vore inappropriate outfits. In ine with building the self-im- a'ge of such people, the book also provides helpful tips on 'ashion suggested by a fashion consultant. These include: '. ·.-';£Wear, loose dresses with simple lines, loose fitting 'pants, lowing A-line skirts, long- sleeved dresses if arms are fat, use things in large scale -- but- ons, bags, jewelry -- but wear short, simple hairstyle if it is becoming. Avoid bold prints, plaids or oud colors, don't try to squeeze i:to tight garments that will exaggerate burges, wear sweaters and knits that do not cling, avoid dresses with waistlines and horizontal stripes, avoid miniskirts. He also passes on tips about organizations that help fat people in the matter of jobs, marriage, advertising and fashions that are all slanted to slim people. For example, bathtubs and airplane seats are made for skinny people. Some obese must even pay lor a seat and a half on a plane. -Another assist, he says, comes from the nonprofit Society of Bariatric Physicians in Colorado, which treats obese people. One chapter discusses surgery of the obese and the precautions lhat must be taken, another chapter talks about sex and the obese. One is devoted to obesity and adolesceno because "gaining weight in the teen years can be an especially traumatic experience for young girls." A weight stabilization pro ·gram is also provided in the book, slanted to those wrtfse obesity steins from excessive indulgence in snack foods emotional frustration, perennial dieters whose weight fluctuates and the mildly obese who want to lose weight primarily to improve their appearance. It also includes a number of charts. Industrialist Dies GREENWICH, Conn. (AP) -Robert Winlhrop Young, 87, for nier chairman of the hoard of the Minnesota Mining a n d ' M a n - ufacturing International Co. died Thursday fit his home. 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