Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Merest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4A Â· SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1974. Nixon 'Analyst' Harassed By Military A Poor Consumer Voting Mark If Hep. John Paul Hammerschmidt has a strong point -- and there are a great many voters of his Third Congressional District in Northwest Arkansas who believe he does -- it is in projecting himself through the agency of his office as a friend of the average, non-special interest, common member of his constituency. No congressman is more thorough and methodical in announcing various federal grants and programs, many of which he has had no hand in, than John Paul Hammerschmidt. No Arkansas solon makes more lo-do of his in-District visitations. No member of the Arkansas delegation has a staff as totally attuned to deal with backhome (rather than national) matters of concern. Few members of Congress are as sensitive to voter bias and prejudice. Hammerschmidt supporters, in many instances, can point to some specific act of aid they have received from his office. Yet fewer than one in a crowd can cite the congressman's achievements in national or international legislative initiative, and fewer still can call to mind the representative's instances of support for unpopular, bipartisan measures as an act of conscience rather than political expediency. We recognize, of course, that it is in the nature of congressional politics to place the pork barrel on a higher level of priority than national service or abstract ideal. It strikes us as instructive,. nevertheless, in the case of those who accept Mr. Hammerschmidt's projection of himself as the common man's champion in Congress to discover that the Third District representative has not cast a single vote in favor of the consumer in the current session of Congress. This summary was announced a couple of days ago by three Art Buchwald prominent consumer agencies, operating in Arkansas: Arkansas Consumer Research; Public Interest Citizen Action, and the Consumer Federation of America. The groups find that on 13 key measures, such as the proposed Consumer Protection Agency, real estate settlement costs, and the rollback of oil prices and fuel rationing, that Rep. Hammerschmidt voted "no" to the public interest in every instance. Fred Cowan, director of ACR, calls the Hammerschmidt record shameful. "Mr. Hara- merschmidt's incredibly consistent anti-consumer voting record is disgraceful," Cowan observes. "We hope his constituents will take notice of his blatantly pro-oil company and pro-big business voting record." Cowan also notes in an interview with the Associated Press that Hammerschmidt poses as a champion of the little man, but, he says, the voting record doesn't bear that pose out. The record, he contends, shows a contempt for the consumer cause. Carol Foreman, executive director of the Consumer Federation of America puts it even more succinctly. The congressman's allegiance, the CFA director declares, is to a small number of big business interests. There is no denying the fact that Congressman Hammerschmidt has been an attentive representative for this area. The question looms for this election, though, as to how effective a representative ought to be in standing for the sort of principles that lead to more open government, better consumer protection, a better balance between the powers of Congress and the executive, and a closer eye on the economic stability of the country. The present congressman has not done a bit well in any of these crucial 'To Tell The Truth' WASHINGTON--There is some question as to whether State Department and CIA officials told the truth when they testified in f r o n t ' o f - c o n - gressional committees concerning U.S. involvement in the overthrow of the Allende...., regime in Chile. There is even Â·"Â·'=' some talk of perjury charges being brought against high U.S government officials. This could play havoc with congressional hearings, particularly where our foreign policy is concerned. If they can't lie, many State Depart- ...ment and CIA tapes say they if may refuse to appear on Capitol Hill. This Is what could happen. Billy Grahams Answer I know God gave us our minds so that we could plan for the future. But don't you consider hoarding food, as so many are doing, is against Christian principles? M.C. I think that depends on ihe purpose of the hoarding, and how it is done. For example, in Genesis 41, Joseph suggested to Pharaoh that all of the excess crops for seven years be stored up for the seven drought years to follow. Notice the word "excess." Then too, the last verse of the chapter indicates that when the drought came, Joseph opened up the storehouses to help those starring in adjacent countries. His foresight and prudence became the salvation of many others caught in thie later emergency of crop failures. If sloekinig up extra food now results in less being available to meet the daily needs of fellow consumers, then it is wrong. Also, if stocking up is done selfishly and with utter disregard for the less fortunate, this is wrong too. The Christian must remember that God has promised to care for us (Matthew 6) and furthermore' that in our actions, we should always avoid every "appearance of evil." (1 Thessalonians 5:22) In one of your past articles, I seem to have read something about the age of accountability. Please send me something on this, since I have two teenage children and their spiritual welfare concerns me. J.G.P. The general teaching of the Bible on the subject of account- abilitiy is summarized in Romans .14:12: "So then "each one of us shall give account of himself to God." However, it is impossible to determine at exactly what age a child becomes accountable. This comes as a gradual development -- accompanying the physical growth of an individual from birth to maturity. For that reason we believe the child should be taught the love of God and the grace of Christ from infancy. The ancient Hebrews wisely began the religious training of the boy in his fourth year, as soon as he could speak distinctly. Our Lord, you remember, was taken to the Jerusalem Temple'at the completion oif His twelfth year (Luke 2:32). This signified a certain arrival at a new level of responsibility. I think you better begin right away to help your children become Christians and grow in their spiritual life. Above all, set an example yourself. The way you handle your own "accountability" will greatly influence them. They'll Do It Every Time 60EST RAHTO TES7 OFF OH HIPPIES IN 66NBRAU' IF A SON OF MINE WAS OMÂ£Or"rH6M LONGHAIRED FR6AKS I'P THROW WMOOTA THE AS I WAS SAYING- A t-OT TO b SAIC? FOR TH'YOUNS PEOPLE OFTDPAY "Secretary Sangfroid, do you swear to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth so help you God?" "1 didn't understand the question." "We are going to ask certain questions regarding our foreign Â· '-'policy and we want to know if you intend to respond with honest answers." "Hmmmnn, can I consult with counsel?" "Yes, you can." "What was the question again, senator?" "DO YOU SWEAR to tell Ihe truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth so help you God?" "Is that a multiple - choice question?" "Just answer yes or no, Mr, Secretary." "Counsel advises me that since national security is involved I can't tell you whether I will tell the trulh, Ihe whole truth and nothing but the truth without consulting with Dr. Kissinger." "There will be a 5-minute recess while you call Dr. Kissinger." Five minutes later. ' ' A l l right, Secretary Sangfroid, J will pose the question again. Do you swear to tell the truth, the whole trulh and nothing but the trulh so help you God?" "Dr. Kissinger says I can't swear to lhat unless you go into executive session." "We are in executive session, Mr. Secretary." "Then could you clarify something for me? If you ask me a question, do you expect me to give a truthful answer to it, even if it compromises the Administration and the Stale Department and the CIA and gets somebody into trouble for making a stupid mistake?" "That is correct." "Dr. Kissinger was afraid of that. I'll have to consult with him again." Five minutes later. "MR. SECRETARY, we really do have to get on with these hearings, and in order to do so we have to swear you in as a witness under oath," "Why can't I lie?" "Because it is essential that Congress be kept informed as to what this country is doing abroad." "In Russia I could lie." "We're not in Russia, Mr. Secretary. The Constitution specifically gives the Senate the right lo advise and consent on foreign policy. "In order to do that we must have information from your department. You can see that, can't you?" "But if you know what we're doing and you don't agree with it, you'll have to do something about it. How can we have a strong foreign policy if you keep asking the State Department to tell you the truth?" "Mr. Secretary, I must warn you lhat if you refuse to tell us the truth we shall have to hold you in contempt of Congress." "But if I took the oalh seriously. Dr. Kissinger could get very angry with me. The way I see II, if I'm convicted for lying, I can always get a pardon from the President. But who gives a pardon lo anyone w h o lold the trulh to Congress?" (C).1974, Los AJigeles Times By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- The young Air Force psychiatrist who wrote the eerily prophetic "President Nixon's Psychiatric Profile" has complained that be is being so harrassed by his Air Force bosses he wants to resign. Mai. Eli Che-son, chief of Ihe Nellis' Air Force Base. Nev., mental health clinic, has confided to congressmen lhat he has been threatened with court martial, thai his patriotism has been questioned and that his integrity has been assualled -all because of the book. So serious is the alleged mistreatment, we have learned, that 13 plucky doctors at the Nellis base hospital have written C o n g r e s s a n d t h e Air Force asking for a 'full investigation" of Chesen's charges. Chesen wrote his book while lie was on inactive reserve. It was based on Nixon's speeches, biographies, televised appearances and writings. From this gigantic heap of material, Chesen shrewdly drew the conclusion that Nixon never would buckle from Ihe mosl critical policy crises, but might disintegrate from personal problems. The Air Force major finished his book almost a year ago when the world still believed in the exuberent Nixon of the 1072 election period. But Chesen accurately predicted that Nixon might become the present-day recluse -of San "Clemente, a lonely, tortured, insecure man. "It is in the personal .context that I am most concerned about Nixon's stability under stress," wrote Chesen with discomfort- The Washington Merry-Go-Round ing foresight. "The threat of world war poses less of a vexation for Nixon than Ihe outcome of Watergate..." Indeed, Nixon's physician Dr. Waller Tkach miglil well have been quoting from Chesen's uncanny forecast when he said a few days ago that Nixon was "ravaged" and broken in spirit. But Chesen's Air Force bosses apparently are not interested in the accuracy of the young psychiatrist's star-gazing about Nixon. Even before Chesen came on active Air Force duty last February, he ran into trouble, he confided in a letter to several congressmen, including Rep. Wiley Mayne, R-lowa. Chesen said bis future commander allegedly told aides, "If Doclor Chesen gets even n step out of line, he will be court-mar- Haled." Within days afler he got to Nellis, he said, an Air Force general at a small dinner party questioned him about whether bis father was born in Russia. "His questions lo me indicaled a surprising personal knowledge of my background, including minor delails aboul my wife's m e d i c a l problems," said Chesen. At the base, he said, a special file was kept on him and was "shown to some of my colleagues in a way to discredit m y reputation...My ' commanding officer h a s personally...informed the defense counsel on (a) case that my opinion was not reliable in view of my past performance as an author of a book of which ho disapproves." Chesen, who had settled wilh his family in Nellis, also Inlcr- miltcnlly faced threals of reassignment. As a resull of all Ihis. he said, he wanted n release from nclive duly, even though his lime is not up until I97G. FOOTNOTE: Chesen refused comment, saying "I could get court-martialed." An Air Force spokesman said a preliminary inquiry has produced no evidence of harrassmenl, but Ihe Air Force, he lold us, has begun a thorough invesligalion. POWER PLAY: The aerospace industry, patent lobby, Commerce Department and four powerful congressmen have joined to turn Project, Independence into a billion- dollar milk cow for big business. The 20 billion Project Independence bill is designed to free the United States of foreign energy dependency by 1085. Sens. Phil Hart, D-Mich., Russell Long, D-La., and Gaylord Nelson, D-Wis., wrote in an amendment to make sure the valuable patents and other data developed wilh taxpayers' money remain in the hands of the taxpayers. The House I n t e r i o r Committee weakened the amendment slightly, but s t i l l kept in some taxpayer protection, aiid this measure was even backed by such giants as General Electric and Texas Gas Transmission. Ralph Nader and Hope We Get To School Today--We're Studyin' The Colonists' Fight Against Tyranny" ; OSTON PUBLIC State Of Affairs Nixon Still Calling The Shots By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON - Never before in U.S. history has a former President ever overshadowed and taken the play away from a new President as Richard Nixon has with Gerald Ford. From week to week and day to day, the focus of the front pages and television screens has 'been on Nixon, while Mr. Ford, as at his press conference this week, is reduced to spending most of his time defensively answering questions about his predecessor and his relations with him. If this keeps on, there will have to be a book on "The Selling of the F,x-President," for the former C h i e f Executive even in exile, has demonstrated once a g a i n his mastery of the media, his behind-the-scenes genius for getting attention and his gift for keeping everybody guessing. As always, however, the former President tends to overdo it, for who, in the face of all the clever and complicated deals Nixon has recently brought off, is likely to be impressed by the campaign to picture him as a pitiful, helpless figure who is so far gone mentally and physically that he no longer can function normally? Or, perhaps, is not well enough or competent enough to testify at the imminent coverup trial of his old associate? No man could accomplish all Nixon has in the 'ast few weeks without easeless effort. The success of his post-resignation sherries is ample proof that he is in command of himself and very resourceful in making the most of a uniquely difficult personal situation. IT MAY SUIT Nixon's immediate purposes, be they the whipping up of public sympathy for his -pardon or paving the way for ducking the coverup trials, to inspire leaks, rumors and various stories raising doubts about his health and his state of mind, but they don't square with what has really been going on at San Clcmente. Nixon's agents would have us believe that he docs nothing but walk in lonely solitude on the deserted beaches of Casa Pacifica or isolate himself in the den of his $10 million mansion where, in a melancholy Shakespearean mood, he w i l l alone beweeps his outcast state. For the record, however, I have seen a list of the known calls he has recently made to old political supporters in Washington and elsewhere, plus the cronies, lawyers, doctors, business agent and family members he has seen, plus the aides he regularly works with, plus the conferences with representatives from the While House .and other branches of the government. When it is all added uy, one wonders 'now he finds lime to sleep, let alone brood. It has not been time wasted, for since his resignation of Aug. 8 he has managed to find ways of hornswoggling the new President, thwarting the special prosecutor, finessing the attorney general, thumbing his nose at Congress and bewitching the General Services Administration into giving him an undeserved $850,000. In addition, he has set up a $2 million deal for his memoirs, based on the tapes and papers he is about to remove from the White House. Those who believe an "incompetent" man could mastermind all Ihese intricate and successful moves need to have Iheir own heads examined. Finding himself in "disgrace with fortune and men's eyes," it.would be surprising 5f Nixon were not in low spirits. Also, the phlebitis In his leg, which recurred after the Justice Department also approved II. Now, however, Ucps. Mike McCormack. D-Wash., Don Kuciua, D-Fla., diet llolifield, D Calif., and Criug llosmer, R- Calif., have tried to stack Hie bill to make it easier f o r , government friends of Big Oil * to turn the people's patent pro- * fits over lo industry. Quietly assisting in the at-.~ tempted brigandage have been Assistant Commerce Secretary.- Betsy Ancker-Johnson, a former, aerospace official, and federal energy czar John Sawhill. Patent lawyers mid the aerospace industry also are part of the wrecking crew Mil. CLKAN: Rep. Bert Podell, D-N.Y., has a particularly bilter (lisle in his inoulh as lie stiinds trial in New York on federal charges of conspiracy, bribery and perjury. H i s . primary opponent, who beat liirn with a "Mr. Clean" campaign is himself under investigation by the Kings County prosecutor. The "Mr. Clean" in question, is Steven Solaris, accused by a former employe of dipping .into employe's paychecks while lie was a New Y o r k state, assemblyman. Solan-, told us he has heard of the charges, but' categorically denied them, Â· saying they are part of the dis--', grunllcd employe's "vendetta",- againsl him. , --United Featuve Syndicate. Â· he received his pardon, must give him considerable discom- forl. YET T H E S E complaints would hardly justify the uncertified hints lhat the resigned President is so close to a nervous breakdown lhat "anything" could happen. Dr. Walter Tkach, an Air Force general who was Nixon's personal While House doclor, flew out to San Clemcnte to sec his former patient. He then quite' properly issued a brief medical bulletin which said he had found Nixon suffering from physical fatigue and physical strain, "but he is mentally alert and has been working in his office or at home each day." Since then, however, Dr. Tkach has followed up wilh a series of interviews and television appearances in which he says Nixon "is .a ravaged man who has lost the will to fight." He reports that Ihe former President told him, "If I go to the hospital, I'll never come out alive," whatever lhat means. He also says, "It's going to take a miracle for him to recover. . .1 don't know whether I can pull him through." Dr. Tkach adds that he hasn't discussed the f o r m e r President's condition with Mrs. Nixon "for fear of frightening her," but the good doclor d i d n ' t hesitate to broadcast his alarms on nalipnal television. The Nixon family has carried on a campaign of its own to arouse concern over the ex-President's health, hut that is understandable. It is troubling, though, lo see a physician reveal inlimate details ahotit his patient, and even quote his patient's most private thoughts. It is inconceivable that a reputable physician like Dr. Tkach would do so if he felt his patient would object. (C) 1971, Los Angeles Times Black Political Power WASHINGTON (ERR) - The Congressional Black Caucus . and the Joint Center for Political Studies will co-sponsor a workshop on black legislative priorities for 1975 on Sept. 27 in Washington, D.C. THE BLACK VOTE in America has often been described as a bloc vote, and with good reason. From the end of the Civil War to tlie mid- 1030s. black voters cast their ballots -mostly for Republicans -- the standard-hearers of the "party of Emancipation." .The New Deal programs of Franklin D. Roosevelt brought about a mass movement of black voters into the Democratic camp. And there, for the most part, they have remained. Now President Ford appears intent on winning back at least part of the OOP's black support. In a well publicized gesture, he met at the White House Aug. 21 with the Congressional Black Caucus, whose 16 members arc all Democrats. Although 15 caucus members Ixad voted against Ford's confirmation as Vice President, most professed to have been pleased with the meeting. More recently, t h e President conferred with 30 black Republicans and assured them t h a t they "have a friend in t h e White House." Mrs. Ford kept the ball rolling by addressing a luncheon meeting of the National Council of Negro Women. She pledged her support for "you w o m e n who will lead the nation down the path of equality -- not only racial and sexual, but for all equality." SUCH EFFORTS to gain favor ing black voters raised ccly a 'murmur of protest. From the end of Reconstruction until the advent of the New Deal, however, any such move would have created an uproar. Theodore Roosevelt,' criticized for inviting Booker T. Washington to the White House, said in a letter to novelist Owen Wisler in 1906: "Now as to the Negroes! I entirely agree with you that as a race and in thÂ» mass they are altogether inferior to the whites." Thus, Franklin Roosevelt's decision to appeal openly for black votes was an act whose audacity cannot be adequately appreciated today. Historian. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. wrote: "Nothing in the politics . of the New Deal was more; daring than the project of combining in the same party ths descendants of the slave-holders and the descendants of the slaves." S I M P L E COMPASSION played a part in Roosevelt's decision, but so, undoubtedly, did "traditional political considerations. Before World War T it was possible to ignore the Negro vote, for the overwhelm- ; ing majority of blacks lived in ; the South and few of them were permitted to vote. During t h e ' war and throughout the 1920s, around two million southern blacks moved north in search of job opportunities. By 1930 the " black vole was of pivotal im- Â· portance in several large north- .-Â· ern cities. Roosevelt set out to ". capture this vote and the Republican Party failed even to: make a fight of it. ' Today, of course, the black . vote is more important t h a n ever, -in the South as well as -. the North. The best yardstick Â·'. is the number of black elected public officials, of whom there Â· were 2,901 as of April 1974.:: Three years earlier, there wore ' 1.8GO. Many of these officials represent predominantly black constituencies, but some, like Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bratl-', ley, come from white-majority. areas. It will take more than one election to determine whether Ford's drive to attract black . voters to the Republican banner . is a success or a failure. He can lake heart from the words : of Floyd McKissick, f a r m e r . director of ihe Congress o f Racial Equality, who told an audience of blacks t w o years Â· ago that the Republican Parly was their "best vehicle of self- determination."
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