Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 20, 1974 · Page 8
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 8

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, September 20, 1974
Page 8
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North**** Arkansas TIMES, Friday, Sept. 20, 1974 rAYITTEVILLE, ARKANSAS After 25 Years Of Communism 'New' China Is As Puzzling As Distant Past By WILLIAM I,. RYAN AN AP NEWS ANALYSIS China now has had 25 years of Communist rule and the Chinese People's Republic at this moment obviously stands at a historic fork in its revolutionary road. For China's 800 million, jotl- iig change may be just ahead. The leaders who founded the CPR still rule it, but they are advanced in years. The lime has to be close by when nature will dictate tliat others take over. Those others now stand in the wings. The evidence points to tense struggle. The quarter century brought carthshaking changes to China. Yet much remains as it always was. "New" China is old in many respects, as much an enigma as the Middle Kingdom of the distant past. Vlho will rule China's destinies after the deaths of giant like Mao Tse-lung and Chou En-lai? Few except Cliina's own inner circle can do better than educated guessing abou vhat really takes place in Peting's mysterious politics. On Oct. 1, 25 years ago, Mao itood atop the Gate of Heaven- y Peace and gazed down at teeming, hysterical millions of agged and tired people in vast Tien An Men Square. From atop the purple wall Wao, then 55 and in glowing icalth despite the rigors of civil war, proclaimed the People's Republic. It succeeded the shat- :ered Kupmintang regime of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, who fled with his remnants to set up a government on the island of Formosa, now called Taiwan. 'The Chinese people have stood up," intoned Mao, his moon face solemnly benevolent. "Nobody will insult us any more." Never again, he pledged; would China be abused by the colonial foreigner. There followed vast purges ol "enemies of the people," Pe king's entry into the Korean War, political upheavals thai opplcd stalwart party veterans, a violent quarrel with a Soviet leadership which sought o dictate China's revolutionary future, internal struggles that lamaged even Mao's position, ·ad crop years, years of natural calamities. All that was relude to the incredible storm ,hat burst early in 1966, the 'great proletarian cultural revolution." ; After three years of uproar, lerror and wanton cruelty spearheaded by legions of teenage Red Guards, China gasped for breath. Her economy was damaged, her educational system hurt, her party and government structures shredded, her image abroad smeared. Many a luminary had fallen, including the redoubtable Lk Shao-chi, who in 1959 replacec Mao as chairman of govern meat. The violence subsided in mid 1969 and the ninth Communist congress adopted a new party constitution anointing Defense Minister Lin Piao as Mao's sue cessoi'. A new central committee was lop-heavy with inili- ary names. The cultural revolution seems o have depersonalized IVfao, turned him into an institution, a sort of godhead. Nsaring 81, Mao retains enormous author- ty and evidently has been able o enforce a balance that keeps :he factions from each other's throats. M a o i s t China worries thoughtful 'outsiders. In possession of nuclear arms, China seems to have a dangerously simplistic view .of the world. Her leaders profess to see the United States and the Soviet Union vying . for global domination, their detente a "sheer hoax." In the world they see, the superpowers and rich nations plunder the poor Thirc World which Peking seeks to champion. Yet Peking describes bott "Soviet r e v i s i o n i s t expansionism" and "TJnttei States Imperialism" as papei tigers, seeing America beset by olitical and economic crisis -ind the Kremlin running afoul of popular resistance at home and abroad. Palpably China herself has plenty of domestic trouble, lowcver, and on top of that the lolilical situation appears to tave become stickier as the icaltli of 76 year-old Chou declines. . . . As matters stand, China has no head of government, no minister of defense, no armed forces chief of staff. Many important posls remain vacant in the wake of the cultural revolution and the subsequent shocking purge of Defense Minister Lin Piao. The deep Lin purge began three years ago. He was ac- TRI-LAKES ANTENNA Sales and Service New Used Anlinnn Color · Black Whit* Boosters · Towers Free Estimates 751-7927 751-84M 7S1-02S7 cused of a list of crimes including "a wild attempt" to nake China a colony of "tho {remlin swindlers" and plot- ing to kill Mao. Peking says .in died in a plane trying to lee to Moscow. A noiscy campaign against Confucius, whose 2,524lh birth- Jay is Sept. 21, suggests tho Un purge continues, directed at the provinces where Lin's mill- tary influence was strong. 5'/4% 5 3 /4% 71/2% We have a savings program »nd Interest rate to meet your needs. Fayettcville Savings Loan Association 201 N. East Avenue Woopee You've got 1o take the had news with the good, rationalizes this duck as he studies this warning sign. After all, a little swimming would be fun, Imt he can also see the value in keeping hunters away from such a nesting place. (AP Wirephoto) Amateur Climbers Frequently Underestimate Europe's Alps MILAN, Italy (AP) -- Amateur climbers arc succumbing in 'ever greater numbers to the fascination of Europe's Alps, and the death toll on those treacherous slopes is rising alarmingly. More than 700 persons lost their lives last year in Alpine accidents --300 in Austria, 150 in Switzerland, 130 in Italy and another 120 in France. With winter months still to come, more than 350 climbers have died in the Alps already this year. Alpine experts from all four nations say the. primary causes of these accidents are inexperience, inability and simple negligence. "The mountain is treacherous and you cannot challenge it without knowing its tricks -the sudden changes in weather that turn paradise into hell," said a veteran French guide at Courmayeur, in the Mont Blanc massif. He told of three French climbers who froze to death in" a snowstorm on the Italian side of Mont Blanc. They had been wearing shorts and tennis shoes, he said. "Some accidents of course are inevitable," said an official of the Italian Alpine Club. "Bui most are caused by in . experience and a crazy under estimation of the mountain's · dangers. . "Highly experienced climber who can climb without a guide are rare," he said. "No othe climbers should start out alone even on the so called 'easy routes." To attack the accident rate Alpine authorities are exam iriing the possibility of mass in formation services warnin ourists about the dangers of mountains. Should this fall, ley say, they might be forced o ban inexperienced climbers rom the more difficult Alpine outes. The Italian Alpine club has more than 130,000 members, an ncrease of about 25,000 since 970. But it says many of the members consider guides ex- ensive and therefore ex- iendible. Guides on the most difficult outes charge up to $130 a day md $50 a day on the lower lopes. But life is worth this expense," said a French guide, 'and any guide is cheaper than escue operations ... " The Italian Alpine Club spent more than $100,000 in 1973 help- ng members out of trouble. It charges nonmembers up to $320 :or tricky rescue operations in- 'olving helicopters. 50fh Anniversary Celebraiion Set Mr. and Mrs. James Penning- lon of Westville, Okla., will entertain with a reception in their home Sunday from 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. honoring his parents, Mr. and Mrs. T a y l o r S. Pennington of Westville, on their fiftieth wedding anniversary. The couple was married in Wichita, Kan., on Sept. 22, 1924. A retired school teacher, Pennington taught in West Fork, Summers, Watts, Okla., and Westville, Okla. Another son, Don Pennington of Corsicana, Tex., will also be a host. APPLES PICK YOUR OWN IDA RED, ROME BEAUTY, SPIGOLD, GOLDEN DELICIOUS Dwarf Trees FRUIT IS CLEAN LARGE, EASY TO PICK SATURDAY 10 A.M. and SUNDAY 1 P.M. Also For Sale In All Grades Including Windfalls: Red Delicious, Jonathan, Golden Delicious, Ida Red, Spigolrl ROM'S ORCHARD Old Wire Road North 3 /4 mile beyond Cross-over Road. Bring your palate to the big wfiite house ofithe hill * V/.'LL fi qi_A66 v/iTH T -rrte :T£- 10 7:30 Daughter US THE NEW ANTl-PERSPiRrW lUEHOIIER R)R PEOPLE LIKE US YDUGET THEHARDER US WORKS WITH US HOITER!

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