Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on May 26, 1952 · Page 1
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 1

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, May 26, 1952
Page 1
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1A PAGES TODAY Read by over 25,000 Daily 1OCAI fOUICAJT-- r«y«!ttv(lte ind vicinity p a r t l y c',rcurjy lontfM *ir1 tomorrow «i4 not much rhanc* ln temperature. Hjjlh tfmpera'ure e»'erd»y 75: low ». mon todiy 71 Sunrlifl 5.07; tuiutt 1:24, Tfct fublle Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper VCHUME 90, NUMBER 260 Auociated Preu Leated Win FAYETTEVILIE. ARKANSAS MONDAY EVENING, MAY 26, 1952 AP, King and NEA Ftaturtt raici FIVI cmn Prisoner Army Controls Parts Of Koje Allied-West German Contract Signed Officials Of Four Marions Sign Agreement Ministers Of Four Nations In Agreement Completed Work To Mean Peace, Says Chancellor Adenauer Bonn, Germany-(/P)-The A l l i e d West German peace contract 1o ally West Germany w i t h the free world was signed here today by 'liancellar Konrad Adenauer and the foreign ministers of the United Stales, B r i t a i n and France. As a silent crowd of several hi'n- drcd Germans stood roped off in the rain outside the West German Parliament b u i l d i n g , the four men nut their pens to the historic pact in the Bundesratsaal. the chamber ! of the rpper house. About 500 spcc- i tators watched inside tho room. Federol Court Comes To Town West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer (second from left) and Secretary of State Dean Acheson j ^ . VV rftL ljt.1 I l i d [I V ^ l l d l ' L U l l U L rium au y\uun»ut:t \ .-·tv.'Jiiu i i u i i i i t i i / auu ui_._i - mi ^ -, v i_.-.. n x^vim ^ » · - · · ·-....,.. fnrn Shake hands at Bonn, Germany, conference table as the representatives of the Big Three western pow- j m S"i parliamentary nunlies nc 010 ers meet to wrap up a peace contract with Germany. Foreign Ministers Anthony Eden ( l e f t ) of Britain j TMWKanr^ caji^TM^^^ - 1 creignty in exchange for German and Robert. Schuman of France look on. Timidity Prelude To Disaster, Connally Says In Support Of Foreign Aid Measure Washington-W)-Senator Connally (D-Tex) told the Senate today in advocating approval of a $6,900.000,000 foreign aid bill that "a policy of timidity is s prelude to disaster." As chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Connally said the mutual security measure is prohsbiy the last major legislation he will pilot through ine Senate before he retires next January, He did. not elect to run again. The Texas senator argued in a ' prepared Senate address against any f u r t h e r cuts in the authorization measure, trimmed by his committee one billion dollars below President Truman's requests The House has approved a $6.162,000,000 ceiling on foreicn aid. Before Connally spoke. Senator George (D-Ga) declared he will stilck by the one billion reduction made by the committee on his motion, although he said he did not believe a cut to the House figure would damaee the program much. A group of Republican senators his proposed additional slashes ranging from 500 millions to one billion dollars. Asserting that t h i s country must be prepared to meet its allies half way, Connally said t h a t any f a i l u r e of Congress to act decisively now "might mean that peace would slip from our grasp and the lights of civilization would Co out again for a long, long time." Tie noted that three candidates for the democratic presidential nomination--Senators Rrien McMahon of Connecticut. Eichard B. Russell of Georgia and Estes Kefauver of Tennessee--are backing the bill endorsed by a fourth candidate, M u t u a l Security Administrator W. Averell Harriman. Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio candidate for the Republican nomination, has-said any cut beyond the committee's one billion slash m i g h t call for drastic revision of the European rearmament program and endanger U.S. security. Opposing camps hoped to reach a final Senate vote by Thursday. Bandil Gets Away With Des Moines Bank Looi Des Moine-s-l/Pi-A lone bandit held up the Central National Bank today and walked out a side entrance with his iont. First u n o f f i - cial estimates placed the loot at from $15,000 to $20,000. Look what Frank \V. Elmore wears on his head--a hal-radiu. The dial is in front, tubes sticking up like horns on top and the circular thing is the aerial. A pocket battery, earphones and some other equipment inside the helmet do the rest. .Hist the thing for a «ard- ener, says Elmore, an electrician in Spokane, Wash. His hat tunes in a l l the local radio stations. troops in the projected European army. Before the signing, Adenauer spoke briefly and France's Robert Tchuman replied for himself and the other two Allied signers--Dean Acheson of'the United States and Anthony Eden of Britain, Treaty Signing Tomorrow The chancellor hailed the peace contract as a work which will "help preserve the peace and freedom of the whole world" r u t "only a part of a work which will be completed tomorrow in Paris when we sign the European Defense Community treaty." "The completed work will secure peace and freedom for Germany," he continued. "And here today we Germans also think of our brothers in the E a s t Soviet zone.' We send them our greetings Detroit -(/P.)- Job truckers sup- | J»'id our deepest assurances t h a t plying the 6,000 independent mar-! this work is the first step toward kets of the Detroit area went nn i the reunification of all Germany strike today against potato ceiling I in peace and freedom." prices. More t h a n 300 t r u c k s ! Across the Iron Curtain, Pravda, blockaded the big Detroit union | the Moscow mouthpiece of East produce terminal as their owners | Germany's Russian Communist refused to buy from commission j controllers, saluted the pact with men. another blast at the " f a t a l , anti- Fresh fruits and vegetables; national policy of the Bonn gov- shipnert ir, Sundny nifiht and | r n r n c n t of Adenauer which is early today were threatened with trying to transform ihe Germans spoilage. ^ ! in ' to c a n n o n fodder for the Ameri- A truckers* spokesman said the I i m n n f t a i i c t c " Broup felt Office of Price Stabili-! c a n "T ^ , zation ceilings were the cause o f : E d c n Signs l ' 1 TM 1 ,. . . . ,, , a bftck market in potatoes, and I Eden was the first to s, 8 n the that they hoped to stir public contract, followed by Schuman and Acheson. Last came Adenauer, the 7C - year - old chancellor-foreign minister who Ihrouch eight months of negotiations has fought to re- Protest Potato Ceiling Prices Job Truckers In Detroit Strike ! Federal Judge John E. Miller of Fort Smith and p a r l y who were here today fnr n session of Federal Coiiri ] at t h e Washington County courthouse, the first such session in Fayetteville for a number rf years, are ; lies before shown above w i t h Judge Miller sealed. Left to ripht. standing, Hershel M. Friday. Jr., law clerk; Truss i Russell, district U n i t e d Stales clerk; .T. .1. Khinp. deputy United States nia»···!*,«i; Ren MOS'TV. co"ft rp- '· porter; Joe Gailcy, deputy United Slates marshal, a i d E. A. Riddle, thief deputy United States district ;clerk. The picture was taken in the office of Chancerv .ludgc Thomas F. Mutt. (Huska TIMKSrOTO?" Early Returns Show Reds Trailing In Italy 9 s Vote ^.in his vanquished country's place m Europe and to a l i g n it with the western world. The four ministers completed Planes Collide Over Virginia Norfolk. Va..-tfl'1-A B-45 four- engined iet bomber anrl another plane collided in f l i R h t and crashed three miles east of Frankli.* today, state troopers reported. Franklin is about -10 miles .southwest nf Norfolk. Wreckage was scattered over a wide area and four bodies were found, the trooper said. They reported the second piano was believed also tn have been A B-45. opinion against the ceilings. Reds Said Far Ahead In Warplane Production i W a s h i n g t o n - ( / P t - J o h n D. Sm?.ll, ~ " , .. v ,, : chairman of the Munitions n r m d . , ' h e contract yesterday a f t e r hours lold Congress today "we are s t i l l - o f negotiations to overcome l l t h far behind" Russia in current w a r - 1 hour French objections. Ir, doing plane production, p a r t i c u l a r l y o f ! sc they ignored a nev/ Russian jet aircraft. ' demand yesterday--the t h i r d in He said that even so planned ( l n r e e months--for a four-power (conference In write a peace t r e n l y ! for a united and 'completely sov- 1953 and early will have to be cut back if Congress sticks to a House-approved , , _ ceiling of a 4fi billion dollars on ; r r n 'K n Germany, armed forces spending in the f i s c a l ' Bui observers here t h o u g h t the year sinning next July I . And , nev.- Russian note would s t r e n g t h those years. Small added, appear ; C n the hand of powerful opponents to be "a very perilous period as we o f the peace contract in Germany, i l o o k nhpad." ' F r a n c e and Britain. bmall testified before the Senate , R r f o r o it t 3 Ves effect, the weM con tract mupt be r a t i f i e d hy i h e U. S. Congress and the p a r l i a m e n t s of the other three countries K a t i - f cation will mean lon^ and bitter cbate, especially in Bonn and Indianapolis-f/TVFrank M. Me- Paris, where there is strong oppo: Hale, ousted hy I n d i a n a Demo- - s i t i o n . j c r a t s as their national committee- ' RcmovM M(Kt Controls The contract remove.- .ost or- ipation controls from West Germ a n y and gives to the 48 m i l l i o n Preparedness Committee. Credentials Committee Chairman Resigns man, today rrsicnert as c h a i r m a n ; " of th^ Credentials Committee of · the Democratic National Committee. Poultry Market -- The poultn market today ai reported by the University of Ar- kansaj Institute of Science »nd Technology nnd the D.iiry «nd Poultry Market News Service of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. Northwest Arkansas m a r k e t steady, offerings more liberal today hill clearing well under the l$oori demand. Trading active. Prices at the farm, reported up to 2 p. m todny: broilers or fryers. aM weights (2.0S to 3 . l o ' p n u n d s 26 to 27 cents, mostly 26 rents. Hunt's has thp right gift tor your graduate. (Adv.) One Dead, Eight Missing After Delaware River Ship Collision Wilmington, Del. - f/h - An oil t a n k e r and a Rasoline-larirn barfce burst i n t o flames a f t e r rnllirtinc in the r .Tin-swept Delaware River IS miles south of here last nifihl. One man Is known rlenrl and eisht are missing. The vessels were identified hy the Coast Guard as the 10,441-ton tanker Michael, with a r;irco of crude oil, nnd the motor h.trge K: D. DodHs. KearinR, Rasoline-fed f l a m e s swept the badly smashed Dn'lds, which carried n crew of n i n e . Shi was reported split in two w i t h the Morn section slnklns The Michael, also hurnlnfi, WAR able lo limp away from the, sr.«ir and later reported its fire under control 1 One man died minutes a f t e r he was picked up hy rescuers He was i not identified but was believed to : he a crewman on the Dodd?. Two | other men, also Dndds crew-mem- ' hers, were lYscued from the water l a n d t a k e n tn Wilmington General Hospital s u f f e r i n g from hums and shock. One was identified as fijur Tellifscn, 2(1, of Brooklyn, N. Y. , There was no immediate word . o f the f n t e of the other six men :tboard the Dndds. The Michael, hound fnr Pauls- horn, N. Y., from Persin w i t h a crew of 40, reported two men ml**- inft--Ihe third mate and a seaman. The collision was the third surh | tragedy w i t h i n 10 days in this biuy ' shipping area I Germans west of the Iron C u r t a i n as m u r h sovereignty as t h e Western Allies feel they can concede. It opens the way for West Germany to rearm and join in the defence nf the free v:nrld through the related European arm., treaty scheduled to be j-igned in Paris on Tuesday. The Germans still will not he permitted t h e i r na- t i o n a l a r m y h u t w i l l f u r n i f h troops to the projected i n t e r n a t i o n a l force. Armed police, heavily reinforced, ringed the P a r l i a m e n t building and patrolled the town to prevent Communist d e m o n s t r a t i o n s and violence d u r i n g the rerernon- ics. Fire hoses were rolled nut to weep back any rioters. The threatened resistance show, however, f a i l e d tn develop Tha W«oth«r Arkansas--Generally fair this afternoon, lonljtht and tomorrow. Not murh change in temperature. Rome - f/P) - A bigger-lhan-nx- pected first-day vote turnout gave Italy's A t l a n t i c pact government bloc a strong chance today lo beat both Communists and neo-Fascists for control of Rome and Naples. These are the major prizes in two-day local elections in 2,400 towns in Central and Southern Italy, Sicily and Sardinia. The voting ends today. Though conclusive results were not expected before tonight, a sprinkling of early returns from small romrnunities where the voting had cndod, g.ivp the pro-western Christian Democrat bloc 15 local administrations against two captured by the Communist faction. The non-Fascists had none. One former Communist town was among those voting Christian Democrat. Both Red victories were, in Rovigo province, n Communist stronghold in North Italy. 1 In the poverty-ridden south, it was still e\ r pected tn he a hard anrl sometimes losing battle for ! Premier Alcirie de Gasperi's j Christian Democrats. There the i government blnr is up against j strongholds of landless and un- j employed and the rising strength · nf n new Monarchist and neo[ Fascist alliance-. When police and Army guards i rinsed booths Idj-t night a f l e r the ! first day's voting, it was estimated ' t h a t 72 per cent of 12,105,764 reg- 1 istorcil voter? had cast ballots in i the third of I t a l y voting. Private Utilities i Under Fire By Truman I m/m lashed oul at p r i v a t e u t i l i t i e s · t^day, nssc-rting t h a t they are i spending m i l l i o n s in a d r i v e to I "fi ighten, t h r e a t e n and *vnfiise t h e peoplo" alinul public pnwr. , In a speech to ;\ of Electric Consumers, the p i e s i d o n t 'accused the u t i l i t i e s nf spending vast Mim.; on propaganda and adv e r t i s i n g . j He said "the pnwer monopolies" l a r t t a k i n g jnrt in a "barrage of propaganda, and some t i m e sonn, Iv.-hen trip whistle-stop campaign s*,irts. I'm gfing out ,ir.d give you )he farts about t h i s power situation." The Thinker Murder Trial UnderWay Benton Case In Circuit Court Looking like a man wno could use ; a vacation. Cyrus C h i n g takes a long, tired thought before answering a question at a Senate Labor SubromrniUre hearing in Washington. Earlier, and a f t e r d r a w n out negotiations, the chief of the Federal Mediation Service had announced agreement on a ba-is for r-mling the. strike axainst Western Union, Prison Riot Brings Solitary Ringleaders Find Warden A Toughie Boise. Idaho -'/1V EIe\ rn ring- le.-;derM in Saturday's not ; ( t Id;ih'i strtf; p e n i t e n t i a r y wer* in s i l i t a r y confinement, tod.'iy. Most of t h f remaining p a r t i c i p a n t s in t h e : Jlontonvillo-(SpPcial)-Thp sf nnd riegre.0 murder t r i a l of Ralph j . Shrader, 29, Mundell milk hauler,' ; opened in Circuit Court this j I m o r n i n g w i t h .Judge Maupin Cum- I ; ming.s presiding. j The selection of a j u r y took up | 1 all of the morning, and only seven j 1 men had been selected when court} . was recessed for lunch at 12 j o'clock noon. Thirteen members of ; the petit j u r v panel were quos- , i tionefi in selection of the seven, j i Shrnder is charged in the k n i f e ' ] ;;layinc last November 2 of Paul j ( B o w m a n . 42, of Rogprs. a Benton ! County h i g h w a y foreman. Bow! man tiled in a Rogers hospital i shortly after he was injured. · Questioning by Vol Ltndsey, de! fense altornov, of prospective jurors indicated t h a t Shrader will plead self defense. Cooiey Speaker A t ' S e r v i c e s For Seniors Barcnlaurp^lr services \v · r c ; rond'jrlPri last n i g h t at Root Gym- j n.-i.'ium for 130 K a y p t t f r i l l e H i g h ' j School spninrs--thp largest flrad- | M.'iting cl?.5s in the srhnol's Inns! [ h i r l o r y , ! Thr l), r !cratauroa|p sprmon was livftrc:! hy t h p Hpv. W i l l i a m : Crtoloy, ^ u - i p r i n t p n d f n t Mr t h e ; i F a y c t t P v i l l e rli.ttrirt nf thp M p ' h - . j o d i r t Church. Thp invoratin.n and ' bpnodiction wprp. pronnunrpd hy ' | the Rev. M a r i i i s .1. Lindloff. rcr- | · tor nf St. Paul'i Episcopal Church | An pstir.inlPd rrowd of lM?twecn ' I .firm and i,20fl filled the eyrn nasium. Case Under Way Here In Federal Court The f o u r - h o u r not were kept -in t h e i r cMlx. Snnie u'erf released to c l e m u|t the rubble. Tear gas was used In break 'ip thf revolt a f t e r 300 c o n v i c t ? b.'ir- nr.-ided them.'ftlves in \hf recrf*a- session of Federal ' l i n n hall nnd adjoining liccn** 1 Court to he held here since 1044 p b t e factory nnd I' snwtsh- onened IK-IT trm m o r n i n g . J u d R f ' i n g windnws, m a c h i n e i y nnd f u r - · ·' 1 hn F. M i l l e r of Fort S m i t h pro- n i t u r e . W a r d e n L. F,. f l a p ; , esti- siding. .Indue M i l l e r is h e a r i n g a nvitM da ma HP ftt J15.00U. """ " - j ^ n .Jordan g a \ e Cliipp approval for t h e warden'.* T r t i n i i s in q u e l l i n g the u pus ing The t e a r gas l»aiT.ige was laid t i n pri.'.oners ignorr-n v"lflpp'., or- derx to f t ' i r n !o their cells He refused to give in to n n y of the rioters* denvmds. $38,713 suit f i l e r l iiy D.inner Mi'lls. i I Inc., nf St. Jnspph. M o , aginnst ' n j O t t i s Wat5nn, R r i i m n n d ' Faubus ."" and Loy (.'ox, described in the ^ p l e a d i n K S as partners doing busi- as Watson's Ornr-pry, a n d jr".-itr!it Morn*. »nd A. D. Morns. i Tho suit '.'. p as filed in a niovo to cnllert a chicken feed h i l l . _ w Court was recessed for noon i a f t e r p r e l i m i n a r y testimony this I n orH . j n ,\d|nurn n u n n i n c . and re-convened at l :3fi . Washmslon-'/Vi-Deniorrnlic cnn- p. m. More t h a n 30 witness were j lender* jtntrl Ind.iy Ihey enP for t tihpo Sinn KPderal Court again June 2 lo hear another case, i J u l y 7. 1 prnoon'n sen- are Ptlll a i m i n g for of ConRresft bpfnrp the n a t i o n a l meet hpre . political eonvpntions beginning Cherry To Launch Race For Governor On June S P.-ir.lKfiulrt. Ark.-'/l'i-Chanrollnr F r a n r j ^ C h r r r y of .Innryboro fays hn w i l l onm hi* campaicn Inr tht nnmorr.itK n n m i n a t i o n fnr Kover- nor hrif .luno S. One nf thf* f i v r nnminrr i-andi- rialps, nf]t. Mnyd T n r k r l t if Nash. \ i l l r . oppnfd his fr.inpaiRn .it A r k « «(lrlphi.i !.-..^f vvcpk. Jack Molt n! l . i t l i p Unrk Is tn npcn In I.lttU nnrk e a r l y in June. Ikr- Murry will open In tnitl-.liine. nnd Gnv MrM.ith hcRins his '·ampaiRn at Pmc Bluff nn June 28. Sydnrv. A u s t r a l i a - I/Ft · "Miss. 1 A H-mnnth'nld albino kanKurno. -- t h e only nne in m p l l v l l y -- l e f t hy plun* today to mf»t Prwiident Tnimin. Sht will |ft thf TMt of her nsm* Wh«l lh |tti U Amnl- ea. Men Organized By Red Leaders; Arms Fashioned Five Riotous Days Back In September Are Revealed By WILLIAM JORDEV Kojr Island. Knrea-'#*-lnform- cd pourrps said today Communist anrt anii-ned prisoners of war battled earh other for control of barbed wire POW enclosures /or five riotous days In what Koje veterans rajl "bloody September." The 1 fivi? day struggle--not yet of f i n a l l y announced--caused 100 TOW casualties. Including 15 killed by prisoner;;. United Nations guards wounded 14 with gunfire and 22 with bayonets, quelling tha riots. Bloody September wan cnncen- Irafed from September 16 tn thf night of September 20. veterans say savajre H u n t i n g erupted inside the compounds for control of the prisoners. An Am«rlcnn soldier wit »**n by corrtipondenli today wilfcfaiff through Cornmuntkt Prliontr of War. Compound 81 and talking with lh« K*l». Brig. G*n. Hay don L. Boalntr ord«r«d An Immediate inmtigilion. The ntw commander of Iht itrlft-riddtn itockad* had or- dtrtd all Allf*d p*rionntl to ·lay out of the compound! un* ton h* ordered thtm lniid«. Compound SI li fitltd with prisoners moved here from Camp 10 whtra prisoners rioltd l»t wa«k. One man wai k 11 ltd In thai Tlot. Camp officials wart upset by tht report of a U. S. soldier mingling with tht prisoners. Thtf laid they had absolutely no knowledge that any Allied ptrionhal had b**n Inside, U. N. hospital officials say Red, POW$ treat each other with such barbarity that they have kilted more prisoners than have Allied fruard* in suppressing three POW riots announced this year, Adieu Not In Control Camp officials concede they do not have control inside the barbed wire enclosures, fied leaders have organized prisoners into a crude but disciplined army, equipped with slones, clubs and weapons fashioned from cans and metal bars. They also have pistols · and rifle* seized from guards tn riots or bought from civilians, At least 115 prisoners have died from brutal beatings, hangings or torture in clashes between diehard Communists and- anti-Communists within the barbed wire enclosures, hospital records show. Guards suppressing three riots in this U. N. POW camp killed 67. U. Col. S. M. Gelenger, Flint, Mich., head of the hospital, said hndies of prisoners slain within the compounds often are not recovered for days. Hospital records give many instances of brutality by the POWs. One prisoner found dead had been buried alive. SU11 Making Weapons Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner said the POWs could have captured tht- island about two weeks ago had they wanted to. They still are forging weapons but the time has parsed* when the Reds could gain control outside their compounds, he said. The U. S. 64th Field Hospital was established on Koje July 2. Its records show 415 prisoner deaths--115 from POW brutality, 122 from gunshot wounds and J.78 from natural causes. There arc 689 prisoner graves in Koje cemetery but records of POW deaths before July 2 are not available Gelenger said almost daily prisoners arp treated after beinjf beaten or tortured by other inmates. In one incident last September, a PO\V court tried, convicted and executed 1.1 prisoners. Nine bodies had ben burned before camp officials learned of the. kilings and sent troops to recover the remain- i n g hndirs. Galencrr said a favorite method used by prisoners in killing other inmate; was to be--** them to death w i t h tent p-jirs. Other prisoners' thrrrrtt.i have been cut with crude knives or the edges of tin cans. Some have been hanged with rope or wire. The skin of many prisoners who had anti-Communist tattoos was stripped from their bodies by Communists, Galenrer related, The Reds have their own doc- tnr.i and medical aides inside mavny of the compounds and insist on treating their own Injure**, fteream AIT H**hl The full fart* of tortun and d«a*h tniide the sinister corn* pounds probably ntvcr *Ul b* known. But fuardi on th* MW« r

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