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INSIDE- Edllorlnl , -,. 4 For Women 5 Sports (j-7 Comics 8 Classified , .,,., g.io Entertainment ...-..-..., 12 115th YEAR--NUMBER 95 Jlortfjtoest The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper \ . FAYETTEVILIE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1974 IOCAI FORECAST- Constdorahlo cloudiness and mild tonight with a slight chance of rain nnd thundershowers. Cloudy and warmer Wednesday with a chance of showers. Low last night 61; Lows tonight low to mid 60s with highs Wednesday mfd to upper 70s, Weather map on page 3 PAGES-TIN CENTS Denies Secret Deals Made Ford Defends Pardon For Nixon WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Ford says Richard M. nixon's acceptance of a pardon could be construed as an admission of guilt, but Ford's unyielding defense of the clemency has failed to still criticism of his decision. Ford also said Monday night AP Wirephoto) WOUNDED KNEE DEFENDANTS .. .Means, left, and Banks talk outside district court in St. Paul Monday AIM Leaders Win Test Case On Wounded Knee there were no secret reasons for the pardon and no secret deals with Nixon. And he-disclosed he is moving to allay concern among Watergate prosecutors about safeguarding Nixon tapes as potential evidence. He said White House aides are negotiating with Watergate Special Prosecutor Leon / Jaworski's staff lo remove concerns about preserving for possible courtroom use the (ape recordings and presid " ' documents deemed to be on's properly. Responding to a barrage ot Attorneys Clash In Hearing On Power Plant Near Gentry ST. PAUL, Minn. ( A P ) -American Indian Movement leaders Dennis Banks and Ilus- sell Means have won dismissals in the major test case o[ the 71- day Wounded Knee occupation, although t h e federal government may appeal the decision. But Means and Banks weren't worried about an appeal as Banks stood on a table in a plush hotel room, balancing a cake in each hand Monday night. One of the cakes bore the letters "FBI" before Banks slammed it on the checkered carpet. The scene was a stark contrast to the dusty, f l a t grazing land of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota where AIM members and sym- phalhixers resisted U.S. marshals in the spring of 1973. About 200 persons, half of them white, celebrated with the two-AIM leaders, Including four jurors who had earlier said they would have voted lo acquit the pair if they'd had the chance. SLASHING ATTACK But in a slashing attack on "government misconduct," U.S. District Judge Fred Nichol dismissed the charges against Banks, 42, St. Paul, and Means, 35, Porcupine, S.D., ending the eight-month trial. Nichol said at one point, "This has been a bad year for justice. I w'ould like to see a new chapter written with a new president. But I'm afraid that isn't so." He acted after the Justice Department refused lo allow jury deliberations to continue after one juror, Mrs. Therese Clierrie. suffered a stroke which let her partially paral- zycd. Federal court procedure requires the approval of both sides before a jury may continue deliberations with one or more jurors missing. The defendant had hoped for an acquittal to pave the vyay for wiping out charges againsl all other Wounded Knee defend ants, now numbering about 90. The two AIM leaders were tagged by federal prosecutors U.N. Assembly Opens Session s the key fiu'res in a seven- nan leadership that allegedy Leered Ihe armed takeover of ic historic South Dakota ham- et last year. Five jurors said after Ihe dis- Tiissal that they . felt there vasn't enough evidence to con- ict Means and Banks and they vould have voted for acquittal in all counts. Three others said it was possible the 'government would not have reached agreement on at least one of t h e three assault chargs. Nichol stopped short of acquittal. Instead, his dismissal allows the government to appeal within 30 -days. Nichol blistered the FBI, the Justice Department and prose(CONTINUED ON P 1GE TWO) LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- Attorneys clashed Monday over whether state and federal water temperature regulations would apply to a proposed cooling lake for a proposed coal- fired power plant near Gentry in Benton County. The clash between attorneys for Arkansas Electric Cooperatives Corp. and the Pollution Control and Ecology Department came during a public learing before the Public Service Commission on an application by the corporation and Southwestern Electric Power Co. to build the $200.1 million NEWS BRIEFS UNITED NATIONS, N.Y (AP) -- The United Nation. General Assembly opens it 29lh annual session today will a record number of problem facing a record number o member nations. The first day's agenda incluc ed the admission of three new nations: Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan; Grenada, a former British island colony in the Caribbean, and Guinea-Bissau., the first of Portugal's African colonies to get independence. Their admission brings the lolal membership in the world organization lo 138 nations. It started with 51 in 1945. President Ford planned to appear hefore the assembly on Wednesday for the First major foreign policy speech of his ad- minislralion. Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim told a news conference Monday that "the fact that the President is coming here personally ... is the best proof of his positive atli- tude toward our organization." Waldheim said that at his meeting with Ford in Washing- Ion last week, t h e President "expressed to me his desire to cooperate fully with the United Allegiance Oath WASHINGTON (AP) -- Here . the oath of allegiance that nilitary deserters musl sign jefore laking part in Ihe amnesty program announced Monday by President Ford: I do hereby solemnly affirm my allegiance to the United States of America. I will sup- iort, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic, a n d will icreafler bear true faith and illegiance to the same. I take this obligation freely vithout any mental reservation or purpose of evasion. Hancock Convicted OZARK, Ark. (AP) -Wiliam Hancock, 23, of Cecil 'Franklin County) was con- 'icted Monday of a reduced charge of second-degree mur- ler in the July death of his vife. Hancock was sentenced lo 21 years in prison. Hancock went on trial Tuesday on a charge ol "irst-degrce murder. The body of Sheila Renee Hancock, 16, was found in the atlic of an old school at Cecil July 17. Authorities said Mrs. Hancock had been choked to death. Joint Designation Fayettevillc and Washington County are to receive a joint designation as an official bicentennial communily, accord ing to word received this morn ing from the office of Congress man John Paul Hammerschmidt in Washington, D.C. Hammcrschmidt's office tolc the TIMES that the America] Revolution Bicentennial Ad ministration approved the de signalion. The local group-is known as minimum investment for next veek's Treasury notes auction s being raised from $1,000 to ?10,000 to get small investors jut of the market, the Treasury Department says. Treasury has scheduled an auction of $2 billion in n o t e s "or Sept. 24 and the $10,000 min- mum will be in effect for that the Fayelteville C o m m u n i t y Bicenlennia Commission Chairman of the group is Ro bert McKinney. Minimum Raised WASHINGTON (AP) The power plant. The proposed 530-megawatt Ethiopian Riots ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia AP) --Â· Sludenl demonstrations against military rule continued Monday night despite armed roops who sealed off the campus of Haile Selassie I University. Riot police chased hundreds of students shouting "Down with the military!'.' Earlier in he day troops and police used vater cannon to break up a demonstration by 1,000 students shouting for the restoration of civilian government. Will Campaign LITTLE ROCK (AP) - Gov. Dale Bumpers said today he would campaign for congressional candidates Bill Clinton of j'ayelteville and Rep. Wilbur D. Mills, D-Ark. Clinton is election of opposing the re- Rep. John Paul Hammerschmidt, R-Ark., the incumbent in the 3rd District, while Mills is seeking another term in the 2nd District. Mills is opposed by Republican Judy Petty of Little Rock. Third Hurricane MIAMI, Fla. (AP) -Fifi has become the season's third hurricane with sustained winds of 75 miles per hour, forecasters at the National Hurricane Center said today. Conditions favor strengthening during the next 24 hours and Fifi is expected to become a dangerous hurricane sometime Wednesday, the Hurricane Center said. plant would be located on Little Flint Creek. The proposed 531- acre lake would be created by damming the creek. John W. Turk of Shreveport, vice president and superintendent of power for SWEPCO testified that when the lake was full, water to make a stream to turn the turbines would be drawn into the plant from a depth of 26 feet below the lake's surface. For a few days each year, he said, the tern perature of that water 26 fee below the surface could reac' an estimated maximum of 10 degrees. On its passage throug' the plant to the point at which the water would be returned ti the lake, the temperature couli be increased to as much as 121 to 122 degrees. PRIVATELY OWNED Turk said he knew of no tern perature regulation that woulc apply within .the lake because i was regarded as a privately owned, "closed-system" powe plant cooling facility. He sug gested that regulations woul( not become applicable until wa ter was discharged from tin lake downstream into Littl Flint Creek. "We feel certain that we'l not exceed temperature dis c h a r g e regulations down stream," Turk said. James M. McHaney, Pollu tion Control's attorney, sai privately owned lakes were no excluded from the law per milting regulations. He citpc Act 472 of 1949, as amended. That law created the Pollu tion Control Commission ajii defines "waters of the state' for control purposes as "under ground water and all stream and lakes, including rivers an lakes bordering on the State To Aid Outcasts WASHINGTON (AP) - Groups Urging Boycott Nations, to port." give us full sup- A record 111 items are on the agenda for the three-month assembly session. Many of them are the result of the Arab-Israeli conflict, the energy crisis, the arms race, worldwide in- flalion and the widening gap between rich and poor nations. Charles E. Goodell, who trie as a senator to hasten the en of the Vietnam war, has bee summoned from political exi to help Vietnam-era outcast return to American society. "I'm pleased to be back in position of some influence ove matters I feel very deep about," Goodell said Monday a he set to work as chairman the clemency review boar created under President Ford conditional amnesty program. arshcs water-courses, drain ge systems and other bodies water, natural or artificial, CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO! Judge Denies Venue Change In Drug Trial Dennis Eugene Cordes, 26 nd Robert L. Phillips, 24, both ' Springdale, arrested June 1 or the sale of $20,000 wort! ' amphetamines, petitioned in Vashington Circuit Court toda or a change of venue so tha leir trial might be moved I ebastian County. C i r c u i t Judge Maupin j Cummirigs denied the motion to move the trial, stating that a air trial could be obtained by an impartial jury in Washington pardon-related questions at his second broadcast news conference, lord declared, "I am absolutely convinced the right decision in an effort, an honest, conscientious efort, to end the (Watergate) divi iounty. The .trial..of the two men jegan this morning. . The pair was arrested by 'ederal, state, county and city law enforcement officers June A. at the Northwest Arkansas Plaza after the attempted sale of 1SO.OOO amphetamine tablets to undercover narcotics agents. BIGGEST BUY The sale of the drugs, believed .to be the largest drug buy :ver in Arkansas, was set up )y agents after t w o separate lurchases from the men on Hay 31 and June 1. At the time of the arrest, Cordes was armed with a semiautomatic carbine. Phillips was carrying a .38 caliber pistol, pa- ice said. Agents estimated the street value of the drugs at $50,000. They said that the pair was aken into custody after a lengthy investigation. Cordes and Phillips pleaded nnocent to the three separate charges June 14 in Washington Circuit Court. Bail for Cordes was then set at $150,000. A petition for a reduction of bail was denied by Judge Cumrnings on July 2. Bail for Phillips was fixed at $50,000 and was later reduced to $22,500. CORDES EXAMINED Cordes filed July 3 for an examination by the Arkansas State Hospital, seeking to change his plea to not guilty by reason of insanity. He stated that polio and a motorcycle accident had rendered him irresponsible for his actions. He was examined by Arkansas State Hospital and officials there stated July 25 that Cordes was "not mentally to the degree of legal irresponsiblity." Cordes again filed Sept. 16 for a motion of continuance until he might be seen by a private psychiatrist. The continuance plea is yet pending. The circuit judge's office said (hat the trial of the two men is expected to today. be concluded Few Exiles To Accept Clemency TORONTO (AP) -- Deserters and draft dodgers in exile in Canada say few of their number will accept President Ford's terms of clemency and return to Ihe United Slates. Organized groups are urging a boycott. ' "There is a lot of pressure from families and some have some personal reasons for wanting to return, so it's possible that some will," said Gerry Condon, 27, managing editor of AMEX-Canada, a magazine published here by Vicljiam war draft .resistors and deserters. "But its a bitter pill to swallow ... I expect very few people will go back." Condon and Charlie Slimac, 25, a member of the AMEX- slaff, announced the boycott on Monday, a few hours after] Ford offered clemency lo all Vietnam-era deserters and draft-dodgers w h o agreed to work at public service jobs "promoting national health, safety or interest" upon their return. The White House' said the work period would vary case- by case up lo a maximum of 24 months, depending on military records and "other mitigating factors." Pay would compare to military pay. Those entering Ihe program would be required to acknowledge allegiance to the United Slates. . "Were asking those in exile and underground to boycott this however they see f i t , by remaining in exile, slaying under- ground, going back and publicly challenging re-enlry, by refusing to do service, and perhaps some things we haven't come up with yet," said Condon, a lanky deserter from the Green Berets who spent two years in Sweden before coming here in 1972. Stimac, a draft-resister from Detroit who runs a furnace in a Toronto brass and copper plant, said exile groups across Canada and in Britain, Sweden and France had agreed lo reject Ford's plan -- and to urge the boycott. Stimac said representatives of these groups would meet here over the weekend to discuss the plan and other ways to resist it. The U.S. government says Vietnam-era deserters still at large number about 12,500, It numbers fugitive draft evaders at 4,060 and says 3,000 of these are in Canada. Stimac, however, puts the number of draft and military exiles in Canada at 50.000. Interviews with several o! Ihem across Canada showed widespread rejection of Ford's clemency proposal. Of a hal dozen draft dodgers and desert ers polled here, not one wa; planning to accept the terms -and not one knew of anyone else who intended to, either. "It is too much to ask tha we accept punishment for justi fied resislance to the illega and immoral U.S. war in In dochina, which still rages will American dollars in violation o U S. and international law,' said Jack Calhoun, 29, a desert cr from Philadelphia. --AP Wijccphoto HAIG TO EUROPE .. .'will, command. U.S.-/orces and NATO in November Haig To Command U.S. Troops NATO Forces in Europe WASHINGTON (AP) -- Gen. lexander M. Haig's departure rom Ihe White House will take im out of the line of political ire at home and place him in a ensitive military-diplomatic lost in Europe. Chicken Feed Prices Rise CENTRALIA, HI. (AP) -ext time you're about to corn- Dare something inexpensive vith chicken feed, bite y o u r ongue. Poultry feed prices have :ome home to roost, and the people who gather e g g s for /our refrigerator are squawk- ng about it. A grower with a flock of lay- ng bens pays $9.50 for a 10D- aound sack of feed, which cost ibout half that two years ago. White that may not .sound like much, consider lhat chicken farms with 15,000 to 30,000 hens are common, and one rancher here is feeding 55,000 chickns daily. It takes about 4.5 pounds ol feed -- corn, soybean, wheat and alfalfa meal fortified with vitamins -- to produce a dozen eggs. A hen will produce aboul 20 dozen eggs over her 15 mosl productive months. At the same time she will consume nearly 100 pounds of feed. The .$9.00 or so that the farmer spent on feed for a single icn is more than he paid for her in. the first place. Late this summer, a pullet sold for about 2.25. Eighteen monlhs ago, a iu\\et brought about $1.75. rlalcherics blame the increase on the price of feed. A dozen large eggs s o l d in Soulhern Illinois markets this September at about 52 cents. That's a $10.40 return on an investment of $11.25 and yoi: laven't paid the help yet or re paired the coops. Medium eggs? Forty-five cents. :alled to active d u t y in Ihe .rmy and assigned Ihe twin obs of commander of 300,000 J.S. troops in Europe and su- reme commander of North At- anfic Treaty Organization orces there. The announcement followed ormal approval by the NATO efense planning committee in Brussels. Haig will Andrew J. Goodpaster as The While House announced n Monday that Haig will be re Ford maintained that the for- ner president had been 'shamed and disgraced" by his esignation. The President also said he _ad no inside information on Nixon's health at the time ot he pardon, and although he vas aware of published reports Vixon was ailing, "I was more anxious to heal the nation." A number of congressional Democrats said they were not iatisfied by Ford's defense^of he pardon. "Tonight, I thought there might be some light," said Rep. Jerome Waldie, D-Calif., a member of the House Judiciary Committee that recommended Nixon's impeachment, "but there was none." Chairman Peter W. Rodino Jr., D-N.J., of the Judiciary lommUlee said it would have been better had Ford "pursued the judicial process to s h o w that all are Ireated equally under the law." But Sen. George D. Aikin, R- Vt., said Ford's explanation was "pretty straightforward and will make an impression on a lot of people who didn't agree with Ihe pardon." NIXON'S HEALTH In another development, tha subject of Nixon's health came up again in a report that it was indeed one of the principle rea- ons for the pardon. The report appeared in The 'ew York Times, which quoted close friend and member of Nixon's staff as saying that len. Alexander Haig, the out- ;oing White House chief of staff lad persuaded Ford to grant he pardon. It said that on Aug. ^9, the day after Ford had said ic would await legal action be- ore deciding on a pardon, Haig old the President that the de- ay might be too late to avert 'a possible peronal and national tragedy" of Nixon's physical and mental collapse. Reviewing his decision to pardon (he former President-, Ford went further than ever before in suggestion Nixon w a a guilty of impeachable offenses if not criminal misconduct. He said the unanimous Judiciary Committee vote for impeachment was "very persuasive evidence" and at another point declared, in response to a ques- lion, "tiie acceptane of a par- ion, I think can be construed by many, if not all, as an admission of guilt." If the pardon question dominated the 30-minute news con- ercnce, the topic of CIA intervention in the affairs of other succeed retiring mnmander of U.S. troops ii "urope on Nov. 1 and' as NATO ommander on Dec. 15, shorllj fter his 50th birthday. Haig spent most of t h e . p a s Vz years at the White House rst as a lop aide lo Henry A 'issinger, who was then Nix- n's nalional security adviser. Later, after a brief stint at Wmy vice chief of staff, Haig ucceeded H.R. Haldeman, who Â·csigned in the Watergate af air. as head of the entire Vhitc House staff. During those years, Haig's I'ise in army rank was mel- oric. He came to the White House as a colonel in 19G9, was soon promoted to brigadier gen eral and Ihen to major genera n 1972. After only six month as major general, Nixoi jumped Haig two ranks lo fill general. Nixon's decision lo promol (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) countries seemed certain to stir nlernalional controversy. Asked about CIA action igainst ,, the since-overthrown Marxist government of Chile, Ford said the United States did act "to help and assist the preservation of opposilion newspapers and electronic media ind to preserve opposition po- "itical parties." He went on: BEST INTERESTS "I think this is in the best in; lorosts of the people of Chile, tincl ceiiainly in our best inter- In any case, he said he wag 'informed reliably that Communist nations spend vastly more money than we do for the same kind of purposes." And ]e .said, "our government haft no involvement whatsoever" in :he coup that toppled the Chilean regime. On other topics, Ford said: --"The United States is not ,'oing to have a depression. The ivcr all economy of the United itates is strong. Employment is still high. We do have Ihe problem of inflation," which he said lie hoped would be solved. --Within Ihe next few days, iresumably when he addresses the United Nations General Assembly in Wednesday, New York on he hopes lo announce "a very major decision" involving humanitarian (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Funds Avai!i Accepts PosS, Sap Kissinger WASHINGTON (AP) -- Secretary of State Henry Kissinger says if financial reasons were he only obstacle to Sen. J. W. Fnlbright's continuation in pub- .ie service, "we would really go :o the limit of what the law permits." Kissinger was commenting on he possibility of Fulbright's accepting an ambassadorship to ~!reat Britain. Kissinger noted lhat the am- jassadorial offer had neither jcen confirmed nor denied and ;aid he did not know if Ful- arighl, D-Ark., would accept such an ambassadorship. "But, it has always been my view that Sen. Fulbright should he preserved for public service," Kissinger said. Kissinger was asked about the financial burden of the job entering Â· into Fulbright's decision. Kissinger said there was no requirement for any particular ambassador to emulate his predecessors. He also said :here had been occasions when persons with little wealth serving in an expensive post were given some extra consideration. Kissinger made t h e comments 'in an interview broadcast Monday night. Kissinger was asked if Fulbright's political independence might work against him in being Â· an ambassador. Fulbright was often critical of tlm Johnson and Nixon adminis- ;rations. "It depends on what ambassadorial post," Kissinger replied. "Nobody would ask Sen. Fulbright to serve in any capacity-if he were not prepared (and) did not want strong well- articulated opinions that may well be unorthodox. Anil, it is also clear to me lhal Sen. Fulbright is a great public servant and, having expressed his opinions, he would carry out whatever the policy of tho government is."