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Ecological Opportunities Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Mon., Sept. 16, 1974 rAYETTKVILLI, ARKANIA* ^ Area Groups Seek Support Of Citizens INSPIRING RIVER .. .Arkansas' Bn//alo River has inspired many people to enter the jighl for a better enuirou- ment. The Ozark Society was originally founded to help save the river /rom being dammed or otherwise degraded . ECO-LOGUE By AUBREY SHEPHERD TIMES Outdoor Writer The most pressing need of the environmental movement in America is unity. Many diverse specialized groups have their own reasons for attempting to protect the environment. But the environment is. everyone's, not a particular group's. Conservation and environment have been m existence for a long time, but a new surge of interest arose during the last decade, as support for conservation and environmental protection widened. Among the old-line conservation organizations there were two main groups -- those interested in preserving wilderness and wildlife for its own sake and those interested in conserving nature m order to enjoy it in their own particular way. The Audubon Society is an example of a group whose interest appears relatively free of self-interest. Ducks Unlimited i? a more specialized group whose concern is for a family of birds which provide mankind both food and Sport as well as aesthetic satisfaction. Some people, however, have always been members of both groups. It is perfectly consistent to be interested in preserving birds for purely aesthetic reasons as well as for human use. In fact, few serious, devoted pursuers of any wild creatures -- fish or fowl -- are totally lacking in appreciation of the creature's inherent beauty, strength and personality. To the birdwatcher, the hunter may appear to have a strange way of showing his respect for the wild thing. Unfortunately, too few people in either of these groups have been active participants in efforts to develop and retain a quality environment. But during the last decade a whole new species of environmentally concerned citizens has arisen. These may "be persons from any walk of life with no necessary connection to any outdoor interest group. Young people have been especially important in the new movement, with ecology becoming a rallying cry for "cause" oriented youth seeking a purpose. Sadly, these young people are most often from city environments with television watching and stereo listening as their basic recreation choices. It is their sense of disappointment with the sterile, lifeless world given them that has made them easy converts to the ecology cause. They have lived in the "brave rew world" "created by earlier generations for older dreams' fulfillment and found it lacking. Thev have dreamed new dreams of a world like Eden with only what's best in the old "new" world retained. To them sacrifice of a few conveniences is acceptable in order to keen the air breathable and the water drinkable. This new generation has its own peculiarities as the older ecologists did. Vegetarians are no new phenomenon, but the nroliferation of natural and organic food shons has made not only vegetable-eating but organically grown vegetable eating seem virtuous and healthful. Ironically, the pursuit of vegetable-based substitutes has clone extensive harm to the environment and even counteracted some of the valuable work of conservationists who have sought to nreserve the nation's woodlands and wetlands. Millions of acres of ground fnrmerlv protected by hardwood forests are now bare extent for soybean plants which provide absolutely no nrotection from erosion and absolutely no wildlife cover. If unity among all grouns and individuals wilh an Interest/in, the quality of the environment is to be achieved, -.everyone concerned must keep an open niind in order to develop a broad understanding of environmental problems. The environment is a whole. Whatever affects it locally affects it worldwide. Mankind must develop a sense of stewardship toward the earth. Some neople have the cower to harm the environment in only small ways. Others have the power to do large.-scale harm. Whether a person has only the ability to choose whether to turn off his electric light when he really does not need it or the ability to choose .the location for an environmentally destructive power plant, he must develop a sense of responsibility to future generations of human beings, present and future generations of.' living creatures, and the earth itself as a living thing on which mankind is a parasite whose existence may threaten his host's life if his numbers and activities are not controlled. Wild creatures and plants instinctively function as protectors of the environment. They cannot choose not to fertilize the earth with their wastes, and they cannot .overpopulate long enough to radically change their habitat. Man may choose to do either the best or worst for the environment. He may choose to dump waste Â· products into streams rather than to recycle them into . fertilizer. He may build on land previously left beautiful and environmentally sound or he may seek land already cleared for his structures.. The decisions which affect earth's ecology are many and varied. Everyone has to make particular decisions every day. But everyone needs to seek the knowledge required and develop the interest needed to help those in power to make the correct major decisions. Rain's Acidity Shows increase Despite the increased use of air pollution controls, the rain now falling on the eastern United States and Europe has increased in acidity 100 to t.ODO times normal levels in just the last two decades. Two ecologisls. Likens, an aquatic ecologist at Cornell University, and Dr. F. Herbert Bormann, a Yale University forestry ecologist. have reported that the acid rain may be stunting the growth of forests and farm crops and accelerating corrosion damage to manmade structures. Under normal circumstances, pure rainwater is only slightly acidic due to its reactions with carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The acidity may be likened to that of a potato. In recent years, however, *the average acidity of rainwater has increased to that ot a tomato. In occasional extreme cases, rains have been found to be as acidic as pure lemon juice. The researchers said that much of the increased acidity could be. .traced to a rising use of anti-pollution devices that make many smokestacks appear to be no longer emitting smoke. The devices, which remove only visible particles , _ of solid matter, and not gases, still permit the escape of sulphuric acid and nitric acid in the air. Before the devices were used, the solid particles, which are capable , of neutralizing acids. entered the atmosphere 'and largely balanced out acids derived from the gases. The smokestack particle removers, and the increasing use ot very tall smokestacks-- some barely a quarter of a mile tall-,o disperse pollution over very large areas, the two scientists said, "have transformed local soot problems into a regional acid rain problem." -- reprinted from Conservation News. By PEGGY .HRIZZELL, TIMES Stalfwrlter Participation in ccologicially- oriented groups need not be limited to annual donations to "Save the Tiger" campaigns or subscriptions to conservation magazines. And environmental awareness can mean more than reading Rachel Carson's books or picking up paper cups from the streets. The opportunity to work toward a pollution-free atmosphere is available on the home front, in Northwest Arkansas. During tha past decade, several groups have organize: to promote ' the preservation o! this area's largely-unspoiled environment. Some are now defunct because of accom plished goals or migrating lea 'dership. ' But many are vibrantly alive and looking for citizen partici pation. And several that are now "name-only" could be reju venated with aggressive leader ship. Â· ' Â· OZARK SOCIETY ' One major organization this area is the Ozark Society with its Highlands and Univer sity chapters for the Fayette ville -- Springdale area. The Society itself was formed in tin mid-1860's to save the Buffal River from a federal dam pro ject. Through their efforts, th river was preserved. Then 1972 members held a "wher do we 'go L?rom now" meetin to set overall' objectives. Since then, the Society ha been branching'" into sever, fields concerning conservatio with an emphasis on waterway and national wilderness areas The Highlands Chapter, th more active of the two loc clubs, has 60 families partic Dr. Gene E. paling under this year's pres cnt, David Morals. The group eels bimonthly at 7:30 p.m., ic second Wednesday In t h e ayetleville public library. The ext meeting is in October. Its group projects vary [rom anoe, backpacking, and hiking ips to clean-up floats on the earby rivers. Such outings are pen to the public. The University of Arkansas hapter, under the direction of iim Smith, suffered from wan- ng interest last year, but hopes o get off to a better start this October. Smith said the chapter hopes o kick off its year in October 'Ith a visit and talk from 3zark Society president, Joe Nix. No regular meetings are cheduled yet. T h e UA chapter was rganized about 1970, prior to he formation of the Highlands lhapter in 1971, to encourage tudenls to lake an interest in he country and acquire an appreciation for Arkansas' atural beauty, Smith said. SIERRA CLUB A similarly - minded national organization, the Sierra Club las a local chapter in North vest Arkansas. The Ozark ieadwaters Group, wilh Dr Art Evans as president, meet monlhly for outdoor activilie such as hikes and canoe trip and bimonthly for busines sessions. Meetings are usually held a the Fayetteville library, at 7:3 p.m., the third Thursday every other month. The neii meeting will f oe held this Thur. day. Both the meetings an outings are open to the public This local branch of th Sierra Club has been assistin in projects sponsored by tw o t h e r local environment? groups that formed within th last year: the Illinois Riv Properly Owners Inc., and th ncrgy Council of Northwest rkansas. ILLINOIS lUVKR The Illinois River' group Â·ganizcd in May to fight the roposed rcclassification of the 'linois River in Arkansas. A ;gional water quality manage- lent plan, under the direction f the Northwest Arkansas Hogl Planning Commission, has skcd for a slighl lowering of ver standards to accommo- ate effluent, from two proposed igional svaslewater Ireatmcnt lants. The plan, issued in April, ailed for all of Norlhwesl rkansas' sewage to be treated t two plants on the river, then umped into the Illinois. The group which meets nonthly, but on no set day, it h c Robinson Community juildlng has been conducting its wn study of river quality and lie effects e f f l u e n t would have on that quality. Headed by Shirlean Clark o Â·iloam Springs (524-5225) members are studying th ossibilily of using the efflueni or irrigation and fertilization lUrposes. ENERGY COUNCIL The Energy Council of North west Arkansas, with a mailin, address of Box 580, Siloam Springs, formed in October L973 to research the impact proposed coal-fired 530 mega watt generating plant. Since the Southwestern Elec trie Company's and Arkansa Electric Cooperatives Corpora lion's announcement in-Septen her, 1973 that t h e plan wouid be built, the Energ Council has studied the environ mental impact statement on th plant presented by SWEPC and AECC and reported c errors and f a u l t y data in tl statement The Energy Council wi cstify against granting certtti-plans to landscape the Arkansai ales of environmenlal accep- hility and public need at Ihis eek's hearings before the stale ublic Services Commission. Two local advisory boards, ith members appointed by the ayetteville board of directors, icet monlhly to discuss Dilution problems and com- mnily appearance. Meetings are open to the u'olic arid citizens are urged provide input or elbow rease in committee-sponsored irospects. POLLUTION CONTROL The city's pollution control ommiltec began in 1970 ecausc Ihe board of directors elt Fayetleville needed ommillee to study environ Â·nental problems. With 11 members from cience, industry and the [cneral community, the grdup neets under Ihe chairmanship f William Sohl Ihe seconc Thursday of each month at 7:3( p.m. in city hall. Since its inception, thi committee has studied walei and air quality, eslablishcd a sub-committee lo run the loca Â·ecycling cenler on West Street and researched solid waste dis posal. The group is presently con cenlrating on starting a city w i d e newspaper recyclin project. COMMUNITY Ari'EARANCF The' Community Appearanc Committee, with its hoard appointed members, is chaire by. Stanley Brown a n is charged with suggestin ways to improve the city appearance on public and pr vale property. This group, which meels tl: second Thursday each month i 4 p.m. in city hall, planted trei and shrubbery along Hwy. ' north early this summer an venue median in late fall or arly spring. Two groups lhat 'used to unction In this area and now xisfc only through Ecoalltton; : 'ews are the Society for En- \ ironmenlal Stabilization . a n d - ero Population Growth. Any ews that comes through the ew remaining board members the group is funneled into 10 News tnat comes out onca very six weeks. Both would need citizens, xpressing strong interest to be e-activated. Two other groups concerned vith a healthy, clean environment in terms of food supply are the Ozark Food Cooperative and Ihe Nalural Food Asso. ciates. The cooperative focuses m gelling the best food at the owest price to its 400 members vhile the Nalural Food Asso- ciales encourages eating foods or good health. Both groups stress organic gardening. The Food Cooperative is ocated on West Street in Fay- itteville, Â·while the Natural Tood Associates holds monlhly neetings in members' homes. The group's next meeting will be at 7 p.m. in Mrs. Ruth Lete's home in Springdale. 1 Am A Pig A handy, .and perhaps apocryphal, acronym to remember: all the required elemenls in an environmenlal impact statement are in I Am A Pig-- Impacls, Adverse effects, Mitigation measures, Alternatives, Productivity c h a n g e s , a n d Growth-inducing effects. radials Hearings Begin Today On SWEPCO-AECC Plant Hearings opened today before he state Public Services Commission in Little Rock regard- ng the proposed coal-fired 530 megawatt generating plant at Little Flint. Partners in the project. that would dam and flood 530 acres of Little Flint hollows. Southwestern Eelctric Power Company and Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corp., are requesting certificates of environmental acceptability and public need from Ihe PSC. Testimony is expecled to be offered contradictory to lhat in the environmenlal impact state- menl submitted by SWEPCO and AEEC by local groups such as Energy Council of Northwest Arkansas and state agencies in-, eluding the department of pollu- ,ion control and ecology and the Arkansas Ecology Center. for medium size tires: FR70-14, GR70-14, FR70-T5 and GR70-15 plus Federal Excise tax of $2854o $309 ondirode. Migratory Bird Hunting Slamp Proceeds from the sale of the so-called duck stamp, which is required to be in the possession of all hunters of migratory waterfowl over 16 years of age, are used to purchase prairie wetlands to be preserved as weeding grounds for all types of wild fowl and wetlands creatures. Save The Cat Living above the tree line of high mountains in Central Asia and southern Siberia, the snow leopard has fur so long and Ihick that it is almost wooly. A soft shade of gray between the darker rose-shaped patterns makes it one of the most beautiful big cats. Its continued existence is threatened primarily because of market hunting for its fur. The beast is now protected in most countries, and it is illegal to import Its fur inlo the United States. Now yoo con get the luxury ride of a radial at a price you can afford. BFG's Lifesaver Radial XL-100 is designed for the driver who plans to keep his car cos or lv* more Â· yeas. Ana Dynaoor 9 rayoo cord means greater durofaiWy and comfort. Plus you'll get a 30,000 mile ' guarantee.TteatycurcartoBFGrod'rals. Guaranteed by Goodrich for 30,000 miles. In normal driving you'll get e* feast 30;OCO miles of treodwear from Ilie Ufesaver Radial XL-100 on your ox. If you doo'tget 30,000 mites, lake UK guarantee document back to any BFG reJailar. Hdfl oBow you oetSt fcr the difference towad the toen current B.F. Goodrich _ _ wete the other guys $35 for smaftorsfzo tires: AR78-13 DR7O13 BRfc-H BBM4 AR78-T5 and BR78-15 plus Federal Excise fax of $2X4 to $2j67 andtrada $53 for larger size tires: HK70-14, HR70-15 JR7OE* LK7D-15 plus federal Excise tax of $29te ^ 125 W. Mountain Fayetteville, Ark.