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Tarn To Page 5B For The Full Story 115th YEAR--NUMBER 93 The Public Interest li The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1974 PAGES-25 CENTS Flint Creek Plant Testimony Filed By DAVID ZODROW TIMES Staff Writer Testimony on the proposed construction of a 530 megawatt coal-tired electric power plant near Gentry was filed l a s t week in Little Rock with Kent Foster, general counsel for the Arkansas Public Service Commission (APSC). The testimony, containing over 130 pages of scientific and medical research, were compiled by U.S. pollution control experts, health officials and engineers in an effort to furnish detailed environmental a n d structural information to APSC concerning the plant. The APSC hearings, to be held Monday in Little Rock, will determine whether or not a per- mit should be granted to Southwestern E l e c t r i c Power Company (SWEPCO) for construction of the controversial operation. The proposed facility would be located four miles north of Siloam Springs and two and one-half miles southwest of Gentry in the Little Flint hollows. About 312 tons of coal per hour, amounting to 1,750,000 tons of coal a year, would be burned at the plant for electric generation. A pile of coal estimated at 700 .feet long, 300 feet wide and 50 feet high would be stored on open ground at the facility, constituting a normal 90-day supply. Nearly 530 acres of bottom- land in the Little Flint hollows would be flooded with an average 30 feet of water to produce steam and cool the turbines of the plant. Water for the lake will be supplied by Little Flint Creek, which winds through the bottom of the hollows. Larry Hoaglan, chief engineer for the Arkansas Public Service Commjssion. has affirmed the public need for the operation in written testimony which he presented to APSC. :... "By 1978, there will be a demand for 500 megawatts for the needs SWEPCO would be responsible for in the Northwest Arkansas area. It is important, for economical reasons, to locate generation facilities near load centers, thus reducing transmission costs and losses, and shipment costs of fuel," Hoaglan's report states. Hoaglan agrees with the need for the plant but he has made no judgment as to its ecological impact or exact location. The ecological impact which the plant may have upon the Northwest Arkansas region was defended by SWEPCO April 9 in . an,environmental impact state- Â·-ment-filed.-.with the.'APSC. : ."'. The APgC then presented a dif-" iciency letters to SWEPCO in June listing 62 points concerning ecological considerations not mentioned or improperly calculated in the statement. One of the deficient points was an air quality study which S W E P C O had conducted. SWEPCO chose a 1950-54 air quality study.of the Fayctteville airport and applied it as standard wind information for the' Little Flint; plant.site. Ernest M. Agce,. associate p r o f e s s o r of atmospheric science at Purdue University, filed testimony with the APSC which. disputes the logic of this study. "The micrometerology of these two different'areas. Fay-' etleville and Gentry, about 25 miles distance from each other, could have substantial differ-' ences on the effects -of the gas dispersion problem," Agee wrote. "In my opinion," Agee saidi, "a shortcoming exists that jeo- '' pardizes the validity of any micrometeorological interpreta- tions for the Flint Creek site - using Fayetleville data." Agee q u e s t i o n s SWEPCO's choice of the 1950-54 Fayette- yille data as standard wind information for the plant. He . contends that SWEPCO should have used a 24-year data base which could have been obtained from the archives of the .-.National Climatic Center in 'Â·Â·Asheville, N.C., for a longer- term study of climatic values. He also questioned the use of the 1950-54 data when more recent information! was available. "A longer term study .would include more valid maximum and .minimum temperatures, precipitation, dewpoint tern- perature and wind speed-direction," Agee says. The reasoning for more valid climatic values is* the problem of a weather - condition called "inversion," which may occur in the Northwest Arkansas area 100-200 times a year. During inversion, stack gases are held by cold morning air close to the ground. Pollution of the ground and lower atmosphere by sulfur dioxide gases and ash particles may extend 20 miles from the plant, thus showering into Fayetteville. "Inversion could be a problem that could require the shutdown or reduction of operations at the Flint Creek site," Agea (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Hospitalization Refused By Nixon As Condition Worsens For Washington County New Court Divisions Sought By DORRIS HENDRICKSON TIMES Stall Writer Two additional court divisions for Washington County will be' sought at the next session of the General Assembly. Members of the Washington County Bar Association have drafted bills seeking Â· a second Chancery Court and a second Circuit Courl. for the county due to the heavy case load in both courts. During the six years since Washington C o u n t y w a s separated from a four-county judicial district which included Benton, Madison and Carroll Counties, the case load in Circuit Court has grown to surpass the old four-county load. The chancery load is nearing the four-county level, according to Lewis D. Jones, of Fayetteville, chairman of the b a r association committee charged with researching the situation. Statistics on project population increases are such, Jones said, that it is obvious that by the time the second courts can be made functional the situation will be crucial, Jones said. Two hundred more cases were filed in Circuit Court here this year than in a comparable period last year, Jones said. With the case load increasing at such a rapid rate, Jones said, the bar association feels that additional courts must be approved now. He estimates that it-will take 12 to 18 months Ipr the courts to become functional after legislative approval. The mechanics of setting up a court takes a considerable amount of time, he said. An interim judge must be appointed until elections are held, court space must be provided and clerical help employed. Under state law the circuit clerk also serves as chancery clerk. This would necessitate additional personnel in that office with the addition of the new courts. Plans developed by the bar association call for the Circuit Court to be divided into civil and criminal divisions and for the two chancery courts to be identical. Courtroom space will also be a problem. Jones said, but (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Pressure Builds To Change Failing Anti-Inflation Policies 4 WASHINGTON (AP) -- With Â·i production down and prices still 'Â· going up, some labor leaders, members of Congress and out- l side economists are pressuring ; the government to change its anti-inflation policies. Top Ford administration economists have admitted the government has lost the battle against inflation this year, and that prices will be rising at or near a 10 per cent rate by the : end of 1974. '. They continue to advocate \ policies of tight money and spending restraint as the ways to control inflation in the long ' run. Senate Democrats have announced plans for their own hearings to determine the causes of inflation, an obvious slap at the series of inflation summit meetings called by President Ford. MONEY POLICY The Democrats, meeting in a caucus Thursday, also asked Ford to include several items on his economic summit :i agenda, including an eased : monetary policy. Democrats have expressed growing concern that the light credit and high interest rate policies of the Federal Reserve Board have had little effect on inflation, but are hurting the lousing industry and could Dring on a serious economic recession. Top labor leaders told Ford on Wednesday they favor an easing of credit and interest rates, as did many of the economists who met with'him in another pre-summit meeting a week earlier. Ford has no direct control over the Federal Reserve Board's, money policies, but it is understood there has been some easing of these policies in recent weeks. Sources noted that the federal funds rate -- an interest rate Tor reserves that one bank lends to another -- declined from a high of 13.55 in July to 11.48 last week, a change said to have been directly influenced by the board. RESERVES REQUIRED The board also has lowered, from 8 per cent to 5 per cent, the amount of reserves a bank must maintain on new sales of large certificates of deposit. It estimated this would make available an additional $400 million for bank lending. But sources said this relaxation, admittedly small, is about as far as the board and its chairman Arthur F. Burns want to go at this time. Clear- cCONTINIJED ON PAGE TWO) IlllillllllllllllllllGllillllHinilllllSlllllllllllllfliraiMltimilt GIGGLING VISITOR W A S H I N G T O N (AP)--A giggling Patli Albers was clocked in Saturday as the year's millionth visitor to the White House. She wound up c h u m m i n g around with President Ford. Ford "gave Patti and two sisters "a little extra dividend" -- a personal four of his Oval Office--and planned to s u r p r i s e their parents, spending Ihe weekend at Ocean City, Md., with a phone call. Then he found out they had no phone at their sea side retreat. Patti, a fifth grader, is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D o n a l d Albers of the Baltimore suburb of Phoenix, Md. Inside Sunday's TIMES TIMES To Offer Course By Newspaper __________ 2A Songwriter Inspired By Indian Life ____________ 3A The Swiss Hove Landed _ _________________ ____7A End To Bottlenecks Sought ___________________ IB log Cabin Home Resembles Museum __________ 2B Crossword Puiile -------------------------- 11B Editorial ...... ......... 4A Fod Women ........ 7A-9A Book Reviews ..... ... 10A Entertainment .......... 3B Sports .............. 5B-8B Classified .... ...... 9B-11B Bank Robbers Kill Trooper TEMPLE, Tex. (AP) -Mounted police, bloodhounds a n d helicopters Saturday pressed the search for a second suspect in the shooting death of state trooper Hollie Tull, the Department of Public Safety reported. A burst of gunfire took the trooper's life as he stopped a car while seeking two men who had fled the scene of a bank robbery in which three people were wounded. DPS director, Col. Wilson E. Speir, praised the courage and dedication of the slain trooper in a statement issued late Saturday. Speir called the death of Tull and the wounding'of three people in the holdup "outrageous" and "vicious." A DPS spokesman said as many as 80 or 90 law enforcement officers were involved in the hunt for the second man. Officers picked up the firsl man near the Temple city dump. Officers said the second mar sought was armed with a pisto and shotgun and was believec to have all the bank loot, Power Shift Said Likely WASHINGTON (AP) -- The ;enerations-Iong buildup of power in the executive branch las probably peaked and Confess will begin playing a bigger role in the next few years, louse Speaker Carl Albert Â·ays. ' '. Â· Â· "I believe we will see a general strengthening of the legis- ative.base in the intermediate term," Albert said in an interview. He explained he is thinking of a period of about 5 to 10 years. But Albert, the highest official in the legislative branqh, said the executive, \yith its concentration of initiative and decision power in one man -- the President -- will always have some built-in advantages. The tripartite system of U.S. Wernment, he said, worjs lest when there is close co-operation between the White House and Capitol Hill -- and this relationship has been lacking in recent years. "The lack of co-ordination between the administration and Congress has been due primarily to the difficulties President Nixon had," Albert said. He was asked whether the V V a t e r g a t e scandals, high lighting the extent of presiden tial power and the opportunities for abusing it, had spurred the flow of power to Congress. Al pert said VVatergate had contributed. But he contended the trend had set in well before the scandals reached a climax. "We passed the War Powers Act before that," he said. IOCAI FORECAST- Increasing cloudiness today becoming mostly cloudy and mild tonight and Monday with a chance of showers. Highs today in the mid 70s.with lows tonight in the mid 50s with highs Monday in the' mfd 70s Sunset today 7:24. Sunrise Mon day 7:00. Weather map on page 2A. Fears Hell Never Come Out Alive NEW YORK (AP) -- Air Force Maj. Gen. Walter Tkach said Saturday he decided against hospitalizing Richard Nixon after the former President told him, "If -I go nto the hospital, I'll never come but :alive." He did not say why Nixon 'eared he would die if hospi- :alized. Tkach, Nixon's long-time personal physician, was interviewed by NBC News at his lome at Andrews Air Force Base near Washington after he returned from a visit to his patient at San Clemente, Calif. "Mr. Nixon's condition has vorsened in the past several veeks despite .the pardon," Tkach said, arid he "is a ravaged man who has lost the will .0 fight." Tkach added, however, that !ixon showed no signs of mental imbalance and is rational. But, he said in a 30-minute hterview with NBC newsman Ford Rowan, phlebitis has caused Nixon's left leg to swell and he is fatigued and very tense. FEARS TENSION The doctor said he feared the tension would lead to formation of a blood clot which could lodge in Mr. Nixon's heart. He said the former president s receiving medication for ihlebftis, but not anti-coagulants whose administration could only be started in.a hospital. Anti-coagulants are u s e d to lelp keep blood flowing freely and prevent formation of clots. Before leaving San Clemenle, Tkach said Nixon was "menially alert," despite "severe strain and physical fatigue" caused by the illness. He said ie would visit Nixon again in a week to check on his condition. Nixon remained in seclusion at his San Clemente,estate, and no one there would comment on (CONTINUED OI* PAGE TWO) The . responsihijty for Initiating changes in plans calling for demolition of the olidPbst Office building rests with . the Guarding The Embassy Dutch marine,, armed with submachine-gun, takes 'cover behind a concrete wall at.(he French Embassy in the Hague, Netherlands while ) guarding the rear entrance where three Japanese terrorists hold the French ambas- sador and eight other hostages and demand release of another guerrilla Imprisoned in France. (AP Wirephoto) Future Of Old Post Office Rests With FHA Fayetteville Housing Authority, director Robert Dugan was told today by Sterling Cockril! Jr., area director of the Department NEWS BRIEFS Cradle Of Liberty BOSTON (AP) -- ft.was like a scene from integration, days a decade ago in the Deep South: a taunting crowd, hclmetcd police, rocks flying, racial epih- ithets and black children walking silently- into a previously all-white school., It was'the openinig of school in Boston, the cradle of,liberty. Blockade' Threatened MUTSU, Japan (AP)' -- Local fishermen threatened to form a blockade Saturday to prevent the Mutsu, Japan's first nucle- ar-powererl ship, from returning-to,its home port. Youth Killed JONESBORO, Ark. (AP) -Jerry Dewayne Smith, 13, was killed Saturday when the car he was driving pulled into the path of a Frisco freight train, State Police said. Disregard Pleas LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- The state Republican convention, disregarding pleas to increase pressure for full-scale constitutional reform, voted to support three proposed s-tate constitutional amendments. of Housing and Urban Develop, ment. Cockrill's letter was in response to a question from Dugan concerning the future of the building and the city's Urban Renewal program after the building was named to tha National Register of Historic Places. Dugan had asked which federal agency would have precedence concerning the building which was slated for demolition under the city's Urban Renewal Plan. Cockrill wrote that "it appears that such action (naming the building to the historic register) directly influences the demolition of the property." "The Department of Housing and Urban Development is much more interested in tha property than the demolition of same.." Cockrill wrote. The naming of the building to the National Register gives it assurance of special consideration against encroach; tnent or destruction by any- federal undertaking involving CONTINUED ON P *GE TWO) Hostilities Less Likely Now Mideast War Of Words Begins A News Analysis By HOLGER JENSEN BEIRUT, Lebanon, (AP) -The Arabs and Israelis have started a new war of words, but there appears to be no immediate danger of another military conflict in the Middle East. While each side accuses the other of preparing for war, neither seems wiling or ready to resume hostilities Â· less than a year after the October war of 1973. Some diplomats say war talk is a good excuse to rearm while waiting for the outcome of a Geneva peace conference. "Israel is using the threat of war to wangle more arms out of Washington: Egypt and Syr- la are using It to justify arms deliveries from Moscow and! shop for military hardware in : Europe," said one neutral diplomat. "But all are willing to wait and give Geneva a try." Egyptians are reported to ba attaching more significance to President Anwar Sadat's haste to resettle war-damaged Suez Canal cities' than his threat to "hit Israel in depth" if they are attacked. The Soviet Union has resumed arms shipments to Egypt. Sadat is reported ready to buy French jets and has presented a list of military requests to the United Â· States: This caused Israeli Defense Minister Shimon Peres to claim that "Egypt does not want a fi nal peace," But Sadat's publicly expressed desire for a Geneva settlement and his obvious em- p h a s i s on reconstruction prompted Peres to add that Israel "will meet Egypt halfway." The mood in Damascus is also relaxed, although the Syr. ians have embarked on a cautious program of "recon struction with vigilance." "We are pushing economic development and working to achieve peace," said a spokesman for President Hafez Assad. "But Israel still wants to expand and prolong its occupation of Arab lands. It is getting huge military aid. This forces Syria to arm so we won't ba taken by turprise." The Arabs seem anxious fat he Geneva talks to begin soon because Sadat and Assad face considerable domestic pressure to justify the disengagements pacts they signed with Israel. To do this they need guarantees of substantial Israeli withdrawals from territory occupied in the 1967 war. The Israeli attitude on withdrawals has hardened as a result of domestic pressures on Premier Yitzhak Rabin. He is trying to play down his dovish image to broaden his power base. Israel has not shown any great hurry to begin the Geneova conference or provide a specific withdrawal schedule.