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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 Â· SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1974 JO Commandments Of The Road A reader lias forwarded to this office a copy of the "Ten Commandments of the Road," as they are presently being promoted by clergymen in North Carolina. In view of this week's vote by the U.S. Senate to set a 55 mph maximum speed limit for the nation, and inasmuch as North Carolina surely, has no greater righteousness, nor need so far as we know, than Arkansas, we hereby reprint the list, as follows: --"Thou shalt not have any other gods before tliee, neither idolatry of a long record of safe driving, nor the idea that the worship oj thy family at thy side exempts thee from trouble, nor yet of a godless unconcern for sudden death. --"Thau shalt not make unto 1hee any image before thine eyes of the moon in heaven, or of scenic wonders of sun-worshipers on earth to point them out, nor of the innocent appearance of the things under thy foot, for the iniquities of the fathers that do so shall be visited upon the children in broken bones and crushed hopes and the payment oj the remaining installments on the car to the third and fourth generation. --"Thou shalt not take the name of the traffic officer who apprehends thee in vain for the judge will not hold him guiltless who presents no other defense than profanity. --"Thou shalt remember the Sabbath day, with its promise of eternal life, but be not too eager to enter into it at SO miles per hour. --"Honor the admonition of thy father and thy mother when thou considerest the glamor of thy surroundings, that thy days may be long upon the land which thy parents sacrificed to give thee. --"Thou shalt not Ml, neither upon the left hand side of the road nor upon the right, nor even by demanding thine own privikges, for the one who may get killed may lie thyself and thou wilt be as dead as though thou were wrong. --"Thou shall not commit adulteration by mixing alcohol with thy gasoline nor by demonstrating a double standard of road morality, nor by looking upon a new speed record to lust after it. --"Thou shall not steal a sneak on a red light, nor around a road curve, nor the right of thy neighbor to bring his family home alive. --"Thou shalt not bear false witness when thou are paged on the highway for the officer hath paced thee for many miles hoping to identify thee before the ambulance taketh thee away. --"Thou shalt not covet the place ahead of thy neighbor, nor his space on the other side of the white line, nor his horsepower, nor his smirk as he passes thee, nor his date with the mortician, nor anything that is thy neighbor's." Wkat Others S a y . . . MESSAGE FROM ITALY As Italy tries to hold some vestige of a national government together, the magnitude of that country's problems is dismally plain to all. For the recent resignation of Premier Rumor's cabinet w a s the fall of the 36th government to hold power in 28 postwar years. And the event was coincident with and very clearly a part of an appalling national spiral downward. Among other things, the country is experiencing'some of the world's worst inflation (risin'g at an annual rate of 20 per cent) and is in the midst of its deepest economic troubles o v e r a l l since t h e nation became a republic. Also relfecting the near-chaos are rampant crime and political terrorism. Whatever else, this predicament may be teaching, there is surely a message,for those In the United States who in recent times 'have lamented that we don't have "a European- style governing system whereby the leadership responds quickly ..j.Jy..3tepping aside - to public 'opinion and the lack of political support. Obviously there can be worse things than an arrangement which makes it drastically difficult to remove an elected national leader. --Norfolk (Va.) Ledger-Star Billy Grahams Answer Recently, you and other Christian leaders have been saying that persecution and rough days could well be ahead. I know the Bible calls it "perilous times." But, Mr. Graham, I'm afraid--for myself and.my children. How will we live through these things? N.B. If by perilous times, you refer to -the Tribulation period, some Bible scholars see the Christians as going through it, while others say the church will escape it. Right now of course, in some parts of the world, Christians are suffering for their faith. Even in America, thnre's evidence of this. Whatever view the Christians holds, he should always be ready for. adversity. The bible promises no immunity from trouble. 'On the inside, however, in the well-spring of the soul, there can be peace and assurance. Again and again the Lord ke-it saying to His disciples "Fear not," and this was in the face of severe threats and abusive tactics. Fear, of course is a natural feeling, arising in the anticipation of danger. But did you know that the fear of God, which means reverence and awe, can deliver you from the fear of man and evil? See Numbers 14:9 and Psalms 23:4..., Just take heart that 1\ Christ is the ultimate victor and soon-coming King of Kings; 2, that nothing will try you beyond what you can stand (1 Corinthians 10:13); 3. that your suffering only parallels Christ's (Matthew 10:24); and 4. that anything suffered here means all the more glory over there (2 Corinthians 4:17). CONTROLLING FAMILY SIZE Studies published in the June issue of Family Planning Perspectives show a strong decline in fertility rates among the poor, blacks, American Indians a n d Mexican-Americans groups which . traditionally . ; make up most of the disadvantaged in American society. Two points can be made about the findings. First, increases in welfare and other forms of aid to the disadvantaged apparently have not resulted in indiscriminate childbearing, as opponents of humane support for the disa'd- vantaged have often charged. Second, the decline in the rate of expansion of the less advantaged group of Americans means that there will be fewer families living in poverty than projected, and proportionately less state support for such Americans needed in the future. This is not to say, however, that Americans should welcome less expansion of any economic or ethnic group per se. Every element of the mixed American culture has its place and its right to determine its own numbers. The point is that more Americans of all sections of society are tending to better control of family size - a welcome, democratic trend in a time of competition for resources and a need to stabilize economic and population growth. --Christian Science Moniter Document Behind New Law WASHINGTON ( E R R ) -Constitution Week, which begins Tuesday, Sept. 17, is one of many "weeks' and "days" singled out for worthy observances by presidential proclamation. Few of them ever receive widespread attention. But this year, in the aftermath of Watergate, Constitution Week does indeed seem fit for celebrating. For if little else of value came from it, Watergate provided the American public with a two- year-long course in constitutional law. free of charge. There were many lecturers, and the star of the lot was Sen. Sam. J. Ervin Jr. (D-N.C.), chairman of the Senate Watergate Committee. One of the highlights of last summer's televised Watergate hearings was Ervin's clash with John D. Ehrlichman over the meaning of the Fourth Amendment--the one that prohibits 'treasonable searches and seizures." Ervin and others also were fond of citing Article II, Section 3, which directs that the President "shall lake care that the laws be faithfully executed." Many foreigners are baffled by Americans' reverence for a document that is almost 200 years old. "Certainly the Founding Fathers were a most remarkable body of men and the system of government they constructed served the country very well for all its formative period," Max Balqff wrote in the British magazine Encounter. "But they were men, after all, not demigods. Why should they have been thought capable of peering into an unknown future?" It is possible that the Constitution will frustrate any plans President Ford may have for conferring executive authority on Nelson A. Rockefeller. Writing in The Wall Street Journal (Aug. 27, 1974), historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr. quoted Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower as saying that the Vice President is not legally a part of the Executive Branch and thus is unauthorized to wield executive power. "Now that we as a people are rejoicing in our rediscovery of the Constitution," Schlesinger wrote, "this is not an issue to be dismissed lightly." Despite its age, the Constitution is etill full of little surprises like that. Bible Verse "For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own chaftiness." I Corinthians 3:19 It may come as quite a shock to a "know it all" society to see just how we measure up in the eyes of Him who is the author of all wisdom and might. "What's AM This Silly Talk About Shortages?" "The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light." Romans 13:12 The message of Christianity is an urgent one. Speed the light, share the gospel, "the night coineth when no man can work." "Let another man praise thec. and not thine own mouth: a stranger, and not thine own lips." Proverbs 27:2 The Lord calls on us to examine ourselves and exalt others, but because we are human, we arc apt to get it in reverse. Don't worry, God is watching - He will not let your good will go un-noticed and un- rewarded. Let us set about pleasing God and helping each other. Students Get The 'Come On By SANDRA STENCEL (Editorial Research Reports) .WASHINGTON -- The great rush to get into college appears to be over. With the fall term now beginning, there still are about a half-million vacancies in the nation's 2,686 colleges and universities, according to the National Association of College Admissions Counselors. This was unheard of in the halcyon days of the 1960s when schools were flooded with more applicants than they could admit. To fill these empty seats, many colleges are resorting to promotional and recruiting techniques they once would have dismissed as demeaning. In some cases, enrolled students are being given tuition rebates [or recruiting others Some colleges are paying freelance recruiters according to the number of students they produce. Several private universities are enticing students w i t h "no-need" academic scholarships to keep them from attending less expensive public institutions. "It's becoming- a dog-eat-dog situation," says Charles A. Marshall, NACAC's assistant executive director. "There's always been competition for top athletes and the best scholars, but now it's simply a matter of keeping classes filled and surviving." THE TOTAL number of college students jumped from 4.8 to 9.6 million between 19G3 and 1973. However, the rate of enrollment growth steadily declined during the decade. The post- World War II "population explosion," which produced a cascade of college-age youth in the 1960s, was followed by a period of declining birth rates. Thus the number of college-age youths has tapered off in the 1970s. The end of the military draft last year took away the pressure on young men to go to college to get a deferment. In addition, the social pressures to go to college have lessened considerably. Many high school graduates are "stopping out"--postponing their entrance into college to travel or get some work experience. Only 47 per cent of all high school graduates went on to college last year, compared with 55 per cent in 1968. Many of those who are going to college are attending low-cost community colleges. Enrollment at these two-year institutions was up 9 per cent last rail, while enrollment at four- year colleges and universities increased only 2.7 per cent. As a result of these factors, colleges have begun to court students with as much artlor as students were pursuing colleges only a few years ago. Radio and television commercials, newspaper ads and direct mailings are being usea 10 entice potential applicants. Some colleges set up mobile recruiting vans at shopping centers and high schools, and sign students up on the spot. . Still other schools have turned over their enrollment problems to professional recruiting firms. Some of these firms net as consultants, providing colleges with advice and services they believe will help increase enrollment. More controversial is the practice of turning over a school's entire admissions office to one of these firms. Traditionalists among the col- 1 e g e admissions officers generally do not reject the use of modern business tactics in recruiting, but they stress that education should not be huckstered in the same manner as condominiums or vacation resorts. Austin J. Buchanan, director of admissions at Central Michigan University, has said: "It is of prime importance we always keep in mind we are educators, not just salesmen..." MANY EDUCATORS believ* that the greatest potential for future enrollment expansion, la among adults. The Carnegia Commission on Higher Education predicts that in the next quarter-century Americans will see "a movement away from participation in formal institutional higher education in the years immediately following high school toward a more free- tlowing pattern of participation spread ocer da broader'span of years, perhaps well into middle age and beyond." The growing poularity ot the vocationally oriented community colleges has convinced admissions consultant Dennis L. Johnson of Chicago that the best way for other institutions to stem declining enrollment is to become career-oriented. At Lumbulh College in Jackson, Tenn., Johnson helped to establish a work-study program with nearby ''Holiday Inn University" which allows students to prepare for careers as hotel and restaurant managers. At Beaver College near Philadelphia, Johnson Associates is Helping develop a program in commerce and banking for women. There are.slrong reservations, however, about the "new voca- tionalism." Howard R. Bowen, chancellor of the Claremont Colleges in California, speaks out against the assumption "that the main purpose of education is to prepare people for quite specific jobs, and that it is somehow wrong or wasteful to provide education that will not be used directly in a vocation..." He finds this "a travesty on the purpose of education." Although educators differ on specific plans, they agree that extraordinary recruitment efforts are necessary it American colleges and universities ara going to survive. Arkansas Editors Comment On People, Problems And Politics LINCOLN LEADER Arkansas voters will cast ballots on four proposed Constitutional Amendments in the November general election this fall. The most important of these will appear as Amendment 56 and the admen in charge of promoting it are calling it the "Good Guy Amendment." Don't hold the attempt at a slick advertising campaign against either the substance of the amendment or its promoters. The Amendment would seek to reorganize and make more responsive county government in Arkansas. The most significant change would be reduction of the Quorum Courts. The annual assembly of justices of the peace, the Q.C.'s, now vary in size from about 40 to over 400, either extreme of which is far too many bodies lo have much impact on local government. .More important, the Amendment would make the Quorum Court a genuine legislative body with authority to override the decisions of the single County Judge. The Amendment would allow officials to receive salaries commensurate with the responsibility they exercise over your money. The existing Constitutional' limitation of $5,000 per year is both silly in this day of inflation and skirted, as most officials in the state receive hidden "expense allow- The Amendment is not perfect. It has some ambiguities which arc neither clear to lawyers nor laymen. However, it will provide the means for you ances" authorized by the log!- slaturft to help them feed their families. to gain better control over your own local government through locally-elected representatives on the Quorum Court; and it should make your local government more responsive to your needs'. THE EAGLE DEMOCRAT . Warren Circuit Judge William Lee, presiding over that Jacksonville murder trial, gets our nomination as winner of the Fatuous Pronouncement of the Year sweepstakes when he said Saturday, "The press is highly irresponsible. It's the most irresponsible institution in the country today and causes more trouble than any other." Isn't that amazing? The press is not lartless -neither are judges -- but the successful conclusion of the Watergate matter, just for one, would never have been drawn had it not been for the Washington Post and its tireless investigation into nefarious activities surrounding the White Ifouse. How silly can you get? PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL Thomas Jefferson: "Wore it left for me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers withoug a 'government, I should not hesitate a moment te- prefer the latter." George Mason: 'Freedom of the press is one of the bulwarks of liberty and can never lie restrained but by despotic government." William 0. Douglas: "The vitality of civil and political insti- tutions in our society depends on free discussion..(A) function of free speech under our system is to invite dispute. It may indeed best serve its high purpose when it induces a condition of unrest, creates dissatisfaction with conditions as they are, or even stirs people to anger." HUGO BLACK: "In the First Amendment the founding fathers gave the press the protection it must have to fulfill its essential role in our democracy. The government's power to censor the press was abolished so that the press would remain forever free to censure the government. The press was protected so that it could bare the secrets of government and inform the people." Circuit Judge William Lee in Lonoke, Arkansas, August 31, 1974: The press is "the most irresponsible institution in the United States." JUDGE LEE look the opportunity of a court proceeding in Lonoke to issue his outstanding statement -- and it does stand out -- on the press. Judge Lee's opinion comes at a tjme when Watergate is no longer a festering sore, in large part because of a vigilant press. Through Watergate, the American press proved itself far more responsible than various government officials, including the then President of the United States and a number of others who tried unsuccessfully to keep the public from knowing about ils business. THIS fS the historic juncture at which Judge Lee was judicious enough to select the press as "the most irresponsible" of American institution. The judge, in the process of banning comment on a particularly newsworthy case, said he was without power to order the press to limit its coverage, and that if he tried, newsmen would laugh at such an order and gfl about their business. Which is what anyone familiar with the First Amendment might do. The men who designed the First AiTiendmenl had had considerable experience with officious types who hounded the press, and they weren't having any more of it. JUDGE LEE'S gratuitous other example of how grateful their posterity should be for the men who drew up the constitution and the Bill of Rights. If Judge Lee is trying to find the most irresponsile institution in the United States, he can do much better than a free press. For starters, he might 1 consider certain elements of the Arkansas judiciary. ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT While it is never polite to look a gift horse in the mouth, it is often politic to do so. That would bo our suggestion to state leaders as they eonlimplMe the gift of Winthrop Rockefeller Museum of Automobiles. The property atop Pcttit Jean Mountain and the antique cars housed there has an estimated worth in excess of $2.5 million. The museum and the autos have been offered to the state Parks and Tourism Commission as n tourist attraction by the trustess of the Rockefeller estate, and the commission wants to accept the offer. It is now up to the governor and the legislative council to give a final OK. ' The antique auto collection is one of the finest in the natioin and came about as close as anything to being the late governor's only hobby. He loved old cars and spent lavishly to acquire them and lo have them restored to mint condition. Of course, he could afford the costs. In a token effort to make the museum al least break even, Rockefeller opened it to the public and charged a niodcst admission fee. But it is doubtful if enough tourists were ever attracted to move the operation into the black. Quite the contrary. The museum, which is isolated off the main tourist arteries, lost money usually and was more useful as a Rockefeller tax write-off than as a profit producer. From that standpoint it was attractive but that will be a small moment that standpoint it was attractive to the state, which after all, spends axes, no pays them. Hopefully state officials will Â· tak e a long and studied look at the museum's books and operating record before they gleefully accept title. We suppose that the museum could be made into a paying proposition (or at least not a losing one) if sufficient promotion can be mounted for it. However, there are a limited number of people who light up over old cars, and an even more limited number who will use their time and expensive gasoline to climb the mountain just for that purpose. A wiser course might bo to move the antique auto collection to Hot Springs where the tourists already are and where it would have a much tetter chance at breaking even. The handsome museum building could be used by the state for a variety of purposes or perhaps sold or leased to private enterprise. Either way the slate is faced with spending a sizeable a m o u n t if they say "yes" to the Rockefeller g i f t . ' I f the museum is kept intact on Petit Jean mountain, then large sums must be spent on advertising over the next few years to draw the number of visitors it will take the pay the bills. If 'the autps are moved it will also cost money to secure a new location for them and then advertise that fact. Unless the state is prepared to take such a gamble it might be better to delay or forget the whole thing. It would hardly do credit to Rockefeller's memory for the taxpayers lo end up paying the tab for the mainte- nances and operation of his old cars, especially if they turnout to be While Elephanls. HOPE STAR A bulging balance in the stale treasury, built up in part by a lax on labor, has convinced the political powers that is should he spent, and all at once -- in a $75-million state office building complex in Pulaski County. A still worse feature of the proposal is that it calls for issuing $75 million in bonds. Yet Ihe plan has the support of the Legislative Council, the sUto Ruilding Authority -- and Gov. Dale Bumpers. Regardless of such p o w e r f u l ' backing the people of Arkansas should rise in wrath and halt this monstrous steal lo build up Uio economy ot the slate's capi- tal city. Slate' Senator Morris Henry has suggested that the best way to block this enrichment of Pulaski County is to file a taxpayer's suit, and he reports that several of the legislators ara working on such a suit. They have this cdilor's and. his newspaper's endorsement, and a guarantee that we wil participate in underwriting ths legal cost. The infuriating aspect of this prodigal project is that" it wouldn't have been conceivable without the additional taxes a recent legislative session voted because the tax-eaters raised a great clamor over what they, said was an impending money crisis in slate government. So taxes were raised, and, specifically, the sales tax was extended to labor. You pay 3 per cent sales lax when you buy a pair of shoes. But now you also pay sales lax on every shoe-repair bill. That is a tax on labor. You pay less tax when you buy a new automobile. But now you also pay sales tax on every car-repair bill. That is a tax on labor. Not only should a taxpayers suit be filed to stop the $75-million state office complex project -- but also a petition should be circulated for a popular vote to repeal the new or higher taxes recently enacted by the legislature. A couple of years ago they said the state didn't have enough money. But now it has so much on hand that Ihc politi- fll powers see no remedy but to wipe out Ihc cash bnlance with n bonded debt to enrich Pulaski County.