Page 4 article text (OCR)
gfrfeanfitf Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Merest IÂ» Tht First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 Â· WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1974 'Big Guys Usually Get Little Sentences Score One For Preservation The Old Post Office building on the Fayettevile Square is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. That important designation was announced last week and culminates a grassroots but marvelously well-organized effort on the part of a doughty group of local "preservationists" who embarked on a campaign to save the structure from Urban Renewal demolition a few short months ago. We have cited a somewhat similar effori in St. Louis where citizens interest managed to save that city's historic old Post Office from razing in a downtown renewal project. In St. Louis, though, the process was years long and eventually required an act of Congress. Here, the significant achievement occurs in almost a matter of weeks. Full import of the National Register designation is as yet unknown. It obviously reinforces the cause of the preservationists, even if it spoils the immaculateness of the mylar overlays of the professional downtown urban renewal design. There is some indication, too, from the Housing Authority director that the new circumstances may damage private investment plans for the downtown area. We would regret, of course, causing inconvenience or serious alteration of plans by those interested in capital investments in downtown Fayetteville. We doubt, however, that the "commercial" climate of the Fayetteville Square, particularly in terms ot consumer relations, will be adversely affected by this development. Indeed, the breadth and depth of public concern for the preservation of the Post Office building indicates that its preservation will kindle a new citywide allegiance to the Square and its community of business interests. We would guess .that the Housing Authority .fears are poorly based. We might note, in addition, that the city government, in response to the strong show of public interest in the old building, is working on ways and means of satisfying the Department of Housing and Urban De- velpoment (HUD) requirements for rehabilitation of the building rather than demolition. The city, in other words, had been proceeding with the notion of saving the structure even before the National Register designation was approved. There remain, obvously, many obstacles to a satisfying denouement for the Square. We would observe at this point, however, that the old building which was once pretty generally dismissed as "an old eyesore" is suddenly being looked on with a great deal more affection and respect. This, we believe, could be an experience in community awareness more valuable than one yet fully realizes. Art Buchwald l e !Â±L Bnag Generation By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- I was very surprised to read in the newspaper last week that Mrs. Ford said tie* family was cutting down on their food bills as a way of fighting inflation. The reason why I was surprised was that Mrs. Ford has teen-agers, and there is no way under the sun that you can cut a food budget wren you have teenagers living in the house. It isn't the immediate family that costs money -- it's feeding everyone else's children t h a t sends your food costs skyrocketing. In the past most ol us could get away with giving a strange child a glass of milk and a cookie. But in recent years we seem to be sustaining l a r g e masses of youth, which I have dubbed, for the want of a better name, the Sleeping Bag Generation. Last month my grocery bill for a f a m i l y of four in Martha's Vineyard was S791. This is what happened. Three sleeping bags showed up at the door. A voice from one of the sleeping bags said, "We're very good friends of your daughter Hilda, and she said we could camp on your property when we got here." "I have no daughter named Hilda," I said. "What's her name?" a voice from another sleeping bag asked. "Jenny." "THAT'S IT," the voice said. "We're good friends of Jenny, and she said we could sleep on your lawn so we won't .be arrested and tortured by the police with chains and rubber hoses." "We won't be a b o t h e r," a voice from another sleeping bag said. "We have stale doughnuts for dinner." I gave permission lor them to camp out on the lawn. When my daughter came home I informed her that three of her dearest friends had arrived and set up camp. "Boys or girls?" Jenny asked. "How the hell would I know," I replied. It turns out that sleeping bags require large amounts of nourishment. While those of us who lived in the house could get by on bluefish or eggs, the sleeping bags had to be fed steak, ham. i m p o r t e d cheeses, French From Our Files; How Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO Ambassador Karl Lolt Rankin ia announced as guest speaker for the annual International Night dinner to be held at the Student Union on the University of Arkansas campus. Some 22 candidates will vie for the title of Miss Benton so VEARS AGO Advance ticket sales to t h e W a s h i n g t o n County Fair reached 940 today. Forty more are needed to reach the goal of 1.000. Four nurses will receive degrees Thursday at the ninth 100 YEARS AGO John Reed has established a steam distillery on West Fork, at the old Murray Campbell Place, which is full rigged and under sail. A distiller, R. F. Fowler, who has 15 years ex- County Fair Queen. The contest is held in conjunction with the annual livestock show and agricultural exhibition. Wallie Ingalls, who has been absent for several years, will return to the mike as sports announcer for 'the Fayetteville Bulldog football games. annual graduation exercises at City Hospital. Some 150 United Daughters of the Confederacy delegates are expected to attend the state meeting here in October. perience has been employed. Reed will give one pint of warranted 100 per cent apple brandy for each bushel of apples delivered at the distillery. STEPT 12 bread, butter and a good brand of beer. Every day my daughter, who never did find out their names, carried down povisions to the sleeping bags. The zippers would open up automatically and they would consume $60 worth of groceries at a feeding. In exchange for the food, the sleeping bags strummed music on a guitar in our Iving room while I was trying to watch the evening news. After the sleeping bags departed, a new group of sleeping bags arrived and said they were friends of my son Edward. I probably would have been nicer except I have no son named Edward. The nearest thing to it was Joel. While it bothered me, it didn't seem to bother Joel. He took all the sleeping bags to Kronig's grocery store where they charged everything to me for a picnic they were holding with some other sleeping bags on the beach. NOW THAT I'M hack in Washington, the sleeping bags are starting to show up here. Many turn out to be friends of the sleeping hags who camped on my property in Martha's Vineyard. If -I refuse hospitality for them I am considered an ogre by my children, Hilda and Edward, or whatever their names are. But if T let them spread out on the grass I'm going to get another $801) grocery bill. I'm sure Mrs. Ford is telling the truth when she says she's been able to cut back on her food bills. But I figure the only way she has been able to do it is by having the Secret Service boot all the goose-feather sleeping bag acquaintances .of her children right off the White House lawn. (C) 1974, Los Angeles limes What Others Say They'll Do It Every Time tu. 'M you WANT YOUR MONEY 8*iCK OH TUB POLICY. 1 . 1. ALLUS SA1PY/OUWA HAVE TWO SETS! ASK '6M TO PfcUVSR A HAVE owe of yÂ»R SERVICE PDUC1ES.' . m EARLIEST We CAN 6ENP A MAM IS NEXT WEEK! I THINK OUR SERVICE POLICY EMS oar THIS SE6 HOW FAST Â·THEY eer HEBE/ SAY ACADIAN AND BE SURE It was long ago in a Western movie called "The Virginian" that Gary Cooper leveled a grirn eye at a stranger who had called him a bad name and said, "When you call me that, smile, mister." The stranger smiled. In Acadiana, the same situation ofttimes prevailed when a newcomer (someone whose family has been here less than IO years) referred in .jest to a I.ouisianian of Acadian descent as a part of the anatomy of an animal with a striped t a i l . The person so addressed would sometimes let it pass; at other times a hot- tempered Cajun, of which there are a few, would let a fist or two fly Well, the Legislature recently decided it had had enough. From now on, the Senate and House agreed, a I.ouisianian of French-Acadian descent must b e called "Acadian" or "Cajun," and not that other word . . . . There can he something demeaning in using a term that many people do find objectionable, although, we repeat, it's okay for the "in" crowd. For those others who can not claim. Acadian heritage, let the Legislature's action alert them to the coonass facts of life, and if they still insist on that terminology, let them chance it -- with a smile. --Lafayette (La.) Advertiser By JACK ANDEItSON WASHINGTON -- From inside the McNeil Island penitentiary has come a fascinating insight into the controversy over prison sentences. Many Americans believe that former President Nixon, despite the prima-facie evidence on his own tapes that ho participated in the Watergate cover-up, has suffered enough and shouldn't 'be sent'to prison. Others argue that he should be subject to the law like any other ciliicen, even though the issue has now been rendered moot by President Ford's pardon. : Some of his former associates, who became entangled in Hie Watergate crimes, have complained that the courts made examples of them. Others point out that ex-Vice President Spiro Aguew and ex-Ally. Gen Richard Kleindienst escaped prison sentences for crimes that cost less-favored men 'iheir liberty. Now a McNeil Island convict named Edward Browdcr has sent us proof that il helps to be a government bigwig, Mafia don. labor leader or White House intimate at sentencing time. The 57-year-old Browdcr presented us with a four-inch-thick survey entitled "A Study of White Collar Offenses Involving The Washington Merry-Go-Round Politicians, Bankers, Businessmen and the Professional Swindler, Promoter, Labor Union Racketeer, Organized Criminal Offenders." Browder is good at statistics, as a former manipulator of pilfered stocks. He has also had plenty of time to conduct his survey at McNeil Island where he is serving a 25-year sentence. Insofar as possible, \va checked out his statistical find- ' ings wilh the annual reports of the federal courts. We also con. suited a similar survey oy federal prosecutors in New York. Browder's figures stand up. The inmate found lhal noted white - collar criminals average a little more than two years in prison regardless of how much they steal. Aboul 20 per cent get off wilh no prison sen- lence at all through fines, probation or suspended sentences, Many are able to delay cases almost indefinitely, sometimes unlit they are dropped. Major Mafia figures and top labor hoodlums get an even kindlier break from the judges. Their prison terms average about two years, with almost 40 per cent getting no prison sen- tences. Only narcotics sentences are consistently stiff. Among the examples ciled by Browder was Matin don Angelo "Gyp" DeCarlo, who drew a 12-year sentence but was freed by President Nixon alter only 18 months. The survey also cites a host of bigwigs who wound up wilh less than two years or, in some cases, no jail M all. Among them were ex-Rep. John Dowdy, D-Tex.. ex-Hep., Irv Whalley,' R-Pa., New York Democratic leader Carmine DeSapio, financier Louis Wolfson, ex-Army Maj. Gen. Carl Turner and former Nixon figures Herb Kalmbach and Richard Kleindienst. In one ingenious section of his survey, Browder shows t h r o u g h computations that prominent white - collar defendants average about one year for every $10 million they steal. He also found some $800.million in 'thefts, slock swindles and other dodges, which have been punished only with fines, probation and suspended sentences. In contrast, 'rank robbers who got away wilh a few thousand dollars averaged 11-year sentences, five limes longer in the slammer than bank embezzlers who got away with millions. . And all the time they kept insisting strip mining wouldn't take too big a bite . . ." From The Readers Viewpoint Need Is Now To the Editor: Now we are looking back on the devastating disclosures of Watergate. These disclosures have clearly informed the entire nation of the enormity of the abuses of power resulting from vote buying by the special interest groups. Most citizens see the obvious need for campaign reform. Most thoughtful Americans now f i n a l l y agree that if we all shared the burden of campaign financing we would reap the benefits of a government responsive to ALL the people, not a select few. Since we individuals are at the mercy of governmental decisions in every area of our lives, we should be concerned that we have so little voice in w h a t happens in Washington. Congress apparently agrees that reform is feasible and desirable, in theory, and scerns ready to send a bill to the White House -- hut a bill which deals only with presidential elections. The members of the House seem less enthusiastic about cleaning up their own house. The proposed congressional reform (Anderson-Udal! amendment) provides an opportunity for the individual taxpayer to delegate $2 of his 1 tax money to a fund to be used to match large private donations. This fund would serve to dilute the big power groups control by the fact that congressmen elected would not be so dependent upon these special interest groups before election, nor so indebted to their favor after obtaining victory in an election. Our own man in the House of Representatives, John Paul H a m m e r s c h m i d t voted - AGAINST the Anderson - Udali amendment, and . against two previous bills which would have provided t r u e reform. Incumbents see great benefits In retaining the present "fat cat" funding system, which tends to perpetuate their own personal positions of power; They loudly endorse the idea of reform, but refuse to apply it to themselves. This refusal should make us all truly furious. Only a great response of put- spoken indignation can switch the tide. We would do our nation a service by writing a letter or postal card to our representative to express the displeasure we feel in his performance in this critical issue. And it should be done soon, because reform is now or never. Shcrna Cockrill Fayetleville Gun Fun To the Editor: One of our few remaining rights as American citizens is being blamed as the sole reason for . increasing crime in our country and I must defend this liberty which was granted by the Constitution of the United States. I am speaking of our right to keep and bear arms. Like millions of other firearm owners. I have never and wijl never use my firearm in a criminal offense. Why should we be forced to give up our right for the "good of all" when "all" is actually a small minority of criminals? Granted, there are accidental killings with firearms, just as there are tens of thousands more killed with automobiles. If we use this line of reasoning, we should thus also ban automobiles as well as firearms, so that we can all suffer for the "good of all." Some politicians would have the public believe that they only want to ban the "Saturday Night Special". However this is only the beginning of the end. What happens when crime doesn't decrease after the "Specials" are banned? Naturally, ban ALL firearms. And surely, people, you don't believe that criminals would not have guns if guns are outlawed? What about the days of Prohibition when all liquor was outlawed? In those days, anyone who really wanted a drink could get one, and organized crime gained a foothold in this country by blackmarkeling liquor. We're not going to stop crime by confiscating firearms. The first person born on this earth committed murder with a club! The press is also partly to blame by only reporting the negative side of the issue. The sports page of this newspaper rarely has any articles about competitive shooting events or the basics of firearm safety. If the press was the only means of obtaining information about firearms. 1 can understand why a person would come to the conclusion that all firearms are bad. Instead of destroying another of our precious rights as American citizens, we should do something constructive toward solving our increasing crime problem, such as; pressing for better prison rehabilitation programs, cleaning up all the ghettos in big cities, and qffer- i n g expanded vocational training as a part of all public education programs. We could do all these things with the millions of dollars it would take to attempt to enforce a firearm confiscation law. R.M. Keen Fayelteville Good Job To the Editor: A "pat on the back" for everyone who helped save the Old Post Office building and a special thanks to Frank Sharp of the Ozark Mountain Smokehouse who helped so much to get the ball rolling. Mr. and Mrs. Howard Payne Fayelleville Footnote: Browder elles t few exceptions Including Billie Sol Estcs, the fertilizer king, who did six years, and Tino do Angelis, the salad oil swindler, who served seven. Browder also feels, obviously, that hi* own 28-year sentence is excessive. Although his findings a r Â· restricted to the federal courts, our sources say that the discrimination in sentences is often worse in stale courts. ROCKEFELLER'S NIECES: T h e scathingly anti-Nixon movie, "Millhouse: A White Comedy," was heavily financed by three nieces of Vice President-designate Nelson Rockefeller. Â· Â· . Rockefejler had nothing to da with his niecies's generosity. His brother Laurance's daughter, Laura, ponied up $30,000. And daughters, Abby and Peggy, gave $5,000 and $2,000 respectively. The film cost $200,000. So far, the Rockefeller women h a v e gotten back $32,000 of their $3'l,000 investment. ' Although abashed that we had learned of his Rockefeller financing, the producer ol Hillhouse," Emile de Antonio, reluctantly confirmed that : the nieces put up the money. Ha said he did not want any inference t h a t the money cam* from the senior Rockefellers. "As far as I know, it was a totally individual thing," d* ' Antonio said. His "Millhouse" told infact- ual, but stinging detail the story of Nixon's climb to power. It so infuriated the W h i t e Housa that the "plumbers" were sic- ced on de Antonio and an FBI check was run on him. --United Feature Syndicate Schoenberg Centennial Is Noted WASHINGTON (ERR) -- ThÂ» 100th anniversary of the birth of Arnold Schoenberg will bÂ» celebrated Sept. 13. MUCH OF THE music of the 20th century has been shaped by the works and musical theories of Arnold Schoenberg, the Austrian composer who formally broke with the traditional principles of tonic harmonies and went on to develop an entirely new method of composition known as the 12*-note system. The discordant, bewildering sounds that dominate modern music can be traced directly back to him. To be sure, other composers before Schoenberg had experimented with new musical constructions. Wagner, Brahms and Scriabin strayed at times from a central key tone or-signature. Claude Debussy, with his use of chromatic impressionism, also toyed w i t h new musical centers and compositional techniques. None of these composers, however, ever broke with the traditional formulas as emphatically as Schoenberg did. TO THE UNTRAINED ear. 12-nole music sounds decep- l i v e l y formless Â· and disorganized. Actually, it is built around a scientific and mathematically controlled Â· f o r m u l a , the basis of which is a series of 12 notes known as the note row or note series. The row is arranged in a specific order by the composer and built upon with chords and motives. In thÂ» strictest application nf the sÂ«s- tem, none of the notes in the series may he repealed in Mie score before the other notes have been sounded i n t h e i r proper order. There are three versions of the basic note row: the inverted note row. the retrograde nole row, and the inverted retrograde note row. This makes for a total of four forms which may be transposed to any of the 12 degrees of the chromatic scale. There are 48 versions, therefore, of one original row, Schoenberg worked steadily on the 12-note system from 1911 until its complete formulation in 1923. Because his new music rejected any use of central key tonalities, it was often referred to as "atonal" music, a label which Schoenberg denounced as meaningless. In the 1911 edition of his hook on music theory, Harmonielehre, he argued:' "Tonality can only mean everything arising from a series of tones, whether it be by means of a direct relationship to a Ionic or by more complicated connections. It is clear that from this definition no antithesis to tonality, corresponding with the term 'atonal.' can be reasonably constructed." LIKE MOST revolutionary workr* of art, Schoenberg's music met with hostility. In his early career, he was violently attacked in print and denigrated as a teacher. One of his major pieces, Pierrot Lunaire, provoked audience riots when he conducted it during a tour through Germany and Austria. His music was described as the "self-tortue of a flagellant." In 1911 Schoenberg was forced to leave a teaching post in Vienna because of antagonism toward his music and increasing anti-semilism. Later, in 1933, he was dismissed by the Nazis from the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin because of his Jewish descent. Schoenberg became an American citizen in 1941, and three years later he resigned from the University of Southern California to conduct private classes. Although hindered by illness toward the end of his life, he continued to work on a piece entitled Modern Psalms. It remained unfinished when he died in I.os Angeles in 1951 at the age of 76.