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Editorial-Opinion Page PuWie Merest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 Â· TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1974 Ford Warns Turkey On Opium. Controls Of Heroes And Lesser Folks Evel Kneivel and Richard Nixon both made it over the weekend, though in somewhat different fashions. Each, apparently, has now faced his ultimate crisis, and survived in hale fashion. For Kneivel, his greatest jump went awry almost from blast-off. The much publicized daredevil recounts that he was instructed to deploy his parachutes if he chanced to see anything up ahead of his Buck Rogers-type sky-cycle other than blue sky. He saw the far side of the Snake River Canyon, he says, and "hit the silk." His move aborted the jump, but may well have saved his life. Significantly, his derring-do seems to have satisfied almost all contributors to the multi-million dollar take for the event. He didn't make it to the other side, but he fired off the suicidal- looking launch pad, and that, in essence, is really what his audience paid to see. For ex-President Nixon the crisis scenario was less spectacular -- and for a good part of his audience, less satisfactory. For one thing, the drama and suspense that promoter Kneivel generated with his jump was absent in Ford's presidential pardon for the ex-president. President Ford indicated that a pardon was in his thinking during last week's press conference. It then remained only to find out Mr. Ford's timing. In Evel Kneivel's case, he didn't make it to the other side, which would have been almost too spectacular. It might have looked like a carny trick if he'd pulled it off. He earns a kind of success in failure. There is this to be said for the Knievel legend, part of his appeal is the fact that almost as often as not he falls short of success. To an extraordinary degree lie lias introduced romance to the art of breaking one's own bones. His crash Sunday, therefore, isn't a defeat by any means. One wonders if Mr. Nixon and his benefactor, President Ford will be so lucky. There is a risk, it seems to us, that the sort of disappointment in the early pardon that prompted the President's press secretary Jcrald terHorst to resign in protest will linger in the national conscience. At the very least, Mr. Ford's haste in extending clemency clouds such issues as the trials and sentencing of Nixon subordinates [what about John Dean, without whose testimony the coverup might never have unravelled?), amnesty and pursuits of both disclosure and justice by the special prosecutor. There is a very real chance, it seems to us, that the quick pardon will leave Mr. Ford and Mr. Nixon exposed to doubts and suspicion of additional cover-up, with a consequent erosion of Mr. Ford's consensus for governability. Paradoxically, Knievel didn't jump his chasm and is a hero; Nixon is now safely on the other side, and still a %*'('*!!! From The Readers Viewpoint Letters To The Editor Letter* to the editor and other opinion-related contribution* are solicited. We reserve the right io edit all letters, but try to do BO only for space requirements; in th* interests of good taste and general public interest, and to avoid libel. WÂ« edit grammatically, only on behalf of clarity, being too inexpert to do other- wiÂ«e. Letters stand thÂ« best chance of being printed If they are double-spa c ed and typewritten, and of not much more than 200 words. We have rules, too, againat personal attacks and out-and-out advertising (we have an ad department for that). letters should be signed by hand, but Identity of writer will be withheld on request. --ThÂ« Editors The Record To the Editor: Congressman Hsmmersch- inidt of the Third Congressional district is well known through- out the district for the manner in which he "does his homework". . Mr. Hammerschmidt sends out frequent questionaires and letters to his constituents and he jumps at the opportunity to announce pork barrel legislation [or his disitrict. What is not generally known by the people of th3 Third dis- tricit is Mr. Hammerschmidt's voting record. In a time when Arkansas and the nation are' in deep trouble domestically, Mr. Hammerschmidt has been an ardent supporter of Nixonian politics, voting consistently for wasteful foreign aid measures, and federal budgets which have caused the largest increases in the national debt ever known in this country. At the same Â· time, _ Mr. Hammerschmidt has consistently failed to support education measures, domestic bills to help the working people, social security measures, and reasonable reforms in the area of health insurance and the income tax system. Since Mr. Hammerschmidt has consistently refused to show any concern for the needs of his constituents, it is time for us to look to someone else for help. The c a n d i d a t e opposing M r . Hammerschmidt is Bill Clinton. As citizens of the Third Congressional district, we have a duty to ask not whether we like or totally agree with Mr. Clinton but whether he is willing to work for us and fill the vacuum of leadership in Washington D.C. In these recessionary times, we need responsive leadership not Mr. Hammerschmidt's brand of "homework". Don Mixon Fayetteville Amnesty To the Editor: From Oar Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO An early morning blaze destroyed approximately 10,000 laying hens in a poultry house three miles north of Rogers. The First National Bank of Fayetteville will open the new auto bank on the corner of W. 50 YEARS AGO Â·' Richarl Loeb and Nathan Leopold, slayers of Robert Franks in Chicago, were sentenced this morning to life imprisonment. There were 1003 patients cared for during the past year it City Hospital. The cost to 100 YEARS AGO The new boarding housÂ§ of Messrs. Glass and Williford opened Thursday night of last week. The Mount Comfort camp Diekson Street and University Avenue tomorrow. Gov. Orval E. Faubus will v i s i t Washington County tomorrow and open campaign headquarters in Fayelleville. the hospital for maintaining a patient is $3.20 daily, said Miss Ruth Riley, superintendent. The Razorbacks began fall training today on the Varsity Gridiron under Coach F.A. Schmidt. meeting commences next Friday. Our town presents a lively appearance since the opening of the University. Students are coming in from all quarters. They'll Do It Every Time IT'S NO MATTER! IIHJURH? MY COCCYX UFTIN WHATS WITH VW CACKLE TOO MUCH PU? By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- President Ford has secretly inslrucleri ' U . S . Ambassador William Macomber to warn the Turkish government that Ihe United States may withhold economic aid if Turkey refuses to cooperate on opium controls. The revival of the Turkish opium 'trade could be a serious blow to U.S. efforts to curtail heroin smuggling, which has helped aggravate Ihe crime wave in American cities. For most of the heroin, sold on the streets by drug pushers, used to come from Turkish opium. Under a 1972 agreement, the United Stales paid Turkey $35.7 million 'to ban opium production. This lias reduced the availability of heroin in the United States. But last June, (lie Turks announced they would resume opium production. Former President Nixon ignored repeated requests from Congress that he pressure the Turks to uphold Â·the opium ban. Not long after President Ford moved into the White House, however, he sent the first blunt signal to Ankara. On August 30, he fired off a secret cable to Macomber. directing him to tell the Turks that the United States would help them monitor their opium crop but might shut off economic aid if lliey didn't cooperate in controlling the heroin traffic. Three days later, Macomber The Washington Merry-Go-Rognd With the question of amnesty coming up once again it seems every armed service organization has a strong opinion. My question is, who has the right to judge? Every time the Veterans of Foreign Wars or the American Legion make a statement on the amnesty question, I feel like screaming with rage. The vast majority of their members did not serve in Vietnam, so, how can they presume to pass judgement on anything concerning Vietnam? They were not affected hy draft dodgers, they did not have to serve in anyone's place in Vietnam. Those affected, Vietnam veterans and their survivors, are the only ones who should have a say in this matter.' i, as a Vietnam Veteran, strongly urge the President to grant conditional amnesty. I also urge all the vindictive, closed hearted and petty non- veterans to shut up and spare the President the benefit of their ignorance, they have done enough damage already. Larey J. Kerling Fayelteville Glory Road To the Editor: If there is any individual, group or organization interested in preserving the beauty of this county, an immediate trip S.E. of Elkins to the Springston Ford Road is suggested. Here you will see, in all it's glory, what happens when the C o u n t y Road Department widens a road a few feet. Truly a sight to behold! Please withhold my name Ellkins Park Praise To the Editor: Congratulations to the school district and park system for the new school parks! Recently we saw two out-of-stale recreational vehicles and two cars with 'joals making a lunch stop at Ihe park at Root School park. H.A. and Angie Madge Payne Fayetteville sent 'jack a pessimistic report on the progress of a United Nations narcotics team in Turkey. His "discussions with team," . be cabled, "reveal gloomy picture.... "Turkish officials say they intend concentrate acreage as far as possible to facilitate control but plan they have in mind do not appear consistent such approach," Macomber reported tersely. H i s confidential cable noted "that head of narcotics police is developing arrangements for patrolling fields during critical period and that these proposed arrangements seem encouraging on paper." But the cable questioned "how these measures will work out in practice." International Narcotics Control Board Chairman Sir Harry Greenfield, who met with U.S. officials in Turkey last week, "is not optimistic that Turks can be persuaded reduce acre age "Tuvks claim t h e y have already sold 30 tons of opium from first harvest," added Macomber, "and h a v e to date received inquiries from other prospective buyers for up to 100 tons." Greenfield has sought a meeting, meanwhile, with Turkey's President Bulent Ecevit. "But foreign ministry officials have made clarer," according to the cable, "this request unlikely to be granted." It looks as it the Turks intend to call President Ford's bluff. If he backs clown. tle flow of heroin into the United States surely will rise and will bring with it a new surge of crime. But if the United Stales cuts off economic aid to Turkey, the Turks may follow the Greek example and pull out of NATO, leaving the Western alliance dangerously exposed in the Mediterranean. Footnote: In fairness to the Turks, they have tried in vain to persuade the United States to sign a U.N. agreement controlling the distribution of pep pills, goof 'balls and hallucinogens. Drug enforcement officials estimate that half of Ihe 16 billion drug pills that the United States produces each year wind up in the underworld. The United Slates cannot sign the U.N. argument without enabling legislation, which the drug industry has opposed. WASHINGTON. WHIRL: The Watergate prosecutors are now SAMUELS FAVORED: Jimmy the Greek Snyder, who calculates the political odds exclusively for us, rates Howard Samuels a four-to-one favorite over Rep. Hugh Carey in to- State Of Affairs Why Pick On Federal Workers? By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON Â·-- Even the best of new puolic officials, from mayors to governors to Presidents, still have to learn for themselves that government employes are no longer the tame and humble group that used to let themselves be exploited and humiliated without serious resistance. That day is over, although it took several years of losing battles for Richard Nixon to discover it. Despite the former President's negative experience, however, the new President is starting off his Administration with a similar confrontation, which could lead to his first setback, for ho is on essentially weak ground. Considering how remarkably successful the new President has been by simply doing the opposite of the retiring one, it is hard to understand why he would embrace a position that Nixon, as recently as last October, found untenable. The issue revolves around the civil service "comparability" act of 1970 designed to take Â·politics out of the pay schedules for 3,5 million federal employes. Under this bill, their pay was to be automatically adjusted each October to maintain comparability between public and private wages. The law also provided that the President could defer or alter the recommended adjustment, subject to the approval of Congress. Either branch could overrule the President. Three times in three years Nixon tried to derail pay raises that were due federal employes under this formula. The former President, like Mr. Ford n few days ago, said the government workers should give up their pay boost as an example to the rest of the country on holding down inflation. AS A GOVERNMENT em- ploye. Nixon's own contribution to fighting inflation was acceptance of a lOfl per cent increase in h i s - s a l a r y , from $100.000 to $200,000 a year, plus more than S10 million in government-paid improvements on his private homes at San Clemente and Key Biscayne. Congress, which had voted itself a 40 per cent salary boost, did not have the gall last fall to reject a comparability boost of 4.7? per cent for the civil service. By an overwhelming vote of 72 to 16 the Senate rejected Nixon's effort to put off the increase. This f a l l the Civil Service Commission and the Office of M a n a g e m e n t a n d Budget recommended a raise fo 5.5 per cent based on a survey by the Bureau ' of Labor Statistics of wage ' rales in the private sector. Nevertheless, Mr. Ford wants the raise deferred until next .year. He has called on the federal workers to "make a sacrifice" because "we in government set the example." This patriotic appeal would have more force if, to set an example, Mr. Ford was to suggest a reduction of 5 per cent or 10 per cent in his own $200.000 salary and call on the Cabinet to do likewise. They could stand it much more comfortably than the rank and file who have seen their incomes cut more than 11 per cent in the last year by inflation. THE FORD POSITION would also be more consistent if he directed his new wage-price council to urge a moratorium on wage increases for all U.S. workers, including the millions of workers in private industry who recently have 'Men getting boosts of 10 per cerio or more. The prevailing question in Congress seems to be: Why single out federal employes for sacrifice? "H isn't fair," says Rep. David Henderson (D- N.C.), the ranking majority member of the House Civil Service Committee'. The chairman of the committee, Rep. Thad- rieus Dulski (D-N.Y.). says he will join Sen. Gale McGee (D- Wyo.), c h a i r m a n of the Senate Civil Service Committee, in leading the fight against Ihe deferment. Rep. Lawrence Hogan (R- Md.) voiced the view of many of his colleagues in saying that he doubted that postponement of the pay boost (estimated to save $700 million) would have any effect on inflation. The savings, of course, is a drop in the bucket of a budget, that exceeds $300 billion. Morover, it is pointed out that the Administration has been opposing congressional efforts to save $700 million by cutting -that much out of military aid to Vietnam. T h e r e was a time when government workers, who used to be an unorganized milquetoast group, could be kicked around with impunity. Now, however, they are more strongly organized each year, and their once-timid leadership has 'turned aggressive. Today they can get a sympathetic hearing on Capitol Hill because they have learned how to fight for their rights. (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times.. Bible Verse "Enter his gates with thanksgiving, and his courts with praise! Give thanks to Him, bless His name!" Psalm 100:4. Have you stopped to thank Him lately even for that which seems to be going wrong? Remember he is almighty therefore He can turn all things around and make them turn out for His glory and our good. What more could we ask? Expect a miracle in the big muddle of it all! "He gives power to the faint, and to him who has no might lie increases strength." Isaiah 40:29 This is another way of saying that all we need we can f i n d in Him, and when we are Â«t our weakest we can expect Him to be at His strongest. Father, please help those who feel so alone and helpless just now in Jesus name. Amen and thank you. day's (Sept. 10) New Y o r k ' Democratic primary. The two are battling tor t h Â·- right to run against Gov. Malcolm Wilson in November. Â· ' Jimmy bases his odds upon His own'private poll, interviews with po'i tical experts and Â» touch of Las Vegas magic. His- poll of 700 New York voters gave Samuels 351 and Carey 299, with 50 undecided. Jimmy expects a poor turnout at the polls, which he be-' lieves will also favor Samuels; who has a stronger statewide Â· Â· "WASHINGTON WHIRL: Th, Watergate prosecutors are now:, digging deeply into ex-President Nixon's role in the scandal.- Insiders say they intend w present the evidence to the grand jury but will not seek an indictment until the conspiracy trial of his six former aides is over...Spiro Agnew's good friend, singer Frank Sinatra, has apparently adopted George Wallace as the new object ol his political affection. Just one month after Sinatra's par Agtiew resigned the vice presidency last October, the crooner donated $500 to Wallace's presi- d e n t i a 1 campaign committee...The President's Air Quality Advisory Board seem* strangely unconcerned about the dangers of deadly lead, in the air, particularly in high- exhaust ghetto areas. The board turned down a suggestion from. Lombardo, head of the Publie Interest Campaign, that it solicit briefinig memos on the problem from the Environmental Protection Agency...Meanwhile, Public Health Service figure* show alarmingly high lead concentrations in the blood of ghetto children in Baltimore. Chicago. Detroit, Milwaukee, New Orleans and Philadelphia. --United Feature Syndicate. Consumer's Cause On Ascendency WASHINTON (ERR) -- ThÂ« Federal Bar Association will hold a conference on sonsurher product safety and liability in Arlington, Va., Sept. 12-13. .; A L T H O U G H double-digit inflation is anathema to consumers, it promises to give added impetus to the consumer movement. The status of legislation to create a federal Consumer case in point. The House passed a consumer agency bill f oy a wide margin last April. A similar measure has been tied up for nearly two month's in the Senate by a filibuster. Three motions to end the debate fell short of the required two-thirds majority^ but the bill's supporters hopeful they will prevail w h e t i a fourth cloture vote is taken Sept. 18. "' Even the business groups that have been lobbying intensely against the consumer agency legislation sense that their cause is lost. "With prices soaring the way they are, anything labeled 'consumer protection' is going to be hard to stop," a U.S. Chamber of Commerce lobbyist told Business Week. THE SENATE conservatives and business groups opposing the bill argue that it would create an uncontrollable new bureaucracy to harass business and other federal agencies. Thoir apprehensions no doubt stem in large part, from .Ufa performance of the Consumer Product Safety Commission. Established under legislation passed in 1972, the commissiori has wide - ranging authority _to formulate mandatory product safety standards and to ban products found to present.,an unreasonable risk of injury.. Last year the commission conducted about 2,500 in-depth investigations of product-related injuries and deaths. On .the basis of these studies and other data, it put together a list of more than 301) common hazards. According to the commission, the five most hazardous consumer products are, in order, .bicycles, stairs, doors, cleaning agents, and tables. The Consumer Product Safety Commission was a continuing source of irritation to the Nixon White House. Time and again Nixon operatives tried to place administration loyalists on t h e commission payroll. But the commission steadfastly refused to knuckle under. The proposed Consumer Protection Agency presumably would strive for an equally irf- rlependcnt role. As now envisioned, the agency would have broad authority to represent consumers in both formal and informal proceedings befon other federal agencies. The consumer would thus become, for the first time, a "party of interest" in a wide range of government proceedings. SOME EXECUTIVES have found that voluntary adoption of a strong consumer-protection plan is not only good public relations but also good business. Esther Peterson, consumer adviser to the president of Giant Food, a Washington - based supermarket chain, recently wrote that "Unit pricing has proved to be a superb inventory management procedure. It has more than paid for itself by reducing price-marking errori control and the compa and by improving inventory contol and the company's in- stock condition." More to the point, Mrs. Peterson added. Giant Food set records in both sales and earninigs in the first full year of the company's consumer pro- g r a m . If Giant's experieince is repeated often enough, bust? men may eventually become the most ardent consumer advocates of all.