Page 1 article text (OCR)
INSIDE- For Women 3 Editorial ,,... 4 Sports 7-9 Comics ,..v. 10 Classified 11-12 Entertainment 14 / 115th YEAR--NUMBER 88 The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1974 LOCAl FORECAST- Partly c l o u d y and mild t h r o u g h Wednesday with a slight chance of rain. Highs In the low to mid 80s with lows in the upper 60s. Sunset today 7:32 Sunrise Wednesday 6:56. Weather map on page 8. PAGES-TEN CENTS Sugar Prices May Go Up WASHINGTON (AP) -- Sugai 1 cane losses inflicted by Hurricane Carmen may further increase record-high consumer sugar prices, government experts say. The Department of Agriculture has launched a special survey of crop damage in Louisiana, which bore the brunt of ihe storm. Initial loss estimates ranged up to 75 per cent of the than 1.8 million tons of the 12.5 million tons of raw sugar needed by U.S. refineries this year, an expected Iecline in sugar production sources magnifies Paarlberg, the clepart- erop. Don ment's director of economics, said the storm losses could produce a substantial further impact on-sugar prices, depending extent .of the damage, prices already have on the Sugar . _ ,. spared this year because production Jias not kept pace with bag of sugar lliat cost American shoppers 85 cents last January costs around $2 today. Although the Louisiana and Florida cane-growing area had been expected to produce less vvorld demand. A five-pound from beet the importance of the cane-growing region hit by the hurricane. Last month the department estimated sugar cane production for the year would .increase four per cent while, at the same time, beet production was expected to drop eight per cent. Thus, the Louisiana losses would reduce, the expected rise in cane production, causing prices to rise further and providing the opponents of sugar import quotas with further arguments to suspend the restrictions. The possibility of quota suspension was raised several weeks ago by Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz, and the Louisiana storm may speed a decision on whether to open the U.S. door to more foreign sug- Attorneys General From B States Disapprove Pardon By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Twenty-three of the 50 stale attorneys general disapprove of President Ford's unconditional pardon of Richard M. Nixon, saying It was precipitous and establishes a double standard of justice. Seven attorneys general approve. "This action repudiates the basic American belief that no man is above the Law," said Michigan Atty. Gen. Frank Kelley, a Democrat, in a statement echoed by many of his colleagues. The Associated Press attempted to contact all 50 chief state legal officers for their views on the pardon Ford issued Sunday and what it means, Seven w e r e unreachable. Of the 43 attorneys general who answered, 18 Democrats and five Republicans said they disapproved; six Republicans and one Democrat, approved; five declined to comment; and eight said they had mixed feelings. The legal experts who disapproved of the pardon gave several basic reasons: --It was ill timed and Ford should have waited until Nixon was accused or convicted of something in the courts before he issued any pardon. --The action sets a double standard of justice -- one for the former president and another for everyone else. --Pardoning Nixon raises questions about pending Watergate trials. Those who approved generally felt ihat Nixon had suffered enough in resigning the presidency and agreed with Ford Ihat it would be months and possibly years before the for- mer chief executive could get a air court trial. The president elect of the National Associ alion of Attorneys General both expressed disapproval of Ihe pardon. No One Hurt In Explosion At Elevator No injuries resulted from a dust explosion in a grain eleva- or late F a r m Monday Service morning a! Cooperative Iwys. 71 and G2. Firemen sale Lhe blast was caused by weldini equipment which ignited the "eed dust. Firemen said welders w e r e working in the upstairs portion of the elevator. The explosion caused a large flash fire and "Blew itself out," according t Fire Chief Charles McWhorter. McWhorter said "We were very fortunate that there were no injuries in the explosion.' is said that one, unidentifiec man suffered singed eyebrows. THREE OTHER FIRES Fayclteville firemen also re sponded to three other fires. Al ivere minor and caused littk damage. Sparks from a cutting torcl are blamed for a fire at t h e Fayettcville Machine Shop, 302 W 6.th St., Monday afternoon Piremcn said the sparks Nixon Plans Resignation From Bar In New York, California Ford Misses Deadline On Amnesty Plan WASHINGTON (AP) - Pardon for former President Richard M. Nixon has brought Pres- dent Ford mounting criticism and has sidetracked a Vietnam amnesty plan he .was to have announced today. ' ; Ford missed his own deadline or announcing terms of condi- ional amnesty for Vietnam-era deserters and draft evaders because he was focusing attention on Nixon's pardon, aides said. Now, no time is set for Ford's amnesty decision affect- ng some 50,000 men. . The President wants more ime to consider the complex questions, said Deputy Press ecretary -John W. Hushen. Several advocates of amnesty felt Ford's postponing his decision after the Nixon pardon might lead to a broader, less conditional program for the Vietnam group. But, Hushen emphasized that ?ord has not changed his view hat, unlike the "full, free and; ibsolute" pardon he gave Nixon, Vietnam offenders must be judged case-by-case, category- y-calegory. Public reaction, meanwhile, was mounting in the first 43 lours after Ford's surprise pardon announcement on Sunday. The President got a chorus of boos, amid applause, from a crowd o! about 500 outside a Pittsburgh hotel where he made a speecli Monday morn 1 ing. There were chants of "no more cover up," and "prosecute Nixon," and demonstrators protesting don held signs County Fair Opens Faycttevllle elementary school students, led by their teachers, look over the dairy cattle exhibit at Washington County Fair and Livestock Show this morning. The fair will e n d Saturday. This year, $11,000 in premiums are offered In prizes. (TIMESphoto by Ken Good) the Nixon par- with such com- OppositionTo Pardon Mounts as: "The honeymoon is By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS "Justice Died," and A National.Committee to Impeach President Ford is being ments over,' "Why not pardon all?" SWITCHBOARD JAMMED formed in California, two Ohio The White House switchboard ministers have called for a spe- continued to be jammed with cial presidential election and an calls throughout Monday. The estimated 2,000 persons demon- first 300 calls Sunday night ran straled in Wisconsin. 2 to 1 against Ford's decision, a The rnoves came as contin- White House spokesman reported. By Monday night, however, the telephone sentiment had switched to 50-50, spokesman said. But, there was overwhelming crilieism in telegrams and uing reaction to President Ford's full pardon for former President Richard M. Nixon for federal crimes he may have committed while chief execu-! live. In North Dakota, judge freed two. men county he had sentenced to jail as an act of NEWS BRIEFS Ford Plans Japan Visit WASHINGTON (AP) -- Pros- dent Ford will become the first American chief executive to visit Japan when he begins a hree-day trip there OH Nov. 19. Ford will be accompanied by Mrc. Ford on the trip, which will be preceded by a visit lo Washington by Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka. Tanika will come iiere Sept. 21. Tanaka is to be on an official visit to Brazil, Mexico and Canada and has arranged lo slop in Washinglon to meet Ford. Japan's new foreign minisler, Toshio Kimura, will also be lere for talks with Ford and Secretary of Stale Henry A Kissinger. The White House announcement on Monday of Ford's trip said the itinerary and other details remain to be worked out The trip is expecled lo be Ford's first foreign v i s i t as President, and there was no in dication whether he would stop elsewhere en route. smouldered in a small section Df one wall until after closing .ime. The shop is owned by : .onnie Shook and operated by J.R. Winchell. A 1974 Triumph owned by Doug Kenser suffered minor damage when an 'elcclrica short circuit in the wiring caused a small fire in the engine compartment late Monday night in an alley just off West Dickson Street. A burning cigarette caused a small amount of damage to a 1965 Pontiac shortly after 8 a.m. today. The car. whose owner has not been identifed was parked on Ozark Street. You xÂ£^ p. Â« j5Bjy"v ^jKjHI IV ^U^Vdfi ^?^ay^ Â·^^Â·Â·^T^^ft Footbdl! f^Fur S(l Mr Contest ^T^H^ n M ^^ ^ on r-age 9 J mangrams tnat western union estimated would total some 75,300 messages by Monday night. They were running 7 to 1 against Ford's pardon. Tn Nixon's h o m e state, the House of Delegates of the California Bar voted .347 to 16!) in favor of a resolution which said Ford's action "violates the equal before flip law and presents a substantial threat that the confidence of our citi- lusice will be undermined " Watergate Special Proseculor Leon Jaworski said of pardon: "This is a matter that was decided upon by the President on his authority under the Constitution. It was something I didn't participate in." But, one of his chief aides, Philip A. Lacovara, submitted his resignation because he said Ford's pardon of Nixon "disposes of the queslion" of the former President's legal status. Lacovara's was the second resignation stemming from the pardon. Ford's press secretary, ,Ie- rald F. terHorst, who quit on Sunday as a matter of conscience and credibility, went back to work on Monday fnr Ihe Detroit News, where he will now be a national columnist. Higher Rates Likely WASHINGTON ( A P ) -Treasury Secretary William E. Simon ana other federal officials a r e scheduled to meet aere Wednesday with state public utility commissioners in a session that could lead to higher . electricity rales for consumers. There has been no public announcement of the mecling, bul a Treasury source confirmed Monday Ihat it is scheduled. It will ge closed to the public and the press, despite protests by consumer groups that it is wrong to hold a secret meeting on a matter that could lead to higher electrical costs. Generals Dismissed SAIGON, South Vietnam (AP) -- President Nguyen Van Thieu has dismissed two former division commanders from the army for alleged corruption and stripped them of their rank of brigadier general, military sources said today. The government is investigating charges of "mismanagement" against the two, Le Van Tu and Tran Quoc Lien, the sources said. IHIlllilEII !l!llll!ll!llllElll!!ll!l!li!ll!ll illliillllllllElirmllllflllEliEillllH Power Play Ends Mozambique Rebel Drive Fails By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Police slormed a white settlers' rebel stronghold at the radio station in Lourenco Marques, the capital of Mozambique, today and government spokesmen announced a three- day attempt to seize power in the Portuguese southeast African colony was over. Th2 whereabouts of the rebel lenders was nol immediately known. They had threatened lo proclaim a "free Mozambique" in defiance of an agreement between Portugal and the black guerrilla movement, Frelimo, to give Mozambique indepcnd- Â·ncc next June. The government spokesman eaid the radio station was the o n l y "active center of resistance" and once it had been occupied the revol quickly collapsed. The radio broadcast appeals to the white crowds in the streets to disperse and return to their homes. Earlier, the government said it had agreec to a 4 8- hour Iruce with the white rebels a'ler meetings with two envoys from the Lis bon government. There was nt indication how the "truce" was broken but government sources said the rebel movement "dis integrated" without violence. President Antonio de SpinoU signed documents in a ceremo ny in Lisbon today at the Be lem presidential palace formally recognizing Ihe independence of Guinea Bissau, the first of Portugal's African territories to achieve complete sovereignty. The ceremony, broadcast by Portuguese radio and television networks, brought to an end 53( years of Portuguese colonia rule in the swampy territory near the tip of Ihe West African bulge. The Portuguese army fought a 12-year war against a well- organized guerrilla movement - which overran two-thirds of the colony. Following secret nego i tiations in London and Algiers - an independence agreement - was signed in Algiers on Aug 26 granting Portuguese Guinea independence but providing for extensive economic, technica and cultural cooperation between Portugal and the new state. The rebels took over the radio slation, the airport and other installations in . Lourenco Marques on Saturday in an attempt to keep guerrilla leader Samora Machel and his followers from taking power in the southeast African colony. Machel vowed that 4he rebel lious setllers would he "quickl; neutralized and annihilated" b' his forces and the Portuguese tCONTZNUED ON PAGE TWO To Discourage Theft WASHINGTON (AP) -- The 3 enlagon has ordered the firing mechanisms of M16 rifles and ither small arms transferred rom National Guard armories around the country to local po- ice stations to discourage theft of the weapons. Spokesmen said Monday that he urgent order calls for the ransfcr by Sunday. Weapons have been stolen rom National Guard armories n a number of states. Over the July 4 weekend, burglars made off with about 100 M16s. seven machine guns and other weapons from the armory in Compton, Calif. Amfrak Proposal WASHINGTON (AP) -- Am- rak, the national rail passon- jer service, proposes to spent il.5 billion over five years to upgrade deteriorating tracks other a plan sent to Congress Ihe Department of Trans- roadbeds and make capital improvements. In and portation on Monday, Anilrak said SI billion of Ihe total woulc be earmarked for tracks anc roadbeds in the major rail corridors of Ihe Easl, Middle West and West Coast. Career Criminals CLEVELAND (AP) -- Ally Gen. William B. Saxbe urgec Ihe nation's courts and police [oday to devote 'greater energy lo putting career criminals behind bars. "We must bring every pos sible resource lo bear on the violent offender, the serious offender, the repeated offender, Saxbe said in a speech prepared for the Ohio Realtors As social ion. Labor Party Leads LONDON (AP) -- Wih nation al eleclions expected nexl month, the latest Gallup poll to day showed the Labor party slightly ahead and both it am the Conservative party gaining at lha expense of the Liberals. The poll, afler excluding 10.5 per cent "don't knows," gave Prime Minister Harold Wilson's Laborites 40.5 per cent of thosi queried, Conservalives 37.5 Liberals 18, and others A. clemency "in response to the pardon given Richard Nixon by Gerald Ford. ..." Judge Kirk Smith said in ipen court at Grand Forks that 'it is the intention of this court o commute any unserved jail ime and unpaid fines in the above cases and they are there- ore set free." John L. Smith, 29, Manvel, .D., was released with 50 days o go on a 75-day sentence for riving while .under the in- luence of alcohol and failing to appear in court. He also escaped a $225 fine. Also set free was John M. Â·tleinsasser, 20, of Grand 'orks, who had three days lo go on a 15-day sentence for a raffic violation. Judge Smith said he look Ihe iction as a personal response o the Ford pardon, "n o t in agreement or as - a n opposi- ion." LUCKY THERE'S FORD Ex-prisoner Smith's reaction:: "It's lucky for us there's good old President Ford." Arthur M. Schaffer, a profes- ;or of constitutional law at Western Slate University and ormer assistant district attorney in San Francisco, and Lar- Â·y Schwartz, history professor it San Diego City College, said on Monday they are forming the impeachment committee. Schaffer termed the pardon 'the ullimate coverup, attempt- ng lo foreclose any invesliga- ;ion, indictment or trial of Mr. Nixon." Schaffer and .vere active in Capitol at Madison in protest o the pardon, also called for am nesty for Vietnam war drat evaders, a token memorial fo the overthrown Allende govern ment of Chile and an a; ersary memorial for the At iea. N.Y., prison riot. Schwartz both the American Sivil Liberties Union campaign "or the impeachment of Nixon. GREENLAND--A resolutioi ailing for re-installation of th toplight at Greenland on Hwj 1 was passed Monday night a meeting of the Greenlanc school Board. The resolution was passed bj vote of 5 to 0 by the fiv man board, according to Supt Villiam Vafakos. The administrator was authorized lo write letters t he Traffic Bureau asking their o reassess the situation. The stoplight at the intcrsec ion which leads to the schoo ;rounds was replaced last wee by a warning light. School an city officials of Greenland liav expressed great concern re jarding the safety of the schoo children who have to cross th lighway and ride school buses Seven school buses must cros make left turns at th heavily traveled intersection (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) They accused strncting justice Nixon dence and of through Ford of pb- by pardoning destroying evi- the agreement which gives Nixon ownership of the Watergate tapes and allows him to destroy them after five years. In Cleveland, Ohio, the Revs. Richard A. Carley and Paul E. Johnson termed the pardon "a skin graft over a cancer" arid called for a special presidential election. "Ford thinks Watergate will go away, but we are far from that," said the Rev. Mr. Carley, executive presbyter of Ihe Presbytery of the Western Reserve of the United Presbyterian Church of the U.S.A. and the Rev. Mr. Johnson, associate presbyter. The Rev. Mr. Carley told Ford in a telegram that a spe cial election was needed to re store the people's trust in the Ford administration. The Wisconsin demonstrators, who marched around the state Second Day SEOUL, South Korea (AP) -Ten thousand demonstrator, converged on the Japanese Em bassy today for the second day in succession, but riot polic again fired tear gas to driv them back. School Board Wants Light Ready To End fi Years As An Attorney SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) -- Richard M. Nixon's lawyer ays the former president is eady to write an end to 35 ears as an attorney. Nixon's lawyer, Dean Butler f Los Angeles, told newsmen Monday that Nixon would esign soon from the California ar, which is 'gathering evi- ence on Nixun's role in Watergate for possible disciplinary action. Nixon is also a member of he New York bar, and Butler aid Nixon also plans to resign rom that organization." Nixon's decision probably means the California bar will not pursue its investigation of he former president. Bar Pres- lent Seth Hufstedler said ths ar seldom recommends that he state Supreme Court reject resignation. Butler's announcement came wo hours before the California jar's House of Delegates over- vhelmingly condemned President Ford's pardon of Nixon for crimes he may have committed 'n the White House. DECISION MADE Butler denied that Nixon's pending action is designed to avoid disbarment or suspension from the practice of law in California. "It is a decision he mads some time ago -- that he would not engage in the practice of law," Butler told newsmen. Butler did not say when the resignations would be submitted, but Hufstedler said Nixon was preparing a resignation from the California bar and "it would be submitted promptly." Delegates to the California bar's annual convention approved, 347 to 169, a resolution condemning the pardon announced by Ford on Sunday. It said in part, "This action violates the principle that all persons stand equal before ths law and presents a substantial threat t h a t the confidence of citizens in the American system of justice will be undermined." The bar's board of governor! (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO)' BULLETIN WASHINGTON (AP)--Pres- idem Ford today authorized a spokesman in announce that Ihe question of pardons for all (hose connected wilh the Watergate scandals "is now under siudy." Acting Press Secretary John W. Hushen startled reporters with the unexpected disclosure and said, "I can give you no further guidance." Hiishen made it c I e a r DOS- sihle pardons were being considered for those already convicted of Waiergale-related crimes as well as I Ii o s e who may face trial in the future^: White House Counsel Philip Buchcn had told reporters Sunday no thought had been given lo such a question. High Court Case Suggests Nixon Can Still Be Tried WASHINGTON (AP) -- The leading Supreme Court case on presidential pardons suggests ;hat Richard M. Nixon, al- Ihough pardoned Ford, could still by President be tried and even convicted in the Watergate case but could never be punished. Both the Constitution and the court decisions on the subject acknowledge a President's broad powers of pardon in all cases except impeachment but treat the punishment and not the trial and conviction. An 1867 Supreme Court decision, written by Justice Stephen J. Field, is the guiding law on the scope and effect of a presidential pardon and recognizes a President's right to grant one either before or after con- viclion. The case was titled Ex Partfi Garland., In discussing a pardon before conviction and the situation which would arise after conviction, Field clearly raised the possibility of trying someone who could nol be punished. Field wrote, "If granted he- ore conviction, it prevents any if the penalties and disabilities consequent upon conviction "rom attaching (thereto)." The decision spoke only of Jie penalties and not the trial, and nothing in this or other court rulings appears to bar the judicial process leading up to ;be point of punishment. There are no known cases, :iowever, of a person having been pardoned and then tried anyway. Prosecution traditionally has been dismissed at that point as moot. Also, the principle that a pardon spares only the punishment and not the side effects of the judicial process is found in a 1914 Supreme Court decision upholding the conviction of a New York man as a second offender. Although a presidential pardon had prevented any punishment for the first offense, the court sajd Ihe conviction and its legal implications were not wiped out by the par.)pn.