Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 9, 1974 · Page 4
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September 9, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Monday, September 9, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is Th* First Concern 0( This Nwspaper 4 0 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 1974 Oppression Remains The Castro Policy Behind The New Facade The intense initial glow of the Gerald Ford presidency has not subsided, exactly, but the eye of the behloder is at least becoming a little more accustomed to the glare. Vs a result, one can begin to see a few forms emerging from the Oval office. Mr. Ford is dedicated to the fight against nflation, for instance. Inflation, however, is winning to the extent that food prices zoom- id another 14 per cent in August and Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield terms the :ondition a genuine recession. Mr. Ford, wwever, on the eve o£ his summit confer- mce on the economy tells us that he isn't ·»oing to use price and wage controls and ;hat nothing definite will probably emerge antil next year. If this barkens back to the days of President Nixon's domestic affairs management, it should be instructive in divining what's next to note that a great many of President Ford's advisers are the same ones who were helping Mr. Nixon. The new President dropped what looked like a bombshell on a recent VFW Convention by raising the amnesty issue. This has given priority to a great deal of emotional rhetoric that has little to do with Mr. Ford's eventual proposal, which looks more and more like a smart political backdrop for another major decision -- that of extending a pardon to ex-President Nixon. Another hot issue in Washington at the moment is campaign reform. Will the President press for such things as public financing, full disclosure, limitations on spending and size of contributions? Being a respected former member of the Congress, only slightly removed, his early statements indicate that he, like the Congress, it totally dedicated to honest elections as well as keeping things pretty much as they are. He has expressed the thought on occasion, and one can well imagine hearing it again, that morality is the issue in election and campaign reforms, which is a human characteristic that can't be legislated. Again, one has the suspicion (perhaps without adequate foundation this early in the game), that Mr. Ford will talk a good game and set the good example, but press his former colleagues in the Congress for no more than they are willing to give. It is significant at this stage of the new presidency to find that Rep. Wilbur Mills, the wizard of ways and means, is one of those the new President apparently is looking to for help in hammering out effective inflation-battling tax legislation next year. That means, given Mills' penchant for gauging political currents in regard to specific tax proposals, that behind the brilliance of the new administration there is going to be an awful lot of old, dull business as usual. From The Readers Viewpoint Who He? To the Editor: In Wednesday, Aug. 28 editorial on ERA, I noticed a reference lo -- "Gov. David Pryor." WHO is he??? I thought Arkansas' governor is D. Bumpers. Afler Nov. 1974, we don't know. Do we??? Marjorie A. Reed Fayetteville ( E D I T O R ' S NOTE: O u r apologies to Ken Coon, et al. The reference obviously should have been to governor-nominee Pryor. We might add, however, that elective offices do n o t change with an election, but Empire Dissolving It is said that peace trcalies rarely do more than ratify what has already been decided on the batllefield. Portugal's recent agreement to recognize the independence of Guinea-Bissau may be understood in those terms. The new government of Portuguese President Antonio de Spinola will grant formal diplomalic recognilion to the former territory, known for years as Portuguese Guinea, Tuesday. Sept. 10. As a matter of fact this little country on Africa's West Coast was proclaimed independent last September by the native guerrilla movement after a decade of fighting the Portuguese colonial army and winning control of all but a few garrison towns. Guinea-Bissau, as the new nation is called, has already been recognized by more than 100 countries and is expected to win admission to Ihe United Nations this fall. Like many of the olher countries that have entered the U.N. in recent years, Guinea-Bissau can hardly be regarded as economically viable. It was the poorest and smallest of Portu- gual's former colonies. Most of its 500.000 people e k e out a subsistence living in agriculture in an area the size of Maryland and Delaware that consi5ts m a i n l y of swamps savannahs and rain forests. Politically, it is a new day · for both former colonials and colonists. Since only a few thousand while Portuguese civil servants and traders ever settled in Guinea, the Portuguese dislocation there won't be nearly as great as it is likely to he in Angola and Mozambique, the biggest and most populous of Portugal's holdings on the African continent. Lisbon's timetable for Mozambique's independence is next year and Angola's the year-- after that, but nobody is counting on the independence movements' being willing lo wait. --(ERR) From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO The Springdale City Council voted to reorganize the city's fire department around a nucleus of paid professionals. The Beatles have been replaced by the Rolling Stones so VEARS AGO The city authorized Mayor Wilson to employ a motorcycle cop to cut down on "joy riding". The bank and mercantile company at Elkins were robbed (00 YEARS AGO J. C. Massie and Son have removed their stock of goods to the new brick store, west side of the public square, formerly occupied by Ceo. P. Horton. as the top singing group In London. Agreement, reached today between U n i t e d Auto Workers Union and Chrysler Corp. averted a strike by 74,000 em- ployes. of approximately $118 early this morning. Ground will be broken this week for offices and salesrooms for Dyke Lumber Co. at St. Charles and Dickson streets. The first 'h'op" of the season was given last Wednesday evening at the residence of Colonel Gunter. They'll Do It Every Time Efc NO/THANKS-I PONT"THINK SO-8Uf ef?-MAV8E JUST , . -,,,,,.,,..- « 6 ,a*B...^/fl«a««» with the beginning of the next year. Mr. Bumpers w i l l remain in office until 1975, even though a successor will be chosen in the November general election.) Not The Same To the Editor: Please accept · this word of congratulation for y o u r "Running Out The Strings," this space, Friday 9-1. Due Process is indeed having an uji- duly hard time in both the Mutt Jones and the Richard Nixon matters, but it seems to me that your comparison of the Iwo does Mutt a grave Injustice! Although a convicted felon, to be sure, the impact of the criminality of Mutt Jones, by comparison with that of Nixon, Is as the pale light of the moon to the brightness of the noonday sun! Income tax cheaters come by the Ihousands and occur avery .year, penny ante and monstrous, but essentially the tame in principle, especially when committed by elected public officials. But for the first time ever in Nixon, we have US Citizen Number One, The PRESIDENT, the presumed exemplar of honesly, virtue, and palriotism before Ihe country and the world, cheating in the hundreds of thousands, over many years! Pore ole Mutt gets caught for one year only, just a few thousand dollars, and his influence and prestige never got very far out of Conway, much less Arkansas! But then Nixon is NOT a convicted felon, you may say. NO; and neither is he an impeached presidenl, much less the convicted Watergate Obstructor of Justice, violator of Ihe constitutional rights of citizens, and wilful disobeyer of lawful subpoenas of the Congress. Why Nixon, is not even officially charged wilh deceiving congress and the people about the prolonged secret brutal and illegal bombing of tax dollars of Cambodia, nor income tax fraud, nor for stealing the millions of tax dollars used to expand and glorify his estates at Miami and San Clemente! And most Americans seem to have forgotten, if they ever noticed, that Nixon's aborted efforts to get up a National Police Force, DID result in tha White House Plumbers, the White House Horrors, and the entire Watergate Syndrome! And now all Mult and friends want is for Mutt lo keep his seat in the Arkansas Senate, snd not be deprived of his livelihood. But what the friends of Richard Nixon want is immunity f r o m prosecution, and treatment just as if he had been the most honorable and honored President in American History! Not prosecution like the common (?) criminal that he appears to be, nor the leader of a gang which came near to destroying the democracy (and most of which either languishes in jail or appears to be enroute there) but as if he were indeed a sanctified royal personage, above and beyond the law applicable to the likes of Mult Jones of Arkansas! And the President of the USA sends forward special legislation to give Nixon nearly a half millipn dollars, in addition lo virtually promising a PARDON in case of prosecution! Don't you now really owe Mutt pals an apology?? Reuben Thoma* Fayettevill* '·' By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- A less bombastic Fidel Castro is now on his best behavior, as he strives to bring Cuba into the society of Western Hemisphere nations. But hidden from Ihe prominent visitors lie has enticed to Cuba is an unspeakable world of political oppression. We have written about the terror and torture in the prisons of Brazil's right-wing dictatorship. Now we have received evidence of similar tactics in the prisons of Cuba's left-wing dictatorship, left-wing dictatorship. Just as Brazilian political prisoners smuggled Iheir stark stories to us through priests, Castro's prisoners have managed to smuggle letters, affidavits and other evidence to the U.S. with directions that they be delivered to us. We have checked out their charge, as best we could, with former prisoners who have been released from Castro's cuslody. We are willing lo make a personal inspeclipn of Ihese prisons, if Castro will permit it, a s , w e also ofterd to do in Brazil. The letters and affidavits described a horror which, for the unhappy souls who run afoul of Castro's political police, usually begins with a frightening, after-midnight arrest. "You and your family are all fast asleep," states one affidavit, "when the tremendous knocking at your front and back doors starts. About six or seven The Washington Merry-Go-Round G-2 men, armed lo Ihc Icctli with Russian machine guns, rush in your house, screaming, pushing your family, searching your home, not allowing your ·wife or children to go to the bedroom to put-their clothes on. "They insult you with every filthy name in the book. Finally they push you outside, with your family crying, and put you into a G-2 car." The victim is hustled to G-2 headquarters where, according to the affidavit, "you are taken into a small room, h a v e all your clothes taken away from you, searched even within your body, then given a pair of mechanic overalls without any sieves." The interrogation takes place in a small office. "The officers all put their guns on the table in front of you to scare you," recounts the affidavit. "Then the questioning begins, with insults, the threats, the false accusations, where everybody is. accused of being the Cf A." If the prisoner doesn't give the answers they want, he is held alternately in overheated and frigid cells. "The heat is so bad, you faint. And then you are brought in a special cell that has air conditioning so cold you freeze. All this to make you talk." The prisoners are permitted to see their families once a week. "You are shaved by a gorilla, without shaving cream, then taken to u small room, all bugged, with your investigator sitting next to you, and arc given six or seven minutes with your family, after your family has been givn a lecture to lell you to confess." The letters and affidavits described the food in Cuban prisons as scarccely enough for survival. At La Cabanas Fortress prison, 160 men were crowded into galleries without \yin- dows, nothing but an iron grill at the end. It was so hot in the summer that the prisoners couldn't bear to wear clothes. When it rained, the water washed into the living quarters. "At one time," slates an affidavit, "we were not allowed to have water to shower for 23 days." Another describes the hour in the 6Un which the prisoners were permitted once a month. "But we had to run in double time. All the time we were r u n - ning, we were being hit by the guards with clubs, bayonets and iron sticks. Then down again into the hole, again being hit by Ihe guards." Most of all. -the prisoners dreaded the "riquisa." as the cell searches were called. "The guards come into your gallery after midnight," according to . one account, "and line you up outside or against the wall. They start to throw everything you own outside and dous water all over your bed, which normally is thrown from on« end of the gallery lo the other. "You also get beat up. When you are taken outside, nude, the mililianas (women guards) stand' in the patio and laugh, at your nakedness." At the Isle of Pines prison, the prisoners wore welcomed oft the ferry boat by "guards on both sides of the gangplank, hitting us as we passed by them, and I mean hitting with clubs and sticking us with their bayonets, just for fun I guess, states one letter. The prisoners at the Isles of Pines got up at 5 a.m. and worked until 6 p.m. cutting weeds planting trees, picking fruit." "God forbid," reported one former prisoner, "if they should catch you ealing a pieca of fruit. The guards would make mince meat out of you with their bayonels." The prisoners were subjected to daily beatings, according to t h e smuggled documents, "There was seldom a month in the Island when they did not kill one or two prisoners in the work camp, or cut them iity crippling them or something, charges an affidavit. The documents give detailed descriptions of the prisons, enclose typical menus and name some of the most brutal guards. One prisoner, risking almost certain retaliation, has asked u s , to tell his personal slory. This will be published in a futurt column. --United Feature Syndicate-''This Land Is Your Land, This Land Is My Land..." A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought FRENCH TAXES. "Spoilsport," The Economist, June 22, 1974, pp. 65-66. "France's new finance minister, M. Jean-Pierre Fourcade is threatening to put an end to a traditional and well-loved bit of French life: tax evasion. When the government slapped a special supplementary tax on company profits, real estate gains and higher income groups...warnings went out that measures against tax evasion would be intensified, and an across-the-board capital gains tax introduced in 1967. T h e bourse has been reeling." "Capital gains u s u a l l y go lax- free in France and evasion is as widespread that more than half of last year's..government revenue had to be raised from the value-added tax; one of the few levies it is impossible to avoid." "The social pressures evident in the presidential election suggest the expediency of making a greater show of fairness. If the new government is to demand belt-tigihlcning from the unions, action against unearned income isi the least that can be expected. But the main reason why the government wants to bring in a sweeping capital gains tax is the anachronistic state of the French tax system as a whole. Not only is the t a x a t i o n inequitable,' b u t through imimerable exemptions it is virtually in applicable. M. Giscard D'Estaing is known lo want a simpler system." year may prove to be another story. The clobbering that pension f u n d s took in last year's market rout and the overall unfavorable results of the past five years (a 1 per cent annual yield for the period) will require compensating contributions from already tight corporate treasuries." "It is difficult to make exact forecasts about the size of employer contributions to pension funds in 1974, especially since 1973 results are not yet tabulated...Right now. a consensus among conservative actuaries puts the figure at $24 billionto-$25 billion...In our age of mega-statistics, a payout of $25 billion no longer creates surprise. But it will have a serious impact on corporations. It will have a depleting effect on already cash - short treasuries." "All companies would toe adversely affected by the drain. Top-tier companies would he forced lo borrow at high interest rates, and an increasing number of smaller corporations would have to default on their pension contributions or suspend their pension plans." PENSION PROBLEMS. Max Shapiro, "Can Companies Afford Pensions?" Dun's, June 1974, pp. 72-75. "The majority of corporations (particularly major companies) entered 1974 with their pension funds adequately financed. A growing proportioin of lesser firms were already under- funding, but their number was relatively insignificant. This STRENGTHENED DOLLAR. Lawrence A. Mayer, "Oil, Bible Verse "I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in me, and I in him, he it is that bear much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing." John 15:5. Ho is Ihe vine, we arc the branches. All of our strength is contingent upon that steady contact. Linked with Him there is life forever and joy unspeakable. Without Him Ihcre Is darkness, despair and death. "Without m« ye can da nothing." ' Trade and the Dollar." Fortune. June 1974, pn. 193-199. "In an era when Americans have been reeling from one economic crisis to another, it seems almost Panglossian to suggest that some large economic problems may actually be getting solved. The problems in question have to do with our international economic position, which, only a couple of years ago, was a dependable source of bad news...The U.S. trade balance, $7 billion in the red in 1972, swung back into surplus in mid-1973. The new inter- naitonal monetary arrangements, based on floaling exchange rales, are working reasonably well. And the dollar is a more desirable currency." "Has the international position of the U.S. undergone a fundamental change for the better? A flatly affirmative answer to that question would seem lo overstate the case: in matters pertaining lo Irade and currency, even questions that seem lo be 'settled' have a way of popping up again. For example, after the Arab oil embargo was imposed, it was taken for granted that the economies of Europe and Japan would be set back. It was also widiely assumed that U.S. investment outlets would attract a lot of the surplus revenues Ihe Arab producers were generating. For both reasons, t h e d o l l a r strengthened dramatically." "But by this spring the oil pinch in Europe and Japan suddenly looked serious, and the U.S. inflation seemed more serious. Furthermore, Iho U.S. was not yet receiving much of that Arab money...Obviously, then. there remain some questions about Ihe strength of the dollar--indeed, of our international position generally. And yet. when all the caveats have been entered, it still appears that IhD most interesting questions aoout our position have to do with Ihe possibility that it is becoming a lot stronger." What Others Say PUSH FOR AMTRAK The Senate has just follow* the House in supporting new Amtrak legislation. The Senate bill would encourage the expansion of regional rail service by requiring stale or other agencies to back only a third .of any slarl-up or operating deficits, instead of two-thirds as -at present. Already, under the two-thirds formula, many bids have been placed toy states for revival of old rail passenger routes. The one-third formula should spur many more passqn- ger route applications. Other Senate Amtrak proposals are intriguing: CD a push to cut nearly in half the lima for Amtrak r u n s between Boston and New York, and New York to Washington, D.C.; (2) a study for 115-m.p.h. service on the West Coast between the Mexican and Canadian borders; (3) rail links between cities and airporls. such as between Washington and Dulles airport; and (4) financial and technical aid for utilizing the nation's 20,000 old railroad stations, many of which could be converted inlo intermodal transit terminals. It is u n f a i r to measure Amtrak's future by its condition on some lines today. Its image will' improve as new turbo (rains replace its present make- do rolling stock, rail beds arc relaid, service expands, and terminals are renovated. But regardless of its image revived rail service is needed if America is to make more efficient use of its resources. The next step in the passage of Amtrak legislation is a joint House-Senate session to iron out differences in the two chambers' bills. We hope the conferees will strongly support Ihs bill's innovative provisions. Heavy demands have been put on America's skeletal rail passenger system. Amlrak, in recent months. Both the higher cost of auto fuel and a desire lo help out with the energy shortage and auto exhaust more Americans lo Amlrak depots than the system can handle. The newly recruited Amtrak passengers have been disappointed by the old equipment, pollution have been sending crowding, and seedy conditions on parts of the system today. Thus it is encouraging to sea Congress moving ahead? lo revive Amlrak to meet the new demands. -^Christian Science Monitor THEY DON'T TRUST YOU When it comes to economics, I've got a hunch I was the all- time anchor man in Carolina's old School of Commerce. I took slatislics so many limes Dr. Cqwden thought I was his lab assistant. But the more I see people fret about inflation, Ihe more I keep wanting to know how we arrived at this point. Back in 1940 when I was making $18 a week and managing to put away about .50 cenls a week 1 .had to listen lo my Dad tell me how he used lo drive a leam of horses h a u l i n g logs for 25 cenls a day. If he wanted lo play baseball Saturday afternoon, he worked Saturday morning, then paid a friend his 25 cenls for working for him that afternoon. Now I discover my son is making $25 more per week than I made 25 years ago. And this. after I felt I was well alon/J in a rather successful career. So what brought it all about? I m convinced it's the "runaway" use of credit. There was a time when few people ever bought anything unless they could pay cash. Even our government's operated on a "pay-as-you-go" budget. On a trip recenlly I was checking in a motel. The girl at the desk asked, "Will this be cash or credit card?" I told her cash. She said, "I'll have to have it in advance." Seems n o - o n e can trust a person who pays cash any more, --BUI Stauber in The Chanel Hill (N.C.) Newspaper

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