Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 8, 1974 · Page 11
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 11

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, September 8, 1974
Page 11
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Jlortfjtot SECTION B FAYETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY, SEPT. 8, 1974 The Huntsville Massacre Editor's note: This is the first ' a brief series on a long for- gotton atrocity of the Civil War. Based on careful and lengthy Ahh-HAaaa... Now That's Nostalgia I haven't been by the Sigma Nu house in more years than I care to look back on, It's a nice enough . house (Ed S t o n e did'. it), but the. brothers are different. Younger, you know. And the music they p l a y i s mostly. incomprehensible, Way back yonder, in the old house, I can still see 'em now, huddled around the radio in the living room at noon, tuned into KVOO (.Tulsa) and the Bob Wills show. When Bob wasn't doing it on the show,, some one !n the room was: "Ah-h-h. HHAAA-A-a-a : a-a" I asked local attorney A.D. McAllister Jr. if he remembered 'those good old days ' recently and be sang the entire Playboy Flour theme song for me. Together we recalled a cast of brothers who hired Bob Wills end the Playboys for the fraternity's 1940 fall dance (at the old Women's Gym on campus) -- .splendid chaps , named The Mole (now a banker); Gin-Head (now a doctor); the Vulture (another local attorney), Big Oz (a civic leader), and Tough Teddy (who was killed in the :o life a moody porlion of our aistoryl By JOHN I. SMITH In and around Huntsville, in Madison County, Ark., in late 1862 and early 1863, a more than usual number of Confederate guerrilla bands were camping or in hiding. Guerrilla warfare is ordinarily carried on by the defenders in enemy occupied territory. Since much of the northern part of the South was occupied by Federals during the Civil War, many Southern sympathizers p r a c t i c e d guerrilla tactics against the invaders. In this same section (northern part of the South) lived many people of Union sympathies, and they practiced guerrilla tactics against the Confederacy until the Union Armies arrived. Neither of the two opposing governments fully approved of VYIICJI a auujig guvuiiniiui established by either guerrilla warfare died Some guerrillas were Confederate nor Union, bi ted their supposed allegia necessity demanded. In they were criminals. Madison County was suited for the hiding g of guerrilla forces. It h clear spring^ creeks for sites and ample farm p --grain, forage, hogs, and - for food for the men an for their horses, Then, too; the main Federal invasion of weste kansas was from Spri Missouri, through F Washington and C r a w Counties to Fort Smith. the opposing guerrillas camp in Madison County east of this line and str Federals and retreat b their encampments. As Jobless Roiis Dwindle guerrilla warfare, preferring instead that these partisans enroll in the regular armies whenever they could. Thus, side, down, neither short, camp Benton, could back to The first conllicls of Hie war on the western frontier in 1861 occurred in Missouri with a major battle September 10 1861, at Wilson's Creek, 10 miles' south of Springfield. While this fight, partially due to the loss of Federal Gen. N'athanial Lyon, has been considered a S o u t h e r n victory, it was followed soon by the withdrawal of Southern troops to points south oF the Missouri line. On March 6, the Confederates were defeated at Pea Ridge or Elkhorn Tavern in the northeastern part of Bcnton County, and the Confederates under Gen. Van Dprn were sent east of the Mississippi River. As these retreats occurred, some Confederate troops, not wanting to leave their families and their homelands entirely unprotected, broke away from the main army, or were cut off from it, and they carried on -guerrilla tactics against the Federals in northwestern kansas. During the summer and lato ·all of 1882, Isaac Murphy of Huntsville was a refugee in the Federal quarters at Elkhorn Tavern, having fled to the Union Army after the Battle of Pea Ridge. His daughters remained in Hunlsville and were brave enough to visit him at Elkhorn Tavern in the fall. (It might here be mentioned that Issac Murphy was an early citizen of Washington County, our first county treasurer after statehood, twice our representative in the General Assembly, and a noted educator along with Mecklin, Leverett, and others, before moving to Huntsville. He was also the only Unionist who voted against seccession mile ot their destination, the escort, not realizing t h e strength of the Confederate guerrillas, sent the daughters on their way while they enjoyed a rest. The escort was surprised, and so thoroughly defeated, that only seven of them made It back to camp at Elkhorn Tavern. On the following Dec. 7 at Prairie Grove the Federals under Generals Herron and Blunt tangled with the Confederates under General Hindman. It was a close battle, but Hindman, because of a serious shortage of supplies, ordered a retreat to Fort Smith. Again, bands Herron to lake his S.OOO troopsparlies of twos and three»l : ;I northeast to the Mississippi River to join General Grant in lis push toward Vieksburg. As a result of word reaching the youthful Herron (he was only 25) of guerrilla acitvities around Huntsville and to clear the path for his northeasterly march, he sent LI. Col. James Stewart, then stationed at Fayetteville, to Huntsville to disperse the guerrillas. His report (page 155, Volume XXII, Series I, War of Rebellion) stated: "I found the enemy, 150 strong, had been in there all night of the 18th, and committed depredations on all of the Union families in that vicinity, more especially that of Judge. Murphy (Isaac Murphy), caught 15 stragglers from the rebel army and parolled them'. They had all left the army immediately after the Battle" of Prairie Grove." '. · ' The march of Herron's Army to the Mississippi Diver began in early January, 1863. He and his. staff, including Isaac Murphy, reached Huntsville about January 7 and left out on the early morning the 10th. On-the 12th, Herron wrott 'from Carrollton (pre-Civil ;.War county seat of Carroll County Big War). These fond reflections ' occurred last week not only in connection with the annual fall student immigration to the UA campus, but also on the occasion of discovering a newly released two-record album of brand new Bob Wills music. The album is titled: BOB WILLS AND HIS TEXAS PLAYBOYS FOR THE LAST TIME (United Artists Records; recorded Dec. 3^ 1973). GREAT AS ONE'S memories ·re of the old days -- Wingy Manone, for instance, and Bunny. Berigan -- the lack of fidelity'' of old-time recording i techniques makes most of what was cut before .World War II ·eem thin, and somehow more hollow than the mind insists it Area Employment in the Fayelte- oy merit Up ville-Springdale standard Metropolitan Statistical -Area rose S50 since June · to total 58,450 in Julyi according to the Fayetteville E m p l o y m e n t Security office. N on Agricultural wage and salary employment gained 400 while all other non-agricultural should be. Thus, the chance to play ·ome "Modern 1 ' Bob Wills music (recorded'by the finest of electronic equipment less than a year ago) was a treat almost too marvelous for belief. There had to be a catch. What was it? None as it 'turns out. The records were made shortly before Bob Wills' death, by a band of old Wills pros, including the i n d i s p e n s a b l e Leon McAuliff, and a drummer named Smokey Dacus. Yep! ! The same Smokey Dacus who presides over radio station KAMO in Rogers and professes these days to be a reigning expert on Beaver Lake fishing.) The band members assembled at Wills' home in Texas with authentic alumni, plus Merle Haggard, who begged to get in, and contributes some fiddle playing and three vocals. : · It is monstrously unlikely, of course, that a 12-member orchestra (plus Wills, who was in a wheelchair and seriously 111 at the time) that hadn't been together for literally years could, on short notice, assemble and pick up right where it left off.. But hearing is the proof of the project. This is the origi- nar Wills' western swing that still sets the pattern and style for western and country music from Austin to Nashville. It is clean, high-spirited and authentic. . · 2 Channels Sought By Cable TV A request to add two additional televisions station!) to the local cable system has been f il ed with the Federal Communi cations Commission in Washington, D.C. by Warner Cable of Fayetteville, a division of Warner-TV Corp. of New York City. The system is requesting the addition of two Springfiield, Mo. stations, KYTV (Cannel 3) and KOLR (Channel 10). According to the application filed with the FCC by the company's attorneys, Warner cable in seeking the addition since the local cable system is no longer within the specified zone of any television station and hence is outside all television markets. In late 1973, KGTO-TV went off the air, with FCC authorization and since that time has remained silent.) The application contends that "Subscribers in Fayetteville should not be denied additional service to which they are ehtit- employment added Unemployment decreased 150 the month to total 2,850 in July, an increase of 400 since July 1973. The seasonally adjusted 'unemployment rate at 4.3 per cent, increased three-tenths of/ a percentage point over the In August, company representatives requested permission to increase rates in the city from the Board of Directors. Just mar to the meeting, during which the rate increase was to lave been considred by the joard, the company withdrew ts request. The application for he addition of the two Springfield stations was made shortly thereafter. THE ALBUM IS a delightful project in itself, but the package is thoughtfully done, too, Including extended notes taken from a biography of Wills, "SAN ANTONIO ROSE: THE LIFE AND MUSIC OF BOB WILLS," by Charles Townsend; The University of Illinois Prp.i-; (soon to be released). There ar« also some photos of Bob, Johnnie Lee, and all the boys, plus an assemblage of shots of the actual · recording session wherein one can spot Dacus, the erstwhile radio empersario, at the drums. Dacus, to give him his historical due, is more than a fill in, as some few may know, in the success story, of · the Wills band. The liner notes explain: "Smokey" Dacus, as Bob called him, was born in Quinton, Okla., on July 11, 1911 and began his career by playing tenor, banjo in a dixieland band in high school. He changed to drums and was offered a scholarship to the University of Oklahoma on condition that he play drums in the college dance band. 'It wa strictly a dixieland jazz band,' he says. In 1929 ha became a professional musician and was playing wilh an orchestra in Tulsa when Bob Wills offered him 'a job at four times the salary' he was receiving. He became a Texas Playboy on Jan. 5, 1935. The reason Bob hired him, Dacus said, was because his rhythm s e c t i o n could not create tha solid dance beat Bob desired ·"Dacus said, 'I didn't change from the dixieland-jazz style I'd playing. 1 ';'...Wills Plant Stolen M i k e Hopkins of 1343 Viewpoint Drive told Fayetteville police that a large fern plant, along with the stool on which it had been placed, were stolen from the front porch of his home Friday night. The plant was valued at $100. ' LORRAINE MOORE Mrs. Moore Promoted The appointment of Mrs. Lorraine Moore as office manager of Southwest Electric Power Company's Fayetteville office was announced today by B. I. Fouke, SWEPCO division manager. Mrs. 'Moore, a 29-year-em- ploye of the company, joined SWEPCO in 1945 as a junior clerk in the Springdale office. She was promoted to senior clerk in 1952 and in 1954 became office manager at Springdale. A native of Kingston, Mrs. Moore is a member of the First United Methodist Church of Springdale and is active in church work and in Beta Sigma Phi, a business women's organization. She is the mother of Mrs. Jim Rieff of Prairie Grove and Mrs. Darrell Williams of Lonsdale. Del ford Fine, the former local office manager, has been reassigned to duties with the company's division office in Fayetteville. month and five-tenths of a centage point since July of 1973. Non-agricultural wage and :alary employment totaled 9,550 in July with non-manu- acturing employment account- ng for 350 of the increase ncreased activity added 150 in contract construction. Government also gained 150 persons, mostly from increased hiring of iiimmer youth workers. Trades lost 50 workers while Cervices, mining, transportation and public utilities gained 50 each. In manufacturing employment, durable goods added 100 while non-durable goods declined "50. Over the year non-agricul ural wage and salary employ ment rose 1,250 with manu acturing adding .500; .the metals industries 350 and other durable goods, 300. An increase oE 750 was re ported in non-manulactxirini employment as increased activity in highway and general construction added 450 in con tract construction. " · EARNINGS DOWN The average weekly .earnings of manufacturing 'production workers decreased $7.12 since June as a result of .a 2.1 hour shorter work week and a de cline in average hourly earnings from $3.02 in June to $3.00 n July. Less overtime, plus an increased _ utilization of lower paid workers resulted in a loss of five cents per hour in the metals industries. Less overtime effected a drop of 2.4 hours in the work week in food and kindred products while an increased utilization of higher paid workers caused a gain of three cents in the average weekly earnings. Unemployed workers were paid a total of $113,664 in benefits during July up $26,638 or 30.6 per cent from the .amount paid in June and $55,122 or 94 per cent more than in July 1973. Workers were compensated for 2,255 hours in July, an increase of 567 weeks since June and S40 since July 1973. The average weekly benefit payment in July was $50.41 a decrease of $1.15 since June 'but an increase of $5.89,since July 1973. the first post war governor of breaking away from the Con- the ladies ot whose family thej federate Army guerrilla activi- guerrilla tactics, Col. A. W. Bis- stripped of everything but what hop, one of the Federal Federal line of operations, es- manders at Elkhorn, on Nov. pecially in Madison County. them in a destitute' condition. then to leave General Blunt to some .of them proceeded down the Murphy daughters back to their home in the east part of Northeast Oklahoma and North- toward Carrolllon, scattering all through the country in small west Arkansas, and for Genera' Theft Reported SPRINGDALE -- Raymond Hicks of 16A Applegate Drive told police that a stereo tape player, four speakers and a necklace were taken from his car early Saturday morning. Hicks said the car was parked at his residence. Dacus Introduced b«tt) to a new (the and and Jazz vast (OOWTJNTJID ON PAGE SB) Slamons In FBI Course Lawrence J. Slamons Jr., director of the Department of Public Safety at ths University of Arkansas, is attending the FBI National Academy at Quantico, Va. Slamons, 37, became public safely director at the UA in June of 1972 and is working on his thesis for a master's degree. As a student at the academy, Slamons is exposed to courses in the management sciences, behavioral sciences and forensic sciences as well as classwork in law, educational-communications arts and law enforcement arts. A total of 14 to 16 hours of undergraduate credit it obtained by students in the course, which also stresses physical fitness. He will complete this course later this month and become a member of the National Academy Associates, which meets at regular Intervali. SLAMONS STUDYING .. jot FBI academy in Quantico, Va. Which Way Did He Go? T h i s section of Hwy. 265 between Fayeftevlile a n d Springdale appears to he suffering from split personali- ty -- or maybe (he grader operator fell asleep at I h e helm. The route, recenily transferred from the county road system, is scheduled for paving. (TIMESphofo by Ken Good) Springdale United Fund Goal Set At $74,750 SPRINGDALE -- A goal of $74,750 has been set for this /ear's United Fund drive in Jprindale. With solicitations 'or donations to begin Monday, he chairman of the drive, Mickey Jackson, hopes the campaign will be completed by the end of the month. Springdale fell about $10,000 short of its $69,995 goal last year. The co-chairman of this year's drive, John Casby, will iirect the industrial contributions campaign with Jackson [leading the small and large Dusiness sections and the professional community division. Workers have been assigned to each of the four areas. A captain's breakfast for the heads of solicitation teams was held Thursday. If the goal is reached, the Springdale United Fund budget will contribute money toward 23 community projects. Proposed budget for 1975 is: Springdale Youth Center, 6,000; Babe Ruth L e a g u e ' , $700; Boys and Girls State $500; Little League, $500; Springdale High School band, $1,000; Ozark Guidance Center, $2,500; Springdale Youth Center, $6,000; R.S.V.P. (Retired Senior Volunteer Program), $750; 215 Club, $750; Boy Scouts, $5,000; Washington County School for Retarded Children^ $4,000. Abilities Unlimited, $800; Crippled Children's Clinic, $200; Northwest Arkanss Regiona Mental Health. $1,000; Ozark Literacy Council, $1,000; United Community Services of North west Arkansas, $700; Youth Bridge, Inc., $4,500 Arthritis Foundation, $3,850; Heart Association. $1,950; Red Iross, $10,000; United Cerebral ' a 1 s y Association, $1,200; Jnited Services Organization, $350;-Salvation Army, $10.000; Special Events, $500; Emergen. cy Fund and unpaid pledges, Fund and unpaid pledges, $10,000. Foreign Language Courses To Be Offered At Night By UA The University of Arkansas Department of Foreign Languages, in cooperation with .he Division of Continuing Education, will offer basic courses in German, French and Spanish at night this fall, according to Dr. Guy Nelson. The classes, which begin September 10-11, will meet for two hours one night a week for S e p t e m b e r , October and November and will end the first week in December. Dr. Nelson said the classes are open to the general public and are suitable both for beginners or for those who have some fluency in a language. No credit will be 'given. Dr. Gaslon Fernandez, head of the Foreign Language D e p a r t m e n t , w ill teach Spanish; Mrs. Janet Roessler will teach French and Dr. Rose Bartsch will teach German. The short courses will meet for the first time as follows; Spanish -- Communications Building, Room 209, Tuesday at 7 p.m. German -- Communications Mding, Room 209, Tuesday at 9:30 p.m. French--Communications Building, Room 206, Wednesday at 7 p.m. Registration forms may be picked up from the Division of Continuing E d u c a t i o n a t the West Avenue Annex or interested persons may register when classes meet for the first time. The fee for each course is $30. Station Burglarized SPRINGDALE--Police said that a small amount of change was taken in the burglarly of the Sunset Service Station at 1905 W. Sunset early Saturday morning. The change was taken.from an open cash drawer and a cigarette machine located inside the station. Police said the cigarette machine had been broken into. A rear window was broken and then opened to gain entry to the building. ' miles northeast of Huntsville) to his superior. General Schofield: .:-" "I have trried at this place, having made but slow progress moving over these terrible roads with a r t i l l e r y and wagons. The country is full-of bushwhackers, who annoy 'iis very much. Our men shot one or two the other side of Huh'ts- ville." GUERRILLAS FEARED ' H e r r o n h a d previously reported to his superiors on ithe 7th that Jackman (surely Confederate Col. Sidney D. Jackman) had a large group 1'of guerrillas on King's R i v e r - t o the east of Huntsville. Thse fast striking troops were feared by the Federals, who often executed guerrillas, or supposed guerrillas. ·*, : However, after Herron .^nd his staff had left Huntsville : ;qn the 10th, an outrage occurred there which has received little historical notice. Considering the number of men. murderSd, their standing in Northwest'Ar- kansas and the trivality of llfeir offense, if any, this certainly was a serious outrage. It was more cruel than the well known execution of 10 men by the Federal Gen. John McNeil--at Palmyra, Mo., on the previous ct. 18. '.:.' The first notice that ttje riter of this article saw : pf outrage appears on page of James R. Berfy^s memoirs which were written-in 906. The memoirs stated: ?.'· "The soldiers (Herron's) took great many prisoners, put icm in the guard house and oraged considerably over '·':':?. ountry. The command was-.Von lie move east. The night before the army left in the e4rly morning, twelve of the men/in the guard house were called L o'ut and. put in charge of a squad ot .soldiers and marched out about. a mile east ot town 'arid were shot to death by this squad of soldiers. .^ BEST CITIZENS : ' "They were in the most part some of the best citizens in life country. W.M. Berry, Boatrignt, Vfoody (first names not given), and others were among fhosa hot. Hugh Berry, son of '--\f. M. Berry, lived over until-the next day and told of the circumstances of the shooting. "There was evidence to provs :hat one E. D. Ham, who was jitter against some of these men that were sliot, instigated the whole matter; since he told on the night before the shooting in the morning, that they would be killed. He had this talk,;as it was charged, 10 miles west of Huntsville. -'"· "The men were buried, some in Huntsville and others in 'tha Alabama (now called Alabam) cemetery. That killing caused ;reat bitterness in Madison County, and was an outrageous murder of these men." ; ', Berry's memoirs mentions this outrage in two places (the other one on page 3), and this other one implicates an unnamed Federal provost marshal of Herron's. "A very little niari and much given to whiskey and was said to be drunk most, r of the time." James R. Berry was living in Little Rock at the time of this occurrence, but returned."to Huntsville in late April 1863,and his account of the affair, though fresh in the minds^bf the people, was taken from others' remarks, not his owri observations. However, in all subsequent investigations, :no evidence was found that implicated E. D. Ham. ' ': RECORDS SEARCHED [ ' V ; Not then being able to secura any local information, tha' writer of this article made.^a search of Volume XXII, Series I, Part 2 of War of Rebellion which covers Herron's march to the Mississippi River. A letter was found on page 74, dated Jan. 25, 1863, from Col. James · O. Gower, 1st Iowa Cavalry, 3rd Division, to Col, C. W. Marsh, assistant adjutant general. .It was written from Forsythe,' Missouri, which was in the line of march of Herron's Army. The letter stated: "I have called upon Lieutenant Colonel Baldwin (Lt. CoL Elias B. Baldwin, 8th Misspufl- ^avalry, 3rd Division Army^of the Frontier) to furnish..;a written statement of what dis-" position was made of the r..^^ prisoners of war (referred Tib in Col. Huston's letter) supposed to have been murdeveid' at Huntsville, Arkansas, on fh* 10th inst. and mil report a_» soon as the matter can be ·»-" vestigated. I have no doubt put that some officer oE this division ordered these men shot, and regard it myself as a grejat : outrage." '^ · This search failed to find th»' report of Elias B. Baldwin :Xr the letter from Col. Huston'to Col. Gower. However, the above, letter verified the mass killing and establishes the date as Jari- uary 10, 1863. Thus, the writer made a search for the gray* stones of the Eerrys, Boatright, and Moody, and an inquiry;to determine the names of the [remaining persona reordered,':

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