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Jfrrtfitoest Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is Tht First Concern Of This Newspaper 4A Â· SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, T974 McGovern Wishes Ford The Best Of Lack The Fulbright Appointment The national news media reports that Sen. Bill Fulbright is in line for the job as Ambassador to the Court of St. James. The appointment, apparently, would come at the urging of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, with whom Mr. Fulbright has been on excellent terms for quite some time. The notion of appointing a respected Democrat to a prestigious overseas post may well appeal to President Ford's sense of reorder in the government, too. Great Britain, no longer the world power and influence that it used to be, isn't exactly crucial to the long-range welfare of the present administration, thus affording the President the political luxury of a bipartisan appointment if he should so desire. There is little question, it seems to us, as to the wide acceptance of a Fulbright appointment, not only by the Senate, but by perceptive persons the world over. Thus, whether the senator takes the job or not, it stands as an astute play, artistically as well as politically, on the part of the White House. This isn't to say that we have any sort of idea as to what Mr. Fulbright's reaction to the appointment might be. It would be an honor, without question, and an appealing sort of proposition, we'd imagine, in view of the senator's Oxfordian background and long affection and respect for English people and their traditions. What we do recall is that the senator has stated that he doesn't intend to make firm plans for the future until after his present term in Congress is over. Additionally, it isn't as if this will be the last chance he'll get for distinguished future service to Art Buchwald his country. There is speculation, too, that the role of ambassador is poorly suited to the Fulbright temperament and his gift for cogent analysis and statement on world and national conditions. Ambassadors, on the other hand, speak their minds only behind guarded doors. And, there is the political context of the appointment which might well be considered, too. Such an appointment must be weighed in the perspective of the gentleman being replaced, as well as the recent appointment as an ambassador to China. The next ambassador to England replaces Walt Annenberg, an ultra-right Philadelphia publisher whose large donations to Nixon campaigns earned him the overseas assignment. The Court of St. James, in other words, hasn't been at the top of the list in recent years as a spot where diplomatic expertise is a necessity. Meanwhile, President Ford has rewarded GOP functionary George Bush with a relatively more sensitive post of ambassador to China. Bush is the fellow rewarded by President Nixon for losing a senate race in Texas, with the UN delegate's chair. The UN, of course, isn't too high on the diplomatic priority list, either, with Republicans. More recently, however, Mr. Bush has been GOP chairman, and it is axiomatic that the new President prefers his own man in that job, well ahead of 1976. So ... while Sen. Fulbright may well be the next ambassador to the Court of St. James, it'll be a bit of a surprise to us if he is ... and a far grander gesture on his part than most Americans would realize. The Hazards Of A News Peddler WASHINGTON -- The people who cried "Let's forget about Watergate so we can get on with the business of running the country" are now singing another tune. Roger Petulant, a neighbor, who is furious with the way the press played up Watergate walked over to my "driveway the other day and said, "All you guys ever write about now is the sagging economy. Why don't you put the "Â· economy behind you so we can get on with the business of running the country?" ' I explained to Roger that it wasn't my decision to make the economy the major issue of the month. I was on vacation and some subordinate chose it as the big news story to replace Watergate. "If I had b e e n here," I said, "I would have gone with how much money Nelson Rockefeller has." "Well," said Petulant, "people are g e t t i n g sick and tired of you guys picking on government spending and two- digit inflation all the time. Good grief, we've always had government spending and inflation. What's the big deal about a sagging economy?" "IT ISN'T JUST government spending, Roger," I said. "It's also the stock market which lias gone to hell, the bank loan rates that have soared to the skies and the price of food and oil. We can't just close our eyes to these things." "Why not? If you ask me," Petulant said, "I think you guys just c o o k e d up the sagging economy to sell newspapers." "Now, wait a minute. Roger," I said angriy, "I warned you that the day we stopped printing stories about Watergate we'd all be in trouble. Watergate kept this country going for Uyo years. We had inflation, high grocery prices and automobile cost raises before but From Our Files; How Time Flies] 10 YEARS AGO Woodland defeated Hillcrest in the first contest between the two junior high schools of the year by a score of 12-6 at Harmon playlieild. Luci Baines Johnson, 17-year- old daughter of Pres. L. Johnson drew cheers ' at New Orleans. La. where she is cam- so VEARS AGO Apple displays at the Washington County Fair will be in trays and not half bushels this year. Water has been turned off in City Park Lake and the park closed for the season, according (00 YEARS AGO There is a good opening for business men in Fayetteyillc-. There are only nine business houses for rent in the heart 4f the city. Our friend Vaughn, the livery paigning for her father's reelection. The U.S. Justice department, claiming executive privilege, refused Friday to produce documents it has compiled for a civil damage suit against Bobby Baker. to A.L. Trent, owner. A fifth city carrier route has been added to the Fayetteville postal livery. Frank B. Lewis, who has been in the service 11 years has been named to the new route. man has 'bad luck in trading. T h e third horse, stolen property, was proved away from him this week. This last one was stolen from the neighborhood of Evansville. no one cared. "The country went blithely along wallowing in Watergate and everyone was satisfied to read about nothing but the evil concocted in the White House. The truth is, Roger, we needed Richard Nixon and his merry crew to make us forget what's, really going on. Once -he resigned, we had no choice hut to write about the sagging economy." "Why don't you write about President Ford?" Petulant asked. "We have, Roger, we have. But he's on a honeymoon and how much can you write about a guy on a honeymoon? Gerry . Ford is a nice guy -- if he wasn't, we wouldn't call him Gerry. But when it comes to hard news he's never going to replace a sagging economy." "I STILL THINK you could find something good to write about inflation." "We're trying, Roger. Do you know what it's like to be a news editor and have to decide whether to put the economy on the front page or 'Kurt Waldheim, man of the year'? OP 'Is Latin America drifting toward the center? 1 Those are the kind of stories we've h a d to deal with since Watergate fizzled out. "The other day "an editor called me up and said, 'I've got the choice of leading with a series titled "The Troubled Strip Miner" or "Swinging Scranton, Pa." Which one do you think I ought to use? 1 So don't complain to me, Roger. You were the one who wanted us to put Watergate behind us. Without Nixon to kick around anymore, we're all stuck with a sagging economy." "Maybe Nixon will get indie ted?" Petulant said hopefully. "Perhaps," I said, "but don'l get your hopes up. President Ford coud pardon him, and then it will only be a one-day story." Â· (C) 1974, Los Angeles limes They'll Do It Every Time HUH? OH, I MTA COOPU 60Y5! WHATSTM6 RUSH? HERE'S W/iat Others Say TV AND THE WC People at the water works in Fafayette, La. have come up with a better way to measure television audiences. They plot sudden surges of water and use and relate them to what's on the tube. Result: A very clear indication that at 9:19 on a recent Sunday night, when suddenly it seemed like everyone in Lafayette had decided to wash their car with the hose, it was instead simply the fact that there was a pause in the old Redford film they'd revived to exploit this summer's Redford craze. So, while the dulcet-voiced sex symbol sold shaving cream, a lot of watchers decided it was 1 a good time to go to the John. Therefore, so much drain oh the water pressure means so many viewers for "Downhill Racer 1 ' . . . . --The Oak Ridge (Tenn.) Oak KWger By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- All but forgotten in the Watergate aftermath has been its chief victim, Sen. George McGovern, who was badly defeated after the dirtiest presidential campaign in American history. Yet the South Dakota senator, betraying no bitterness, has written a stirring, private letter to the man who has now wound up in the White House in his place, wilhout ever running for President. The letter, Intended for President Ford's eyes only, thanks him for his constructive leadership" at this critical hour and declares eloquently: "No one can now fail to see what is right with America, even as we strive to repair what is wrong." Although McGovern was the Democratic presidential candidate in 1972 and will oppose Ford's election in 1976, he wrote the new President on August 30 to wish him well. "No one who loves America has taken satisfaction from the crisis that put you in the nation's hardest job. . ." the letter allows. "But we can draw satisfaction from the underlying strength of our constitutional structure and the rule of law. For we have demonstrated that we take those .principles seriously and that they can be made to work...: "For despite the serious challenges we have to face, despite tlie honest differences we are bound to have, we have taken the first and greatest step toward recovery. Our confidence is returning." Citing what is right with The Washington Merry-Go-Round America, McGovern tells Fold warmly: "One thing that is right is your approach to the presidency. Above all else the country needed healing. You have understood that need and met it. "The spirit of excessive partisanship is gone from the White House. Instead you have summoned a spirit o! cooperation from Democrats and Republicans alike. Instead of Â· 'enemies jists,' there Is a list of domestic and foreign'priori- ties we share together. "And with the sense of common purpose you have inspired, we face them with renewed strength and resolution -- as one united people once again. We can hammer out the answers on the basis of mutual respect, and with a common vision of America as a great and decent land." McGovern goes on to praise his political adversary. "You have the opportunity and the capacity to be a great President," writes the senator. "You bring to the White House the same qualities of fundamental honesty and fairness those of us who served with you saw in Gerry Ford, our colleague in the House. "As President Ford, y o u have called upon civility among politicians. That alone would be an historic achievement. Knowing you as I have, I see every chance for equal achievements In meeting the challenge of inflation and other challenges still unforeseen. "For my part, you can be assured that I will give all the help I can to a President doing all he can to find the best course for the country*." ILLEGAL LETTER: Feisty, fiery Rep. Charles Sandman, R- N.J., who kept the House impeachment hearing in turmoil with his outspoken defense of '--.'Â»Â»Â·" J Â«Â«' Nix"" -Â·-"" hasn't learned his Watergate lesson. It is against the law for congressmen to use federal ohice space to solicit or receive "an; contribution of money or other thing of value for any political purpose." Yet Sandman utilized federal premises to print a two-page letter begging friends "to send $100, $75,, $50, $25. $10, $5 or whatever you can afford" for his re-election campaign. A spokesman for Sandman conceded that the letter was printed in the congressional storage room assigned to the congressman. The spokesman stressed that the printing press belonged to Sandman personally and that the paper was purchased with campaign funds. However, the printing w a s done on federal property and the paper was purchased at reduced rates through the federally run House stationery store. Footnote: A spot check determined that other congressmen carefully keep their fund-raising activities away from Capitol Hill to avoid violating the law. The Coolest Cop On The Beat State Of Affairs A Question Of L'ife And Death By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON - The busy-, body strain in American life has always been conspicuous, but there are signs that it is fading. It is becoming possible, for instance, to risk one's life or even indulge in suicidal habits without too much public interference. The retreat on the mandatory use of auto seat belts is a case in point. It is true that the ingrained national passion to save people from themselves still flourishes enough to pass laws like ones we have had on seat belts, but is is equally true that the House of Representatives, responding to public sentiment, has voted to repeal the law, and the National Highway Safety Administration is going to make it inoperative. There seems to be a growing consensus that if people want to defy death it's their business, as long as what they do does not endanger others. Protests, for Instance, have been lodged against allowing Evel Knicvel to go ahead with what has been billed as a suicidal attempt to leap the mile-wide Snake River Canyon in Idaho in a rocket- shaped "sky-cycle," but it appears that the authorities have no intention of Interfering in an effort to keep Knievel from possibly killing himself. After all, it's his life. A FEW WEEKS ago the police did rush in when a daring young Frenchman, Phillippe Petit, strung a tightrope between thÂ« twin towers of New York's highest building, the World Trade Center, and walked, danced and stunted hiÂ« way across while thousands cheered below. Petit, who did it for fun, was arrested for disorderly conduct and trespass, but tht charges were later dismissed. Evel Knievel's stunt will be watched by 50,000 people, which is only a fraction of the hundreds of thousands who go to Indianapolis every year to witness the death defying auto races, but there Is an important distinction between the two events: Nobody at SnakÂ« River Canyon will be in danger except the man in the sky-cycle. At the auto races, however, many spectators have been killed and injured over the years. The seat belt controversy revolves around the same distinction. The mandatory interlocking belts are being abandoned in favor of voluntary ones because failure to use the belts endangers only those who choose not to bother with them. Their negligence is not a threat to others. Automobiles, of course, should continue to be equipped with ordinary bell* for those who choose to use them, just as future cars should also be equipped with the new automatic air bags which promise even greater safety for motorists without any of the exasperating Â·Inconveniences of mandatory belts. All cars should be made as safe as possible. It may cost more to make them with four- wheel brakes, stronger bumpers, non-shatterable windshields and other refinements, but it is well worth the price. It Is the same with air bags. They will make cars more expensive, but recent tests indicate that they will save far more lives than seat belt* without being the nuisance that the interlock belts are. ' When Congress returns from its present recess, the House and Senate will have to reconcile separate auto srifety bills, but there shouldn't be any interference with the Department HEADLINES AND FOOTNOTES: Atty. Gen. William Saxbe has called for a crackdown on hardened criminals who have learned how to cope with the courts and prisons to delay trials and land quick paroles. This gives them a maximum time on the streets where they terrorize law-abiding Americans. Saxbe wants the courts and parole boards to give first priority to keeping the "repeaters" off the streets ...Ironically, the Republicans gerrymandered out of his seat Rep. James Scheuer, D-N.Y., the man whose legislation established an institute which helped develop many of the weapons to be used in Saxbe's crackdown on crime. These include cheap burglar alarms for mom- and-pop stores, tinj radio warning sets for bus drivers and nonlethal-rubber bullets and darts that police can use to stop criminals without killing them... Cuba's Fidel Castro has been reading Peter Benchley's bestseller, "Jaws," a novel about a small New England coastal town that was terrorized by a white shark. The controversy among the town fathers over whether to close the beaches and risk losing the tourist trada pleased Castro's Marxist mind, according to sources who have talked to him...Friends of Richard Nixon are bitter against his former White House counsel, Fred Buzhardt, who is still advising him at San Clemcnte. T h e s e friends say Buzhardt gave him most of the bad advice that backfired during Nixon's last days in the W h i t e House. One Nixon cabinet officer, who asked not to be identified, told us Buzhardt was a "Bubblehead." of Transportation's ruling that cars produced after Sept. 1, 1976, must be equipped with air bags or equivalent passive restraints which require no action by vehicle occupants to protect themselves in crashes -- such as fastening a seat belt. NO DOUBT SOME ingenious drivers will find ways of circumventing the bags as they did the interlock belts, but at least the government and the auto industry will have done what they could -- but not too much -- to save motorists from committing suicide. Even with the bags, there is talk of trying to make motorists also use the additional belts on pain of a traffic ticket. It will never work. States have every right and obligation to Impose and enforce strict laws against speeding and drunken driving, for such irresponsible behavior imperils the'lives of others as well as the offenders'. Neglect of the seat belt, however, threatens only those who disdain them. There was a time in the United States when anyone who attempted suicide -- and failed -- could be jailed as a criminal. Today, only nine states count it a crime. Last year San Francisco, which leads the United States in suicides, had a newspaper referendum on whether a costly view-destroying guardrail should be erected on the Golden Gate Bridge, from which more than 500 people have jumped. By seven-to-one, the citizens voted'to let them jump. This if a considerable advance over other American communities where a lot of people are still being committed to institutions after trying to end their lives, often for perfectly rational reasons. (C) 1174, LM Aifetot Time* Busing Is Alive As An Issue BOSTON (ERR)-A program of busing designed to nrockice better racial balance in Boston's public schools is scheduled to begin Sept. 12. THE CITY OF Boston has put on a longer-running display of "massive resistance" to school desegregation than did the commonwealth of Virginia in the late 1950s. Boston has been fighting a rear-guard battle against school busing for the purpose of racial balance since 1965, when a state law decreed that no more than 50 per cent of a school's pupils may he black. A proposed busing plan for Boston immediately ran into opposition. Leading the attack was Louise Day Hicks, president of the school committee. Mrs. Hicks soon became a nationally recognised figure with her advocacy of neighborhood schools as opposed to "shipping children all over the city." She won re-election by an overwhelming margin in November 1965, and later was elected to Congress. But now the Hub's nine-year fight seems over. Acting in response to a U.S. District Court order, city officials have prepared a busing plan that is to take effect on the scheduled opening day of school. Sept. 12. About one-third of the city's 94,000 public school students are to be bused to schools outside their neighborhoods. Blacks now constitute 33 per cent of the Boston school populnton, and 82 per cent of them attend schools where-racial minorities account for more than one-half of the enrollments. BOSTON'S CAPITULATION c o m e s a t 'a time w h e n opposition to "forced busing" Is at an all-time high. Nevar a popular approach to school desegregation, busing plans nevertheless survived ' numerous court tests, Including those that reached the U.S. Supreme Court. Â·In 'the past two years, however, the Court's position on busing appears to have shifted. A case Involving a busing plan that had been drawn up for Richmond, Va., and its neighboring suburbs came before the Court in 1973. Justice Lewis F. Powell Jr. disqualified himself because he was a former member of the Virginia and Richmond school boards. The remaining justices were split, 4 to 4, with the result that an appeals court decision invalidating the plan remained in effect. As expected, the Richmond case set the stage for the Court's decision on a similar case involving cross-jurisdictional busing between Detroit and three suburban counties. In a 5-to-4 decision on July 25, the Court held that the Sixth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals had applied erroneous constitutional standards in ordering Ihe plan to take effect. "Before the boundaries of separate and autonomous school districts may be set aside by consolidating the separate units for remedial purposes or by imposing a cross-district remedy," the Court said, "it must first be shown that there has been one district that produces a significant segregative effect in another district." THE COURT'S decision has the effect of blunting a move in Congress to enact strong anti-busing legislation. Instead. Congress approved a measure prohibiting a student from being bused beyond the school next closest to.his home unless a court should find additional busing necessary to guarantee the student his civil rights. The busing issue appears to have lost tome of its old explosiveness. No one should suppose, however, that it hai been laid to rest.