Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 7, 1974 · Page 4
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September 7, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Saturday, September 7, 1974
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Jlortfjtoest (Eimes Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest It The first Concern Of This Newspaper 4 · SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1974 ·A Difference Of Opinion Rep. John Paul Hammerschmidt's record in regard to the general run of conservation legislation (the recent strip mining reclamation bill, for instance) has generally sided with the mining industry, which, on the surface (if you'll pardon the expression) doesn't seem too bad a 'voting position for a state where a modicum of coal is obtained by such operation. We are interested to note, therefore, a recent statement by Bill Clinton, the Democratic nominee for the Third District congressional seat, that Hammerschmidt's voting record on coal miner's health benefit legislation has been less than 100 per cent on the side of the miner. The congressman in other words, has again picked up the ortho- dox Republican line of support for big business -- never mind the effects of black lung disease. To be fair about it, Rep. Hammerschmidt voted to approve the eventual legislation, but the record shows--as Clinton has pointed out--that the Harrison congressman also voted twice in favor of crippling amendments to the legislation. The normal procedure of attacking "popular'Megislation, it needs to be kept in mind, is to water it down with weakening amendments. There is, says Clinton, "a difference of opinion" in this issue. We agree, certainly, but we are reminded again of how wispy a target the incumbent generally makes of himself. Will the miners, in other words, get the message? A Woman's Place I s . . . A third of the nation's school superintendents don't want women on their school boards, according to a recently completed survey by the American School Board Journal. The survey findings are that school administrators are divided almost equally into three groups: --Those who don't want any; --Those who reluctantly accept the idea of tokenism; and --Those who believe the sex of the board member has nothing at all to do with a member's qualifications. We might note, parenthetically, that the Fayetteville School Board has not' always been graced with a female member, but that Mrs. David (Feriba) McNair is presently serving with considerable distinction. We are not really surprised to find a majority of school leaders a bit chary about women board members. Female peerage is not a habit that has caught on in the average American board room. It is a bit ironic in this instance, though, considering the fact that women have carried the classroom ball for ages, and, among all pursuits, are surely as qualified as men by experience as well as instincts to deal with education. What strikes us most about the survey, though, is not irony but oversight by re- spondency, All three groups have understandable prejudices on the matter, but what' seems entirely out of order is that no appreciable number of superintendents are of the opinion that women would be excellent board members -- for the plain and simple fact that they are women. One must bear in mind, of course, that all those questioned in the survey were you-know-what-sex. Billy Grahams Answer My husband is the church baseball coach, a Sunday School teacher, Brolherhood Director and is involved now in getting a chaplain for the prison farm. . But Mr. Graham, people a r e criticizing him -- mainly for his long hair. I get so a n g r y , I just want to tell them to mind their own business.. Are we doing wrong in not giving in to them? K.T.G. It was Longfellow who said that, "Doubtless, criticism was originally benign, pointing out the beauties of a work rather than Us defects. The passions of men have made it malignant." I hope you congratulate your husband for continuing fo serve in the face of peer pressure. If their cirticism only revolves around hair length, let him be glad that his exemplary behavior gives them no more foothold than that. Incidentally, that statement of Paul's about men's long hair in I Corinthians 11, to which you referred, should not be used by your husband's critics. As one commentary suggest: "No stiff forms can be allowed in Christian assemblies. Prevalent social.and national customs and sentiments have to be duly considered." What Paul does advo- cate is propriety and orderliness. Tell your husband to continue operating on his" convictions, ·and.to pray for grace to live - with his short-haired critics. The Bible says old King Saul was very jealous of young David. It shows how his hostility grew until he threw a javelin at him. But now, why does the Bible say that "an evil spirit from the Lord" .came upon Saul? How can that hpappen when God is good? C.F. The c!ue to the antipathy between Saul and David is traceable to a reference in I Snmuel 16. Statement 14 says: "The Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him." Now the expression "evil Spirit from Jehovah" is used only one other time. It denotes an influence, agency or messenger from God. While God is never the author of sin, yet He can and does unleash the dark powers of divine wrath when His earlier help has been refused. Just as the same rays of the sun melt the ice and harden the clay, so God's loving influence either moves man to forgiveness or to an evil and hardened heart. Bible Verse "Who can say, "I have made my heart clean; I am pure from my sin?" Proverbs 20:9 Salvation is not by good words or good works, but by righteousness we have done, but according to His mercy h a t h He saved us." Jesus sai dto him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but by me." John 14:6 The only way to heaven is . through the one who has planned and prepared it. He said. "I go to prepare a place for you." "I am the door; if any one enters by me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture." John 10:9 Christ is the entrance to the eternal. He is the door -- thank God today it is open. Step inside now. He said, "My spirit will not always strive with man." "Jesus said to them. "I am the bread of life; he who comes to me shall not hunger, arid he who believes in me shall never thirst." John 6:35 .Jesus presents Himself not only as one w h o walks along side, but as one who lives inside taken internally to live within us. Bread of Heaven, indeed, you are the staff of life. We love you. May we draw daily strength from thee. Amen. Oit No. 7 Fuel For Inflation WASHINGTON (ERR) -- The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries is scheduled to meet In Vienna Sept. 12, at which time it may impose a new oil-price increase. PRESIDENT FORD and every other western leader searching for ways to combat inflation must come to grips sooner or later with the oil-import problem. Although fuel prices are markedly higher now than a year ago, lifting of the Arab oi! embargo led many people to believe the energy crisis was over. Instead, it may. only be beginning. The basic problem has to dp with the sudden flow of foreign money into the coffers of oil-producing countries after their fourfold increase of the price of oil in 1973. "The size and suddenness of the event . . . left the world, and the Arab . w o r l d in particular, facing a massive gap in the institutional framework necessary to .handle the sums .of money involved," observed Philip Bowring, business editor of Far Eastern Economic Review. Early on, it was thought that the impact of this money hemorrhage would be eased by a reverse flow of Arab oil revenue in 'search of sound overseas investments. But such a development might well deepen the financial troubles of the importing nations. Walter J. Levy, an oil consultant of internalion- · · al repute has warned: "To the', extent that oil imports are financed by a continued recycling of surplus oil revenues via investments or loans on comme- cial terms, oil-importing countries will face pyramiding interest or individual charges on top of mounting direct oil import costs." A RELATIVELY s m a l l percentage of the oil-producing countries' new bonanza w i 11 be used to purchase industrial and agricultural products from abroad. If they used all their oil revenues for this purpose, Lawrence A. Mayer wrote in Fortune, "Something like 20 to 30 per cent of the industrial countries' exports would go to the oil-producing countries during the next few years, versus 4 per cent in 1972. In fact, the purchases will be much smaller, because the Arab oil countries in particular--including the one with the most oil, Saudi Arabia--don't have the populations or technology to absorb that many goods." Still another problem is that the oil-inflation crisis is circular. Higher oil prices have contributed greatly to the higher prices of food, industrial goods, and transportation. The oil producers, in turn, are reluctant to invest their massive new revenues in'countries whose currencies are steadily losing value. For this reason they may press for even steeper oil prices. Several have decided to-cut back on production in an effort to forestall any downward pressure on the present price structure. THE PLIGHT OF the industrialized nations looks positively rosy, however, when compared to that of the underdeveloped world. Countries such as India were hardpressed to meet their oil-import bills even before last year's massive price increases. Now they must look for more foreign aid at a time when traditional donor countries are running large balance-of-payments deficits. Former Treasury Secretary George P. Shultz has suggested setting up a sort of internationally sponsored mutual fund to take in Arab money and invest it in various parts of t h e World. . .Another possibility is fo rthe oil producers to assume a large part of the foreign aid burden themselves. So far, though, they show little inclination to share their new-found wealth with less fortunate nations. Osiin in Tba Ptata Deater Herblock is taking a jew weeks ojf to finish a book. A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought VIETNAM'S THIRD FORCE. Peter Collins, "The Third Force: Just a Forlorn Hope," Far Eastern Economic Review, Aug. 23, 1974, pp. 31-32. "The war in South Vietnam rages on. Peace is nowhere in sight and the third equal segment, envisioned by the agreement as a buffer between the communists and President Thieu's Government, remains more of a forlorn hope in the minds of a few intellectuals in Siagon and Paris than reality." "There are several reasons for the failure to develop the Third Force: First, no strong l e a d e r is visible; secondly, members of the Third Force are sharply divided and often squabble bitterly; and thirdly', it is a fact of political life in South Vietnam that as long as there is a formidable North Vietnamese military threat barely 25. miles from Saigon, most of the non-communist opposition is unwilling to rock the boat by criticizing the Thicu Government or lending itself to the Third Force...It is generally agreed here that if that threat were removed or made less viable, the Opposition would assert itself much more vigorously." created. For--and this is a point which is inadequately understood--the United Nations Is essentially a long-term organization." "The U.N. system, through its efforts to tackle such basic matters as poverty, population, food, the taw of the sea, international trade and development, the monetary system, the conservation and just apportionment of natural resources, and the preservation of the environment, has slowly begun to face up to this urgent challenge. Recently, in the special session of the General Assembly called..to deal with the problem of raw materials and development, the world community took a new step forward. I am convinced this was an important turning point--the moment when the world community began in earnest the effort to make interdependence a positive, rather than a negative, force. It marked the beginning of a general recognition lhat the major problems of our planet can be faced only by collective action." THE U.N.'s FUTURE. Kurt Waldheim, "Toward Global Interdependence," Saturday Review World, Aug. 24, 1974, pp. 63-64. "The majority of the great issues that confront mankind are profound, complex, and, above all, long-term problems. They cannot be resolved swiftly or dramatically; they are closely interrelated; and they bear directly upon the lives of alt....It is this fact of global interdependence which is the dominant reality of our time, and it will become increasingly so over the next 50 years. And it is this fact that gives a far greater significance to the United Nations, now approaching its goal of full universality, as the only global machinery for problem-solving lhat mankind has LATIN P O W E R , Richard A r m s t r o n g , "Suddenly It's Manana in Latin America," Fortune, August 1974, pp. 138143. "Even when our emissaries to Latin America are being stoned in the streets, communi- ques out of the State Deart- ment refer to hemispheric 'solidarity' and the pursuit of democratic development and social p r o g r e s s . This sort of fog makes it hard fo perceive major changes in inter - American relations. Yet beneath a large amount of only slightly altered rhetoric, the past year lias been a time of significant change indeed." As important producers of commodities that were suddenly in short supply, the Latin Americans saw Iheir export earnings soar and found their economic power considerably enhanced. They began to use their natural resources lo drive harder bargains with the industrial world, they served notice that Ihcy will try to keep commodity prices propped up high, and they opened a campaign for better access lo the U.S. market for their rapidly growing exports of manufactured goods as well. With a new self- confidence born of unaccustomed prosperity, they also discarded or fundamentally revised some of the major tenets of their post-war foreign policy." 'VLalin America's foreign minislers concluded that the concept o fa Western Hemisphere 'community' of states . . . is a diplomatic fiction that has outlived ils usefulness. Politically they say, the U.S.-led community has become another relic of the c o Id war. As an economic concept, it presupposes a considerable mutuality of interests, when in fact the U.S. is usually on one side of' the bargaining table and the Latin Americans are on the other." THE CYP'HJS CRISIS. Stanley Karnow, "The Cyprus Crisis," The New Republic, Aug. 1017, 1974, pp. 17-19. "The Cyprus snarl is...messier lhan it has been in a decade, and it is likely to menace the stability of the eastern Mediterranean for years to come. In the first place the conservative civilian government that has emerged in Athens cannot survive as long as Turkey keeps a considerable force on Cyprus designed to curb Greece's sway in the island's affairs. For the new Athens g o v e r n m e n t under Constantino Karamanlis o w e s who, if humiliated by a loss of Greek influence on Cyprus, may again bid for power and even seek a futile war w i t h Turkey as a way of satisfying Iheir nationalistic passions:" "Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Eceyit's left-of-center government is in a similar predicament. It also functions in the shadow of the army, which is determined lo hold the posi- lions it acquired after its landings on Cyprus. The tenuous cease-fire notwithstanding, both sides are therefore cool to a durable compromise." Arkansas Editors Comment On Fishing Licenses, Dr. Henry, Dr. Bishop, Etc. THE EAGLE DEMOCRAT (Warren) Senator Morris Henry offers a good suggestion that a taxpayer's suit may be the best way to stop boondoggling multimillion dollar stale office building complex at Little Rock. Henry said several legislators are working on such a project now. Good for Ihem! Senator Henry said the issue was first presented to the legislative council as a $15 million dollar project, but now that'« ballooned up to $75 million -maybe $90 million -- and cost estimates are going up daily. Arkansas just can't afford this, even in these days of burgeoning surpluses. We hope the project is slopped, completely, and then pared down to size the State can pay for -- if, quite frankly, the project is needed at all. ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT Plans announced by the stale Game and Fish Commission lo seek a whopping increase in hunting and fishing licenses should be opposed. The Game and Fish Commission wants to more than double the present fee of $3.50 to $7.50. That's too much, Of course that old btfg-a-boo, inflation, is the scapegoat. The Game and Fish Commission says that ever-rising prices demand that licenses also be rais- td to keep pace. Perhaps, but before the raise i granted w* think the state's hunters and fishermen are entitled to a better accounting of how the Game and Fish Commission is spending its money. At the same meeting in which the new fee proposal was raised, the Commission voted to again donate $12,500 to an organization called Ducks Unlimited. This marks the third year in a row this group has enjoyed the Commission's generosity, yet It is a private organization with a limited area of interest as far as the total w o r k of the Commission is concerned. The gift lo Ducks Unlimited was made despite the protests of another private group, the Arkansas Wildlife Federation, which has rightly raised the question of whether it is legal for a stale Commission to give money to a private group. And there is another area where the Commission's stewardship of public funds might be questioned. Like all agencies of government, the Game and Fish Commission just grows and grows. Last year it had 351 employes. This year the number has jumped to 365 and next year it has asked for a total of 388. Whether all of these new employes can he justified is a matter that might be explored and then explained to the sportsmen who will be asked to pay higher fees to meet those new salaries, Inflation, to be sure, has affected all aspects of life, hurling and fishing included but doubling the license fees will not help curb inflation; rather It will spur it on. And that is exactly whit government should NOT be doing. It should be the goal of government on all levels to do everything possible to stop this ravenous drain on the public's limited finanaces, and not add to the problem, as the Game and Fish Commission seems bent on doing. FORDYCE NEWS-ADVOCATE We've heard about price increases on everything from newsprint to a bar of soap s» the term "Price increase" is nothing new but what Is new is the Arkansas.Game and Fish Commission announced last week that they want to raise the price of hunting and fishing licenses. Now we're not against a price increase to keep up with other rising costs, that is as long as it's within reason, but the GFC wants to more than double the cost of the hunlcr-fisher- man. The announced last week that they would ask the State Legislature lo more lhan double the price of hunting and fishing license. The present price is $3.50 each, but the Commission wants a $4 increase on each, bringing the price to 57.50. This much increase we term unreasonable. Claiming they arc finding themselves more strapped f o r funds, the GFC r e c e i v e s most of their Income from the sale of hunting and fishing license, Hunting and fishing lias always been something the rich and poor alike can enjoy and we think it should stay that way. We don't want to see it become a rich man's sport. THE DUMAS CLARION Imposing in appearance, Dr. Charles E. Bishop, new president of the University of Arkansas, apparently is as forceful in his thoughls. He declared u p o n meeting newsmen lhat he was "not going to have unbridled growth in any campus: each campus will grow in accordance with a plan, which will be based on quality of education." Naturally, we were interested in his opinions relative to the University of Arkansas at Men- ticello, which serves South Arkansas as a part of the university system. University President Bishop said of UAM: "I hope it will develop a strong program in the liberal arts and sciences, and then ask itself what it can do that is unique, how it can fit into the system and make a unique contribution, one that would complement the contributions of other campuses but at the same time help to fill educational needs of the area in which it is located." We are not certain what Mr. Bishop means by uniqueness but assume that the UAM Forestry School, as the only one in the state, would fill that role. We would suggesl that UAM needs to rcUin a basic all-a- round curriculum, for it offers education to -many students who would be ( unable to study any place else in the stale. To make it too specialized would greatly reduce its drawing power, and service, to the area. UAM sould continue a strong education department for it supplies so many teachers of the area. This college also has provided many of the professional perople for South Arkansas by giving them at least two basic years of education before going into professional training. With two thousand eludenls or therabouts, UAM certainly does not have a large enrollment by comparison with the Fayette-" villa or Little Rock campuses. Perhaps ils mosl unique characteristic lies in Ihe number of community leaders in South Arkansas who have been schooled at UAM (or formerly Arkansas AM). That's why it deserves full support for quality education. FINE BLUFF COMERCIAL Most legislature-watcher expect another attempt to gut the Freedom of Information Act every lime the General Assembly meets. But there's another and perhaps more cffeclive way to undermine the public's abi ; lily to tell what ils servants are doing. And that's by opinions from the attorney general's office lhat chip away, case by ease, at the public's access to its own business. Because each opinion may cli- reclly affect only a small seg- ment of Ihe public, there may not be much concern -- except on the part of the press, and who listens lo them? (Until it's too late, or t h e scandal becomes too noticeable to ignore.) The slow but clear erosion of the Freedom of Information Act can be traced back through attorney iieneral's opinions ever since Jim Guy Tucker began taking responsibility for Ihem. Perhaps Ihe earliest was the opinion giving the state's Banking Board the privilege of meeting in secret. The latest erosion allows Ihe state Correclion Board to begin meeting with others in secret, a new departure under the law. Who needs a legislature lo undermine freedom of information when the attorney general's office churns out such opinions? LOG CABIN DEMOCRAT (Conway) The victory of Sen. Guy H. "Mutt" Jones in Pulaski Circuit Court is no doubt a most satisfactory thing to him personally; but it isn't sn hot for the people of the 21st Senatorial Dislricl. . It means more delay before an cleclion can be called to select someone to represent us in Ihe upper chamber of Ihe Arkansas General Assembly. We have no way of knowing whether Ihe Arkansas Supreme Court will a f f i r m or overturn the lower court ruling that Mr. Jones can keep his seat, Gov. Dale Bumpers said yesterday that in his opinion the Senate alone can m a k e and eniorcg rules regarding its members. That would suggest the high court will overturn Ihe ruling of special judge Jack Lessenberry in Pulaski Circuit Court. But the reverse opinion might ^e handed down. Either way, we're stuck wilh a delay in gelling the matler sc tiled. Let's assume tor the sake of argument lhat the Supreme Court agress wilh Mr. Lessenberry's ruling, and Mr. Jones goes back to the Senate when it convenes in January. Surely, even he could not expect them to welcome him back with opan nrms after all the grief the Jones matter has caused them wilh their own constituents...so much grief lhat they assembled in what was to be a simple adjournment ceremony to reconsider the matter and volo overwhelmingly to oust the Conway senator. Will their constituents have a complete change of opinion between now and January? That seems most unlikely. So i! Mr. Jones docs get back lo the Senate, it seems reasonable to assume that an early order of business there will be to oust him or deny him his seat or whatever you want lo call it. Then where will we be? Trying lo conduct a special election while the Senate is in session? It could be a big mess, and probably will be; and it certainly seems an awful price we all must pay -- all the people of (CONTINUED ON PAGE 4)

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