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.NOtTHWHT ARKANSAS TIMB, tayMtvilt*. ArkanMi. Mrniday, April 21, 1952 Once Had Veto Over A-Bomb Llse,New Book Says SHOWS NEW TWO-LOAD HOOKS . -;_Br JOHN M. H1GHTOWEK . Â·'jVuhinjtoh ;.-(Â£)- Britain held W*t power over American use of tlpiitomlc bomb for several years dttjng and after World War II, but ' nst " w "h )he ending nf (he atomic partnership of the United Sj|tes, Britain and Canada. Â·" tin proposing to.- crcale a new partnership a few years ape, President Truman told congressional leVfien in secrecy that he wanted tjj Â«hsre all U. S. atomic weapon Â·iifets with Britain and Canada, lpubllcan' leaders strongly, ob- llcted. Â· Â· Â· . . ; Â· . (This Information hearing on a " ijor phase oÂ£ American atomic tollcy development was brought to kht -with the release o_Â° Wvate Papers of Senator "The Van- f ; Come In and See Us I About |0ur Easy Payment Plan Re-Modeling Your iHome, Building New 'Garage, Chicken House jor Milk Barns, etc. ALSO We Hove Old and New Philco Refrigerators and Freezers ((HIM Lumber Co. 27. Wnt fork, Ark. denberc," a volume of personal and official records f'orh the files of the l?le Republican foreign affairs loader In the Senate. Tho 5D!!-page book, edited by the senator's son and lons-flme assistant, Arthur.H. Vandentacru, Jr., covers the whole range of American forclpi policy from Pi!arl Harbor lo the time of the senator's death one year ago. The perspective is t h a t of a man who first went through a personal revolution ' from "isolationism" to "internationalism" and then, beginning about the time of the San Francisco U. N. conference, played a vital role In the shaping of many great decisions. Advised Administration Although he was a Republican --or because he was a Republican devoted to. bipartisan support of foreign, policy--Vandenbcrg advised the* Truman administration on foreign affairs repeatedly- and even shared In'some tf Its secrets at election campaign time, In 1848, a critical period for the president, at home and abroad, Vandcnberg and Sen. Tom Connally ( D - T f x ) ' were 'summoned secretly to the White House one evening to learn that President Truman was greatly disturbed about the Russian blockade of Berlin" and was thinking about telephoning directly to Premier Stalin "to see what he could do with him." Vandenbcrg noted In his diary the president appeared "anxious lo do something" for peace and also seemed to be aware his clec- .lon campaign (which at the .time most people thought was a lost ? THE ' 1 /MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR University Theatre's last ' show of the season opens TUESDAY * Only 5 night to see the biggest and funniest show of the ]951-'52 season! . Get reservations tomorrow from 1-5, or call 2020 during that rjme. cause) "sadly needed a shot in t h e ) arm." Mirahall Opposed Mission It v/as not u n t i l later that Vandenberg learned,, from the newspapers, Truman had contemplated, sending Chief .Justice Fred Vinson on a peace- mission to Moscow and had given up the Idea when Gen. George C. Marshall, then secretary of stale, opposed it. The idea of a telephone call, which actually came off as far as Ihe record shows, then v/as judged by Vandenbcrg lo ' nvc been a substitute for the discarded Vinson mission. The Vandenbcrg disclosures on alomlc energy policy and proposals were., checked by this reporter with administration officials in position to know the facts and to have a viewpoint different from that of the late senator. The inquiries showed t h a t , the Information in the book was checked with TCiiponslble o f f i c i a l s - p r i o r to publication'arid therefore' may be taken as'substtfntlally the same a s ' (he facts shown by o f f i c i a l records. ' , Secret Arrangements * The essence of the information respecting the veto is that the late President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill entered into secret arrangements at Quebec ROBERT E. JONES, 23. Silver Spring, Md., w h o lost notii nands m a chemistry laboratory experiment in high school, demonstrates the Norf.irpp two-load hook by turning pages of a book in Washington. He had used the new prosthetic: for only a day Â»nd a half. Watching is Rep. Edith Nourse Rogers ( R ) , Massachusetts. Demonstration was j conducted by the Advisory Committee on Artificial Limbs of the Â· National Academy of Sciences. (International Koundphotoj MOWN COIOI.W NNMKR AUNEWlTMius ECWN.COLOP "THUNDERHEAD I A SON OF | N I D TARTS TUESDAY HOTSHOT HEROEI ON H WHOOIMIOTIK SMSnOMKMU PATO'BRIIN and at Hyde Park, N. Y., in the mid-years of the war for the joint development and control of atomic energy. Thc*c arrangements which were' privy f .o very few high government officials apparently did not known to Republican leaders in Congress, and perhaps to Democrats as well, until somo time in the first part of 1047 when V.mdcnbeof, then chairman of ihr Foro',;n relations Commit!TM, i ,in,l Scnalor Hlckcnlooper ( H v a ) Icauind about them. They learned that along with j providing for the sharing of facts on atomic development, the joint Sharing of u r a n i u m ore from the Belgian Congo and the joint promotion of the atomic 4royrnm agreement had been made that neither the U. S. nor Britain would 'use the A-bomb unless both agreed. Senators Shocked At the time the information became known to the Republicans the United States was already go- Ing. It alone In this field. The partnership between America and Britain, shared also by Canada, had practically broken up. Vandenbcrg and Hlckenloopcr were- shocked to learn that while Congress had been working on the assumption the president had final decision on the uce of atomic weapons, the United States was bound to consult the British before making 'the decision. the two Republicans broughl pressure on the administration lo 'ch?ng" this, the book shows, and In January, 11)48, the veto agreement was ended in n new. understanding among the three wartime partners which had the effect of placing ultimate decision on using the A-bomb with the president. U. S. Supply Threatened Under the 1948 arrangement, Britain could obtain little information about U. S. atomic projects and undertook to develop its own weapons This threatened to cut Into the volume'.of uranium ore which the U. S. required lor its own program, :.nd, according to Vanden rrrg's account, this was the main argument used by the president at a Blair House meeting in July, 194!) for reviving the three-power partnership. The president argued that to cut the British and Canadians in on developments in this country would do away with the need for thorn to have independent programs* would assure full access to Congo ore, would concentrate weapons manufactured in this country, and would give the United Stales the benefit of British and Canadian "research. Vandenherr Opposed Vandenberg opposed the sharing and contended that In view of all the United States had done for Britain in the economic field the British government should be willing to forego Its 'claims on heavy supplies of u r a n i u m in order to avoirt upsetting American weapons production. Truman initiated talks later In 1949 with Britain and Canada, but the whole partnership project, was shelved some months later after the Fuchs spy case had persuaded both British and American officials t h a t Congress would not take kindly to sharing America's atomic secrets country. other Keep a* with the Omr*--read (he Tirnts daily. RADIO TV SERVICE Latest TV Tas't Equipment 24-Hour Service TRI-STATE SALES CO. 320 W. Dieklon Phone 513- WHO FIXES RADIOS? Â· s ' i We've Been Serving You 20 Years SMITH ifADIO SHOP MDYOHTHEROAD With Chrysler POWER STEERING plus Chrysler POWER BRAKES At the wheel of a new Chrysler, you have quicker, surer control of motion than you've ever had in a car. You can't imagine what it'rf like till you drive it! With this full-time power steering, hydraulic power does 4/5 the steering utork at your gentle pull on the wheel! You also turn the wheel 1/3 less distance. And on rough roadÂ§, soft shoulders, snow or sand, "wheel fight" just doesn't happen. 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