Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 18, 1952 · Page 17
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April 18, 1952

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 17

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Friday, April 18, 1952
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NOtTHWBT ARKAMM HMIJ, Fov*t«vin., Arkoniw. MJay, Aoril 1§, !?JI Gristmill Built In 1868 Still Operates At Savoy By FRED COGER 1 Life was simpler and distance meant mnre in 1868 when Ariam Carnahan built a gristmill on the banks of Clear Creek, on his 80- acre grant of. land west c. Fayetteville. The Carnahan mil;, and t h e numerous others like it in the [ area in that day, was an important part of the community around it. When a family had wheat or corn and needed flour or meal, they loaded their grain into a wagon, hitched the .ox team, and climbed onto the wagon to go to the mill. Oxen don't move too fast, and couldn't travel more .':an 10 or 15 miles in a day. Sn a trip to the mill frequently lasted tv/o days or m o r e . The f a m i l y tooy along camping equipment and prepared to stay overnight in the 'grove near the mill. The miller, for his services, was allowed to keep a percentage of the flour, bran or meal he turned out. If he happened to have a surplus of this "profit" on. hand when a farmer trundled up with grain to grind, ho would iradc with him on the spot and the farmer could start back home right away. If he didn't have any on hand, the farmer had to wait until his grain could bo ground. Today, old folks recall those old mills with pleasant memories and acute aVpr-aness that times have changed. Most of. the grist mills ceased operation years ago, victims of modern, efficient largo- scale milling establishments in the cities, Mill Still Standing But the mill Adam Carnahan built is still standing. What is more. The f a m i l y took along In its 84th year, it is cosir-idcred to be the oldest mill of its -kind still operating in this aria. . Today it is known as the Savoy mill, and it turns out a largo q u a n t i t y of poultry and dairy feeds which are used by the farmers in the area. Occasionally it grinds come old-fashioned corn meal, too. Old folks say there is a big difference between modern corn meal ground by steel "burrs" and Old-time meal ground by the stone burrs found in the Savoy mjll. Rome of them used to travel considerable distances to get the old- ityle meal, which they much prefer. The two burrs in the Savoy mill %'ere not new when Carnahan put them Into the mill, and are believed now to .be 100 years old. They are made of an extremely hard stone imported from France, and are still in Rood condition ·fter 84 years* grinding at Savoy. The stone burrs are housed in * u n i t which looks a l i t t l e like ·n old-fashioned wooden tub. One burr is stationary, and the other ---48 inches across and weighing ·bout a ton--is placed just above it so that grain, is ground between them when ( .the top stone burr js turned. Water Wheel Used The mill still uses the big waler- ^heel, which dips into Clear Creek, to turn the top burr. But a hammer-mill has also becii in- etalled, and this requires the additional power of a propane gas- operated turbine. The firm which made the burrs The Savoy mill as it linds lodij is pictured above Stand ng I e sii^e the "burr" is Ewell Cowan. Todd and Stanley of St. Loui -is now out of busine: Carnahan, a farmer, received the land on which he built the Savoy mill in a grant from the U. S. ·government in- 1845. President James K. Polk signed the land- grant certificate. A log dam was built in Clear Creek about 100 yards east of the present mill -lo- ralion in 186R, and a sawmill was erected at the damsite. This sawmill sawed the timber, for the gristmill, providing lumber and the oak clapboards (they're called shingles today) for the roof. The original clapboard roof is still on the mill, although the clapboards have been covered by metal roofing for many years. Carnahan's · sons operated the mill u n t i l ;883, when the family sold the mill to W. II. Ladd and moved to Kansas. Ladd later sold it, and numerous people owned it until B. B. Kilgo, now of W a r Eagle, sold it to James K. Cowan 1 in 1911. The mill l a s remained in the Cowan family since 1911. Now Jt is operated by E. E. Cowan and his son- and son-in-law,- Ewell Cowan and Herschel Phillips. (E. E; Cowan is the son'of James K. Cowan, who died in 1935.)' Post Office Established The mill became known as the Savoy m i l l when a post office was established in the community by that name. The pest office was eliminated when rural free delivery service was inaugurated, but the c o m m u n i t y and mill retained the n a m e of Savoy. The man who b u i l t the mill was the great grandfather of -former Mayor George Sanders of Fay- eltcville, who was born in the old brick Sanders home loraled on a hill a quarter of .-. mile northwest of the mill. A tornado which destroyed TonUtown in 1898 demolished the Sanders homo. George Sanders recalls t h a t the Savoy mill turned out Hour and meal which.was recognized as the best availaolc. And concerning ine» long trips to the mill, which he- made as a boy, he feels they \vcrc- n't too bad. 'They got along f i n e In those days," Sanders commented. "Ami 1 don't know but what we fiot more out of life then than wn do now." Brothers-Get The Most Out Of Lespedeza By THOMAS P. LEE Soil Scientist Soil Conservation Service Ralph and Dudley Jones are managing the scricea Icspedcza on their Prairie Grove farm in such a way as to gel the most out °^ ^- The grazing figured out a cow Thr Jonrs brothers have 35 I a n d a n a l f tn lho n(TP f n r ,jir acres in sej'icon on their 210-:icrc season. That's Rood production in farm. Twenty of the 35 acres were anybody's language. cut twice for hny in 1951 nnd ' . yielded a ton and a half an acre j The wenthor on earth Is i f for the season: The other 15 acres | frdorl by "r.imspclj;." whir-h h a v e were grazed continuously from i ^epn drnrrihed ;s grpal slorms o.i May 15 u n t i l the sericea went I (he surface of the sun. dormant after frost Into in the fall. When the herd of seven rows, 25 yearlings nnc! a hull roulrl not keep up w i t h the growth of the forasc and the scriei.-a got up to 10 inches, the 15 nrro.s \ V C I P clipprd for hny. Five of tiic IS acre:; wrre clipped three .limes during the reason, Iho other 10 acres two times. On seven acres t!'ic clipped hay was loft in t h e field as it was ; cut instead of being bnlcil. The ! with the green forygc, · "Clipping when ilic pnricca gets 1 up to 10 inches lirings on npw | green growth t h a t the cattle like," j explains H a l p h Jones. "If you lot i it grow above 10 inches, it g e t s ; lough and the cattle don't like it. If you mnnago sericea right, thr cattle w i l l cat it all tho way down the lino and you'll get a lot of production out of it." Our Farmer Fr'snds of Northwest Arkansas Will Find Everything They Need to Build, Remodel or Repair Here. It Is a Pleasure to Serve Them. Fayetteville Lumber Cement Co, 213 NORTH SCHOOL PHONE 31 FOR PROMPT SERVICE CASH BUYERS OF ', EGGS, CREAM US YOUR OFFERINGS ON THESE PRODUCTS · We ore in the market 52 weeks of the year, and always pay the highest market prices. We serve this territory in a 100 mile radius -- in all directions. We market our merchandise on both coasts and from Canada to the border of Mexico* C. A. SWANSON SONS SPRING AND WEST PHONE 2280 C. A. Swanson Sons Hatchery Co, Home of Kale's Hearty Chicks and Swanson s Feeds For GREATER PROFITS and a Sure Dependable Market Hway 62 W. Phone 1717 ...4

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