Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on September 1, 1974 · Page 3
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 3

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, September 1, 1974
Page 3
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Historic Come/en Touted As 'Queen Or Ouachita Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Sun., Sepl. 1, 1974 · 3A FAYETTeVILLE, ARKANSAS . By FAUNE CONNER On April 18. 1864, Ihe ?u sounds of -battle rang oul through the tall pines of a southern Arkansas forest. The place was an area known as Poison Spring some 14 miles west of the affluent riverport community of Camdcn. . As the fighting raged that day, Union Gen. Frederick Steele paced the floor of his headquarters in Camden and complained to his reluctant hostess. "Madam, your Southern friends arc whipping the hide off my soldiers!" General Stcele's remark was as accurate a description as any of the Battle of Poison Spring and, although the battle has often been neglected by Civil War historians, it is considered the most definite Confederate victory in Arkansas. The conflict at Poison Spring set the course which prevented the Union Army from taking over not only Arkansas, but Louisiana ami Texas as , well, Tourists exploring Ihe green coastal plain country of south central Arkansas can visit the remnants of the old Poison Spring battlefield near Camden and, in the city, can tour General Steele's' former headquarters, the Chidester House. Camden, one of the stnte's most historic cities, is a treasure trove for sites and structures connected with the Civil War era and beyond. QUEEN CITY Camden is popularly called the "Queen City of the Ouachita" because, as the head ol navigation on the Ouachita River, she owes her birtb, sustenance and progress to the river. II was the river thit brought DcSoto to the area in 1541 and later enticed a French trapper named Fabre . to establish a trading post there on a nigh bluff above the river. When the first white settlers came . in IBID, the river lan'ling was known as Ecore a Fabre. or Fabre's Bluff, and it wasn't until 1844 that the town's name was changed to Camden. With her location on the river, j Jarnden became an economic and cultural center for a wide area. In 18GO, Camde i was the second largest city in Arkansas. Heavy steamboat traffic linked the town directly to New Orleans, which also meant contact with the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico. The wealthy, p r o m i n e n t , and ambitious brought refinement to Camden, and the town had a "plank house" rather than a "log house" society. In March, 1864, General Steele and his army of 13,000 retreated to Camrlrn aflcr meeting Confederate opposition in southwest Arkansas at Prairie D'Anne. Steele had been moving his troops from Little Rock lo Shrevcport, La., as part of the Rerl River Expedi tion designed to eliminate all Confederate resistance west of the Mississippi. As phases ot the expedition failed Steele found himself isolated In Camden without reinforcements or supplies. On April 17. 1864, Steele sent infantry and 198 wagons lo Ihe Poison Spring area to gather 5,000 bushels of corn. As the wagon train returned with its plunder on the morning of April 18, it was attacked by a large Confederate force led by Gen. John S. Marmaduke. The surprised Federals offered a futile resistance, and after five hours of fighting, 620 of then number lay dead and 125 cap- t u r e d . Confederate loss amounted to only 20 killed REMNANTS OF BATTLE Today, 80-acre Poison Spring Battleground State Park con oins the remnants of the battle area and features a new inter ireliyr display explaining troop lositions during the conflict, 'he sandy, pine-shaded park'is cached by following Ark. 24 vest of Camdcn and tiien taking Ark. 76 which bisects th epark. In the older residential sec- ion of Camden at 926 Washing- on SI,, tourists can walk hrough the Chidester House vhere General Steele awaited he outcome of the Battle ot ~'oison Spring. The house is nainlaincd by the Ouachita :ounty Historical Society and · the least changed of the many pre Civil War homes in Camden. The Chidester House was built in 1847 by Peter McCollum and was the first house in the city to be constructed of planed umber and to have papered walls. The house was later sold to Col. John T. Chidesler, who was operator of one of the longest stage lines in the country. The original furnishings, shipped to Camdcn from New Orleans, remain in Ihe house.and an upstairs bedroom is marred by ;ullet holes received when the house was shelled during the r ar. In the same area as the Chi- desler House are m a n y other antebellum homes that are not open to the public but are not able because of their beautifu: architecture. Among those homes listed on the National Register of His toric Places are the Elliott Meek Home at 761 Washington St., buit in 1857; the Powell May Home at 305 California St. built in 1859; and the Rowland B. Smith Home at 234 AgeL Avenue, built in 1857. Oaklant Farm at 902 Tate St. in the j'airview area include! a South ern colonial home huilt in I860 and an old cypress barn which s the only barn listed on Ihe- National Register of Historic 3 laces. DISTINGUISHED HOMES Still other architecturally dis inguished homes in Camden ire the Graham Gaughan-Betls louse at 710 Washington St. built in 1858; and the Bragg lome four miles west of Cam den on Hwy. 4, built in 1844. At the north end of Monroe Avenue, tourists will find the old rifle trenches an:i cannon Rivr. The fort stood from vhich over-looked the Ouachita liver. The Fort stood from .861-65 and was built to guard .he city from an attack from the north. A ferry formerly operated beneath Fort Lookoui am! i was this ferry that Steele used :o get his large army across :he river during the n'ght and retreat to Little Rock. Con · e d e r a t c s pursued Steele' 'orces all the way, and the las' major battle of the Red River Expedition was fought at Jen kins Ferry near Sheridan on April 29-30, 1864. The Confederate Cemetery in Camden is located en Adam. Avenue and contains the grave; of over 200 soldiers, many o whom died in the Battle of Jen kins Ferry. Porter Clay, bro century orato also buried in ther of 19th Henry Clay, is the cemetery. Camden is now a pleasan blend of both the old and th new, one of Arkansas' Bicenlen nial communities. Recently thf city tie Id a sesqui-centennia celebration calling attention t the city's 150 years of progress Official Ford Portrait This is (lie official White House portrait of President Gerald Ford, released this week. The photograph was made in the Oval Office of tlic White House and w i l l hang in federal offices throughout this country anil overseas. (AP Wirephoto) Kian Membership Open To Eligible Recruits New KOC Council Formed In Cily A new Knights of Columbus council has been formed in Fayetteville with Dan Capstick Sr. as Grand Knight. Other officers are A. C. DeSalvo, deputy Grand Knight; Lon Farrell, Chancellor; Rod B e c k m a n . warden. Peter Geraci, financial secretary; Charles Springer, recorder; Borys Malczyeki and Rex Eads, guards; Richard O'Cpnnell, advocate; Paul Marinoni Sr., membership director; Pat Tobin, program director; Father Leo Riedniueller, chaplin and Paul Marinoni Jr., Norman De- Briyn and Richard Madden, trustees. Other members of the new council, initiated at an organizational meeting held at the Knights of Columbus hall in- Tontitown are: Harry Sbanotto, Louis Pianalto and Father Amos Enderlin of Tontitown and James 0. Mitchell, Father Robert Dienert, Joseph Blome, James Marinoni, Billy King, Harold Perry" Jr. "ind Ervin Wagnon. l y " ;AMPTI, La. (AP -- "Weine to Klan Country," the big n said. And there beside U.S. on a rented meadow es north of Campti, the Ku jx Klan was hustling for new ruits. Slacks and Jews and in- ectuals, liberals, skeptics 1 their ilk need not apply. 'he sun had slipped behind green hills of central Louina but the day was still ght. Most cars whining along 3. 71 zipped right on by the IK sign and the ominous oded figure beside it. 'People don't come until er dark," shrugged state and dragon John W. Kirrg, a nnfield lawyer. "They don't re to be seen at a Klan ral- ie said that's because the an is famed for clandestine rorism, murder, whippings d fire to impose its version of v and order -- and word hasn't tten around that times have changed. The bloody image often re- jels potential members whose politics may lie just south of Attila the Hun's but who balk at violence -- it appeals to what King calls the "nitwits. wild men and radicals." "But the haters pass right on through," King added. "They don't stay long." This peaceful dragon is state commander for the United Klans of America, Inc. (UKA), richest and -most visible of the 15 separate and jealous Klan groups known to the FBI. The encampment seemed remarkably well protected. It was patrolled by 10 armed men wearing gray military uniforms, boots, black helmets. GUARDS ARMED ' Each man's belt bore a hol- htered pistol. A two-foot billy club dangled beside it. Two troopers carried M-l carbines with banana clips curved be neath them. King, wearing coveralls, was iery-faced and sweating hard rom the unaccustomed labor of helping deck the grassy field vith' props for his "American- sm Rally." They included; -- A 30-foot-tall wooden cross, vrapped in burlap and soaked vith diesel fuel, to be lighted ater; plus a four-foot cross made of lead pipe, perforated ike the burners of a gas stove. Fueled by a tank of butane, the small cross flamed ' near the fence gate, beside the floodlit welcome sign. --An 18-wheel flatbed truck as a platform for musicians and speakers. Microphones stood on it, flanked by American and Confederate flags. Strings of electric light bulbs dangled from temporary poles. -- An old Army tent to shelter a concession stand, where Klan women sold soft drinks, sandwiches and slivers of cake; two smaller tents for rank an vorkors. -- Two portable outhouse --Two large and lu.\ notor homes, one for Kill] other for Robert Shelton ol caloosa, Ala., the UKA's rial wizard. Keeping tabs on the UK/ other Klans used to involve ions of FBI dollars and dreds of agents and infor 5ut except for a militan vern tiere and there, spokesmen say things been routine since 1971. MEMBERSHIP DOW The FBI says members the Klans has declined c erahly since 1971 but nui of Klan .organizations co to be involved in atrociti n j i n g others their constiti rights. The FBI estimate United Klans of Americ largest group, has a 'me ship of 1,700. In 1972, the mated it at 3,200. Actually, Klans were FBI have New Wave In Television Small Producers Steal Hollywood Thunder By JERRY BUCK Associated Press Writer LOS ANGELES (AP) -- on an exclusive basis because they know they'll make mon- It July Electric Use Sets Ozarks Record A record u s e of electricity was set in July by Ozarks Electric Cooperative members, according to Millard Goff, director. Use of 64,598 kilowatts was recorded on July 22 an increas of 17.45 per cent over 1973. During the month members used 21 per cent more kilowatt hours than last year's peak month. During the first seven months of t h i s year members used 166,410,9:!9 kilowatt h o u r s of electricity c o m p a r e d to 152,845,820 for the same period last year. Membership during the period increased toy 9.25 per cent. The cooperative now serves 22,700 customers in Arkasas and Northeastern Oklahoma. Rickover Warns Of Navy Deterioration ey, sounds like a mixture of Horatio Alger and Charlie Chaplin: little guy makes good. The independent production company is the cottage industry of television. A mom and pop operation. But this fall 25 series -- nearly half of those on the air -will be from independents. The rest come from major studios such as MGM, Columbia and Universal. Ratings leaded "All in the Family" comes from Norman Lear and Bud Yorkin's Tandem Productions. Its huge success spawned other Tandem shows, "Sanford and Son." "Maude" and "Good Times." "The Waltons" and "Apple's Way" omes from Lee Rich's Lorimar Productions. The Mary Tyler Moore and Bob Newhart shows are out of MTM Enterprises, run by Miss Moore's husband. Grant Tinker. In the fall MTM will have five shows on the air and a sixth in production. Qiiitm Martin has "Cannon," "Barnaby Jones" and "The Streets of San Francisco" and will have "Manhunter" this fall as "The FBI" leaves the air. Rich said. "They never dime of profit after the studios get through witli the bookkeeping." Creators who work at studios find themselves charged for a share of every studio expense, from security to music to the copyright department Rich said, "I think what we have found is that we operate with a very tiny overhead. Which means we're able to get more on the screen." MORE QUALITY · Tinker said, "In my opinion there's no question that dollar for dollar more quality gets on the screen in the hands of the independent than with a major studio. For obvious reasons. The major studio has more overhead." NBC's McMahon disagreed. "I don't think that's valid. Take a look at what we get from Universal Studios. Take a look at 'Police Story' from Columbia Pictures Television. You can see the quality on the screen. "The majors may have more overhead, but they're going into deficit financing to get it on the in the care SEATTLE, Wash. (AP) -Adm. Hyman G. Rickover says the American Navy fleet h a s deteriorated to its worst condi-' tion in a half-century. - Rickover, who led the fight for development of nuclear submarines, blamed the fleet's condition on the failure to train enough technical officers to keep ships running smoothly. The Navy should be restructured to give men with sound technical educations more control and engineers should be given near equal status with line officers aboard ships, Rick- over told the National Society Almost every TV movie and special comes not from the television networks or major ilm studios hut from independents. "I think the independents have emerged because the nct- yorks like what they're get- ing." says Aaron Spelling ol of Former Special Agents Ihe FBI. '· Nelson Child Born BURBANK, Calif, (AP)Singer Rick Nelson, who grew up on television of the 1950s in "TJie Nelson Family," has become the father of his fourth child. Nelson's wife, Kristin, gave birth to a seven -pound son Thursday at St. Joseph's Hospital In Burbank, it was announced on Friday. The hoy ,w»s named Sam Billiard Nel- ·on. The middle name was in honor of his grandmother, Har- HUBaid. screen. CBS pioneered ng. si .. Spelling-Goldberg Productions, makers of "The Rookies." HIGH RATED SHOWS "The independents deliver some big-, high-rated shows." John McMahon, an NBC programming executive. said. 'The independents have proven n the movies of the week and n series that they can produce well. I think they're here to stay. An independent producer has no ties to a major studio, such as MGM, or Universal, exccnt perhaps to rent space there. Bui. shows such as "Cannon" and "Barnaby Jones" are made almost entirely on location. Tomorrow Entertainment, makers of such television movies as "The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman" and "Tell Me Where It Hurts," has never filmed in a studio. Many creators who once .'prked under the aeeis of the studios are now associating wtl independents. "We're able to tie up people and feeding of the Independen nroducer. but the torch ha? since been picked up by ABC and NBC. Barry Diller, ABC vice presl dent for programming, said "We do everything conceivabl to encourage indenendent pro ducers. ABC feels that it is bet ter off with the broadest pos sible arena of suppliers. "If we have 20 rather than 1 Picnic To Be Held The 24th annual Texa Roundup Picnic is to be hel Sepl. 8 at Roaring River Slat Park, near Noel, Mo. Texan from Arkansas, Missouri an Oklahoma are expected to a tend. A pot luck luncheon planned at 1 p.m. We have · saving* program and Interest rate to meel your needs. Fayetteville Savings Loan Association »1 N. East Avenue e are that much better able lo Ter diversified programm-; ·" ; Diller said ABC regularly pplies seed money to put !0ple into independent produc- m and lo keep their commies going. He estimated the :twork spends several hun- ·ed thousand dollars a year. Perry Latterly, a CBS pro- ·amming executive, traces the !\v role of the independent ·oducers to the change in net- ork financing of plots. · "It was customary for a slu- o to deficit finance a pilot." aid Lafforty. "If a network put 5200,00, the studio would ut up another $100,000." The practice effectively kept lost independents from mak- g pilots because they lacked le capital. And no pilot,' no cries. But it was also becom- ig a drain on the studios, who und themselves each season vith a handful of unsold pilots nd no way to recover their in- estmcnl. "Then the television movie ame along and it became a ew way of making pilots,' Music Course Offered A music course for music lo- ers. entitled "Beethoven ant iis age" will be offered by the University of Arkansas musii department on Monday, Wed nesday and Friday at 3:30 p.m The course is open to specia students as well as regular en rollers. Barbara Jackson will be nstructor. I LEARN BASiC OR ADVANCED INCOME TAX PREPARATION IDOSG3OI-OCK.E Thousands are earning good money at tax preparere. Enrollment open to men and women of all ages. Job interviews available for best students. Sen* for tree information and class schedules. Classes Start: SEPTEHMER 12 CONTACT THE" KKJ3BI.OCIC OfFICE NEAREST VOU: 1 Offices ft) Serr« Tcm 150* South srtirwl, Furel mono 521-1TSS 3. Thominon, Sprlnrdato Phnno 751-MOO affcrty said. "When deficit fi ancing of a pilot was no long necessary the independen reducers began to emerge." Chuck Fries, whose Alpin reductions is involved in more nan a dozen movie and pilot rejects, said, "The inrtepend- nt producer sparks ideas, en- ourages other people lo come p with i d e a s and acts as a alesman. "We hunt, we steal, we pack- je, we scavenge. We do what- ver we can to come up with ew ideas. And we function as est we can as a safe harbor or creative people ..... "That's the kind of role 1 lay. And I think from the net- 'ork's standpoint that's what ley want." cry secret to the FBI or inter- sting to police. By dark nearly 200 cars and ckups were parked on the eld but over half left when a ainstorm struck. About 100 spectators stuck i rough two hours of speeches esemblirrg fundamentalist reaching, condemning racial itegration, new math, commu- ism -- Jews. Anti-semitism got .ore space than blacks. whatever "The Jews are the anti-Chr- the local - st!" cried Shelton. "People say hrist was a Jew. He was not. how me anywhere in the old Cing James Bible where it says esus Christ Was a Jew!" Our country was founded by nen with names like Hamilton, .dams and Washington, said Shelton, and he mourne dto- day's "Kissingers, Schlesingers and Goldsteins." At the end, 23 hooded klans- men in white satin robes wavec .orches in a ritual, then lit the big cross. It was not particular ly spectacular; rain had diluted the diesel fuel. Nol 'many heeded King' pleas to stick around and sig on. "If you're interested in talk ing to us about the KJan, we'r here to do it and we're not i any hurry to leave,' 'he called But it was around midnight The exodus continued. "We are planning to change our style," King told a newsman while unplugging his public address system. "We're go- lo hold meetings in motel banquet halls, places like that, instead of out in fields." Cynical FBI agents, who suspect that money is the root of most Klans, say leaders have nothing against the a f f l u e n t , either, but that any member will do. Proof that the UKA had yai kec klaverns came when fi\ men identified by the FBI a "UKA affiliates" were arreste on a charge of bombing parked school buses during tegration troubles at Pontia Mich., in 1971. Springdale C Of C Tour In October SPRINGDALE -- The Chamer of Commerce's annual oodwill lour will feature a'pro- optball game in Dallas, Texas, iis year as well as the game etween the University of Ark- isas Razorbacks and Texas hristian University's team. The four-day '; ip, Oct. 4-7, 'ill be based in Dallas with side-trip to Fort Worth, Texas 3 view the Arkansas - TCU ame Saturday night, Oct. 5. Sunday. O u t . 6, lour (iarlici- anls will attend the football ;ame between the Dallas Cow- oys and the Minnesota Vikings t Dallas. Members of the lour will hare.breakfast at the Holiday nn on the first day of t h e rip before flying to Tex- rkana where the local Cham- cr will have lunch with them. The plane is scheduled to ar- ·ive in Dallas that evening. A eception, dinner and dance are lanned for the first night at the hotel where the group will stay, the Statlcr Hilton. Saturdtiv. Cr.l. 5. before the night game, t h e g r o u p will tour the Dallas-Fort Worth airport. A church service for tho .our members is scheduled for Sunday morning. Oct. 6, prced- ing the afternoon football game. The group will leave Dallas early Monday, stopping at Dennison where the C h a m b e r of Commerce will hold a coffee for them, and again at McAlester where the Chamber there has planned a lunch for the visitors. An afternoon coffee stop in Muskogee with the Chaniber :here completes the tour which is setup to promote Springdale and the Northwest Arkansas area. A proposed stop not yet scheduled on the itinerary is at Kilgore, Texas, to see the internationally-famous Kilgore Ran- gerettes perform. Those interested in joining th» lour should cutset the Chamber office in Springdale. Normal Family Life NEW YORK ( A P ) -- First Shelton says the UKA is f i - J L a d y Betty Ford says the Ford naticed by a monthly assess-1 family's life at Ihe White House ment of 50 cents a member,! j s m n c h the same as it was in paid to the national UKA from whatever dues are imposed by the past. No other Klan of s e e m s prosperous. , "We're having a normal fam- j i l y life as we've always had." the 15 she said in an interview with t h o u g h ' t h e New York Post published James R. Venable ot Stone F.-itlay. She added she's be e n Mountain, Ga., claims over "snowed under" with about G,30,000 members for his Nation- 1 Knights. Shelton is among lose who doesn't believe it. "They're all paper tigers," le scoffed. "Anybody can set ip a Klan. But I doubt if all the other Klans could muster in to- al membership what we have n just two Louisiana parishes.'' 000 letters hut hoped to catch! up and then answer all mail within a day. The TIMES Is On Top of The News Seven Days a Week The UKA plainly has enough i money flowing in to pay Shel- tqn $15.000 a year and provide' him with a motor home nearly | as big as a Greyhound bus t o j travel from klavern to klavern,| coast to coast. i He claims klaverns in almost every state. NEED HELP GETTING UP 1 try the CUSHION-LIFT 8 CHAIR JUST A TOUCH OF YOUR FINGER and lhe(...n:on.Lifl© wil[ rjiie you sfowly and iifely lo your fesT. Pro/Ides trie help, comfort andind«ptncf- ence iouihl by lime afflicted w]1h arlhn- tii, iheumaTiiffl, park- insonisrn and tUoVe. Takesthaittuggls out of gelling up ind sit' ting down. ORTHO-KINETICS, INC. Garland, Texas ?5012 301 Colonial National Bank Bldg. 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