Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 18, 1952 · Page 15
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 15

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, April 18, 1952
Page 15
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NOiTHWUI AMANIAS TIMI*. Wdoy, April II, Pruning's Important For Trees, Shrubs By CYNTHIA LOWRY AP Newife»tures Writer One ol the most Important spring farden tools--along with the spading fork and rake--is i sharp pair of p r u n i n g shears. Actually, the pruning of trees tnd shrubs is almost a 3 ear-round occupation, for (.ertain species respond better at certain seasons. Some even die of injurirr. incurred ' by bad timing in necessary sur- g e r y . Ey and large, hov/ever, spring--while the plants are still dormant--is prescribed as the best pruning time. Most bushes and shrubs and trees benefit from p r u n i n g if the pruner knows what he is about. One purpose of the operation is to remove dead and injured branches, leaving a clean-cut, smooth-surfaced wound with clean edges which can heal quickly. Protect Tree Wound The wound--i[ larger than a couple of inches across--should be protected so that decayed organisms cannot get in. Such a wound should be painted with an ·ntiseptic solution and covered with a compound of resin, beef tallow and alcohol, or a commercially prepared solution. In cutting off larger limbs of. trees, don't try to. do the job ·imply by sav.'ing through at a point close to the trunk. Its weight is likely to rip it off and make A big, ragged wound on the trunk. Instead, do it the hard way with three separate cuts. The first should be from below, well away from the trunk and cut about half-way through the limb. The second, from the -top and an inch or so beyond the first cut. This cut goes through to take off the branch cleanly and without injuring_the t r u n k . Finally, cut off the remaining short stump by sawing flush with the trunk, trimminl the bark to points at lop and bottom to aid the flow of sap. Prunlnr Stimulates Production Pruning serves to stimulate the production of either flowers or foliage, and to improve the form uf the plant. It cannot change the natural habit of a particular plant, but it can keep it from getting out of bounds. Few plants .should be clipped, like a hedge or a poodle. In pruning, it is important to study the particular plant's habit, including the .time when its flower buds are formed. Try to cut away old wood which is neither productive nor useful, usually from the bast of the plant. A rule of thumb--and there are exceptions to all rules--is that tarly-flowering shrubs, form their buds on last year's growth, and therefore should be pruned a couple of weeks after ilo'.vering. Forsythia is a good example of this class of shrubs. Most shru'ns which bloom in the late spring or thereafter form their buds on the cur- j rent year's growth. For these, pruning activity should he under- aken in March and April. Proper Pruning Time All evergreens, including the broadleaved ones, are better pruned a few weeks before they go into spring growth. A few trees, including the maple, should be pruned when they are in leaf. T h e y "bleed" if pruned in spring when their sap is rising. In cutting branches and twigs to train trees to B desired shape and to remove woody sections which grow inward or rub other branches, cut about a quarter of an inch above a bud which points in the desired direction. Using a sharp instrument--sometimes a knife is better than shears--make the cut slightly slanting, its high side above the bud. Don't make the cut ilant too much, or too high above the bud or loo close to the bud. Any of these are bad for the brar\ch. Regardless of the season, cut out limbs, branches or twigs which are dead, dying or diseased--and burn them as a precaution. These menace the health of the whole, plant and cut off sunihint and food from other portions o! the plant. Once Covered With Broom Sage, Welk Farm Now Produces Benlonville -(Special) - W h e n Joseph E. Welk moved to his farm northeast of Siloam Springs, 75 per cent of the land was covered with worthless broom sage. He couldn't make a decent living on land in that condition. So he agreed with the Benlon County Soil Conservation District to apply a coordinated conservation program that- fitted his farm. SCS men helped him to plan and apply the program. Today the Welk farm is composed of highly produclive pastures and meadows. He now has a profitable livestock farm. We've mowed o u r ' p a s t u r e s 16 times in the past five years to control weeds and to mulch our land by leaving the clippings on the ground," Welk says. "Mulching pastures .in Ihis manner Is one of the most important things that farmers in Ihe Ozark area can do to improve Ihe soil and gel high yields of good quality forage." Soils Tested Welk helps,his pastures by applying lime and fertilizer in accordance with needs as shown by analyses of the soil. His soils were tested by Joa Slaven, vocational agricultural teacher in Ihe Siloam Springs Schools. In developing permanent pastures and meadows, Welk has seeded his fields to tall fescue with ladino clover, crimson clover, orchard grass, coastal Bermuda grass, rye grass with white Dulch and Korean lespedeza. He rotates In our business we are particularly interested in livestock, especially Beef Cattle and Hogs. We are proud of the careful and continued efforts of the ENTERPRISING FARMERS OF NORTHWEST ARKANSAS To build up the quality of the cattle and hogs they are producing, for Quality always brings higher market prices and Greater Profits. It is a pleasure to deal with these farmers. ^M^^^^^^^^^IM^ ARKANSAS PACKING CO, W. A. "JAKE" DAVIS 222 N. WEST PHONE 125 FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS Wars Double Land Prices In State, U.A. Study Shows Southern, Harold SrojtKlns, and John W. White points out that In July, 1051, the average price of land for the entire state was slightly more ihan three times as high as in the base period 193539. Mobilization for national defense, w i t h the resulting heavy demand for nearly all products of Arkansas farms, is probably tho Prices of land In Arkansas at dominant factor in the current the end of World Wars I and l l l a n r t future land market, the au- wcre more than double the prices; thors feel, prevailing at the beginning of j I'rlccj Move In Unison each war, according to n study Prices of land in Arkansas entitled "Arkansas Land Prices m0 vcd more or less In unison with in War and Peace," published this! prices over the country during spring by the University A g r i - j t | le | as t 40 years, the study brings cultural Experiment Station. ou t. ) n cr . cn ca sc, changes in land The study was undertaken by prirrs followed changes in farm the Bureau of Agricultural Ecn-, | ncomP w |th a lag of a year or so. nomics of the U. S. Department of Higher farm incomes meant high- Agriculture and the University Ur prices for land. The same situ- rural economics and sociologyUtion held true w i t h , respect to department. General trends in mortgage Indebtedness, with volume of sales, prices, and mort-j ] nrs( , 5C ale increase in the »»- gage credit for the slate for the; sumption of debt by Arkansas period'1912 to 1951 were r e c o r d e d ' farmers following upon high com- and detailed sales records were! mndity prices and inflated land sludied in three countries for the lvalues. The publication is Arkansaf Experiment Station Bulletin 517. Swans on England's Thames River are given frequent shampoos to clean t h e i r feathers of oil and bilge waste from ships, - Advertise In the TIMES--II otTi. period 1941 to 1948. A bulletin written by John H. his pastures and harvests nny surplus pasture for hay or seed. Welk's cattle get clear, fresh water from an a u t o m a t i c trough below the grassed dam of a stock pond. Spraying Grape Vineyard fir -· Men are shown at work spraying the vines of crapes in the vineyard n( Jnrk Almerlto, weal of Springdale. The vineyard was put in d u r i n g 194(1, and l n - l year hud ,1 yield nf five tons to the acre, which were sold to the Welch grape j u i c e plant in Kprinfidnle. The 12 n r r f s n l r r o d y had an application of. tanglefoot to control the cutworms, when the upplir ilion of d o r m n n t oil jprny, shown being applied, wai sprayed on the vlnci. The oil spray in i sod fur scale which i? hrcnmina a bit; problem to growers m this nrea: The scole is nn Insect that lakes Ihe r,;ip out of Ihr vines, County A u r n l Carl Hose explalni.' Your Home of the « Chickens-of-Tomorrow The sound basis for any poultry enterprise is a quality baby chick. Our company, accepting this fact, has established three hen farms with a total capacity of 17,000 hens. Each year we replace these hens with baby chicks direct from one of the outstanding breeders in the United States, the Nichols Poultry Farm, famous for their New Hampshire stock. Each year our company spends thousands of dollars in securing the best cockerels to produce a cross chicken that is outstanding for broiler production. We have had over twenty years experience in the manufacture of feed that is second to none. Vigor-Pep chicks fed on Vigor-Pep Feed, with good management, produce outstanding results. Johnson-Steele Co. Springda'e, Ark. Phon « 621 ·HI ,**. --

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