Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on April 18, 1952 · Page 14
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April 18, 1952

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 14

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Friday, April 18, 1952
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NOHTHWItt AKKANJA* («·*», fridoy, April II, Egg Production A Sideline On Southern Farms ;·? Industry Faces -JL Seasonal Problem H Of Fluctuation SK JSWhile egg production it »n im- -iibrtant source of Income In South- · ; *fn agriculture, it is apparently » r.ilde-line enterprise with m o s t jjkmlho'rn rural families. Many pro- "ducers do not place major cm- -Jjjiasis on achieving the m a x i m u m ··potential benefits of which the «jUcrprite 1: capable, ".v These concisions are reported -'In Bulletins 17 ind 18 in the Squlh- 'iern Cooperative Series, at th« result of a survey of methods followed in marketing eggs in nine Southern states. The first bulletin covert "Marketing cues at the Producer Level .in nine Southern (.tales." The second is on "Marketing E£(?s at the First Buyer Level in Nine- Southern States. 1 ' Copies o.f the bulletins can be obtained from the bulletin ·office, University of Arkansas College of Agriculture, in Kayelte- vlllc. The survey w.s conducted under provisions of the Research «nd Marketing Act of 194G by agrlcul- lural economists in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mls- ulsslppl, South Carolina, Tcnnes- Mw, Texas, and Virginia, and in the Bureau of ABHcultudal Eco nomics of the U. S, Department of . Agriculture. Dr. John W. White, head of the University of Arkan- 115 runl.economlcri and. sociology . department, participated in the study and served ·' chairman of the research committee.of experl- · ment st.tlon economists. .'. 112 ArktitMi rimlllei A total of 3,020 open cuuntry I fcmllles who sold eggs In 1948 · were Interviewed In the study. This included 382 Arkansas f a m i lies. Additional information w»s obtained from 853 first buyers who purchased eggs from the 3,020 prbdupcrs. These first buyers in' eluded retail stores, rolling stores, Meetings To Boost Seed Production Springdale Veteran Produces Beef, Broilers, Strawberries vpr**!U ' ········i.'.;jM, ·ShMf-tTtS* A big Increase In gr.s, .nd legume seed production In Northwest Arkansas is expected to result from ·- · - Bcntonville, HunUville, Green Forest . mee ing, held recently »l Fayetteville, Benlonvllla, HunUvllle, Green Forest .nd Rogers. At ogers e Northwest Ark.nm Beekeeper, Association was formed to encourage the use of hecs for poll Ina ing legumes. The mcellnss were sponsored hy the supervisors of the Washington, Bcnton and M^'son ounty and King's River-Long Creek soil conservation districts Total attendance was »"TMnd 1.200 ersons. Shown at a conservation information day at BenlonviHe are, left to r ght, Herbert Russell, persons. Benton County ngent; E C, Walker, nocers , ocational agriculture teacher; Mac Giyens, Siloarn Springs, ncnion L.uuni.y HZCUL; r-* «· ""n** 1 1 ^ w»a*.io »«vm····«··· ...,..,.,...~. - ---- -- , -Elbert S. Gr.h.ro, Lowell, end Harry F. Stilt. Benionville, Benlon County district supervisors; and ). E. Critr., Fayctlevllle, SCS district conservationist. ------=== local produce dealers, hucksters, coop.r.tlves «nt h.tcherles. The survey was conducted to determine more clearly the specific problems involved in marketing eggs in the South, as revealed by present methods, practices, facilities, and results. One of the most .cute problems facing the industry evolves from the highly scaton.l fluctuation in egg production, according to the findings. More than twice as many eggs arc sold during Maich, April, «nJ May ai during September, October, and November. The peak spring production and salei tax, the f.eillties of many loc.l dealers, and. re.dlly available markets to h.ndle Increased supplies al this time of year arc, often d i f f i cult to find. The resulting m.rket congestion, together, with the in- crimed difficulty of maintaining egg quality during warm w«alher, reiult in low prices to producer*. It Is csllm»ted lh«t the aver««c U.S. f.rmer produces more today in one hour of work than the farmer of 60 years ago produced in two. Let Us W« Carry Only Products With Proven Dtptndabiliry, Shop Hw With Confidinct. H«r«... you can fit what you n*«d whin you nttd it... and you know how important that it! Beta us;! prompt treatment often con prevent the Infection of entire flocks and herds. We will ejlodly give you Information on the use of any preparation you may need. US' MAKE THIS YOUR FIRST AID DEPOT for ALL YOUR ANIMAL HEALTH NEEDS. Ricketts Drug Store Glenn and Bubt Riekitti 106 W. Center Phoni 442 Two-Year U.A. Study Of 18 Dairy Herds Shows 40 Per Cent Mastitis Infection A study oj the mastitis situation* In IB d.iry herds, locntcd in five different milksheds in Arkansas, revealed that nearly 40 per cent of the 982 cows had mastitis,.and that 26 per cent of the quarters were Infected. Of the cows examined, 119 were later destroyed hy their owners because of mastitis. The study was conducted by Dr. Edw.rd Crook, assistant veterin- arl.n with 1he University Agricultural Experiment Jj t a t. 1 o n, during the two years ending .lune 19,10. The results were published by the experiment station as Bul- letin.518, "Bovine Mastitis in Arkansas." The 282 cows Included in the study were examined from ope to four, limes each, and 5,000 quarter examln.lions were made. There was a fairly close correlation between age of the cow and udder damage, although many badly damaged quarter's were found in heifers. Although ' the greatest number of Infections were found to be c.used by microcoecl, these bacteria did not have the rlisoase- producUiK ability of streptococci, which were second most frequent. The treatment of strcptoccic m.stitis with penicillin in various vehicles was nearly 100 per cent successful. However, chemotherapy of mlcrococclc mastitis was less successful. Staphylococcus aurcus toxoid- was given subcutancously lo 31 cows infected with micro- cocclc mastitis in.a carefully controlled test. Tho toxoid treatment proved without value for the elimination of microccocl from the udders of these cows. Copies of the publication are available free to residents of. Arkansas. They can bo obtained from county extension aficnts or from the bulletin office, Univor- sity of Arkansas Collece of Agriculture, Fayottcville. Scricea Popular With Farmer And His Cows Bentonvlllc-(Special) - Ralph Cloe likes sorlcoa Icspcdrza for two reasons, lie fids high production from 11 and the r-nws on his dairy farm wesl of here like it both .t green forage and hay. "We have 15 acres of scricea lespedezs set asiri for hay, since our cows and calvos arc so fond of it," Cloe M.VS. About production he states: Last scasnn he harvested 186 bales of hay in two cuttings from a four-acre field t h a t was planted for erosion control in 15149. The hay was cut each timo when the sericea was'10 to 12 inches high. Clot cul 11 one morning, rakcrt it th« next morning when the dew w.s on it, and baled it that afternoon.' Cloe cooperates with the Benton County Soil Conservation District in applying conservation measures on his farm. It is a pleasure to serve our Farmer Friends of Northwest Arkansas CALL US FOR Gutter and Furnace Repair --Storage and Stock Tanks --Metal Flues ALL KINDS OF SHEET METAL WORK CENTRAL HEATING FURNACES For Poultry Growers We Have FEEDERS and AUTOMATIC WATER TROUGHS Complete Line oj Sheet Metal Service Fayetteville Sheet Metal Works i. M. MCDONALD Phone 624 L G. CHRISTIE 115 South East St. Cattle Producers Don't Get Highest Possible Prices As a whole, Arkansas farmers do not receive the highest possible prices for the cattle they sell--but thifi results from faclors. the producer cannot easily change, such as the small number of he»d sold per year by individual farmers. Th|s is pointed out in Bulletin 518 of the University Agricultural Experiment Station, entitled "Cattle Sales and Purchases by Arkansas Farmers." The bulletin was recently published, based on £i study made by Hillard Jackson and D. G. Latterly, members of the rural economics and sociology dnpartmnnl in Ihe College of Agriculture. Jackson and Lafferly interviewed 334 fanners, localed in all parts of the state, who had sold some rattle during 1940. Prices of most grades of Arkansas cattle are usually lower in the fall and winter months and higher in the spring. Yel the farmers interviewed reported that almosl two-thirds of their cattle sales were made in the fall months. Their usuil reason for selling during a'particular season was related to the feed and pasture situation, rather than to prices. Almost half of the farmers sold their cattle at the most convenient place, and only a fourth reported that price considerations entered into their choice of a market. Alternative markets are available to nil farmers, yet only one 10th of those covered in the study tried other, markets before selling their cattle. Sold Only A Few The majority of the fanners sold only a few head during the year. Transporting these small lots of cattle lo markets that offer best returns is a major problem lo such farmers. Pooling Ihe caltie in an area for shipment to a more satisfactory markel might be a solution to the problem of increasing the farmer's net return. When the farmers were asked to give their most urgent marketing problem, transporting cattle to market was the one most f r e - quently mentioned. Residents of Arkansas may obtain copies of the bulletin from county extension agents or from the bulletin office, University Col Icfie of Agriculture. Raw Gully Becomes Best Part Of Chiidress Farm Bcntonville- (Special) -Good veg- r t a t i o n and other conservation mr.'isurcs have made what was once a raw Rully the most productive part of llw A. B. Chiidress ' Inrm in the Ccntcrton community. When Chiidress began his conservation program, ho plowed the sides of the gully, fertilized the area heavily and seeded tall fescue and w h i t e Dutch clover. Last yta Chiidress wanted to harvest feed from 15 acres of white Dutch clover which he h.d seeded In » field of 1.11 fescue. But he luci no equipment. So he made a pan and atl.ched it to his horse- rirkU'n mower. 1 needed the clovpr seed to use with (encue s'crd I had harvested earlier lo plant an additional 14 acres w i t h these Rood forage plants," Chiidress explained. "1 linrl enough seed left over to sell and the income from the seed more than pair) for the InocuUnt, lime and fertilizer 1 uted on the land 1 jeeded to these crops." Chiidress Is A cooporntor with the tienton County Soil Conser vntlon District. Spider weh sill: Is stronger than th.t mide by silkworms but It h«i never'proved possible to product It In commercial qmntltles, There are no direct »lr routes llnklni! South America .with Aui- trnlla. Vernon 0. B.ker spe.ks highly of G.J. agricultural training. This. World War II Navy veteran it making good u»e of the training on hit (l-icc« farm at Springdale: When ht renttd the plsce from his father in 1MB, the farm was overrun with s»gt grass. "I had a ·j.rd job trying to farm the place," Baker says.. He struggled along until last July, when he enrolled for G. 1. agricultural training. He drew Lynn L. Smith of Fayetteville as teacher. Smith advises every G. T. who enrolls in his classes .to start work on a soil conservation program. He look Baker to the supervisors of the Washington County Soil Conservation District, and B a k e r agreed to apply a coordinated con- iervation program to his land. Technicians of the SCS helped him draw up a plan embodying the' measures his farm needed to control erosion and build up productivity. The plan called mainly for grassland farming. Last September Baker began his pasture Improvement work. He iteded orchard gr.ss, tall fescue and Jadino clover anil then cver- seeded oats. Three weki ago he loosened up the soil under a field of Bermuda grass that had become teo tightly picked and over- seeded Kobe n4 Korean Itipe- dcza. Two weeks before the planting he applied 210 |»uncU of i-105 fertilize' |n lere. Now Baker has 30 «««« In permanent pastures of top-quality, high-producing forage crops, 12 acres in tupplemental paiture, 10 acres in woodland-pasture, eight, acres in a meadow of alfalfa, six acres in strawberries, and two acres in his homeitead. M.I 11 Cattle. Baker began acquiring his cattle last August, now has 23 head. His main enterprises are beef calves, broilers, and (trawberriei. An old pond that had .gone dry presented a water problem. SCS engineers helped him enlarge the pond, which now has water in it six feel deep. To fix his fences, Baker obtained old railroad ties for posts. Now he has a good four-strand wire fence all around his farm and plans to cross-fence the place to increase the two separate pastures he has nnw into four pastures. This C.I. farmer raises 13,000 or U.COO broiler chickens a year. He spreads the chicken manure over his pastures. "That's why I got sucl-i good pasture stands so fast," he says. "The manure is one of the big assets of the broiler business. Even if you didn't break even on the broilers, you'd still be ahead if you 'used the manure to keep your pastures in good condition." Corrugated Seeders Used For Planting Bentonville-(Special)-A n u m - ber of Benton County Soil Conservation District cooperators have bought double-roller, corrugated seeders to do a better job of plant- ing frasi and legume crops in pastures end meadows. Harry Stilt, secretary of the district': Board of Supervisors, reporti farmers' ef the district use the seederi t« plant such crops a: sericea lespedeia, crimson la- dino, white Dutch, red and' alsike clovers, tall fescue, orchard grass, alfalfa and others cloven and grasses. The new seeding machines" insure uniform stands. Puts Grass-Legume Seeder To Full Use Virgil Estes hit put ills grass legume seeder to full use. Besides improving 50 acres of pastures on- his own 80-acre dairy farm on Route 4, Fayetteville, he has seeded about 5,100 acres for other farmers in the Washington County- Soil Conservation District. Estes has seeded mainly-orchid and tall fescue .grass and ladino and crimson clover. Tasmanian blue gum, a tree, has wood so dense that jt sinks in water. March 25, 1952, was the 200th Anniversary of MUTUAL INSURANCE, an American Institution, Founded on an Idea Conceived by Benjaman Franklin. The Washington County Farmers Mutual Fire Ins. Co. Founded 1922 and Northwest Arkansas Farmers Mutual Tornado Ins. Co. Founded 1924 Are True Farmers Mutuals Efficient in Economy and Service. Phone 180 P.O. box 545 Fayetteville, Ark. F.isler Island, lonely South Pacific speck, Is smaller Ilia. UK' Dlitrlcl of Columbia. HOM06ENIZED PASTEURIZED (We offer our Dairy Farmer Friends of Northwest Arkansas an excellent market for their products, and congratulate them on their enterprise,) CALL 330 For Home Delivery pr Ask for Our Milk AT YOUR FAVORITE GROCERY FAYETTEVILLE MILK CO. HOY RIGGINS, OWNER and MANAGER PHONE 330 330 North West Street , Fayetteville, Arkansas

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