Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 31, 1974 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, August 31, 1974
Page 4
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Jiortfjtoest Cimess Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern 01 This Newspaper 4 · SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1974 Let's You-.All Economize Inflation is the Big Deal this late summer for politician as well as the family budget- balancer, and the greatest spectacle yet for the new Ford Administration is its forthcoming summit session on the economy. It is to be hoped that the President and his advisers (most of whom helped President Nixon get us to where we are presently and are therefore presumed, presumably, to have first-hand knowledge of the problem) can cool inflation, balance the budget and point the way toward meaningful tax reforms. At the moment the President's views seem to be to the effect that teamwork and plenty of spirit (the will to win, so to speak) will be pressed into the game plan. The team that won't be beat can't be beat, in other words. At his first full-fledged press conference since becoming president, Mr. Ford placed emphasis on his resolve not to invoke wage and price controls on the economy. He says Congress won't pass 'em (which is debatable) and that he won't use 'em (which remains to be seen). Rep. Wilbur Mills, the great brain of the budget, instructively, agrees with the President except that he doesn't rule out the possibility that controls could look better next year if other persuasions 1311. A good many liberal and Democratic economists, who are somewhat less Sanguine about the efficacies of pure grit in the marketplace, are unconvinced that the President's orthodox Republican outlook will bring the present difficulties to heel. A great many experts outside the White House seem to think some sort of controls will ultimately he necessary. His- torically, at any rate, the few instances when controls have been invoked have been quite successful. Meanwhile, the hard-pressed homemaker's most encouraging word from government is from Agri Secretary Earl Butz who doesn't think prices will climb as briskly next year as this, and cheerily suggests that the consumer's role in the crisis is to tough it out. In such a climate, politicians can be counted on this fair to suggest that they can make a significant contribution to economic stability if elected. Watergate, according to the current thinking, has faded as a political issue in the wash of Ford's welcomed ascendency to the GOP helm. On the other hand, the nation's economic difficulties are in good measure of Republican manufacture, and those congressmen running for re-election this fall who have supported unquestioningly the trend of Nixonomics the last half- dozen years and are supporting Ford's early efforts to hold the Nixon line on a number of important domestic economic policies, may well be called to task by their constituencies in November. In this week's various primaries, newcomers generally fared better than the old hands. It is interesting, too, from the point of view of the nation's staggering economic problem, to find that the new President is an old friend of the auto industry, and that the Vice President is Mr. Oil and Mr. Big Business, himself. The thought, then, that the real battle against inflation may indeed wind up in the hands of the middle to low income segment of America may not be so far-fetched as one might think. What Use, 20 Years Of SEATO? WASHINGTON (ERR) -Few will note or long remember that Sept. 8 marks the 20th anniversary of the Southeast A s i a Treaty Organization (SEATO). On that date in 1954 representatives of eight nations . gathered in Manila to sign a collective defense pact pledging joint action against aggressive threats to any signatory. Secretary of tSate J o h n Foster Dulles, who signed the treaty on behalf of the United States, went so far as to call it an "Asian Monroe Doctrine." Dulles was euphoric because SEATO was the last of three U.S.-sponsored military alliances designed to prevent the westward or southward expansion of Soviet or Chinese communism. The first and most important of the three was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), established in 1949. The Baghdad Pact, which formed the basis of the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO), followed in 1955. In a booklet commemorating SEATO's first decade, the organization's headquarters declared: "SEATO, NATO, CENTO...and other groups have been designed to meet particular situations in various parts of the world, for the threat of communism is .worldwide. But . they have the common purpose of preserving peace and defending the liberties and freedom of action of t h e i r members. Under collective security, old rivalries die, new friendships germinate, and a new understanding grows among nations often widely separated, not only in distance one from another, but also in history and tradition." "Harry, I Just Got Wiped Out In The Market" From The Readers Viewpoint Right, Again To the Editor: Once again the sagacious and perceptive old Clayton Fritchey has hit the nail on the head concerning the Gernerals and US Foregin Policy (this space y e s t e r d a y B-26-74, WHAT PRICE THE GENERALS?). The tremendous expenditure just made to establish the US Navy at a mighty base in the Greece of the suddenly defunct junta, and its total loss, are just another of supporting antidemocratic right-wing-military dictatorships around the world on the questionable assumption that they are vital to American Security. "The dismal end results of blindly sticking with the Greek colonels and generals is only one example of how this shortsighted policy has more often betrayed U.S. interests than ad- venced them. If any confirmation is needed, a quick look at Southeast Asia and Korea ought to suffice" correctly observes Clayton Fritehey. The dispairing thing is that the sanity and wisdom of such as pundit Fritchey more and more is like a lone voice in the wilderness. For all its genius and intellectual depth and vigor, the diplomacy of Henry Kissinger, of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford as instilled by Kissinger and the Pentagon, unashamedly sticks with the imperialistic philosophy of military supremacy. That is why we remain as involved as ever in I From Our files; How Time F/ies 10 YEARS AGO The newly formed Sequoyah Kiwanis Club will receive its charter tonight. Parking restrictions will be studied today by the mayor and members of the city council's so VEARS AGO The Washington County Fair holds the state record for continued and successful operation. If is, after 17 years, still going strong. 100 YEARS AGO Butter Is 15 cents a pound, streets are dusty and merchants are complaining. They don't believe in advertising! Street Committee. Lockwood W. Searcy has been named recipient of the Wash- i n g t o n County Historical Society's distinguished citizen award. The Prince of Wales arrived in Washington, D.C. today and will dine with President Coolidge and family at the White House. Watermelons are coming in by the wagon load and selling for 10 to 15 cents. Vietnam except in terms of American bodies involved, and why the "Defense Budget" climbs and climbs to unprecedented billions, and continues to be the NUMBER ONE factor in the US economic fiasco. It is a good sign of course that the Congress at last seems able and willing to start making actual reductions in the most wasteful undermining cost. But five billions cut is only a token, when considered in the light of billions to such as Vietnam and Greece, to say nothing of new, monstrous, redundant instruments of destruction, which only add to overkill capacity and generate matching efforts and expenditures by other powers. Unfortunately, P r e s i d e n t Ford, even as he declared war on inflation as his number one priority, put the Pentagon out of bounds for reductions in funds. This makes as much sense, when you get right down to it, as for a starving farm family to buy on credit a new tractor and combine, when unsure as to whether there will be gasoline to run them, seeds to plant, or food to sustain life pending harvest! U n l e s s the FORDIAN ECONOMIC SUMMIT realistically tackles the question of priorities in the Public Interest, NOT in the interest of Big Business, Big Agriculture, Big Banking, Big Military Budgets, and related Big Economic interests, it surely will be just another exercise in futility, bringing the nation ever closer to depression, repression, and authoritarianism. Reuben R. Thomas Fayetleville THOSE WORDS HAVE a decidedly hollow ring today. The NATO alliance, long beset by strain, has been thrown into further disarray by Greece's decision to withdraw its armed forces from the organization. As for CENTO and SEATO, former Under Secretary of the Air Force Town send Hoopes has written that "their continued survival today, in a moribund state, is attributable largely to the extraordinary strength of bureaucratic inertia." Several members' of Congress have urged that SEATO, in particular, be dismantled. They point out that President Johnson often invoked the collective security provisions of the Manila pact to justify continued U.S. involvement in the Vietnam war. They fear some, future President may do likewise if confronted with a similar crisis. In testimony last March before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Assistant Secretary of State Robert S. Ing e r s o 11 acknowledged that history has overtaken a primary objective of SEATO, "to contain the People's Reoub- lic of China." But he insisted that a decision to scrap SEATO "would simply enforce a current opinion among Asian leaders that the U.S. is rapidly withdrawing from Asia and leaving them to fend for themselves." IF THE DAYS of "pacto- mania" have passed, there is at least one resemblance between the worlds of 1954 and 1974: a dominant, often domineering, U.S. Secretary of State shaping the course of international affairs. It was said of Dulles, and could also be said of Henry A. Kissinger, that he "carried the State Department in his hat." But the similarities do not extend much beyond that point. Dulles, the alliance-builder, was known for his inflexible anti-Communism arid highly moralistic approach to foreign policy. Kissinger, the masterful negotiator, has enjoyed more success in winning over old enemies than in maintaining good tics with old friends. It will be years before anyone can say with assurance whether Kissinger's world-view was more prescient than Dulles's. Osrln in Tb« Plata Dealer The Problem Of Solid Waste By JOHN HAMER (Editorial Research Reports) WASHINGTON -- Every man, woman and child in the country throws away three to four pounds of solid waste a day, on the average, or more than a thousand pounds a year. The effluence of American affluence is now a critical problem across the nation, with the trash piles of the throwaway society growing about five times faster than the population. American cities are crying for help to combat the solid waste threat. In early 1974, when the National League of Cities asked more than 1,000 mayors and city council members to rank their major urban problems, ; refuse and solid waste topped the list. Traditional means of waste disposal -- open dumps or sanitary landfills -- simply cannot handle the burgeoning flow of garbage and trash. Nearly half of the nation's cities predicted they would run out of land disposal sites in from one to five years. An old Chinese proverb holds that "Waste is merely something we have not yet figured out how to use." Indeed, new technologies o f "resource recovery" are being widely promoted as the answer to America's solid waste problems -- burning trash for energy in power plants, separating metal, paper and glass for recycling, turning sewage and manure into feed, fuel or fertilizer, and salvaging old automobiles and tires for construction materials. At the same time, others contend that "source reduction" is a preferable solution to the solid waste burden -- cutting down on what is thrown away b y banning non-returnable bottles and cans,' .eliminating over-packaging, improving the durability and reusability of c o n s u m e r products, and building smaller automobiles. But these methods, too, will require new technologies. In the immediate future, both approaches no doubt will be necessary. NEARLY 50 CITIES today are in some stage of commitment to resource or energy recovery technologies, although only a few systems are actually operating or being built. Of all the new technologies, the use of solid waste as a supplementary energy source appears most attractive. About 70 to 80 per cent of municipal solid waste is combustible, according to the federal Environmental Protection Agency, although the agency cautions that refuse could provide only about 1 per cent of the nation's energy needs. The most successful system is operated in St. Louis by the Union Electric Company with EPA support. Each day, about 200' tons of shredded trash are mived with coal and burned · in a boiler furnace to produce steam to turn turbine generators in a conventional electric power plant. Union Electric will complete a much larger system to handle more than 7,000 tons of trash a day by mid-1977. Similar facilities are planned in Chicago, Bridgeport, Conn., and Memphis, Tenn. Other cities are investigating systems which separate valuable materials from refuse for recycling. One prototype, in Franklin, Ohio, gobbles up some 150 tons of garbage a day and spits out steel, aluminum, paper fiber and crushed glass. An even more elaborate system is about to be built in New Orleans by Waste Management, Inc., with the help of the National Center for Resource Recovery (NCRR), an industry- supported solid waste research organization. It will process 700 tons of refuse per day -- about half of the city's output. "By 1980, there will be 'at least 75 or 105 cities operating systems of this kind," Richard L. Lesher, president of NCRR, said recently. "The nation is now currently in a rapid transition from the age of disposal to the age of recovery." Other observers are less enthusiastic. Catherine Lerza of Environmental Action, a nonprofit Washington, D.C., en- vironmental group, counters? "In the New Orleans project, NCRR has created a classic 'technological fix' which evades the real cause of the solid waste problem in America. Simply put, we are generating too much trash." SOURCE REDUCTION is an easier goal to advocate than it is to implement, however. The United States has traditionally encouraged the maximum flow of raw materials through the economy. At the same time, it has discouraged the nso of s e c o n d a r y or recycled materials. In the 19th century, the Homestead and Mining Acls promoted the development of virgin materials and minerals. The Interstate Commerce Commission's railroad freight rates are still from 50 to 100 per cent higher for scrap materials than raw materials. Despite such formidable barriers, the EPA estimates that a mere 8 per cent reduction in the creation of waste could mean disposal cost savings of between $70 million and $90 million by 1985. Such a reduction could be achieved by "eliminating non-refillable beverage containers, increasing the use of bulk containers, reducing throwaway products, or eliminating excess packaging," a recent EPA r e p o r t to Congress concluded. But methods which appear sound in principle can be tricky in practice and involve trade-offs ill costs, convenience, or employment. To be effective, any federal legislation must be accompanied by a widespread change in public attitudes. The key question for the long run is whether the nation can go on producing more and more goods every year or whether it must undertake a broad new policy of conserving raw materials and natural resources. Until more people realize that their trash does not truly disappear when the garbage truck drives away, the solid waste crisis will only continue to get worse. Arkansas Editors Comment On New UA President, Public Buildings Boondoggle PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL Charles E. Bishop is a new man in a big job -- president of the University of Arkansas -- so it would be a mistake to judge him too harshly on the basis of his first comments on the job. Nevertheless, some of those comments arc cause for concern. As when he responded to a question about the need for construction at the university's Pine Bluff branch by saying: "I don't believe any state should commit itself to have equal facilities at all institutions." One hopes this doesn't mean the new president is willing to accept lower standards for UA-PB than for a n y other campus of the university system. Perhaps Dr. Bishop was just trying to fob off a specific question with an unfortunate phrase. Let's hope he was just talking to pass the time of day, t h e way a nervous newcomer might at a family reunion where he doesn't recognize any of t h e cousins and gets the aunts' names confused. "The commitment should be to each campus doing well that which it does best," he went on. Well, that's nice. But suppose there's a campus t h a t doesn't do anything the best? Will it just be left there to linger under a bed of uplifting platitudes? And how docs a campus not yet the best in some area of promise g e t its chance fo become the best? One can understand, and second, the new president's wish to avoid unnecessary duplica- tion. Let's trust it doesn't also lead to an avoidance of excellence -- on any campus. One of the dangers of this approach is that those schools that start off poorest -- who do little or nothing the best -- may stay the poorest. Not every campus needs a law school -- in that sense, they need not be equal -- but every one ought to meet certain minimal standards, say in English or in adequate facilities. And none should be treated with the neglect that has been lavished on UA-PB all these years with singular precision. "I hope the people of the stale will be willing to finance" substantial improvements at UA- PB, said Dr. Bishop. Surely he will be doing more than honing, surely he'll be out there pitching. He ought not to leave this challenge to "the people," but lead public opinion in meeting it. T h e rear-of-the-bus days should be over for UA-PB. Dr. Bishop says the school will have his support in becoming an institution for the whole commu- nity.His support might be clearer if he would indicate from the start that standards for UA- PB will match those of the system's other campuses. The first thing that needs to be done, says Dr. Bishop, is to "dream a little." Well, perhaps the very first thing that needs to be done is lo acquaint the new president with some of the glaring realities of Ihe system he now heads -- like the urgent need for im- provements at UA-PB, and the importance of the state keeping its pledge to the federal government that the faculty, curriculum and facilities at UA- PB will m e e t the standards of the university system as the whole. One would like to assume that Dr. Bishop is dedicated to that goal. SEARCV DAILY CITIZEN One thing the home folks have noticed ... and appreciated ... about Congressman Wilbur Mills over the years is a reluctance to use the phrase, "I told you so." We would be inclined to think the temptation has been very great over the past few days to say exactly that. In January and again in February, both times in response to questions from the m e d i a Congressman Mills said that the pressure on the President must be terribly intense and was likely to become more so. He said that pressure w o u l d come from the public and frotn the President's fellow Republicans. This week's scenario of events, that began with the startling disclosure at the White House on Monday, culminated last night. We join the congressman in saying: "The President has taken action that can be the first step in healing the divisiveness." Also, in view of Mr. Mills' obvious reluctance to use the phrase we'll use it for him. He did tell us so... DAILY NEWS (Jacksonville) The so-called Capitol Mall building office complex for state agencies has all the earmarks of a real windfall for the state's securities dealers who specialize in such things and raises more questions than the proposal answers. In fact, the only question the proposal answers is the one of providing office space for state agencies. Some of the questions posed by this proposal are: Does the state really need a capitol office complex of the magnitude proposed, or would the state be better off to build less expensive types of construction in less densely populated and less expensive areas? Why did the commission offer such a far-reaching proposal at all, when the actual job they were handed by the legislature several years ago envisioned an entirely different type of study when funding the commission? Would the people of Arkansas look with favor upon such a huge bond issue pledging the full faith and credit of the state for years to come for such a purpose? Whose idea was it to advance the subterfuge of renting' the offices to state agencies, thereby making it a 'revenue producing' bond issue, rather than the lax revenue sponge it actually would he? Why did Ihe Commission Chairman Frank Whilbeck hastily resign when the Governor and the Legislature turned out to be something less than ecstatic upon receiving the study commission report? These questions and ot h e r s may find answers in the weeks and months ahead as Arkansans begin to debate the proposal. For our part we are against the entire project. The urban renewal commission of both Little Rock and North Little Rock are tearing down the history of the area every day and many of these buildings could be remodeled to serve as offices for state agencies. Other agencies could follow the example of the state Highway Department and build outside the downtown area helping avoid more congestion, reducing pollution, etc., etc., etc. A better way can be found to spend the taxpayers money, at the same time preserving the beauty of the present state capitol grounds. MARKED TREE TRIBUNE A large-scale state building project has been cleared for action ad already opposition is developing. It's hard to say whether the opposition is justified but one can see the possibility of shorl- circuiling the taxpayers in the venture. The Arkansas Public building Authority last week authorized architects to move ahead with working drawings on a $50 million building complex adjoining the present state capito in Little Rock. Tha overall construction pro- gram will cost much more than that. The Legislative Council has limited total spending to $74 million. Also, the Building Authority was told not to sell any revenue bonds until after next year's legislative session. Lawmakers want to see how much state money might be available for the construction project to cut down on the number of bonds issued. .Sen. Morriss Henry of Fay- etleville distributed a letter saying the plans for the state office building complex "Make the H i g h w a y Commission building look like a one-room schoolhouse." The Arkansas Public Building Authority was created in 1973 at the request of Gov. Bumpers. He asked $15 million to build stale buildings to house state agencies. Now the price lag has reached $75 million or more and the cost of construction is soaring even higher. Morriss declares: "State revenues will be committed for the riext. 20 to 30 years to finance this building program in Pulaski County. When htis proposal was submitted to the Legislature last year I, for one, did not dream such an extravagant complex would be planned for the rough and steep terrain lying west of the present capitol grounds." While we agree that it is incumbent upon slate government to provide buildings, offices and other facilities for the conduct . of stale business, we wonder if the state office building scheme isn't another cas» where the check-and-balanca system breaks down. The way the plan is arranged, a small group of appointed people -- the Building Authority -- are empowered to spend a vast amount of money. Sen Henry's ultimate conclusion is not without merit: "This attempt to bypass the normal procedure and to grant to a few persons the power to commit state lax money without limit for years to come is wrong, in my opinion." ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT The suggestion m a d e by Mrs. David D, Terry, and print, ed here a few weeks ago, that Liltle Rock preserve the memory ot the Late Gov. Winthrop Rockefeller by re-naming MacArthur Park in his honor, has begun to catch on. Several . letlers-fo-the-editor have endorsed the idea and countless friends of the philanthropist -turned rancher-turned politician have voiced their support And while most think the idea of honoring Rockefeller is good, they still want to retain Mac Arthur's tie to the Capitol City and suggest his birthplace, the old army barracks in the park, be renamed the MacArthur Museum of Science Natural History. Both suggestions are sound and we hope the appropriate cars at City Hall are tuned in and listening. It should he a simple matter to draft a re(CONTINUED ON PACE 9)

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