Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Friday, Aug. 30, 1974 FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS Series Of Tests Determine Soviet College Entrance Associated Press Writer MOSCOW (AP) - "I haven't done much of anything since June, Valery said wearily. I ve spent all that time -- well most of it -- cramming lor exams." Like hordes of other 1974 Soviet high school graduates, Valery was preparing for a crucial series of tests, administered nationwide in August, which determined whether he would be allowed to embark on a higher education. For 940,000 students, the pressure-ridden exams in four or five .subjects, culminating 10 years of study, ended in trjumph. Those students -about 20 per cent of the high school graduating class -- were admitted to beginning studies at the Soviet Union's 845 universities and institutes. But there were thousands of others who either failed or die not score high enough to compete with other applicants at the institutions which they hoped to attend. Tt ' s the college crunch -- So /iet style, A recent Soviet educational tudy said that on the average, ligher schools accept one of hree applicants, but the Ivy ,eague schools of the Soviet Jnion, such as Moscow Stale University and the University of Leningrad, and some presti- Sious institutes and art schools lave a much higher turn-down rate. For those who are not admit- ed to higher schools, as the magazine Moskva put it, the experience is a "catastrophe of life." Soviet students start preparing for the entrance exams as early as three years before they actually take them, the ma'gazine said. "They do not imagine any other way., for themselves," Moskva soberly concluded, "Not all of them know what speciality they will study bu they have taken the institute for granted. Parents hire teach ers for them who, in their opin ion, know every question usual ly asked at the entrance exam nations." The exams, most of which are given orally over about a ,wo-week period, are more important than the American col- ege board tests because hey're the prime criterion for college admission. Kpmsomolskaya Pravda, a ov|et youth newspaper, has been critical of the exam process, claiming it "sometimes lampers the possibility to give an objective assessment of the tnovvledge and capability of young people cnterirfg institutions," In an effort to overcome this problem, a new set of entrance regulations was issued two years ago demanding that students' high school grades and evidence of their work anc 'conscientiousness" be taken more into account. The high school admission squeeze 'stems partly from the fact that the Soviet Union has taken such 'giant strides making higher education, pre viously a privilege of the rich available to many more of it icople. As a result, young people's expectations that they will go o higher schools have risen ac- :ordingly. For the past few years, the Soviet Union has been trying to persuade some of its young eople to opt for a job after secondary school graduation rather than try to go on to a ligher school. But, like their American counterparts. Soviet youth are ncreasingly shying away from the blue-collar or manual jobs and yearn for the prestige and the expected good employment won through a higher education diploma. About half ot the 4.6, million persons studying at higher education establishments do have jobs, attending classes in the evening or by correspondence. By Soviet law, they are giver time off from their jobs to study and take examinations. Of the 845 higher education institutions, only 62 are unlver sities, a third not more than 1( years old. The remainder are ighly specialized institutes, vhich concentrate on one of hundreds of f i e l d s , ' from me- hanical engineering to languages to cinematography. But even the universities are professional schools by American standards. With strong cm- 'Corpse' Found CLEVELAND, Ohio (AP) -?our homicide detectives anc six patrolmen were sent to Â·esiigate a train dispatchers report of a body lying on a flat car. "A lieutenant who climbec aboard the flatcar turned white as a ghost when the man's head rose and the 'corpse asked, 'Where am IT" a detec live said. The man, very much alive had been drinking in Erie, Pa. and had jumped on the flatca to sleep if off, police s a l e Tuesday. hasis on sciences and lech- otogy rather than on general nd broad scholarship and earning. The intense desire for higher education has spawned a wide 'ariety of abuses in the appli- -ation procedure. The Soviet press is constantly critical of he use of political power and connections by parents to gain special privileges for their chil- iren. Because tuition and dormito- Â·y lodging are free, students aren't hampered as much by finances in getting an education in the Soviet Union as they are in some countries. About 75 per cent also re- ccive a government stipend, ranging from 40 rubles upwards, but in most cases, it's not enough to cover all ex penses. Most students still re- ceivc money and food packages rom thoir parents. Despite official Soviet insist ence that education is equally ivailable to all, the majority o higher education students arc children of white collar workers made up 59.6 per cent of the total number of students, de spite the tact that 'group com IXPIRT WATCH KEPAIH / 'yJS SWIFT S V Nerth W'nrV St. 5'/4% 53/4% 6%% We have a savings program and Interest rate to meet your needs, Fayetteville Savings Loan Association 201 N. East Avenue 'rises only about 21 per cent or he population. I LEARN BASIC OR ADVANCED INCOME TAX PREPARATION Thousands are earning good money as tax preparers. En* rollment open to men and women of all ages. Job interviews available for best students* Send for free inform* tion and class schedules. Classes Start: SEPTEHMER 12 CONTACT" . 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