Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 29, 1974 · Page 4
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August 29, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Thursday, August 29, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is Tfc« First Concern 01 This Newspaper 4 * THURSDAY, AUGNST 29, 1974 President Tests 'Jawbone On Congress $3.50 Ought To Be Enough The state Game and Fish Commission didin't win many friends, or influence many people we imagine, with its suggestion that the state Legislature raise annual hunting and fishing licenses to $7.50 each. For a majority of Arknasans, we believe, the proposed fees would be way out of line. The present price of a resident fishing license is $3.50 (up a buck from what it was not too long ago). For a resident; with a wife and two children who insist on tagging along occasionally, that's an outlay of 814 per annum, not counting worms . . . a lot to pay for the privilege of not catching any fish. Although there are surely some calculated reasons why the Game and Fish Commission feels it needs additional revenues, we are unconvinced by the "field facts" of the situation. To be sure there are a number of sportsmen, anglers and hunters, who get a lot for their money at $3.50, and would even find $7.50 a bargain. These are the sportsmen who talk loudly about their feats, and make the biggest show of being "representative" of their sports, at various meetings and hearings. The vast bulk of license buyers in Arkansas, however, won't catch $3.50 worth of fish in two years, much less $7.50 worth in one short summer. Maybe, of course, benefit, in terms of catch, is not what persuades the Commission. We have noted with Interest, and commented here, on plans for an almost $3.5 million Little Rock headquarters for the GFC (as part of the Public Building Authority's multi-million dollar Capitol Grounds office complex). Perhaps a John I. Smith sense of impending grandeur is gripping the Commission. We can understand in that context (sort of) a feeling that $3.50 per fisherman doesn't do justice to a state with a $3.5 million fish and gamey headquarters. But consider the poor angler who may never even get the chance to visit such an elaborate edifice at Little Rock. He's the fellow who hasn't caught a dollar's worth of fish in three years. He's the fellow who goes fishing only occasionally, .and then mostly to just get out in the fresh air, away from the too-quick pace of normal routine. What great services do the Game and Fish Commission perform for him that are worth, for his family, $30 or thereabouts, a year? Arkansas is blessed, we believe--Northwest Arkansas no more than other quarters of the state -- with great natural assets. We appreciate the fine work the Game and Fish Commission is doing in enhancing deer and small game hunting for hunters, and we endorse the GFC's special trout stamp which helps underwrite the state's popular trout stocking program. But let us not lose sight of the fact that a great many residents who buy fishing licenses do so out of a respect and belief in the law -- not because they are about to run a trotline and skin, out 100 pounds of catfish. To boost the license fee so drastically, more than 100 per cent at one time, to our way of thinking, will prompt many residents to ignore the law, a practice that will only complicate enforcement, reduce revenue, and darken the Commission's rapport with the public. We trust our state's lawmakers give this suggestion the short shrift it deserves. Area Farming By JOHN I. SMITH A person who was not around in 1936 asked if the drouth of this year was as severe as that of '36. Of course, our drouth of this year, though severe for a few critical weeks, was only a minor affair as compared with at least three drouths which occured in the 1930 to MO decade. In relation to crop production the nation over, we have (up to now) had at least a fair year. Then the recent rains have assured us in Northwest Arkansas a good late cutting of hay. The country is green. Even though the rains have not been large and destructive, they have been accompanied with cooler temperature and lots of shade which have aided the rains or showers to revive the pastures and the hay meadows. Of course, more severe drouth conditions (Federal map of the drouth) have existed in the west halt of Texas, eastern Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, Ohio, and Indiana. In these latter mentioned states, the drouth came just at the time that .the corn needed rain, and much of it failed to make grain. But, make no mistake about it, we have not had such a drouth as occured in three years of the thirties. THE CATTLE situation remains disturbed. The Federal August report shows the inventory of total cattle in the United States to be very high--over 138 million. The build up in the last \ From Oar Files; How Time Flies] 10 YEARS AGO Another wallet was stolen from an employe ol a business a half-block off the square yesterday. It was the fifth such incident in the past 10 days. Sheriff Arthur Davidson is the biggest spender among those candidates who have filed a list so VEARS AGO University Athletic Park is to be enlarged approximately 20.000 feet by taking in ground south to Dickson Street now not enclosed, it was announced today. Total purse offered in the Washington County Fair races is 51475. according to announcement made by Lea Moore, 100 YEARS AGO On Monday nest the autumn term of the University opens and the prospects for a large attendance, especially of new students, are much belter than vye anticipated in view of and the shortness of the crops. Our popular friend Col. Pitman is gaining friends every day; our county is unanimous of their expenditures for the July 28 Democratic primary election. The Ozarks most colorful Labor Day celebration is shaping up for Battlefield Park in Prairie Grove. speed secretary. Shining from the south side of Mount Scquoyah last night, the big searchlight of the National Guard, did its stuff, and a prettier exhibit drill was accomplished than last Tuesday night when the light was operated from the north end of the mountain. for him for the circuit judgeship. We predict that he will beat any man in the district, and pack a bag of salt! The "stockholders" met yesterday and resolved to borrow state scrip from public treasury, to start the thing grinding. five years has been very rapid. This report agrees with what one person stated l a s t week after he returned from a Memphis trip, "I saw cattle everywhere--more than ever before." The increasing price of grain caused partly by the weakening of the 1374 corn crop has caused a great increase in the slaughter of cattle right off the grass. The above mentioned report, tells of this trend, 'Non-fed steer and heifer slaughter exceeded one million head (in first half of 1974) compared with 100,000 in the first halt of 1973." While in previous years the feeders of the North paid about $10 per hundred above fed steer prices for our big steel calves, they are now paying less than what they receive per pound for their grain fed steers. This trend of course, is a further result of the high price for grain feed. They (the feeders) do not control the price of grain, but they do control the price that they pay for our feeder calves. The result is simple. We must begin to take our calves on grass to 800 pounds or above, and then they will go directly to the slaughter houses. Perhaps, the feeders will take the 800 pound steers and feed them for a very short time on grain to improve their quality. No one knows just how long this high price of grain will last. It could be to beyond the foreseeable future. We here need to improve our grass and take our steers or our slaughter heifers, to a much heavier weight. They'll Do It Every Time HIMSELF A SWA6 SAG- WHICH MO YOUKO execwive SHOULP 8E. WITHOUT" ANOTHER recommendation of our Agronomy Department should have close attention--the overgrazing, not undergrazing, of our fescue pastures. Old fescue is tough and low in protein and, therefore, generally poor in quality; the new shoots in heavily grazed fescue is tender, higher in protein and, therefore, higher in quality. A recent visit to a field of fescue that was practically never allowed to get over about four inches high showed a fair bit of clover in it. Did the white clover stay there because the sun could not get to it? Is the absence of white clover in rank or tall fescue due lo a shading out of the smaller clover? Perhaps someone can answer these questions. Now over 90 per cent of all our cattle are on grass, and the percentage on grass is increasing. Thus, we, in the grazing section of our country, must improve the quality of our grass; and the American people must learn fo consume a lot of grass fed beef. Bible Verse "Preach the word, be urgent Jn season and out of season, be unfailing in patience and in teaching. For the time Is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching cars they will accumulate for themselves lo suit their own likings." 2 Timothy 4:2,3 Good preaching is just repeating what Jesus had to say and what He said, he will bless. It is too bad thai the average minister today is made to fool that his job is lo put something over or to sec that everything goes off alright. By JACK ANDKKSON And LES WHITTEN WASHINGTON -- Not all con- grcssional leaders, are enthusiastic about President Ford's moves lo tackle the nation's nagging economic problems. In private, some have told us they don't think his conservative policies will prevent a recession. Some even fear his policies could bring on a depression similar to Ihe 1930s. But they av? eager to cooper- ale with the new President. They raised only mild objections, therefore, when he called them behind closed White House doors to explain his evo- nomic moves. The confidential minutes show he slartcd out jovially by telling Speaker Carl Albert about his first night in the White House. "I might have slept better," he confided. "Guess I'm not quite used to it." But he soon got down to business. "I will not recommend wage and price controls." he told the leaders bluntly. "I hope you can join me in this position." He passed around a joint statement, which he invited them to endorse. This renoun- The Washington Merry-Go-Round ccd "any legislation for cither standby or mandatory wage- and-price controls." The statement, he said, would head off any "anticipatory" wage or price hikes. Speaker Albert commented that Congress "as a praclical maltcr' wouldn't pass controls anyway. But he added: "I'd prefer that we should say that wage-and-price controls are out for the immediate future." Sen. Robert Byrd, the Senate Democralic whip, also objecled. "I like the idea of standby wage controls," he said. But the President didn't even want slandby controls. "I'm against it," he declared. "Congress is against it. Labor is against it," ' "We need to leave room for jawboning and guidelines," suggested Rep. -John McFall, the House Democralic whip. White House economic, adviser Herbert Stein didn't like the reaction of the Democratic leaders. "It's discouraing," he muttered. "If (this) Is the sentiment,, wage controls are possible." "I dont see il that way," shot back McFall. "That's not what we're saying." Economic counselor Kenneth Rush and budget director Koy Ash urged the President to put out an immediate strong statement against controls. "We must go ahead now or not at all," said Rush. House Democratic leader Thomas "Tip" O'Neill agreed. "You should make a flat statement that there will be no wage-and-price controls." he advised. "I agree with Tip," said Senate Republican leader Hugh Scott. The President moved on to a discussion of the budget. His "target objective," he said, was to hold the budget under $300 billion. "Without cuts now," he warned, "we'll go lo -340 billion in 1976." "Willi $330 billion or less in revenues," piped up Ash. Senate Democralic leader Mike Mansfield reminded Ihe President that government agencies had a habit of getting around budget culs by coming "O, Deliver Me From This Corruption, But Not Just Sinful Yet" m #W ; W^K^ii^- ^^SMiii Si '«5? ptft-' 'CUxnf.Sa--. From The Readers Viewpoint Wind Factor To the Editor: This letter is written to inform the people of Northwest Arkansas of a very serious threat to the present air quality which we enjoy today. You know, this good air came with the land. It is rather surprising to find that the majority of people who live in this clean- air country still remain ignorant of advance plans to build a giant coal-fired, electric generating plant at Gentry, Arkansas. Since we are all going to b e directly affected by emissions from this power plant, I think it is time for all of us to become conscious of the air which we breath. At this very moment the Southwest Electric Power Co. (SWEPCp) is in tie final stages of obtaining a permit to build a 530 megawatt power plant 5 miles north of Siloam Springs. A majority of people who live in Northwest Arkansas are within a 25 mile radius of this coal-burner and will ;--ooon enjoy beautiful sunsets for the rest of their lives. In order to comprehend the pollution potential of this power plant try to imagine one generating unit alone consuming 186 tons of coal every hour. That comes to around 1,700,000 tons of coal burned every year. Since two units are eventually planned these figures must be doubled. Anyone who can imagine a long train coming in from Wyoming pulling 100 giant coal cars every other day will have a fair idea of what it will take to fire one unit of this plant. Anyone who can imagine an ash mountain growing 30' high and covering 65 acres of land withing a 25 year period will have some idea of what one unit will burn and should realize that two units are eventually planned. In the predicted life of this plant 3,000,000 tons of refuse ash will be dumped into nearby ravines and that comes to 114 tons for every man, woman, and child in the slate of Arkansas. So what about the wind and the air? More junk will go up and come back down in either gaseous or particle form and well, this stuff goes everywhere, within a 25 mile radius this plant will come to all of us. It seems funny that when Folks begin to think giant-size thoughts it often happens' that obvious details become disguised or completely ig- nored. This seems to be the case when we consider the wind in f o r m a t i o n used in the SWEPCO environmental impact statement. I have found that the only summarized wind data which exists for Northwest Arkansas is a five-year record aken at the Fayetteville Air taken at the Fayetteville Airport during the drought years of 1950-54. This, of course, is the wind summary which the engineering firm of Sargent fe Lunday of Chicago, 111., used in their design and calculation of air stability and pollution probabilities at the proposed SWEPCO power plant at Gentry. If you want a fair guesslimation of wind speed and direction for the Fayetteville area, this five-year wind summary is all that you will find. The chief controller of Fayettetville Aviation Admin- i s t r a t i o n , located at the Fayetteville Airport clarifies this point: ' "We are not a Weather Bureau here, the nearest one is located in Ft. Smith. Though we do record daily wind speeds and directions our data is primarily used for aviation interest. Copies of our daily records are kept here for, at most, GO days and then destroyed. The originals are then sent to the National Climatic Center at Ashville. The data which we send is not summarized and it would probably cost a lot of money to have this done. "I do not know if our readings in Fayetteville could be applied to the wind condition in Gentry; Arkansas because they happen to be 23 miles away from here and on the other side of the mountains' west of here. I do not know If the summarized data recorded in Fayetteville 20 years ago during the drought years of 1950-54 could he accurately applied to the wind speed and direction now prevailing hero, though the wind generally conies from a Southeasterly direction at this station." A few weeks ago I went to the office of the National Weather Service for Agriculture at the University of Arkansas. Several phone calls were made to the National Climatic Center in North Carolina and we found that the Engineering firm has used a technique called The Pasquil Stability Index to estimate the different classes of air movement of a given region by using wind data from various points. The Fayetteville, Ft. Smith, Little Rock and Tulsa wind records form the basis of their calculations. We were told that this Index can predict the air stability of an area quite well and has even been used in foreign countries. However, the wind data form using this techniquqe is not monitored and information pertaining to its verification is hard to come by. We have yet to find this information. Therefore, there is no way of knowing if the engineers have correctly estimated the wind conditions of Gentry, Arkansas. One thing is certain, and this fact quite disturbs me, in SWEPCO'S environmental impact statement they use a wind model and plugged in wind speed of 10 and 20 miles per hr. Since we have calm conditions at least 16 per cent of the time in Fayetteville, 1 think they should run this model at the lower wind speed of 2 miles per hr. This will more accurately predict the different shapes of the smoke plume and give us a better idea where the sulfur dioxide and parliculale pollution will land. It is during this period of calm that there will be very little mixing of the gas and air and this is the period when heavy concentrations of pollution can reach dangerous levels. If we had a more extensive wind summary, we could have a better idea of what is soon to come. It is also very important that we insist that a study be made of similar power plants, like SWEPCO, to find if their predicted pollution levels did or did not exceed the forecast which were made in their environmental impact statements. This is the key. It is possible to effectively express your concern by writing the Arkansas Public Service Commission. Since Sulfur Dioxide gas will be the major pollution factor please insist that scrubbers be installed on the SWEPCO plant. There are many other environmental con. siderations which must be studied, but I believe the issue of Sulfur Dioxide pollution is the most important. Write: Pat Moran, Chairman, A r k a n s a s Public Service Commission, Little Rock, Ark. The final hearing on the SWEPCO plant will be held Sept. 16 at Little Rock. Please consider the effects of incomplete research and the long- term impact of this plant. In other words, become conscious of the air which we now breath. Patrick Horan Fayeleville back to Congress later with' r e q u e s t s f o r supplemental appropriations. "Congress -reduces, and th» agencies try lo recoup by supplementals," he said. "We think Mr. Ash could do a lot to see that supplementals could be limited to new situations rather than recoupment." President Ford wound up with a discussion ol the "economic summit" that he is planning in late September or early October. He would start, he said with some presummit meetings with business, labor, agriculture and consumer leaders. "We want the unvarnished truth," the President vowed. "We've got to face up to certain economic fundamentals.... Time is of the essence. We want visible evidence that people in government are doing some- Some Democrats left th» closed-door meeting, nevertheless, feeling that Ford may not be doing enough. WASHINGTON WHIRL: Rank still has its privileges at Andrews Air Force Base wher« t.he 14-year-old daughter of a major general was arrested recently for shoplifting nail polish Irom the commissary. Next day. Col. Kenneth Gunnarson, then the base commander, tore up the arrest notice on grounds that her shoplifting was "an inadvertent act."....Even some of Rep. Olin Tcague's colleagues were astonished when he ordered his personal attack on Sen. George McGovern, D-S.D., printed up at government expense. "Tiger" Teague, D-Tex., got so healed at McGovern's stand on veterans' rights that lie accused McGovern of "intellectual dishonesty . . . threats . . . misleading statements" and politicking with v e t issues. Customarily, members of Congress refrain from personal assaults on each other, particularly when the printed blast is paid for by the taxpayer....Marine officials at Cherry Point, N.C., recently put into effect a stuffy dress coda f o r leatherneck families: "Skirts higher than mid-thigh, hot pants, hair curlers, tank tops, and halter tops if they are see-through or expose th» mid-riff" are banned on base. "Women must wear support garments on the upper part of the body -- built-in bra will suffice." The directive does not say how the brass hats will check this requirement. --United Feature Syndica's Wilderness Too Much A Success W A S H I N G T O N (ERR)-President Johnson signed th» Wilderness Act 10 years ago-on Sept. 3, 19G4. "LET US KEEP THE New World N e w s," wrote Henry David Thoreau more than a century ago. "and preserve all the advantages of living in the country." Those words, echoing down Ihroirgh the years, have found expression in a host of federal and state laws designed to preserve and protect what remains of the nation's scenic splendor. One of the most ambitios laws of its kind is the Wilderness Act of 1964, whose purpose is to secure for future generations of Americans "the benefits of an enduring resource of wilderness." As defined in the act, "A wilderness, in contrast with those areas where man and his own works dominate the landscape, is...an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by m a n , where man himself is a visitor who does not remain." T h e National Wilderness Preservation System created by the 1964 act embraced 54 areas comprising 9 million acres at the outset. In the intervening decade, 38 areas totaling 3 · million acres have been added. The system, which began in ths national forests, now extends also into the national parks and national wildlife refuges. Various moves are under way to e x p a n d the system still further. Legislation passed by the Senate on May 31 would add 252,488 acres of national forest in the eastern United States immediately upon enactment. But the bill has yet to reach the floor of the House. LOOKING TO THE FUTURE. Alaska would seem to offer the best hope for growth of protected wilderness areas. Proposals now under consideration would designate up to, 83.47 million acres of Alaska as part -,},.? national Pa*, national wildlife refuge, national forest, or national wild and scenic river systems. "Never before has such an opportunity been offered to this nation, ' wrote Robert Cahn in Audubon magazine. "Nor will it ever be again. For this is off ?"?!, ^.untouched area left in the United States. Less VK 1 "IP per cent ° E Alaska's ·i/5 million acres is now de- £ « n i ' -?T d most ot the 'aTM* is still wilderness . , . And it is man maintains a subsistence as part of th9 BECAUSE A L A S K A !, s p a r s e l y inhabited and distant from the populous "lower 48," any new wilderness areas established there stand a good chance of retaining their unspoiled character. Elsewhere in the country the outlook is not so good. According to government forecasts, the volume of outdoor recreation will rise by 300 per cent by the year 2000, and the volume ot wilderness-area use by 1,030 per cent. In other (CONTINUED ON PAGE SEVEN)

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